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the Territorial Legislature has no power to Mr. Avery's report from the maabolish Slavery in the Territories, por to pro- jority was ultimately modified by bibit the introduction of slaves therein, nor any power to destroy or impair the right of him so as to read as follows: property in slaves by any legislation what "Resolved, That the platform adopted by ever."
the Democratic party at Cincinnati be Mr. Henry B. Payne, of Ohio, on affirmed, with the following explanatory res
olutions : behalf of the members of said Com
“First. That the government of a Territory mittee from all the Free States but organized by an act of Congress, is proviCalifornia, Oregon, and Massachu- sional and temporary; and, during its existsetts—States entitled to choose 172 ence, all citizens of the United States have
an equal right to settle with their property Electors, while those represented in in the Territory without their rights, either the majority report were entitled of person or property, being destroyed or
impaired by congressional or territorial legisto but 127 Electors-reported a plat- lation. form, which, as finally modified, was
“ Second. That it is the duty of the Federal presented by Mr. Samuels, of Iowa, tect, when necessary, the rights of persons
Government, in all its departments, to proin the following shape :
and property in the Territories, and wherever “1. Resolved, That we, the Democracy of else its constitutional authority extends.
“ Third. That when the settlers in a Terri. the Union, in Convention assembled, hereby declare our affirmance of the resolutions tory having an adequate population form a unanimously adopted and declared as a plat- State Constitution, the right of sovereignty form of principles by the Democratic Con
commences, and, being consummated by advention at Cincinnati, in the year 1856, be: equal footing with the people of other States;
mission into the Union, they stand on an lieving that Democratic principles are unchangeable in their nature, when applied to
and the State thus organized ought to be ad
mitted into the Federal Union, whether its the same subject matters; and we recommend, as the only further resolutions, the fol
constitution prohibits or recognizes the in
stitution of Slavery. lowing: “Inasmuch as differences of opinion exist in
“ Fourth. That the Democratic party are in the Democratic party as to the nature and favor of the acquisition of the Island of Cuba, extent of the powers of a Territorial Legis- selves and just to Spain, at the earliest prac
on such terms as shall be honorable to ourlature, and as to the powers and duties of
ticable moment. Congress, under the Constitution of the United States, over the institution of Slavery latures to defeat the faithful execution of the
“ Fifth. That the enactments of State legis within the Territories : will abide by the decisions of the Supreme tionary in their effect. ...2. Resolved, that the Democratic Party Fugitive Slave Law, are hostile in character,
subversive of the Constitution, and revoluCourt of the United States on the questions
“Sixth. That the Democracy of the United of Constitutional law. “3. Resolved, That it is the duty of the
States recognize it as the imperative duty of United States to afford ample and complete
this Government to protect the naturalized protection to all its citizens, whether at home
citizen in all his rights, whether at home or or abroad, and whether native or foreign.
in foreign lands, to the same extent as its
native-born citizens. “4. Resolved, That one of the necessities of the age, in a military, commercial, and the age, in a political, commercial, postal
Whereas, one of the greatest necessities of postal point of view, is speedy communication between the Atlantic and Pacific States;
and military point of view, is a speedy com
munication between the Pacific and Atlantio and the Democratic Party pledge such constitutional government aid as will insure the
coasts: Therefore, be it construction of a railroad to the Pacific hereby pledge themselves to use every means
“ Resolved, That the Democratic party do coast, at the earliest practicable period. "5. Resolved, That the Democratic party
in their power to secure the passage of some are in favor of the acquisition of the Island bill, to the extent of the constitutional auof Cuba, on such terms as shall be honorable thority of Congress, for the construction of to ourselves and just to Spain.
a Pacific Railroad, from the Mississippi River
to the Pacific Ocean, at the earliest practica“6. Resolved, That the enactments of State
ble period.” Legislatures to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law, are hostile in
[The report concludes with resolves 5 and character, subversive of the Constitution, of the Douglas platform, for which see and revolutionary in their effect."
AVERY ON DEMOCRATIC PLATFORMS.
