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EXTRACT from a letter from His Excellency Gov. Ethan A.

Brown, of Ohio, to the Hon. William Woodbridge, Secretary of Michigan Territory, dated Columbus, Sept. 20th, 1820.

“ The preamble to the resolution last winter passed by our Legislature, explains the ground, on which the General Assembly of Ohio thought proper at that time to place their right to the jurisdiction, to which this State has believed herself entitled ever since her admission into the Federal Union; a jurisdiction which the Government of Michigan have thought it their duty and interest to dispute. It is needless to recite it, as it will probably be fresh in your recollection: you will perceive the relation between that document and these observations, without further direct reference to it.

" In deciding upon the final acceptance and ratification of the terms of the constitution, Congress did not reject the explanatory stipulation; the constitution in its present form was adopted by that body, and, on behalf of Ohio, it is contended they assented that the jurisdiction of this State should extend over the territory in question."




GOVERNOR OF MICHIGAN. We the undersigned, Commissioners appointed by your Excellency, in pursuance of an act of the Legislative Council for establishing seats of justice, to locate the seat of justice in and for the County of Jackson, beg leave to report ;

That after having severally taken the oath prescribed by said act, and within thirty days after being notified of said appointment, we proceeded to discharge the trust reposed in us. And to perform this duty faithfully, we visited several sections of said County, more especially some miles around the geographical centre, with a view to the future advantages resulting from a just location of said site. In making our report of this examination, we cannot refrain from expressing our views with reference to the growing prospects of our Territory.

The Territorial road from the City of Detroit to the mouth of the St. Joseph, passes through this and several other Counties, and promises to become the grand thoroughfare across the peninsula. Although very little labor has been bestowed upon it, it is already crowded with enterprising emigrants, destined to this county, and to the rich prairies in the valley of the Kalamazoo. It is remarkably picturesque, from a steep declivity to an inclined and perfect plain, with alternate groves of heavy timber. It abounds with extensive meadows, lakes, and numerous small streams. It is admirably calculated for the raising of stock, (the most important article in the productions of an interior county,) and contains a sufficient quantity of rolling lands and fertile plains for all agricultural purposes. The Grand river, the largest stream in the Territory, runs from south to north, through the centre. The Portage stream on the northeast, the Sand Stone creek on the west, the north branch of the Raisin on the south part of said County, are permanent mill streams, whereby machinery of every kind may be moved with facility in various neighborhoods of said County. These natural advantages will hold out so many inducements to emigrants, that it will undoubtedly become celebrated for agricultural and manufacturing purposes. Messrs. Bennett, Blackman, and others have laid out a village on the westerly bank of Grand river, and a number of houses have been erected in it. Mr. Bennett, one of the proprietors, has erected a mill, where an abundance of water may be used for valuable hydraulic purposes.

The proprietors have appropriated a piece of land in the centre of the village, 24 by 22 rods, for a public square. On this, sixty chains east and one chain south of the geographical centre, we have fixed the site of the Court House, which is by an act of the Legislative Council, now designated by the name of Jacksonopolis. The proprietors have agreed to put on record, as the law directs, a map or plat of said village duly acknowledged ; having first set forth, on said map or plat, a piece of ground, 16 by 12 rods, as a square .for the use of schools; and four other pieces of land, each eight rods square, for the use of that number of religious denominations, to be marked thereon, for houses of public worship

The reasons which induce us to select this point, are briefly these ; 1. It is near the geographical centre of the county: 2. The great territorial road furnishes a convenient communication to and from it: 3. It possesses superior water privileges, and an extensive ledge of free sand stone, which may be raised and adjusted, with very little labor, for valuable building materials : 4. The first settlement in this village was made by persons, who have done much to advance its interests.

We therefore recommend to your Excellency, to establish permanently the county site in said village of Jacksonopolis.

CHAUNCEY S. GOODRICH, Commissioners.

Ann Arbor, 11th Sept. 1830.


