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15 Whosoever b hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

16 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid 6 down his life for us : and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.

17 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother 'have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him ?

18 My little children, 5 let us not love in word, neither in tongue ; but in deed and in truth. 19 And hereby hereby we know

we know h that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.

20 For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things.

7 his heart. Co.

6 Hereby we know love, because Christ laid. Ne. 8 Gr. persu ade. A. V.

6 MAT. v. 21, 22: Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill.-But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. 1 John, iv. 20.

c See on 1 Cor. vi. 9.

d 1 John,iv. 11. EPH. v. 25: Christ also loved the Church, and gave himself for it. See on JOHN, xv, 13.

e See on 2 Tim. iv. 6.
f 1 John, iv. 20. See on LUKE, iii. 11.

& Ezek. xxxiii. 31: With their mouth they show much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness. Rom. xii. 9 : Let love be without dissimulation. Eph. iv. 15: Speaking the truth [or, being sincere] in love. James, ii. 15, 16 : If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food-notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit? 1 Pet. i. 22 : Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren.

h John, xviii. 37: Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. ] John, i. 8: If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

i 1 Cor. iv. 4: I know nothing by myself ; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord.


21 Beloved, kif our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God.

22 And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because

we keep his commandments, and m do those things that are pleasing in his sight.

23 And this is his commandment, That we should n believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and • love one another, as he gave us commandment.

24 And he that P keepeth his commandments 9 dwelleth in him, and he in him. And "hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.

Job, xi. 15:[If thou put iniquity far away], then shalt thou lift up thy face without spot; yea, thou shalt be stedfast, and shalt not fear. do. xxii. 26 : [If thou return to God], then shalt thou have thy delight in the Almighty, and shalt lift up thy face unto God. do. xxvii. fi: My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go : my heart shall not reproach me so long as I live. Ps. ci. 2: I will behave myself wisely in a perfect way. O when wilt thou come unto me? I will walk within

my house with a perfect heart. LUKE, xxi. 36: Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man. Heb. x. 22: Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. 1 John, ii. 28 ; do. iv. 17.

See on Mat. vii. 7, 8; and on John, ix. 31. m John, viii. 29: He that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him. do. ix. 31: Now we know that God heareth not sinners : but if any man be a worshipper of God, and doeth his will, him he heareth.

" See Deut. xviii. 15-19. John, xiv. 1: Let not your heart be troubled : ye believe in Gol, believe also in me. See on John, jii. 16; and on do. xvii. 3.

• Ver. 11. See on John, xiii. 34.
p 1 John, iv. 12. See on John, xiv. 15.

9 John, xvii. 21, &c: That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me, &c.

"1 John, iv. 13. See on Rom. viii. 9, 14.


CHAP. IV. I He warneth them not to believe all teachers, who boast of the Spirit,

but to try them by the rules of the Catholic faith : 7 and by many reasons exhorteth to brotherly love.

BELOVED, a believe not every spirit, but b try the spirits whether they are of God :2 because many false prophets are gone out into the world.

2 Hereby know ye 3 the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ 4 is come in the flesh is of God :

3 And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh 5 is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof 6 ye have heard that it should come ; and even now already is it in the world.

4 8 Ye are of God, little children, and have prove. Rh. Pu.

2 of God or not. Ma. Cr. Bi. s is known. Rh. 4 Jesus Christ who. Ham. Whit. 5 that confesseth not Jesus Christ, who is come in the flesh. Dod. We. 6 which. Pu.


CHAP. IV. a See on MAT. xxiv. 4.

b 1 Cor. xii. 8, 10: To one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom.-To another discerning of spirits. do xiv. 29 : Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge. See on I Cor. ii. 15. c1 John, ii. 18: Little children, it is the last time: and as

have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists ; whereby we know that it is the last time. See on 2 Pet. ii. 1.

d 1 Cor. xii. 3: No man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. 1 John, v. 1.

e See on 1 John, ïi. 22.

1 2 Thes. ii. 7: The mystery of iniquity doth already work. 1 John, ii. 18, 22 : Even now are there many antichrists. - He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son. 8 1 John, ii: 13: I write unto you, little children, because

have known the Father. do. ii. 1,9 : Behold, what manner of love the Father bath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God. Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin ; for his seed remaineth in him : and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. do. v. 4: For whatsoever is born of



overcome them : because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world.

5 They are of the world : therefore speak they of the world, and kthe world heareth them.

6 We are of God: he that knoweth God heareth us ; he that is not of God heareth not us.

Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error.

7 Beloved, let us " love one another : for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.

8 He that loveth not knoweth not God; for p God is love.

9 In this was manifested the 9 love of God toward us, because that God sent his only beGod overcometh the world : and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith.

See on John, xii. 31.

i John, iii. 31 : He that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all.

k See on John, xv. 19.

I John, viii. 47 : He that is of God heareth God's words : ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God. do. 27: My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they fol

1 Cor. xiv. 37: If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord. 2 Cor.' x.7: If any man trust to himself that he is Christ's, let him of himself think this again, that, as he is Christ's, even so are we Christ's.

m Isa. viii. 20 : To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. John, xiv. 7: If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also. n 1 John, iii. 10, 1]. See on John, xiii. 34.

See on 1 John, iii. 6. p Ver. 16. 2 Cor. xii. 11 : The God of love and peace shall


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9 Rom. viii. 32: He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things ? 1 John, iii. 16. See on John,

xv. 13.

gotten Son into the world, "that we might live through him.

10 Herein is love, . not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the * propitiation for our sins.

11 Beloved, "if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another. 12 No man hath 'seen God at any time.

time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and w his love is perfected in us.

13 Hereby know. we that we * dwell’ in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit.

14 And we have y seen and do testify that the

7 abide. Rh.


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John, vi. 51: I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever : and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world. 1 John, v. 11.

John, xv. 16: Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you. Rom. v. 8, 10: God commendeth his love towards us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. When we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son. Tit. iii. 4: But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared.

t See on Rom. iii. 25.

u Mat. xviii, 33 : Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee? John, xv. 13 : Greater love hath no man than th that a man lay down his life for his friends. See on do. xiii. 3, 4. v Ver. 26. See on John, i. 18.

w Ver. 18. I Cor. xiii. 13 : And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three ; but the greatest of these is charity. 1 John, ii. 5 : Whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfected.

* John, xiv. 20 : At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.

and I in you. . 1 John, iii. 24. See on Rom. viii. 9.

yl John, i. 2: For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and show unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us. See on 2 Pet. i. 16.

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