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JOHN BROWN TO L. MARIA CHILD.

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of their friends, either father, mother, thorities, permission to visit him in brother, sister, wife, or children, or any of his prison. Her letter to Brown was that class, and suffered and sacrificed what I have in this interference, it would have answered as follows: been all right, and every man in this Court would have deemed it an act worthy of re

" Mrs. L. MARIA CHILD : ward rather than punishment.

“My dear Friend (such you prove to be, "This Court acknowledges, as I suppose,

though a stranger):-Your most kind letter the validity of the Law of God. I see a

has reached me, with the kind offer to come book kissed here which I suppose to be the

here and take care of me.

Allow me to exBible, or, at least, the New Testament.

press my gratitude for your great sympathy, That teaches me that all things whatsoever

and at the same to propose to you a differI would that men should do unto me, I

ent course, together with my reasons for should do even so to them.' It teaches me,

wishing it. I should certainly be greatly further, to remember those that are in pleased to become personally acquainted with bonds as bound with them.' I endeavored one so gifted and so kind; but I cannot to act upon that instruction. I say, I am

avoid seeing some objections to it, under yet too young to understand that God is present circumstances. First, I am in any respecter of persons. I believe that to charge of a most humane gentleman, who, have interfered as I have done, as I have with his family, have rendered me every always freely admitted I have done, in possible attention I have desired, or that behalf of His despised poor, was not wrong,

could be of the least advantage; and I am but right. Now, if it is deemed necessary

so far recovered from my wounds as no that I should forfeit my life for the further longer to require nursing. Then, again, it ance of the ends of justice, and mingle my

would subject you to great personal inconblood further with the blood of my children,

venience and heavy expense, without doing and with the blood of millions in this slave me any good. country whose rights are disregarded by

“Allow me to name to you another chanwicked, cruel, and unjust enactments—I

nel through which you may reach me with submit: so let it be done.

your sympathies much more effectually. I “Let me say one word further:

have at home a wife and three young daugh“I feel entirely satisfied with the treat

ters——the youngest but little over five years ment I have received on my trial.

Consid-old, the oldest nearly sixteen. I have also ering all the circumstances, it has been

two daughters-in-law, whose husbands have more generous than I expected. But I feel both fallen near me here. There is also no consciousness of guilt. I have stated

another widow, Mrs. Thompson, whose from the first what was my intention and husband fell here. Whether she is a mother what was not. I never had any design

or not, I cannot say. All these, my wife inagainst the life of any person, nor any dis- cluded, live at North Elba, Essex County, position to commit treason, or excite slaves New York. I have a middle-aged son, who to rebel, or make any general insurrection.

has been, in some degree, a cripple from I never encouraged any man to do so, but

his childhood, who would have as much as always discouraged any idea of that kind.

he could well do to earn a living. He was “Let me say, also, a word in regard to

a most dreadful sufferer in Kansas, and lost the statements made by some of those con

all he had laid up. He has not enough to nected with me. I hear it has been stated clothe himself for the winter comfortably by some of them that I have induced them I have no living son, or son-in-law, who did to join me. But the contrary is true. I do not suffer terribly in Kansas. not say this to injure them, but as regretting

“Now, dear friend, would you not as their weakness. There is not one of them

soon contribute fifty cents now, and a like but joined me of his own accord, and the

sum yearly, for the relief of those very poor greater part at their own expense. A num

and deeply afflicted persons, to enable them ber of them I never saw, and never had a

to supply themselves and their children with word of conversation with, till the day they bread and very plain clothing, and to enable came to me, and that was for the purpose I the children to receive a common English have stated.

education? Will you also devote your ener"Now I have done."

gies to induce others to join in giving a like amount, or any other amount, to constitute

a little fund for the purpose named ? Among the many letters addressed

“I cannot see how your coming here to him while in prison was one from can do me the least good, and I am quite Lydia Maria Child, who sought, but certain you can do me immense good where

I am quite cheerful under all my did not obtain, from the Virginia au- / afflicting circumstances and prospects; hav

ing, as I humbly trust, 'the peace of God. children than there is about trying to relieve which passeth all understanding,' to rule in poor niggers.' Again, the little comfort it my heart. You may make such use of this might afford us to meet again would be as you see fit. God Almighty bless and re dearly bought by the pains of a final separaward you a thousand fold !