Gen. Benj. F. Butler, of Massachu- deny that this is the true construction of the setts, disagreeing with both these re
Cincinnati platform. We of the South say
that, when we voted for the Cincinnati platports, proposed simply to reäffirm the form, we understood, from the fact that the Cincinnati platform, and there stop.
Territories stand in the same position as the
District of Columbia, that non-interferenco The majority report, it will be no
and non-intervention in the Territories was ted, was concurred in by the repre- that same sort of non-interference and nonsentatives, in Committee, of each of intervention practiced in the District of Co
lumbia. Now, we maintain that Congress the fifteen Slave States, with those of has no right to prohibit or abolish Slavery California and Oregon. Mr. Avery, in the District of Columbia. Why! Be
cause it is an existing institution. It bein introducing it, very frankly and
comes the duty of Congress under the Copfairly set forth its object, and the stitution to protect and cherish the right of grounds of difference with the minor- property in slaves in that District, becauso
the Constitution does not give them tho ity, as follows:
power to prohibit or establish Slavery. “I have stated that we demand at the Every session of Congress, Northern men, hands of our Northern brethren upon this Southern men, men of all parties, are logisfloor that the great principle which we cher- | lating to protect, cherish and uphold, the inish should be recognized, and in that view I stitution of Slavery in the District of Columspeak the common sentiments of our consti- bia. tuents at home; and I intend no reflection “It is said that the Cincinnati platform is upon those who entertain a different opinion, ambiguous, and that we must explain it. At when I say that the results and ultimate the South, we have maintained that it had consequences to the Southern States of this no ambiguity; that it did not mean Popular confederacy, if the Popular Sovereignty doc- Sovereignty; but our Northern friends say trine be adopted as the doctrine of the Demo- that it does mean Popular Sovereignty. cratic party, would be as dangerous and Now, if we are going to explain it and to subversive of their rights as the adoption of declare its principles, I say, let us either dethe principle of Congressional intervention clare them openly, boldly, squarely, or let us or prohibition. We say that, in a contest for leave it as it is in the Cincinnati Platform. the occupation of the Territories of the I want, and we of the South want, no more United States, the Southern men encumbered doubtful platforms upon this or any other with slaves cannot compete with the Emi- question. We desire that this Convention grant Aid Society at the North. We say should take a bold, square stand. What do that the Emigrant Aid Society can send a the minority of the committee propose ? voter to one of the Territories of the United Their solution is to leave the question to the States, to determine a question relating to decision of the Supreme Court, and agree to Slavery, for the sum of $200; while it would abide by any decision that may be made by cost the Southern man the sum of $1500. that tribunal between the citizens of a TerWe say, then, that, wherever there is compe- ritory upon the subject. Why, gentlemen tition between the South and the North, that of the minority, you cannot help yourselves! the North can and will, at less expense and | That is no concession to us. There is no difficulty, secure power, control, and do- necessity for putting that in the platform, minion over the Territories of the Federal because I take it for granted that you are all Government; and if, then, you establish the law-abiding citizens. Every gentleman here doctrine that a Territorial Legislature which from a non-slaveholding State is a lawmay be established by Congress in any Ter- abiding citizen; and, if he be so, why we ritory has the right, directly or indirectly, to know that, when there is a decision of the affect the institution of Slavery, then you can Supreme Court, even adverse to his views, see that the Legislature by its action, either he will submit to it. directly or indirectly, may finally exclude “You say that this is a judicial question. every man from the slaveholding States as We say that it is not. But, if it be a judicial effectually as if you had adopted the Wilmot question, it is immaterial to you how the Proviso out and out.
