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[The Initials D, E, G, L, T, V, refer to the Kalendars in Vol. I. and the

Figures which follow them refer to the pages.]


ABACUC.-With Marius, &c. Jan. 19. E. 449.
ABDON & SENNEN.--July 30. G. 410. V. 428 T. 441. E. 455.

6 3 Kal. (Aug.) Natalis Sanctorum Abdonis et Senes” (Kal. Arr., 826). Persian

Princes martyred, 254. Abitis.-Obits in old Eng. and Scot. See Anniversary Days. Abraham.-See Dominica de Abrahame. Abreu, Abrieu..April. “ Le mois d'Abrieu.” N. Fr. Roman, &c. Absolutionis Dies.Day of Absolution (Holy Thursday) which precedes Good

Friday: “ In ipso absolutionis die, qui est ante parasceven."--Chron. Camerac. l. iii, c. 74. The power of absolution, from oaths at least, seems to have been claimed in 750, when it was decreed, that an oath set against the interest of the church was not tenable: “ Juramentum contra ecclesiasticam utilitatem non tenet” (Decretal. l. xi, t. 24, c. 27). By a canon of Edgar, in 967, the bishop, is directed to administer absolution to all the people assembled together, on Thursday before Easter (Spelm. Concil., t. I, p. 461). Hence, among us, this day was called Schir, Shere, and Shear Thursday. In the reign of Charlemagne, and in that of Louis, absolution was by petition and judicial: “May God put away all thy sins, and deliver thee from all evil” (Bib. Patr.) Henry I. of England, having a reluctance to break his promise, was thus assured by P. Calixtus : “I am Pope, and will absolve you from your promise.” In consequence of a papal dispensation to nullify his father's will, which Henry II. had sworn to execute, the king robbed his brother of his inheritance (Eudmer, V. 126; Innet, Orig. Brit., 306, 344). Vol. II.


See Coena Domini; Dies Mandati; Dies Viridi ; Jeudi Saint ; Maundy

Thursday, fc. ACACIUS.-See ACHACIUS. Accensio Lunæ.-The first illumination of the new moon in each month In

a MS. kal. at St. Germaine’s of the 10th century : “ Luna Januarii media nocte accenditur; Luna Pebr. inter mediam noctem et galli cantum accen

ditur, &c.”—Du Cange, i, 75. Achacius and Companions.-June 22, Achacii sociorumque ejus : interpo

lated with St. Alban (p. 427). This was Acacius, an officer under Adrian : there were also of this name a mart. under Decius, and a bp. of Antioch in 250, otherwise called Achates, and sometimes Agathangelus ;-his day,

March 31. ACHILLEUS.-With Nereus, &c., May 12. V. 426 ; T. 438; E. 453. A. D.-An abbreviation of Anno Domini most commonly ; but the same let

ters are also used for ante diem. In the latter case, they have sometimes been mistaken for the preposition ad, particularly by ignorant transcribers of manuscripts of the higher ages, who have written, for instance, ad iv.

kalendas, instead of ante diem quartam kalendarum. A DACTUS, A DAUCTUS.-T. 442; E. 456. See Felix and AUDACTUS. ADFRID, Pr. Conf.-Oct. 26, L. 470. This is the day of King Ælfred, who

seems here to have been mistaken for a priest and confessor. See ÆLFRED

rex obiit (hic.) Adnuntiatio Sanctæ MARIA Virginis.- March 25 : V. 424; T. 437. See An

nunciatio Dominica. A DOMARUS.-See AU DOMARUS. Adorate Dominum.-The introit from Ps. 96 (“ Adorate Dominum omnes

angeli ejus”): and name of the third Sunday after Epiphany. Adoratio Crucis.-See Cross, Adoration of ; Dominica de adoranda Cruce. Adoratio Magorum. The adoration of the wise men from the East : a name

of the Epiphany. A DRỊANUS, Miles.—March 4, G. 401, where miles seems to be synonimous with martyr : S'ce Adrianes Gropung þær æbelan peres:-Jul., A. X. Others of this name, and their days were: 1, abbot, 710, Jan. 9; 2, priest, 7th cent., April 1; 3, with Eubulus, March 5; 4, Oct. 12: G. 415. And

the following: ADRIANI martyris, Festum.-Sept. 8: V. 430; T. 443; E. 457.

6 6 id. (Sept.) Natalis Sancti Adriani, et Nativitas Sanctæ Mariæ.”—Kal. Arr. 826.

He was martyred in 306, and his day in the Greek church is Aug. 26. Adsumptio Beatæ MARIÆ —The Assumption of the V. Mary, which see Ad te levavi.-Introit from Ps. 24 (" Ad te levavi animam meam”); and

name of the first Sunday of Advent. Advent; Advent Sunday; Adventus; Adventus Domini.—The four weeks

preceding Christmas, devoted by the church to preparation for the advent of Christ, were commonly called Adventus Domini : “ Erat autem hiems, et dominici natalis solemnis expectatio, quæ Adventus Domini dicitur.”-Gulielm. Neubrig. Hist., l. v. c. 17. For the same reason they are named Nati Adventus, in the Benedictional of St. Æthelwold. In a more restricted sense, the word Adventus was employed to denote the day of the nativity; and the time immediately preceding that day was called Ante Nativitatem, or Ante

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