tion. We must part;and, I feel assured, for “Yours, in sincerity and truth,

us to meet under such dreadful circumstan"John BROWN." ces would only add to our distress. If she His letter to his family, written a

come on here, she must be only a gazing

stock throughout the whole journey, to be week after his sentence to death, is remarked upon in every look, word, and as follows:

action, and by all sorts of creatures, and by “CHARLESTOWN, JEFFERSON Co., Va.,

all sorts of papers throughout the whole *8th Nov., 1859.

country. Again, it is my most decided 6 Dear Wife and Children-Every one:

judgment that in quietly and submissively

staying at home, vastly more of generous I will begin by saying that I have in some degree recovered from my wounds, but that

sympathy will reach her, without such

dreadful sacrifice of feeling as she must put I am quite weak in my back, and sore about

up with if she comes on. The visits of one my left kidney. My appetite has been quite

or two female friends that have come on good for most of the time since I was hurt. I am supplied with almost every thing I

here have produced great excitement, which could desire to make me comfortable, and

is very annoying, and they cannot possibly the little I do lack (some articles of clothing,

do me any good. O Mary, do not come; which I lost), I may perhaps soon get again.

but patiently wait for the meeting (of those I am, besides, quite cheerful, having (as I

who love God and their fellow-men) where

no separation must follow. They shall go trust) the peace of God, which passeth all understanding,' to 'rule in my heart,' and

no more out forever.' I greatly long to the testimony (in some degree) of a good thing that in any way affects your welfare

.

hear from some one of you, and to learn any conscience that I have not lived altogether in vain. I can trust God with both the

I sent you ten dollars the other day. Did time and the manner of my death, believing,

you get it? I have also endeavored to stir as I now do, that for me at this time to seal

up Christian friends to visit and write to my testiinony (for God and humanity) with

you in your deep affliction. I have no doubt

that some of them, at least, will heed the my blood, will do vastly more toward advancing the cause I have earnestly endeav

call. Write to me, care of Capt. John Avis, ored to promote, than all I have done in my

Charlestown, Jefferson County, Va. life before. I beg of you all meekly and

• Finally, my beloved, be of good comquietly to submit to this; not feeling your

fort.' May all your names be written in selves in the least degraded on that account.

the Lamb's book of life '—may you all have Remember, dear wife and children all, that

the purifying and sustaining influence of Jesus of Nazareth suffered a most excruciat

the Christian religion—is the earnest prayer ing death on the cross as a felon, under the of your affectionate husband and father,

*JOHN Browy. most aggravating circumstances. Think,

“P. S. also, of the prophets, and apostles, and dark as to have hindered the coming day,

I cannot remember a night so Christians of former days, who went through greater tribulations than you or I; and (try vent the return of warm sunshine and a

nor a storm so furious or dreadful as to preto) be reconciled. May God Almighty coinfort all your hearts, and soon wipe away all member that this is not your rest, that in

cloudless sky. But, beloved ones, do retears from your eyes. To Him be endless this world you have no abiding-place or praise. Think, too, of the crushed millions who ‘have no comforter.' I charge you all continuing city. To God and His infinite

J. B." never in your trials) to forget the griefs of

mercy I always commend you.

“ Nov. 9." 'the poor that cry, and of those that have none to help them. I wrote most earnestly During the forty-two days of his to my dear and afflicted wife not to come on, confinement at Charlestown, Brown for the present at any rate. I will now give her my reasons for doing so. First, it received several visits from sympawould use up all the scanty means she has thizing Northern friends, many of or is at all likely to have, to make herself and children confortable hereafter. For let whom had never before seen him. me tell you that the sympathy that is now His wife, overcoming many obstacles, , aroused in your behalf may not always follow you. There is but little more of the ro

was finally permitted to spend a few mantio about helping poor widows and their hours in his cell, and to take supper

un Rogers perished at the stake, a great

297

liated Slavery

kindness, unless it were the reverend tally blinded if I do not really experience had: Tour kind letter of the 12th instant / long time since we met; but we shall now

