Federal Justice in California: The Court of Ogden Hoffman, 1851-1891
U of Nebraska Press, 1991 M01 1 - 324 páginas
For forty years Ogden Hoffman presided over the federal district court for the Northern District of California, disposing of more than nineteen thousand cases brought before him. Federal Justice in California: The Court of Ogden Hoffman, 1851-1891 considers a career remarkable for longevity and productivity and at the same time examines the operation of a federal trial court in nineteenth-century America - the cases adjudicated, their significance, and the court's impact upon the community. Solidly researched, Christian G. Fritz's book is unique in attending to the law on the level at which it was most often encountered by participants in legal actions. During his four decades on the bench, from the time of the California gold rush to the anti-Chinese movement of the 1880s, Hoffman dealt one-on-one with a cross-section of humanity: through his court came sea captains, seamen seeking their wages, wealthy steamship owners and distraught and injured passengers, and Chinese immigrants. Fritz shows him adjudicating land grant conflicts and bankruptcy cases and presiding over the admiralty, criminal, and common law and equity dockets. The author has examined thousands of Hoffman's cases to gain insight into how nineteenth-century federal trial courts were used, by whom, and with what effect. The successful use that a broad range of plaintiffs made of Hoffman's court requires a re-examination of theories suggesting that law of the period primarily developed and courts largely operated in ways that promoted commercial and entrepreneurial interest. Just as important, Fritz's sensitive analysis of an institution never loses sight of the proud life-long bachelor, native New Yorker, and scion of adistinguished family who always identified himself with his court. Christian G. Fritz is a professor of law at the University of New Mexico.
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addition admiralty Alta California American appeal appointment authority became Black captain Chinese circuit circuit court claimants claims common confirmed contract convicted criminal Cushing Deady decision defendants district court duty early effect established evidence fact federal federal courts federal judge Field filed fraud grants held Henry History Hoff Hoffman Hoffman's court important interests involved issue John judge judgeship judicial July June jurisdiction jury Justice laborers land land grants later lawyers libels litigation March maritime matters Mexican Moreover nature non-Chinese northern district officers Ogden opinion party passengers placed political position practice President Press Private prosecutions pueblo reason received rejected Report resulted role rule sailors San Francisco seemed Senate sentences ship sought STAT suits Supreme Court testimony took tort treaty trial U.S. attorney United University witnesses York
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