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gregation an unknown hymn, set to an equally unknown tune, and calling upon them to join in the 100th Psalm. In the first case, they are almost silent, trying to understand or to catch the sense or the strain in which they are asked to unite: in the second, they generally join at once, without delay or hesitation, because they fully understand what is proposed to them.

Doubtless, the same rule must hold good in prayers as well as in praises. When new, unknown, and scarcely understood petitions are uttered in the ears of a family, with a large part of that family there will be nothing but an attempt to understand what is said. While, on the other hand, as soon as the first words of a well-known and beautiful old prayer are heard, the ears and the mind at once recognise it, and the lips gladly proceed with the following sentences.

The Prayers given in the following pages are of two classes. The first week's are taken, without alteration, from the Prayer Book: the second week's are compiled from authorized publications of the days of the Reformation.

1. The Prayers selected from the Liturgy of the Church comprise almost every one therein contained, excepting, of course, the Special Prayers for Baptism, Marriage, Burial, or Ordination. No Prayer is used a second time in the course of the week here given. To avoid unnecessary repetitions, the Prayers allotted to the Sunday are not those which are used on that day in the public services of the Church.

2. The second week's Prayers are taken from a different but kindred source. At the time of the Reformation, various books for the instruction and assistance of the people were prepared and put forth by Archbishop Cranmer and his assistants, under Royal Authority. Among these were the Primer of Henry VIII., the Primer of Edward VI., Prayers bound up with some editions of the Bible, and two collections of Prayers published by Thomas Becon, chaplain to the Archbishop.

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From these four sources the second week's Prayers in the present volume have been compiled.

In many instances, the plural 6 we” has been substituted for the singular“I;” and each Prayer, as now given, is a selection of

passages from several of the ancient Prayers. The whole substance, however, of these Prayers has been drawn from the sources above described.

Church Prayers adapted to

Family Use.

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