The first since the landing of Peter Brown Lo the Mayflower that has either been God, who giveth us the victory through SED Inced to imprisonment or to the gallows. Jesus Christ our Lord.' An

my dear old friend, let not that fact warm-hearted friend, •Good-bye.' se grieve you. You cannot have forgothow and where our grandfather (CapJohn Brown) fell in 1776, and that he fact that a man dies under the hand of secutioner (or otherwise) has but little three thousand militia were early on

JOHN BROWN'S LAST HOURS. with him a short time before his has died in the same way was good or other

wise. Whether I have any reason to be of death. No Virginians, so far as is good cheer' (or not) in view of my end, I can known, proffered him any words of assure you that I feel so; and that I am tv

and clergy of the neighborhood, who ten- faithfully implore in my behalf. The God dered him the solace of religion after of our Fathers reward your fidelity! I neitheir fashion, which he civilly, but ther feel mortified, degraded,

nor in the least firmly, declined. He could not re my near prospect of death by hanging. I feel cognize any one who justified or pal- assured that not one hair shall fall from

my head without the will of my heavenly as a minister of the Father.' I also feel that I have long been God he worshiped, or the Saviour endeavoring to hold exactly "such a fast as in whom he trusted. He held argu- which you have quoted. No part of my life

God has chosen. See the passage in Isaiah ments on several occasions with pro- has been more happily spent than that I have Slavery clergymen, but recognized spent here, and I humbly trust that no part them as men only, and not as invest- not say this boastingly; but thanks be unto ed with any peculiar sanctity. To | God who giveth us the victory,' through inone of them, who sought to reconcile finite Should be 60 years old were I to live placery with Christianity, he said: till May 9, 1860. I have enjoyed much of

know nothing

life as it is, and have been remarkably prosabout Christianity; you will have to Welfare and prosperity of others as my own,

perous, having early learned to regard the leam the A B Cs' in the lesson of I have never, since I can remember, required Christianity, as I find you entirely that I have already enjoyed full an average

a great amount of sleep, so that I conclude ignorant of the meaning of the word. number of waking hours with those who I, of

course, respect you as a gentle- reach their "three-score years and ten.' I man

, but it is as a heathen gentle have not as yet been driven to the use of man." The argument here closed.

glasses, but can see to read and write quite

, , The following characteristic letter generally enjoyed remarkably good health. was written by him, while under sen

I might go on to recount unnumbered and tence of death, to a relative then re

unmerited blessings, among which would be some very severe afflictions; and those the most needed blessings of all. And now, when I think how easily I might be left to spoil all I have done or suffered in the cause

of Freedom, I hardly dare wish another voyT: PUTTERHUMPHRE 20%Bear I

soon come together in our “,' on our mutual kindred, I suppose I have," remembering 'we shall reap in due So far as iny knowledge I trust. Let us hold fast that we already

time if we faint not. Thanks be ever unto

“My dear Sir, you

siding in Windham, Ohio:
"CHAZESTOWN, JEFFERSON Cobert}

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now before me.

now, my old

migtit have perished

“Your affectionate cousin,

“ Joan Brown." The 2d of December was the day

on the scaffold had

or of a servile insurrection prevented

does not prove that

any

other man who

a large attendance of citizens. Can

non were so planted as to sweep every | Capt. Avis, who had been one of the approach to the jail, and to blow the bravest of his captors, who had treatprisoner into shreds upon the first in- ed him very kindly, and to whom he timation of tumult. Virginia held was profoundly grateful. The wagon her breath until she heard that the was instantly surrounded by six comold man was dead.

panies of militia. Being asked, on Brown rose at daybreak, and con- the way, if he felt any fear, he retinued writing with energy until half- plied: “It has been a characteristic past ten, when he was told to prepare of me from infancy not to suffer from to die. He shook hands with the physical fear. I have suffered a sheriff, visited the cell of Copeland thousand times more from bashfuland Green, to whom he handed a ness than from fear.” The day was quarter of a dollar each, saying he clear and bright, and he remarked, as had no more use for money, and bade he rode, that the country seemed them adieu. He next visited Cook very beautiful. Arrived at the galand Coppoc, the former of whom had lows, he said: “I see no citizens made a confession, which he pro- here; where are they?” “None but nounced false; saying he had never the troops are allowed to be present," sent Cook to Harper's Ferry, as he was the reply. “That ought not to had stated. He handed a quarter to be," said he; "citizens should be Coppoc also, shook hands' with him, allowed to be present as well as othand parted. He then visited and ers." He bade adieu to some acbade a kindly good-bye to his more quaintances at the foot of the galespecial comrade, Stevens, gave him lows, and was first to mount the scafa quarter, and charged him not to fold. His step was still firm, and betray his friends. A sixth, named his bearing calm, yet hopeful. The Hazlett, was confined in the same hour having come, he said to Capt. prison, but he did not visit him, de- Avis: “I have no words to thank nying all knowledge of him. you for all your kindness to me." His

