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* The son of Adonais, like a star,
Beacons from the abode where the Eternal are” As the dying taper's glow, In the socket burning low, Pales its “ ineffectual fires," Flashes up, and then expires ;
So thy soul's fire round thee cast, Gleams of radiance to the last ; Paling with life's wasting breath, Brightening to go out in death.
Now that light from earth has fed,
Now its quenching we deplore,
Pointing to the blest abode,
summer resort. The fine walks upon the rocky bluffs and along the sandy shallow beach, the verdant sloping hills, the city villages and rustic hamlets scattered in the distance, and the extensive ocean view, give great variety to the picturesque scenery.
We have had a pleasant excursion in the bay to-day. The weather was clear and sunny. A fresh breeze filled the sails, and our eraft “walked the water like a thing of life.” As we returned, cruising among the numerous islands that gem the harbor, we passed Nick's Mate, a mariner's beacon, erected upon a site once desecrated by a public execution. Tradition tells us that the unfortunate culprit, as he stood upon the gallows, looked calmly over the crowd, and in a clear musical voice, denied all knowledge of the alleged crime. He assured them, as proof of his innocence, that the island should be washed away in a certain number of years. His prophecy has been fulfilled. A rough ledge is all that remains to mark the spot where an emerald isle once reposed upon the bosom of the blue waters.
It is a year to-day since Professor Webster was executed, and now that the cloud of excitement which overwhelmed the public mind has been allayed by the second sober thought, I wish to say a few words about capital punishment. My own feelings have been painfully agitated upon this subject. Scarce a week has passed since that bright memorable morning, when the invited guests of the High Sheriff met at the jailyard to look upon the cool-blooded execution of one of their once honored citizens, but I have thought of the erring man and his crushed and heart-broken family. Upon whom does the punishment rest heaviest-upon the guilty or innocent ? His moldering remains repose beneath the consecrated shades of Auburn; his family susfer daily from morbidly acute sensibilities. Their lives have been darkened and disgraced by their connection with a criminal, the holiest ties of affectior have been severed, and ever will their happiest hours be haunted by the terrible spectacle of the gallows. But I am not intending to find fault with the servants of the law for the faithful discharge of its cruel requirements - not even with the executioner for his borrid perforinance in this shocking tragedy, but with the law itself. It is a murderous enactment, -a barbarous relic of the dark ages, unfit to disgrace the statute-book of any civilized nation.
I abhor it because it is wrong. I believe there
NaHANT, Sept. 30, 1851. I am tempted, by an irresistible desire, to write you from the rocky, ocean-washed shore of this beautiful peninsula. 'Tis a quiet evening. The crescent moon sails low in the West, and myriads of sparkling stars glimmer in the azure heavens. There is nothing to disturb the stilly silence save the billows breaking along the coast and the sighing of the winds among the thick foliage of the trees. Comfortable as has been the weather during the season, N:shant has been crowded with company. Nature and art have happily combined to render it a delightful
is nothing more criminal than to deprive a hu- was sentenced on the equivocal testimony of man being of life while we have the power to abandoned women. Was his crime as great as do him good; and that the act is equally guilty that of Pierson who butchered his own wife and whether it has the sanction of law, or is com- twin offspring ? or of Webster, who had bad all mitted by a private individual. Government is the advantages of high moraland intellectual culcomposed of responsible persons, who are indi- ture, and who moved in the most refined circles vidually, morally obligated to act upon the same of society? If Goode deserved death at the hang. principles of right in their public as in their pri- man's hand, Pierson merited three deaths, for he vate capacity. If it be wrong in one man to was three times as guilty, yet the same punishkill, how many men inust unite to make mur- ment was inflicted in each case. der innocent ?
