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Resolved, that the committee on Territorial Affairs inquire into the expediency of regulating by law the standard weight of Wheat, Corn, and Rse, per bushel.
Nr. Scho Icraft moved that the motion to lay the "bill to organise the township of Plainfield, in the county of St. Clair," on the mahle until io-morrow, be reconsidered; and the motion was agreed to.
The said bill then being before the Council;
Nr. Lawcore moved that it be amended by striking out all after the words, same minner as if such," and inserting in lieu of the P1: stricken out, the following words : Township had been ora gan'sed previous to said election."
And the motion was agreed to.
The question, “shall the bill pass .” was then put, and was de cided in the afirmative.
On motion of Mr. Trowbridge, the Council then adjourned.
WEDNESDAY, May 21, 1828.
rayer by the Pev. Mr. Richard.
The “ bill for the relief of Bethuel Farrand," was taken up; and, on motion, was ordered to be engrossed and read a third time to morrow.
The “ bill to prevent forcible entries and detainers," was taken up in committee of the whole.
Suid bill having been considered in committee, was reported to the Council without amendment; and,
On motion of Mr. Noble, was ordered to be engrossed and read a third time on Monday vexi.
Mr. Trowbridge submitted the following resolution, which was laid on the table :
Resolved, That the committee on the Judiciary be instructed to ingure into the expediency of allowmy Commissioners of Bail to inke ihe acknowledgment of deeds, inurigages, and other wrings; and thirt the commilice have leave io report by bill or otherwise.
I be resolution submitted yesterday by dr. Trowbridge, relative to regulating the standard weight of Wheat, Corn, and Rye, was taken up; and, on motion of Mr. Connor, “ Barley and Vais," were added therero ; and the resolution was they adopied.
The resolution submitted yesterday by Mr. Stockton, relative to locks and sluceways, was laken up and adopted. The resolution submitted on the 19th insi, relacive to the act in
13niting the Clintou River Navigation Company, was taken and adopted.
uleittsbution submitted yesterday by Blr. Noble, relative to a roci'', was taken up and adopted.
Dr. Stockton moved to reconsider the rote taken yesterday on il passage of the bill to org niso the township of Plainfield, is The countr of St. Clair; and the monen was agreed in
Said bill being before the Council,
Mr. Stockton moved to strike out the word “ Plainfield,” wherever it occurs therein ; and the motion was decided in the afi mine.
Mr. Stockton then moved to insert the word “ Clay,” in the blanks occasioned by striking out.
On motion, the bill was then laid on the table until to-morrow.
Mr. M'Donell suvmitted the following resolution, which was laid on the table :
Resolved, That the committee on Roads be instructed to inquire and report, respecting the state of the public roads, and particularly the United States' Roads which lead from Detroit to Chicago, and from Detroit to the foot of the Miami Rapids of Lake Erie; and respecting the condition of the several bridges on said roads, whether they be safe for the passage of travellers, with their teams and other property; and also, respecting all those parts of said roads, that have been received as finished and completed, by the Superintendants appointed by the United States' authority; whether such roads are made good and permanent; and what amount of the several appropriations, made by the United States, have been expended on said roads. And, that the said commitice may come to a correct conclusion in the prosecution of their inquiries, they are authorised to send for persons and papers ;-they are also authorised to recommend such measures to the Council, in relation to said roads, as the result of their inquiries may justily.
Mr. Noble submitted the following resolution, which was laid on ile table :
Reso!red, That the committee on Territorial Affairs be instructed to inquire into the expediency of authorising, by law, the laying out and marking a road, from Port Lawrence, in the county of ilonroe, by Blissfield and Logan, to Tecumseh, in the county of Lenawe.
On motion of Mr. Rumsey, the Council went into the considecation of Executive business; and having disposed thereof,
The resolution submitted yesterday by Mr. Durocher, was taken up and amended, so as to read as follows:
Resolved, That the laws of this session of the Legislative Coun-
, when approved by the Governor, be published in addition to
THURSDAY, May 21, 182S.
Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Richard. Mir Connor presented the petition of Ch. C. Trowbridge and athers
, praying for an appropriation from the Territorial Treasury, før the purpose of opening a road from Detroit to Grosse Poiote, in
continuation of Jefferson Avenue. Read and referred to the comaniitep on roads.
Mr. Lawrence, from the committee on the Judiciary, to whore the subject was referred, reported
“ A bill to provide for the appointment of a Deputy Clerk in the Supreme Court," which was read the first time and laid on the table.
Mr. Schoolcraft, from the committee og the Judiciary, to whom the subject was referred, made the fillowing report:
The committer, to whom wis referred ihe message of his Excellency Governor Cass, of May 19, 1828, relative to the Indian prisoners confined at Prairie du Chien, beg leave to repori
Thu thev brve given the subject the consideration, which its importance merits. A feverish excitement appears to have prevailri, for a number of years, throughout that portion of our Territori il frontier inhabited by the Winnebago nation, extending, partially, it is believeil, mongst the bordering bands of Chippewiis towards the north-wil sone further evidences of general concert among the Ruei Sioux.--and wiih still less equivocal, and continued proofs, of a concert in action and feeling, amongst the Poitowattomies of the Plins.
These tribes occurr the middle grounds, between the waters of Like Michigan and ife Mississippi; thus separating the settlements of Giepa Brvand Prairie du Chien, by a line of about 400 nuiles in Oriep:. And they are so situated and dispersed, over and around, this exiftrive tract--intersected as it is, by navigable rivers-and afirling as it dues, in ready supply for the wants and exigencies of savarp life and worfire, that any general union of sentiment, for hosile purposes, musi place at their mercy, the scattered and insolatel settlements, both along the Upper Mississippi and the Lakes.