platform is made, because all you will have “But we are told that, in advocating the to say is, “This is a judicial question; the doctrine we now do, we are violating the majority of the Convention were of one principles of the Cincinnati platform. They opinion; I may entertain my own opinion say that the Cincinnati platform is a Popular | upon the question; let the Supreme Court Sovereignty platform; that it was intended settle it.' to present and practically enforce that great “Let us make a platform about which there principle. Now, we who made this report can be no doubt, so that every man, North
and South, may stand side by side on all | Virginia, 1; Missouri, 4; Tennesseo, 1; issues connected with Slavery, and advocate Kentucky, 21; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illithe samo principles. That is all we ask. nois, 11 ; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, All we demand at your hands is, that there 4; Minnesota, 4165. shall be no equivocation and no doubt in the Nays-Massachusetts, 6; New Jersoy, 2; popular inind as to what our principles are." Pennsylvania, 15; Delaware, 3; Maryland,
41; Virginia, 14; North Carolina, 10; South Mr. Payne, on the other side, quo- Carolina, 8; Georgia
, 10; Florida, 3; Alated at length from the Cincinnati bama, 9; Louisians, 6; Mississippi, 7; platform, from Mr. Buchanan's let- nessee
, 11; Kentucky, 9t; California, 4;
, 4; Tenter of acceptance, and from speeches Oregon, 3—138. of Howell Cobb, John C. Breckin
Hereupon, Mr. L. P. Walker, of ridge, James L. Orr, A. H. Ste- Alabama, presented the written prophens, Judah P. Benjamin, James test of the delegates from that State, A. Bayard, James M. Mason, Robert 28 in number, showing that they Toombs, etc.
, to show that Non- were expressly instructed by the Intervention' with ‘Popular Sover-State Convention which elected them eignty' was the original and estab
not to acquiesce in or submit to any lished Democratic doctrine with re- Squatter Sovereignty' platform, but gard to Slavery in the Territories.
to withdraw from the Convention in The debate was continued, amid
case such a one should be adopted. great excitement and some disorder, Among the resolves so adopted and until Monday, April 30th, when the made binding on their delegates by question was first taken on Gen.
the Alabama State Convention, were Butler's proposition; which was de
the following: feated-Yeas 105; Nays 198— as follows:
“1. Resolved, by the Democracy of the State
of Alabama in Convention assembled, That, YEAB-Maine, 3; Massachusetts, 8; Con- holding all issues and principles upon which nocticut, 21; New Jersey, 5; Pennsylvania, they have heretofore affiliated and acted 16!; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 54; Virginia, with the National Democratic Party to be 121; North Carolina, 10; Georgia, 10; Mis- inferior in dignity and importance to the souri, 44; Tennessee, 11; Kentucky, 9; great question of Slavery, they content Minnesota, 14; Oregon, 3—105.
theinselves with a general reäftirmance of Nays, Maine, 5; New Hampshire, 5; the Cincinnati platform as to such issues, Vermont, 5; Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Is
and also indorse said platform as to Slavery, land, 4; Connecticut, 3t; New York, 35; together with the following resolutions: New Jersey, 2; Pennsylvania, 10); Mary “2. Resolved further, That we reaffirm so land, 21; Virginia, 21; South Carolina, 8; much of the first resolution of the platform Florida, 3; Alabama, 9; Louisiana, 6; Mis adopted in the Convention by the Demosissippi, 7; Texas, 4; Arkansas, 4; Missouri, cracy of this State, on the 8th of January, 41; Tennessee, 1; Kentucky, 3 ; 'Ohio, 23 ; 1856, as relates to the subject of Slavery, to Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11 ; Michigan, 6; Wis wit: "The unqualified right of the people consin, 5 ; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 21, Califor- of the Slaveholding States to the protection nia, H198.
of their property in the States, in the Terri.
tories, and in the wilderness in which TerThe question was next taken on ritorial Governments are as yet unorganthe regular minority report, as pre
ized.' sented in a modified form by Mr. and clear away all obstacles to a full enjoy
" 3. Resolved further, That, in order to meet Samuels ; which was adopted, by the ment of this right in the Territories, we refollowing vote:
affirm the principle of the 9th resolution of
the Platform adopted in Convention by the YEAR-- Maine, 8; New Hampshire, 5; Ver- Democracy of this State, on the 14th of mont, 6; Massachusetts, 7; Rhode Island, February, 1848, to wit: «That it is the duty 4; Connecticut, 6; New York, 35; New of the General Government, by all proper Jersey, 5; Pennsylvania, 12; Maryland, 3!; legislation. to secure an entry into those
ALABAMA ON DEMOCRATIC PLATFORMS.