It is unnecessary. By imprisoning a felon, It is founded on retaliation or the base spirit he is deprived of the power of doing evil, and of revenge, and conflicts with all the gentler may be made useful to society by the industrial teachings of Christ. He acknowledged the civil products of his labor; his friends are spared the laws by paying tribute, but never sanctioned its pangs and heart-aches which attend an execu. abuses. He had a higher mission to perform tion, and he is allowed God's time-his natural than that of quarreling with Governments. He life to reform. How a believer in endless puncame to establish the great principles of right, ishment can advocate the practice of swinging a knowing they were eternal, and that their influ
man into eternity to endure ages of up told inisence would exalt, refine and purify mankind. ery, curtailing the short span which God allows And such has been their practical effect. The for repentance, is more than I can conceive. Scriptures inform us “ Christ suffered for us, But I am prolonging this letter to an undue leaving us an example that we should follow his length. Excuse me if I have used too strong steps, who did no sin, neither was guile found language. To me it is a subject of vital imporin his mouth. Who when he was reviled, re- tance-one in which I feel every woman should viled not again ; when he suffered, threatened take a deep interest. Woman suffers the most, not." We find no act in the life of our Savior not by paying the penalty imposed by a halter, that favors capital punishment. When Peter but tbrough sympathy and wounded affections. drew the sword and cut off the ear of Malchus,
Yours in every good work, Jesus reproved him for his rashness, and healed the servant's ear. When the crafty Pharisees and Herodians sought to entangle him in his talk, he perceived their wickedness, and took a penny, and said unto them, “Whose image and
TBE SALE OF THE PET LAMB. superscription is this? And they said unto him Cæsar's. Then saith he unto them, Render un
(SEE PLATE.) to Cæsar the things which are Cæsar's, and unto God the things which are God's.” The answer
Here is a subject for poetry, for where is
there tender and touching sentiment, if not in a was truly significant. The coin was stamped
scene like this? What a love grows up towards with Cæsar's image, and was acknowledged Cæ
a pet in a home like this, where little children sar's. Man is made in the image of God. Has
abound, and what pet is like a little lamb, so bis fellow man any heaven-appointed right to destroy the workmanship of the Almighty?
sportive, so frolicsome, so like a child with chil.
dren. The cool calculation of the buyer, the It is unequal. Its aim is not to reform but to annihilate. And this it does literally so far as
prudential economy of the seller, the careless human effort can extend. The same spirit that
business swing of the meat-man's lad who would exterminate here, would follow the poor
has seen too many such scenes to be moved by culprit to the remotest verge of the universe,
this, are strikingly in contrast with the attitudes and there crush out existence if human power
of the children,-one feeding the doomed crea- . was not limited to earth.
ture, another embraciog it, another pressing
away, with infantile strength, the lad with the We had three executions in our State in little
rope, and yet another beseeching the mother not more than a year. Were the criminals alike
to let the dear creature go. The boy of the neighguilty ? Washington Goode, an illiterate colored
borhood, always ready to announce what every man, was hung for killing a fellow man in a boisterous quarrel in a house of ill-fame, and road which is to receive the lamb.
à body knows, is eagerly pointing to the cart in the
PHILADELPHIA, JANUARY 18 52.
In the spirit of a Happy Christmas we send our newing our acquaintance with some of the finest good wishes to our patrons and readers for a of Review writing. This volume contains seven Happy New Year. More solemn are these turn- papers, and concerning them the editor very justing points of time to us as the years pass on. ly remarks, “ It will be seen that high themes Life's relations assume a grander moral signifi- are discussed in this volume, and great names excance, and we enter more into the wise man's ainined, that stand for widely different religious meaning where he said, “ Because to every pur- systems. The treatment, we are sure, will not pose there is time and judgment, the misery of be found unworthy of the subjects, but distinman is great upon him." Yes, the when and the guished by a loftiness of tone, a catholic candor, how to do, are the puzzling questions that make a severity of logic and intellectual fidelity amid duty a difficult thing to some of us ; but this all the difficulties of the question in hand, a clearshould restrain us no farther than to render our ness of moral discrimination, and an affluence of purposes more pure and our action more prayer- imagery and vigorous precision of expression, fully prudential. What new questions, what which, however unusual, will not surprise those strange exigencies may arise the coming year, who are acquainted with any of the author's pronone of us can tell, but we repeat the word, that ductions, and cannot fail to make these papers fidelity to the near prepares for faithfulness to valuable and welcome to all earnest thinkers, the remote. Where happy unions are still en- even to such as cannot come into full sympathy joyed in the homes where the Repository is with the theories of faith and the estimates of welcomed, may God give a true appreciation men which are offered to their consideration." of his blessings, a purer devotion to the duties of The editor speaks of another volume compristhe affections and sympathies, and a patient ac- ing miscellanies which “treat prominently and ceptance of the discipline of life for holy ends. discuss thoroughly the relations of faith and reWhere bereavements have come, may
"the Fa- cords, and the differences between a spiritual and ther of mercies" be looked to as “the God of all
a sacrificial religion.” We hope such a volume comfort," and the balmy consolations of the Gos- may be issued ; for though, to us, the severity of pel be poured into the bleeding heart to heal and Mr. Martineau's logic in reference to questions of strengthen. To all,-youth, manhood, woman- faith and records is not always just, yet no writer hood, and age,—we tender the congratulations in the English tongue holds a more perfectly of the season, and pray for them and for ourselves, poised judgment in this department of critical that the coming year may he new in the fixedness | thought ; while in questions of spiritual and sawith which we shall pursue the aims of the true crificial religion his treatment of the points at isChristian, and new in the success which shall be sue sounds the deeps of our being, and at times achieved. Thus shall we best use the sorrow of we stand aghast supposing we had seen a spirit. regret for past sins, for
With an awful majesty of mind he strips away
the artifice and show of sacrificial worship, and “God seeks to warn us, not confound,
the glorious simplicity of the Gospel is revealed, His showers would pierce the hardened ground, And win it to give out its brightness and per
as we go from dreaming over an afternoon exfume.”