We cannot hide from ourselves the fact, that in all questions of a political character, these people are arrayed against us. And it requins no extraordinary foresight to predict, that whenever, and wherever, ibe Americ'in government shall be called upon, to enforce is rights against foreign power, hy an appeal to arms, these tribes trill be firund, where they have ever been found in the ranks of 013! chemice. They are opposed to the advance of our setilements. Tiny neither appreciate our institutions, vor have they the means of estimating our power to overwhelm them. Ancient prejudices a in suill fostered ; and situated as they are, in the vicinity of a fore eira power, there are not wanting puwertul stimulants to excite, and hep alive, the spirit of animosity.
That they should evince a resiless disposition under such circumstuces, is not surprising. It is believed, that scarce a year has elapsel, since the icrmination of the laie war, in which blood has 1101 been shed, or some gross outrage perpetrated, by one or ihe aber of the tribes refer: e:) to. Nor is it difficult to trace the ceean intiucace of these acts, within late years; to the Winnebago Temporary disturbances have sometimes admitted of a temporary reniedy ; but in far the greater number of cases, where actul murders have been perpetrated, the ends of justice have been wholly defeated by the remote situation of the parties, oflending and defeuding, and by the difficulties attending the appreheusion and conviciion of prisoners,-the insecurity of prisons, and the nonattendance of witnesses." The delay thus caused, has permitted the local excitement to subside. What is not done promptly, is often not done at all. And with respect to the aboriginal tribes, it seems to be taken, by then, for granted, that the crime which is not specdily punished, is forgiven.
Whether there is any thing in these procrastinations, and frequent failu. es to convict, calculated to encourage the repetition of further outrages, we shall not stop to inquire. But, in reveruing to the transactions in the Winnebago country, which marked the summer of 1827, there is evidence of a spirit of general disassection and union of action, which could not fail to arrest thu notice of every persog acquainted with the Indian character. War messengers had traversed the whole length and breadıh of that country. The portage of the Wisconsin-the natural key of communication, between the Mississippi and the Lakes, had been shut, and was guarded by a stroog party of armed warriors And the murder of two persons of Gagnier's family--in open day-in the outskirts of a populous village, appeared to be the signal of general hostilities. The attack upon two keel boats descending the Mississippi immediately followed. The inhabitants were driven into forts, and the whole country was in a state of commotion.
The arrival of Gov. Cass, at the scene of these atrocities, unexpectedly, within a few days after they took place-his subseqnent journey to St. Louis, and the consequent movement of a strong military force, overawed the boldest amongst the instigators to ihese incipient outrages, and resulted in the delivery of the Winnebryo prisoners now confined in the jail of Crawford county. It is important that these men should be tried this season, that the final decision upon their fate may be reported to their xation. It is in act of justice, due as well to them, as to us. Strong excitements still erist. Ir is evident that the causes of their animosity reunan usabated, and that the same efforts which were last year resorted to, for the purpose of enlisting the syrupathy and co-operation of adjoining tribes, bave a rain been repeated.
In this state of the question, the local legislature is called upon to authorise a special session of the Circuit Court for the trial of the prisoners, and to modify the provisions of the Jury law - with in view to ils application to the circumstances of Crawford county :"> in conformity with which, the commilice report,
"A bill to provide for holding a special session of the Circuit Cou' for the couniy of Crawford ;" Apd said bill was read the first time and laid on the table.
A message by Mr. R. A. Forsyth :
Mr. President-The Governor yesterday approved and signed cí an act to amend an act, entitled “ an act to incorporate the Siockholders of the Bank of Moprve."
Mr. Trowbridge, from the committee on Territorial Affairs, to whom had been referred the petition of the Supervisors of the county of Oakland, upon the subject, reported,
“ A bill amendatory to certain acts relative to the duties and privileges of Townships ;" which was read the first time and laid on the table.
The “ bill to amend an act, entitled "an act to incorporate tho village of Monroe," and for other purposes," was taken up and read the second time; and said bill being in committee of the whole ;
Mr. Drake moved that it be amended by inserting the words « freemen and inhabitants of," between the words "the" and “said," in the 1st line of tho second section; and ihe motion was agreed to.
Mr. M’Donell moved that the bill be further amended by inserta ing the words, “ if said by-laws have been in conformity with the act to which this act is an amendment,” after the word " village, in the 4th line of the third section ; and the motion was agreed to.
Mr. Drake moved that the bill be further amended by adding at the close of the 4th section thereof the following:
“ And the said act of incorporation is hereby declared to be as valid and effectual, to all intents and purposes, as it would have been, if the previous elections of its officers, and their proceedings, had been had and conducted in strict conformity to the said act of incorporation;"
And the motion was agreed to.
On motion of Mr. Brown, the bill was further aniended by inserting the words, " qualified io vote at elections," after the word sjuhobrtants," in ihe 1st line of the second section.
The amendments, made in committee, were then reported to the Council, and were concurred in.
Mr. Drake then moved that the bill be engrossed and read a third time on Monday next; and the motion was decided in the affiimalive.
The "bill to organise the township of Plainfield, in the county of St. Clair," was taken up ; the question being on the motion in till the blanks occasioned by striking out the word “ Plainfield,” wiila the word “ (lay." The question being put, it was decided in the affirmative.
Mr. Stockton then moved, that the bill do now pass; and the motion was decided in the affirmative.
So the bill passed.
The 6 bill for he relief of Bethuel Farrand," was taken up and read be thin'inte
M. M'Donell moved that said bill be referred to the criministeo on Territorial Attairs; and the motion was decided ip the negatiir.