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fice or public trust under the United States. Con. art. 6, clause 3.
The following is the form of the oath prescribed by the act of congress of 1789.
I, A. B., do solemnly swear, or affirm (as the case may be,) that I will support the Constitution of the United States.
The two Houses appoint joint committees to ascertain and report a mode of examining the votes of President and Vice President, and of notifying the persons elected. They make report to each House. The following is the usual form of the resolution: Resolved, That the two Houses shall assemble in the chamber of the House of Representatives on Wednesday next, (second Wednesday in February succeeding every meeting of electors,) at 12 o'clock, and the president of the Senate shall be the presiding officer: that one person be appointed a teller on the part of the Senate, and two on the part of the House of Representatives, to make a list of the votes as they shall be declared: that the result shall be delivered to the president of the Senate, who shall announce the state of the vote, and the persons elected, to the two Houses assembled, as aforesaid; which shall be deemed a declaration of the persons elected President and Vice President of the United States; and, together with a list of votes, be entered on the journal of the two Houses.
On the day and hour appointed by the two Houses for opening the returns, the clerk of the House waits upon the Senate, and notifies that body that the House of Representatives is ready to receive the Senate, and proceed to opening the certificates, and counting the votes of the electors for President and Vice President. Whereupon the senators repair to the chamber of the House of Representatives, and the president opens the certificates, and delivers them to the tellers, who read the same; and thus the number of votes is ascertained for the different candidates. A tabular list of the votes for the candidates is made out, and the votes added up, and announced.
This list of votes is reported to each House, and entered upon the journal. A joint committee is then appointed to notify the President and Vice President of their election. The President elect announces to the president of the Senate his intention to take the oath on the 4th of March, at such place as the Senate may think proper to designate. A committee is then appointed to make the necessary arrangements for the reception and inauguration of the president elect on the 4th of March, and to apprise him of the fact.
With the view of showing the mode of conducting a bill through the Senate that has been sent by the House of Representatives
for concurrence, I give the following outline. "A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. their clerk."
Mr. President: The House of Representatives have passed the bill entitled an act; and reads the title. The president hands it to the secretary, who gives it its first reading. Sometimes, a bill receives its first and second reading by unanimous consent. Every bill must receive its first and second reading before it can have any other action taken upon it in the Senate. The president, at the time he hands it to the secretary, says, "The first reading of a bill." The clerk usually reads it by the title. If consent has been granted, the clerk rises again to read the bill; when the president says, "The second reading of a bill." The secretary reads the bill again by its title. If consent has not been given to read the bill twice on the same day, it will come up in order for its second reading on the next day After the bill has been read a second time, a motion is generally made to commit it to the appropriate committee.
The committee, at a proper time, report it back, either with or "without amendments," to the Senate; after which it is considered as in committee of the whole, the president not leaving the chair. The bill being read by the secretary, and no amendment being of
fered, the president says, the bill has now been considered as in committee of the whole. No amendment being offered, the bill is reported to the Senate. The question will be on ordering it to a third reading. He then rises, and says, "As many as are in favour of its being ordered to a third reading, will say aye. The contrary opinion will say no.' If the ayes have it, he will say, the ayes have it, or it is agreed to. The next day, or, if the Senate unanimously consent, the bill, the same day, receives its last reading. When the clerk rises to read the bill, the president says, "The third reading of an engrossed bill. The bill being read, he asks "shall this bill pass?" He puts the affirmative and negative question in relation to the bill, and, if it is carried, he says, "It is agreed that this bill do pass.' The title of the bill is then read; when he generally, in a short way, says, "Shall this be the title of the bill?" and no one objecting, he says, the title is agreed to. It sometimes, however, happens that the bill, when committed, is reported to the Senate with an amendment. I have, therefore, thought it proper to extract a case of that kind from the journal.
Mr. Wright, from the Committee on Finance, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 529,) entitled," an act supplementary to the
act entitled, "an act establishing a mint, and regulating the coin of the United States, reported the same with an amendment; which was read, Jany. 9th, 1837.
The Senate proceeded to consider, as in committee of the whole, the foregoing bill, together with the amendment reported thereto; and the said amendment having been agreed to, the Vice President reported the bill to the Senate, and the amendment was concurred in. The presiding officer says, "The bill is still open for amendment.” If no amendment is proposed, the president then says, "The question will be on engrossing the bill as amended, and reading it a third time, which was concurred in.
Ordered, That the amendment be engrossed, and the bill be read a third time. Jany. 10.-The amendment to the bill (the foregoing) having been reported by the committee correctly engrossed, the bill was read a third time as amended; when, Resolved, That this bill do pass with an amendment. Ordered, That the Secretary request the concurrence of the House of Representatives therein.
Jany. 12, 1837.-A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. Franklin, their clerk.
"Mr. President: The House of Represen