Territories to all the citizens of the United recognizing distinctly the rights of the South, States, together with their property of every as asserted in the foregoing resolutions; and description; and that the same should be if the said National Convention shall refuse protected by the United States while the to adopt, in substance, the propositions emTerritories are under its authority.'
braced in the preceding resolutions, prior to “4. Resolted further, That the Constitution nominating candidates, our delegates to said of the United States is a compact between Convention are hereby positively instructed sovereign and co-ëqual States, united upon to withdraw therefrom. the basis of perfect equality of rights and “11. Resoloed further, That our delegates privileges.
to the Charleston Convention shall cast the *5. Resolved further, That the Territories vote of Alabama as a unit, and a majority of of the United States are common property, our delegates shall determine how the vote in which the States have equal rights, and of this State shall be given. to which the citizens of every State may “12. Resolved further, That an Executive rightfully emigrate, with their slaves or Committee, to consist of one from each Conother property recognized as such in any of gressional District, be appointed, whose duty the States of the Union, or by the Constitu- it shall be, in the event that our delegates tion of the United States.
withdraw from the Charleston Convention, “6. Resolved further, That the Congress of in obedience to the 10th resolution, to call the United States has no power to abolish a Convention of the Democracy of Alabama, Slavery in the Territories, or to prohibit its to meet at an early day to consider what is introduction into any of them.
best to be done." "7. Resolved further, That the Territorial Legislatures, created by the legislation of The Alabama delegation concluded Congress
, have no power to abolish Slavery, with the following statement: or to prohibit the introduction of the same, or to impair by unfriendly legislation the “The points of difference between the security and full enjoyment of the same Northern and the Southern Democracy are : within the Territories; and such constitu “1. As regards the status of Slavery as a tional power certainly does not belong to political institution in the Territories whilst the people of the Territories in any capacity, they remain Territories, and the power of before, in the exercise of a lawful authority, the people of a Territory to exclude it by they form a Constitution preparatory to ad- unfriendly legislation; and mission as a State into the Union; and their “2. As regards the duty of the Federal action, in the exercise of such lawful au
Government to protect the owner of slaves thority, certainly cannot operate or take in the enjoyment of his property in the Tereffect before their actual admission as a ritories so long as they remain such. State into the Union.
“This Convention has refused, by the Plat“8. Resolved further, That the principles form adopted, to settle either of these propenunciated by Chief Justice Taney, in his ositions in favor of the South. We deny opinion in the Dred Scott case, deny to the to the people of a Territory any power to Territorial Legislature the power to destroy legislato against the institution of Slavery; or impair, by any legislation whatever, the and we assert that it is the duty of the Federight of property in slaves, and maintain it ral Government, in all its departments, to to be the duty of the Federal Government, protect the owner of slaves in the enjoyment in all of its departments, to protect the of his property in the Territories. These rights of the owner of such property in the principles, as we state them, are embodied are hereby'asserted to be the rights of the "Here, then, is a plain, explicit and direct South, and the South should maintain them. issue between this Convention and the con
“9. Resolved further, That we hold all of stituency which we have the honor to reprethe foregoing propositions to contain cardi
sent in this body. nal principles-true in themselves—and just
“Instructed, as we are, not to waive this and proper and necessary for the safety of issue, tho contingency, therefore, has arisen, all that is dear to us; and we do hereby in- when, in our opinion, it becomes our duty struct our delegates to the Charleston Con
to withdraw from this Convention. We beg, vention to present them for the calm con Sir, to communicate this fact through you, sideration and approval of that body-from and to assure the Convention that we do so whose justice and patriotism we anticipate in no spirit of anger, but under a sense of their adoption.
imperative obligation, properly appreciating ** 10. Resolved further, That our delegates its responsibilities and cheerfully submitting to the Charleston Convention are hereby to its consequences.”. expressly instructed to insist that said Convention shall adopt a platform of principles, The Alabama delegation, which
included ex-Gov. John A. Winston, right that we should part. Go yonr way, Wm. L. Yancey, Reuben Chapman, -not like Hagar, driven into the wilderness
, and we will go ours.