He walked out of the jail at 11 elbows and ankles being pinioned, o'clock; an eye-witness said—“with the white cap drawn over his eyes, a radiant countenance, and the step the hangman's rope adjusted around of a conqueror.” His face was even his neck, he stood waiting for death. joyous, and it has been remarked “Capt. Brown," said the sheriff, that probably his was the lightest "you are not standing on the drop. heart in Charlestown that day. A Will you come forward ?” “I can't black woman, with a little child in

see,

was his firm answer; "you her arms, stood by the door. He must lead me.” The sheriff led him stopped a moment, and, stooping, forward to the center of the drop. kissed the child affectionately. An- “Shall I give you a handkerchief, other black woman, with a child, as and let you drop it as a signal ?" he passed along, exclaimed: “God “No; I am ready at any time; but bless you, old man! I wish I could do not keep me needlessly waiting.” help you; but I can't.” He looked In defiance of this reasonable request, at her with a tear in his eye. He he was kept standing thus several mounted the wagon beside his jailor, 1 minutes, while a military parade and

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to murmur

order was

duly

hatchet, and the trap fell; but so the Republican party. It was swelled publican vote of the following Auza noble young men of our country; Yet, on the assumption that its ausit the canvass, under a perfect tem- sailed and ridiculed Judge Butler

sault' on Senator Sumner, of Mas- utes after the Senate had adjourned achusetts, by Representative Brooks for the day), knocked to the floor South Carolina, abetted by Repre- senseless, and beaten, while helpless cok, Coppoc, Copeland, and Green (a black), succeeded in making their escape, were Owen

299 display of readiness to repel an ima- | pension. His body was conveyed to ginary foe were enacted. The time Harper's Ferry, and delivered to his seemed an hour to the impatient widow, by whom it was borne to her spectators ; even the soldiers began far northern home, among the moun

-"

-- Shame!” At last, the tains he so loved, and where he was given, the rope cut with a so beloved. .

There let it rest forever, while the short a distance that the victim con- path to it is worn deeper and deeper tinued to struggle and to suffer for by the pilgrim feet of the race he a considerable time. Being at length so bravely though rashly endeavored

pronounced dead, he was cut to rescue from a hideous and debasdown after thirty-eight minutes’ sus- ing thraldom!

PRESIDENTIAL CANVASS OF 1860. The vote polled for Fremont and sentatives Keitt, of South Carolina, Dapton in 1856 considerably

exceed- and Edmundson, of Virginia, doubted the solid strength, at that time, of less contributed also to swell the Rein per by the personal popularity of tumn. Mr. Sumner had made an Col. Fremont, whose previous career elaborate speech in the Senate on the of adrenture and of daring-his ex- Kansas question—a speech not withplorations, discoveries, privations, and out grave faults of conception and of perils-appealed, in view of his com- style, but nowise obnoxious to the parative youth for a Presidential can-charge of violating the decencies of didate, with resistless fascination, to debate by unjustifiable personalities. post of preposterous yet annoying one of South Carolina's Senators, alumnies

, had contributed to widen and a relative of Mr. Brooks— he Ise circle of his admirers and friends. was assaulted by surprise while sitmost wanton and brutal personal ting in his place (though a few min

ere hanged at Charlestown a fortnight after Brown,
Brown-December 16th; Stevens and Hazlitt Francis Jackson Merriam, and Osborne P. An-
Colowing. The confederates of Brown, who
THE VOTE FOR FREMONT AND DAYTON.

XXI.

Barclay Coppoc, Charles P. Tidd, on the 16th of March | derson, a colored man.

1 May 22, 1856.

THE

rere likewise hanged

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