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LIST OF PAPERS, WITH THEIR SUBJECTS.
Mr. Seward to the consular officers in Great Britain, France, Switzerland, Belgium, Italy, Austria, and Germany.
Mr. Seward to consular of Apr. 11
ficers in Great Britain,
France, Germany, Bel-
gium, Italy, Spain, the
Netherlands, Sweden and
Norway, and Denmark.
Mr. Seward to consular of
ficers in Great Britain,
Italy, Austria, Belgium,
Mr. Seward to diplomatic Aug. 21 and consular officers at
Requiring sanitary and commercial reports for the
use of the Surgeon-General of the Marine-Hos-
Mr. Evarts to consular of Sept. 23 Requiring consular officers to exercise vigilance in
the inspection of all American vessels engaged
in the coolie trade arriving at their ports.
Apr. 15 Requiring that samples of goods exported to the
United States shall be sent to the proper cus-
toms officers at the port of final destination of
goods, instead of to those at the port of first
Requiring reports showing the prices at which
actual sales are made within their several dis-
tricts, to other countries, of the leading articles of
export to the United States. In the case of staple
goods, the reports should show the value of raw
materials, cost of labor, and whole cost of manu-
Requiring reports as to rates of wages; cost of
living of laboring classes; relative rates for five
years past; state of trade; character of circu-
lating medium; relation born by paper to coin;
business habits and systems.
Revolution in province of San Juan: Government
troops to sustain the governor of the province :
partisans of D. C. Sarmiento engaged in the revo
Mail and telegraph service: 4,530 miles of wire,
partly owned by government; 7,500,000 letters
and papers sent through the mails during the
current year; service not self-sustaining.
Strength of the army, 12,300 men; of the navy, 31
vessels of war; commercial marine, 1,562 ves-
sels, with aggregate tonnage of 43,000 tons; In-
dian frontier less troubled. Attention called to
the deep-water channel up the Parana and
Uruguay Rivers surveyed by Capt. Hunter Da-
Congress adjourns: Bills passed establishing a
mint at Buenos Ayres to coin gold and silver;
abolishing the old Spanish system of weights
and measures and adopting the decimal system;
and granting aid to the Trans-Andine Railway.
Amnesty accepted by revolutionists of 1874: Gen-
eral Mitre and other officers restored to the
army; changes in the cabinet in consequence.
Boundary dispute with Chili still unsettled: The
surrender of the Sandy Point mutineers to Chili
refused; their trial for the murder of some of
their comrades while in Argentine territory
Revolution in Corientes: Governor Durqui to be
sustained: rebels defeat state troops; propose
a compromise in the nature of a new election:
reconciliation with the Mitre party not so com-
plete as supposed; rumored trouble in Santa
No. From whom and to whom.
Mr. Osborn to Mr. Evarts...
12 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Garcia.... Dec. 7
14 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Garcia. 15 Mr. Garcia to Mr. Evarts..
Mr. Evarts to Mr. Garcia.. do
Mr. Garcia to Mr. Evarts.
19 Mr. Kasson to Mr. Evarts... Nov. 10
1878. Mar. 23
Mr. Garcia to Mr. Evarts.... Mar. 23 Requesting the appointment of March 25 to de
liver the memorial, documents, charts, and books
relating to the boundary question with Para-
guay, to the President, to whose arbitration it
has been submitted.
Revolution in Corientes over: April 1 the Argen-
tine Republic enters Postal Union under treaty
Crisis in the cabinet: Representatives of the Mitre
party withdraw; trouble apprehended; revolu
tionary movements in Corientes and Santa Fé.
The President opens Congress: Foreign relations
satisfactory; the boundary dispute with Chili
to be submitted to arbitration; peace restored ¦
to the country; national debt, $61,277,802; re-
duction during the year, $4,000,000; finances in
a satisfactory condition; immigration maintains
Asking attention to dispatches from his gov
ernment respecting the reconciliation effected
with the revolutionary party; intimating that
the boundary question with Chili will be ami-
cably settled; and expressing the hope that
friendly relations with the United States may
Reciprocating the friendly sentiments expressed
in the above note.
Acceding to the above request
Submitting papers in the arbitration
Acknowledging their receipt.