hibition of a panorama of river scenery to the "Till, as each moment wafts us higher,
beholding of “the smile of God,” itself as it By every gush of pure desire,
flashes along the banks of the Merrimac under And high breathed hopes of joys above,
the hues of an early autumn sunset. The circuBy every sacred sigh we heave,
lation of the issued volume will, we suppose, deWhole years of folly we outlive, In His unerring sight, who measures Life by cide the publication of the proposed one, and we, Love."
therefore, commend this to our readers very ear
nestly. The titles of the papers are, The Life, MISCELLANIES : by the Rev. James Marti- Character and Works of Dr. Priestley ; The Life
Boston : Crosby & Nichols. 1852. PP 472.
and Correspondence of Thomas Arnold, D. D. ;
Church and State; Theodore Parker's Discourse By the kindness of the editor of this volume,
of Religion ; Phases of Faith ; The Church of Br. T. S. King, we have had the pleasure of re
England ; The Battle of the Churches. The last
paper is a great composition. It took away our It abounds with scriptural illustrations, and was strength as the glory of King Solomon did in the evidently written by one who had a heart in the case of the Queen of Sheba. It affected us to matter. special thanksgiving that such a power of thought The description given in the Book of Proverbs and expression was on the side of Truth. Grand- is divided into twenty two parts and a chapter is ly does he show how doctrine supports ritual given on each. Each is illustrated by an approand show—the Idea of what the Priest is sus- priate engraving, and the whole work is done tains what he does, and without this new ex- well. It forms a handsome volume and is unexcesses complained of would be “mere spiritual ceptionable as a gift book. fopperies.” “ Take,” he says, “sacerdotalism away ; say, with Luther, that every Christian,
SLAVERY : Letters and Speeches, by Horace
Mann. with only the inward admiration of the Spirit, is
Boston : B. B. Mussey & Co. 1851. on a par with priest or bishop and that the min- This is a volume of fiery speech, for Horace ister is but the delegated teacher, qualified ‘pro
Mann can no more speak tamely on any theme prio motu et generali jure ;' and all the mil. than the lightning can imitate the pace of a snail. linery and upholstery, and mystifications of the
If any one wants a definition of "burning words," sanctuary, will spontaneously wither, never to
let him read this volume. It comprises nine appear again."
Speeches and six Letters, which embrace the The “Miscellanies" are published in a hand
prominent efforts of Mr. Mann in reference to some form.
Southern Slavery. It does not need our commen
dation to obtain readers. We see it has already THE PICTORIAL FIELD Book OF THE RE
subjected the Publishers to a suit for libel, but VOLUTION. By Benson J. Lossing. Harper & Brothers. Boston: B. B. Mussey & Co.
this will only help the sale. When political let
ters and speeches become libellous, a new This is a rare union-an author wielding not
will have been ushered in. The volume before only the pen but the artist's pencil, giving us
us comprises 564 pages. graphic description united with beautiful pictorial illustrations. More beautiful engravings are not UTTERANCE ; or Private Voices to the Public to be had than in this book. The number before Heart. A Collection of Home Poems. By Care us, No. 16, has proved exceedingly interesting, as
oline A. Briggs. Boston : Phillips, Sampson & it gives fine sketches of events, places and objects
Co. 1852. PP, 255. connected with the Philadelphia portion of the This is clear print and good paper, not wasted, Revolution. It has the Declaration, a specimen but used. The book is dedicated to the author's of the hand writing of the original draft, and fac
“ best friends and earliest”-her parents, and the simile copies of the signatures. A wine store has
“Voices” are divided into those of Affection, been kept for many years where Jefferson wrote Cheer, and Grief,-a Voice for the Poor, Voices that immortal document ;—what a difference be- by the Way, and Sacred Voices. A happily chotween the influence which Jefferson sent out of sen name is given to this volume, for it really that place, and that which has gone out at the
contains utterances—the gushing speech of the bidding of the wine seller!
poetical mood coming as true poetry always
comes from some experience sad or joyous, soliTHE EXCELLENT WOMAN AS
tary or social. The following from the first poein IN THE BOOK OF PROVERBS. With an Introduction by Wm. B. Sprague, D. D. Boston : Gould
will show how the music gushes : & Lincolo.
