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OF FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE.
2. A person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another state, shall, on demand of the executive authority of the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction of the crime. [See 4 Johns. Ch. R. 106.]
OF FUGITIVE SLAVES.
3. No person held to service or labour in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labour, but shall be delivered up, on the claim of the party to whom such service or labour may be due. [See 2 S. and R. 306. 3 S. and R. 4. 5
S. and R. 62.]
OF THE ADMISSION OF NEW STATES.
Sect. III. 1. New states may be admitted by congress into this Union; but no new state shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other state, nor any state be formed by the junction of two or more states, or parts of states, without the consent of the legislatures of the states concerned, as well as of congress.
2. Congress shall have power to dispose of, and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory, or other property, belonging to the United States; and nothing in this constitution
shall be so construed, as to prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any particular state.
OF STATE FORMS OF GOVERNMENT.
Sect. IV. The United States shall guarantee to every state in this Union, a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and, on application of the legislature, or of the executive, (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.
OF AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION.
Congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this constitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid, to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several states, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by congress: Provided,
That no amendment, which may be made prior to the year one thousand, eight hundred and eight, shall, in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the senate.
OF PUBLIC DEBT.
Sect. I. All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, before the adoption of this constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this constitution, as under the confederation.
OF THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND.
Sect. II. This constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding.
OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL OATH, AND A RELIGIOUS
Sect. III. The senators and representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several state legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this constitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office, or public trust, under the United States,
The ratification of the conventions of nine states shall be sufficient for the establishment of this
constitution, between the states so ratifying the
Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of the states present, the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the twelfth. In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names.
GEORGE WASHINGTON, President.
The following articles proposed by congress, in addition to, and amendment of the constitution of the United States, having been ratified by the legislatures of two-thirds of the states, are become a part of the constitution.
First Congress, First Session, March 5, 1789.
Art. 1. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for redress of grievances. (See 3 Yeates, 520.)
Art. 2. A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.
Art. 3. No soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
Art. 4. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. [3 Cranch, 448,453. 6 Binn. 316.]
Art. 5. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a