The question determined in favor of Paraguay
Acknowledging the receipt of the award
Disastrous effect of the free-trade treaty with Ger-
many upon Austrian industry: The treaty de-
nounced; a new tariff proposed: effect of the
silver standard upon customs receipts; and of
the suspension of specie payments upon national
industry: conclusions based upon present indus.
trial and commercial conditions; that customs.
dues should be collected in the best and least
variable standard money; that customs barriers
should be sufficiently high to protect domestic
industry; that the most favored nation" clause
is the safest basis for commercial treaties; that
for special relations and countries, "reciprocity
treaties" may afford means for the development
of special interests. (See dispatch March 4,
Meeting of the "Delegations," the common legis
lature of the empire: The organization of the
Austro-Hungarian Empire illustrated: the East-
ern question; a revision of treaties to be the re-
sult of the war; the three Emperors acting in
unison; Count Andrássy explains the policy of
Austria to be "the protection of Austrian in-
Detailed statement of the debt of the Austro-Hun-
garian Empire; and of Austria and Hungary.
The effect of the dual organization of the empire
respecting questions of taxation. A ministerial
crisis the result of disagreement between the
The currency of the empire based upon silver;
specie payments suspended in 1848; never since
resumed; no prospect of resumption; statement
of paper circulation; no specie reserve against
government issue; paper depreciated; no specie
in circulation; government compelled to buy
Mr. Kasson to Mr. Evarts... Mar.
Mr. Evarts to Mr. Kasson...
Mr. Kasson to Mr. Evarts..
4 Tendency of legislation in the direction of higher
duties: Free-trade theories giving place to those
of protection: extract from proposed French
tariff; the danger to our industries from this
movement in Europe, respecting a home ten-
dency toward free trade. (See Mr. Noyes's dis-
patch of March 28, 1878.)
The desirability of a common unit of money for
international account and use: The submission
of the question to the monetary conference sug-
Mar. 30 Forwarding map of Turkey as affected by the
treaty of San Stefano: Uneasy feeling respect-
ing war between England and Russia; the aims
of England in the Levant. (See Mr. Maynard's
dispatches of April 3 and 29.)
Invitation to monetary conference given
Austrian intervention in Bosnia probable. Efforts
to maintain peace; positive gains made by Eng.
land in consequence of her decided policy. Dip.
silver in excess of customs receipts; debt bear-
ing silver interest chiefly held abroad; views of
Baron von Hoffman: gold ultimately to be the
standard: the present relationship susceptible
of establishment by international agreement:
without such agreement, countries of the higher
standard will absorb the better money.
Appeal from Mussulmans of Silistria. Turkey
the field of diplomatic intrigue; dissatisfaction
with the treaty of San Stefano.
Count Schonvaloff's mission thought to have been
successful; the meeting of the congress proba
ble; interest manifested in our ability to main.
tain strict neutrality in the event of war; the
effect of the "three rules" clause of the treaty
of Washington, and the right to buy ships and
munitions of war in our ports, pending hostili-
Hungary accepts invitation to monetary confer-
Suggesting that the recognition of Roumanian in
dependence should be conditioned upon the ac-
cordance of equality of rights to the Jews.
Monetary conference to be held at Paris: Invita
tion accepted by leading powers.
Constitutional questions, until recently pending |
between Austria and Hungary, adjusted. Cus
toms tariff to be raised; Austrian Bank debt to
be assumed; quota of each toward national ex-
penses determined. The Imperial Government
strengthened by the agreement.
Austrian policy respecting the Eastern question!
based upon two principles: Hostility to Sclavic
influence; and the extension of commercial re-
lations. Her action at Berlin to be guided by
these principles. Bosnian occupation the first
step. Austria supported by England. Results
of the policy. Influence of existing railways.
The Shah of Persia visits Austria: Changed for
the better since his last visit; more inclined to
adopt Western ideas; accompanied by his chiefs
of administration; Austrian mission to be es
tablished in Persia; trade statistics; chance of
introducing American products into Persia; a
favorable commercial treaty could be negotiated;
foreign trade of Persia estimated at $18,000,000:
Invitation to monetary conference accepted.
Same subject: Programme of proceedings desirable.
Treaty of Berlin: Items, Bulgaria, autonomy con-
ceded, with right to negotiate; treaties to re-
main in force: Roumania, independence granted,
with full treaty-making power: Servia, existing
treaties in force: Montenegro, independence
granted, but commercial association with Aus-
tria established. Necessity for consular repre-
sentatives at Bucharest, Belgrade, Antivari, and
other points indicated. A thorough exammation
of existing treaties recommended. For text of
treaty see Mr. Maynard's dispatch, September 28.