“ Do they miss me at home? do they miss me? The ten pages of Introduction are well filled
Twould be an assurance most dear with sound speech concerning the sphere and du
To know at this moment some loved one ties of Woman. In the closing paragraph Dr.
Was saying, “Oh, were she but here !
To know that the gronp at the fireside Sprague says, “ Whoever makes a discreet and Were thinking of me as I roam ; well directed effort to improve and elevate the O yes ! 'lwould be joy without measure, character of woman, is certainly to be regarded
To know that they miss me at home.” as a benefactor to his race. On this ground, I hesi
NOVELTIES OF THE NEW WORLD; or the tate not to say that the author of the following Adventures and Discoveries of the First Explorers work has richly merited such a distinction.” We of North America. By Joseph Banvard. With should be glad to know who this benefactor to Illustrations. Boston : Gould & Lincoln. 1852. his race is? We learn, incidentally, by some ex- This volume is a continuation of the series we pressions, that the book is a republication from have announced the series of American Histoan English author, and an excellent book it is. ries to comprise the most important events in the
career of the United States, ably introduced by one of the finest tributes to this country ever
THOMAS CHALMERS, D. D., LL. D.
son-in-law, the Rev. Wm. Hanna, LL. D. Vol. 3.
On and the numerous illustrations and beauty of ty
New York : Harper & Brothers. 1851.
sale at B. B. Mussey & Co's. Cornhill, Boston. pography, render it a good gift book to the
We welcome with profound interest another young
volume of these instructive and impressive Me
moirs. The third volume was to have completed SIXTEEN MONTHS AT THE GOLD DIGGINGS. By Daniel B. Woods. New York: Harper &
the series, but a fourth must be added to fulfill Brothers, 1851. Boston: B. B. Mussey & Co.,
the design which thus far has been admirably exCornhill.
ecuted. The volume before us, begins with the The writer of this volume spent sixteen months departure of Mr. Chalmers from Glasgow and his at the gold mines, chiefly upon the American and assuming the duties of Professor of Moral PhilosTuclumne Rivers and their tributaries. While ophy at Edinburgh, and adds another series of there he kept a journal for the pleasure of his
exhibitions of the Christian Teacher and the friends at home ; many mining companions desir
Christian Man to those which have most effectued him to prepare that journal as a work for the ally won our deep-felt respect for the subject of press, that a fair view of their life at the mines them. We renew our earnest commendation of might be given to the world. His volume has these Memoirs, as showing how it is to pursue excellent aims, is written in a good spirit and
endeavors for the attainment of the Christian style, and cannot fail of doing good. The life. Thomas Chalmers was a great man. His question is often asked,” he says, “who should veneration for his mother is finely presented in go to the mines ? It is very sure that a man with that part of this volume which records her death. a family depending upon his daily efforts should not go.” The young man who has no one de
LIVES OF THE QUEENS OF SCOTLAND AND
ENGLISH PRINCESSES : connected with the rependant on him, and who can make up his mind
gal succession of Great Britian. By Agnes to live away five years, with as few comforts as
Strickland, author of the Lives of the Queens of Diogenes, may go.-The author hails from Phila- England. Vol. 2. New York: Harper & Brothdelphia.
er. 1851. Boston : B. B. Mussey & Co., Corn
hill. The FIFTEEN DECISIVE BATTLES OF THE In this volume is completed the Life of Mary WORLD ; from Maranthon to Waterloo. By E.
of Lorraine, the mother of Mary Stuart, and also S. Creasy, Professor of Ancient and Modern History in University College, London. New York:
the life of Lady Margaret Douglas, mother of Harper & Brothers. 1851. On sale at B. B. Mus.
Lord Darnley. Leaving all military details to sey & Co's., Boston.
other historians, the author of these Lives of the A well executed design, suggested by a remark
Queens gives us graphic pictures that exhibit the of Hallam, the Historian, that the victory gained
personages she describes in a manner that fixes by Charles Martel, over the invading Saracens,
the attention and makes deep impressions on the 'may be justly ranked among those few battles
reader. A woman can best write the history of of which a contrary event would have essentially
HARPERS' New Monthly. January, 1852.
Additional attractions give to this Magazine a intervening between the battles is also sketched, worth superior to any other of the kind. The riso that the reader has placed before him the valry between this and the International, shows great events of the world, from Marathon to how much the public is benefited by individual Waterloo. The Battle of Saratoga is one of the enterprise. Harpers' Magazine is richly illumiDecisive Battles, and the introduction contains nated with pictorial illustrations.