The South leaves you ex-M, C., and other prominent citi- friendless and alone--but I tell Southern zens, thereupon withdrew from the men here, and, for them, I tell the North, Convention.
that, in less than sixty days, you will find a
united South standing side by side with us. Mr. Barry, of Mississippi, next an- (Prolonged and enthusiastic cheering.)" nounced the withdrawal of the entire
Mr. Mouton, of Louisiana, briefly Mississippi delegation. Mr. Glenn, announced that all the delegates from of Mississippi, stated the grounds of his State but two would withdraw such withdrawal, as follows:
from the Convention, and protested "Sir, at Cincinnati we adopted a Platform against the right of the two to act or on which we all agreed. Now answer me, cast any vote in behalf of the State. yo men of the North, of the East, of the South, and of the West, what was the con
Hon. James Simons, of South Carstruction placed upon that Platform in dif- olina, announced the withdrawal of ferent sections of the Union? You at the the delegation from that State, in a West said it meant one thing; we of the South said it meant another. Either we communication signed by all the were right or you were right; we were thirteen members thereof, in
the wrong or you were wrong.
We came here words following: to ask you which was right and which was wrong. You have maintained your position. “We, the undersigned delegates appointed You say that you cannot give us an acknowl- by the Democratic State Convention of edgment of that right, which I tell you here South Carolina, beg leave respectfully to now, in coming time will be your only safety state that, according to the principles enunin your contests with the Black Republicans ciated in their Platforın at Columbia, the of Ohio and of the North. (Cheers.) power, either of the Federal Government or
“Why, sir, turn back to the history of your of its agent, the Territorial Government, to own leading men. There sits a distinguished abolish or legislate against property in slaves, gentleman, Hon. Charles E. Stuart, of Michi- by either direct or indirect legislation, is esgan, once a representative of one of the pecially denied; and, as the Platform adopted sovereign States of the Union in the Senate, by the Convention palpably and intentionwho then voted that Congress had the con ally prevents any expression affirming the stitutional power to pass the Wilmot Proviso, incapacity of the Territorial Government so and to exclude Slavery from the Territories; to legislate, that they would not be acting and now, when the Supreme Court has said in good faith to their principles, or in acthat it has not that power, he comes forward cordance with the wishes of their constiand tells Mississippians that that same Con- tuents, to longer remain in this Convention, gress is impotent to protect that same spe- and they hereby respectfully announce their cies of property! There sits my distin- withdrawal therefrom.” guished friend, the Senator from Ohio (Mr. Pugh), who, but a few nights since, told us
Mr. John Milton, of Florida, next from that stand that, if a Territorial Govern- announced the unanimous withdrawal ment totally misused their powers or abused of the delegation from that State, in a them, Congress could wipe out that Territorial Government altogether. And yet, when protest signed by five delegates, which we come here and ask him to give us pro- was read by Mr. Eppes, whereof the tection in case that Territorial Government essential portion is as follows: robs us of our property and strikes the star which answers to the name of Mississippi “Florida, with her Southern sisters, is from the flag of the Union, so far as the entitled to a clear and unambiguous recogConstitution gives her protection, he tells nition of her rights in the Territories; and us, with his hand upon his heart—as Gov. this being refused, by the rejection of the Payne, of Ohio, had before done—that they majority report, we protest against receiving will part with their lives before they will the Cincinnati Platform with the interpretacknowledge the principle which we con ation that it favors the doctrine of Squatter tend for.
Sovereignty in the Territories—which doc“ Gentlemen, in such a situation of things trine, in the name of the people represented in the Convention of our great party, it is | by us, we repudiate,"