Detroit, October 16, 1830. GENTLEMEN,

I have received your report, recommending a site for the permanent seat of justice of Jackson county, and fully coincide with you in the views and opinions you have so justly expressed. I have no doubt of the propriety of confirming your proceedings, but before I do this, it will be necessary that the proprietors of the village of Jacksonopolis carry into effect the arrangements suggested by you, respecting the squares and other pieces of ground, reserved for public purposes. I will thank you therefore to inform then, that before I can issue the proclamation required by law, they must transmit me a certificate from the Register of Probate of Washtenaw, that the townplat has been recorded, and that it contains all the squares and other spaces of ground, reserved for public purposes, which are specified in your report.

I am &c.


The message was read, and together with the accompanying papers, was laid on the table.

On motion of Mr. M'Donell,

Ordered, That 600 copies of the message be printed in English, and 200 copies in the French language, for the use of the Council.

On motion of Mr. Lawrence,


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Resolved, That each member of the Council be entitled to take any number of newspapers printed in the Territory, not exceeding fifteen, during the present session.

On motion of Mr. Stockton,

Resolved, That the following committees be appointed, and that they have leave to report by bill or otherwise, on such business as may come before them. A committee on the Judiciary, to consist of five members. Militia,

Territorial Affairs, five


five Internal Improvement" Printing,

three On motion of Mr. Drake,

Resolved, That the President of the Council be requested to invite the clergymen of the city, to attend at the opening of the Council each week, alternately, during the present session.

Mr. Schoolcraft submitted the following resolution, which was read and laid on the table ;

Resolved, 1. That the Judiciary committee be instructed to enquire into the manner in which the laws of the Territory have been carried into effect, in the upper judicial district of the Territory : whether the session of the said district court, appointed to be held in the new counties of that district, have accordingly been held; and whether any powers have been assumed by the Judge of that district, in the appointment of officers of said court, or otherwise, which are not recognized by the laws, or by the established practice of the Judges of the Supreme and Circuit Courts of the Territory, in the peninsular counties.

2. That the said committee be directed to report the facts elicited by their investigation, and to this end that they be invested with the necessary authority to send for persons and papers, touching the points referred to. On motion of Mr.

Schoolcraft, Resolved, That the clergymen in attendance on the Council, have the privileges of the room, and the use of books belonging to the library, during the session of the Council ; and that the Secretary be directed to signify to them the purport of this resolution.

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Mr. M'Donell moved that the Council adjourn to Monday next, at eleven o'clock, A. M.

The question being taken, it was determined in the neg. ative,

Mr. Drake submitted the following resolution, which was read and laid on the table :

Resolved, That the committee on Territorial Affairs be instructed to inquire into the expediency of amending the laws for the collection of Territorial taxes; and particularly to provide

for a repeal of all laws laying a tax on distilleries. Mr. M'Donell submitted the following resolution, which was read and laid on the table:

Resolved, That the committee on the Judiciary be instructed to inquire into the expediency of abolishing the County Courts in this Territory.

On motion of Mr. Lawrence, the Council adjourned to to-morrow at eleven o'clock, A. M.

THURSDAY, January 6, 1831. On motion of Mr. Stockton,

Resolved, That there be added to the Standing Committees, the following:

A committee on the Library, to consist of three members.

A committee on the Unfinished Business of the last ses. sion of the Council, to consist of three members.

The President announced the appointment of the following persons, to the committees established by the resolutions of yesterday and to-day.

Committee On the Judiciary-Messrs. Lawrence, Le Roy, Fletcher, Schoolcraft, Drake.

On the Militia-Messrs. Stockton, Brown, Drake.

On Territorial Affairs Messrs. M'Donell, Stockton, Durocher, Kingsley, Schoolcraft.

On Roads-Messrs. Brown, Drake, Durocher.
On Enrolment_Messrs. Fletcher, Schoolcraft, Kingsley.
On ClaimsMessrs. Durocher, Bartow, Kingsley.
On the Library—Messrs. Bartow, Schoolcraft, Kingsley.

On Internal Improvements-Messrs. Le Roy, Stockton, Lawrence, Fletcher, Schoolcraft.

On Schools --Messrs. Drake, M'Donell, Lawrence,

On Unfinished BusinessMessrs. Fletcher, Lawrence, Le Roy.

On Printing --Messrs. Kingsley, Ştockton, Fletcher.

On Expenditures-Messrs. Schoolcraft, Stockton, M'Donell, Kingsley, Le Roy.

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