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THIRD LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL.
BEGUN and held at the Council-Chamber, in the City of Detroit, in the seventh day of September, in the year of our Lord one housand eight hundred and twenty-nine, agreeably to an act of aid Council for the adjournment of the first session thereof, ape troved the 3d of July, 1828.
At 12 o'clock, M. the following Members of the Council ap-
Washtenaw. Laurent Durocher, Wolcott Lawrence, Sfor the counties of Monroe and Lenawe. Charles Noble, The Throne of Grace was addressed by the Rev. N. M. Wells, On motion of Mr. Lawrence, Resolved, That a committee of two members be appointed by le President, to inform the Governor of the Territory that a quoim of the members of the Legislative Council is assembled at the Council-Chamber, and ready to receive such communications as ho iay deem proper to make.
Messrs. Lawrence and Irwin were appointed said committee.
Mr. M'Donell gave notice that he would, on Wednesday dent, ask leave to bring in a bill to raise a sum of money by Lottery, for the purpose of establishing a free communication by land between the City of Detroit and the village of Monroe, and to amend an act entitled “ an act to prevent Private Lotteries."
Mr. Irwin, from the committee appointed to inform the Governor of the Territory that a quorum of the members of the Council had assembled, &c. reported, that the Governor would commuui. cate with the Council to-morrow, at 12 o'clock.
On motion of Mr. Drake, the Council then adjourned until tomorrow, at 11 o'clock, A. M.
TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 1829.
Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Wells,
Mr. Stephen V. R. Trowbridge, of the county of Oakland, appeared and took his seat.
At 12 o'clock, the following Message was communicated to the Council, by the hands of Mr. R. A. Forsyth :
I have heretofore communicated to the Legislative Council such subjects for their consideration, as the public interest appeared to me from time to time, to require. I am not aware that any change has occurred in the condition of the Teritory, or any inportant defects been discovered in the operation of the present sys. tem of laws, since the last session of the Council, which makes it necessary for me to renew, or add to, the subjects formerly communicated to you. Being well satisfied, that the stability of the laws is essential to the security of private rights, and to the dus administration of justice, I doubt the expediency of legislative interposition on every occasion, where evils may, or may be supposed to exist. Too much legislation must impair the obligation of the laws, by impairing that respect for them, which, in a free country, constitutes the best security for their observance, as well as the most efficient agent in the punishment of their infractions. The
progress of improvement and settlement in our new country will occasionally render necessary, the passage of laws, some of them local in their operation, and others, temporary in their duration. And the greatest caution cannot at all times, prevent the admission of inexpedient and conflicting provisions, in a system laws which embraces most of the complicated relations of life
. Coming, as you do, from every part of the Territory, and bringing with you the public sentiment upon these and other topics, you will be enabled to discover such evils as may exist, and tv apply the proper remedy.
The relations subsisting betweca a Territory and the United
States, while they lessen the burden upon the community, circumscribe the sphere of Executive recommendation, and of Legislative duties. Some of the most important objects of general legislation are either withdrawn from the local legislature, or met by appropriations from the Treasury of the United States. Under these circumstances, and with the conviction already expressed, of the inexpediency of disturbing our present system, it is unnecessary for me to submit for your consideration, a great variety of objects, or to exhibit a view of the general situation of the Territory. That situation is as prosperous, as perhaps any portion of the Union, and its general progress in all the elements of improvement will soon bring before our fellow citizens, the question of a change, from a colonial, to an independent condition. A bill was introduced into the House of Representiatives, and passed that body at the last session of Congress, providing for the establishment of a new Territory, west of Lake Nichigan, and leaving to the Territory of Michigan, the boundaries fixed by the Act originally organising it, This bill did not pass the Senate, but it is probable the subject may be more successfully prosecuted at the next session of Congress. The opinion of the Legislative Council in favor of this measure bas been expressed in their memorial to Congress, and I am not aware that it can injuriously affect our interesis. The district of country where the new Icrritory is proposed to be established, is too extensive, and too remote from the Peninsula of Michigan, to form with it, a constiíuent and permanent part of the same government.
The country upon the St. Josephi, has been offered for sale since your last session, and the result has justified the anticipations of those best acquainted with its climate, soil, and other 190 cal advantages. The influx of population there has been groni, and in fact, the migration to the Peninsula geverally, during the present season, has exceeded vur annual increase from that source, for some years.' The whole country has enjoyed uninterrupted hedhib, tual has been blessed with an abundant harvest. It is difficult to formy an estimate, with any accuracy, of the present amount of the population of the Territory. From the sale of the priblie lands, ine progress and increase of the settlements and leprovements, and ihe number of emigrants who arrive among us, it is evident ihat our numbers have greally increased, since the last epuneration. As our right of adniission into the Union depends upon the amount of our population, it appears to me expedient to provide by law, for taking a census of the inhabitants, iliat our fellow citizens may be enabled to judge at what time application shall be macie to Como gress for that purpose. I shall be mich deceived, if such a censes does not exhibit a result, which will necessarily bring before the people the consideration of this imporiant question. It is a subject upon which, perhaps, it does not become the Legislative and Executive departments of the Territorial governments, to expoems an opinion. But it is imperiani iliet the facts, remes: ; 1:31 just juurni accar savut be usnes beste ike community ; a kia aster.unnent de retace be made for a cenHIS Stau "I u N s nenare e coad sith the anticiQucus II 21.08L vil 21 de 1 cover of the people
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