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ter. But do they not see, that in this idea of and the heaven of piety an unapproachable immortality is involved the exercise of abitrary thing. power,--an act of almightiness by which the

Has Revelation any thing against this ? None course of evil which might in this world be givo pretend to bring the spirit of the Bible, the gen. en up, must be to all eternity pursued by the im- eral tenor of the Scriptures, to bear on this point, mortalized heathen! The power of choice is but rest all their power in a brief text here and destroyed. The freedom of the will is all torn there, considered in a disjointed manner. But away; and God comes to the poor, trembling, in support of our idea, we bring from Revelation guilty creature, as though Christ, when on earth, the character of God, the spirit of all his laws had stopped before some miserable drunkard and and government, a Father's interest in his chil

“Be thou eternally a drunkard !" Christ, dren, the rational nature of punishment, the the express image of the invisible God, did no promise of the destruction of sin, the assurance such thing. Every exercise of irresistible power of the superabounding reign of grace, the univerwas an act of mercy, as when he touched the sal extent of the Savior's mission, the truth that eyes of the blind man, and on his visual orbs God made men for his glory, and while in sin streamed the light and shone the beauty of they come short of his glory, and the magnifiheaven.

cent truth, that Christ will be efficient in the Hence I am led to adopt the third proposition, work of an universal Savior, and God will be all - That no act of irresistible power will fix the in all! From Reason we bring the fact, that evil eternal continuance of good or evil, but that the is not the final state of any thing in nature. All same law of improvement and happiness which around us evil works only for restoration. The operates in this lise, will operate hereafter. I be- earthquake and the storm, the wind and the lieve in in the Sovereignty of God and the free-tide, and every elemental force in the vast dodom of the human will for eternity as well as main of matter, but opens a safety valve in the time; and to me reason teaches nothing plainer, tremendous enginery of nature's mechanism, to than that the law of improvement is the best promote equilibrium—the balance of forces—the token of the benevolence of God. If I saw in

safety of this rolling globe and firmamental unithe Scriptures any evidence that the earthly pas. sions go with us to eternity,-inevitably continuing the acts of sin,—that man could hereafter sow to the flesh,—that he could indulge fleshly lusts that war against the soul, I should believe

THE JUBILEE OF ALL WORLDS. that evidence, and should anticipate something such a world as this. But to me the Scriptures are plainly against this. Man in the immortal world is as exalted and as different a being in

Oh, whence this trembling thought within, that contrast with himself here, as the winged gem

burns, floating on the summer air in the garden, is

And soars like a winged spirit now on high? more beautiful than the repulsive worm,-though

Though dim its vision, still it soars and yearnsif we would look close enough, there is great

Father, forgive !-ope thou the inner eye

Of yearning, soaring Faith. Grant to its sight beauty to be seen in the caterpillar. In the but

One glance of the full triumphs of thy Grace and terfly, only the beauty is magnified ; and it floats

Might. along on its gossamer and rainbow wings, like a thought of a good man's heart made visible to attract us to heaven. That which is sown in

Lo ! the orb-chariots rolling through the skies !

At God's command, all from their orbits wheel dishonor, shall be raised in glory; and to me,

Towards the central Throne. Dazzling the dyes immortality opens a higher place of improve

Of waving banners. Bright and burnished ment, where the chains of earth shall no more

steel impede the swift progress of the spirit. In other

Each opening path of light. Oh, the glad song words, I beliEVE THAT OPPORTUNITIES OF

Of worlds, while to the central sun they rush

along. God will force no man to be a

Each clust'ring nebulæ bursts on the startled sinner. Man will be seen a penitent though a

sight, great way off from holiness. He shall never

Revealing worlds that long seemed drowned in find the gate barred and bolted, the bridge up,

silvery flame ;











them song:

Old Time is gray,-and yet their swift and awful The first two are by far the largest and most imlight

portant, Alderney containing only one parish, and With its electric speed, ne'er to this orbit Sark being little else than a rock. Of the first came ;

two mentioned, Jersey is the most important Behold the myriad worlds! Each onward swifter both in agriculture and in a commercial point of rolls,

view; and it is of this island in particular that Each freighted with bright, glorified, immortal I am about to write. souls.

The ancient name of this island was Cesarea, They near the central THRONE. A bright and

Jer, Ger, or Gear, being a corruption or contracmystic tower

tion of Cesar, and signifying isle, so that the of half-veiled blazonry, amid a boundless sun

true meaning of Jersey, being interpreted, is Of glory, speaks the awful centre of God's power,

Cesar's island. This and the sister isles were The dread Shekinah of the Holy One.

subject to France for the space of four hundred There, in that wondrous sphere of light and mys

sixty-five years, and formed a part of the duketery

dom of Normandy; since then they have been Now comes each shouting world to hold glad an appendage of the British dominions. The jubilee.

ancient Norman language is still the language O God, enough!-Salvation's banners I behold of the islands, but as many English words have Around the central Throne, in glory now un- been introduced, and as the pronunciation in furled ;

some instances varies from the more modern Bright, joyous hosts, with sweet-toned harps of French, the people have the credit of speaking a gold,

"patois” or brogue. I have often been amused And starry diadems, from every shouting world, in my travels in France, at the perplexity of They come they come—a shining, myriad | Frenchmen to determine to what nation a Jerthrong,

seyman belonged. His accent, idiom, and form "God reigns o'er all, in all !" the swelling an- of expression, though using many unknown

words, were nearly French, while his looks, Still swell the rapturous anthem praises there ;

manners and habits were decidedly English, so

that he was set down as a nondescript, and perNew wonders yet burst on the unveiled sight,The perfect triumph of God's grace and might,

haps thought us belonging to do country at all. The yearning hope of every holy prayer.

To return to the etymology of the word. TraGrim Death turns paler on his skull-hea ped

dition informs us that Jersey was first inhabited throne,

by Julius Cesar, who, passing through Coutan. Totters, then sinks night-and dies with

ces on the coast of Normandy, heard mention horrid groan!

made of a small uninhabited island, which had And ERROR, Fear and Sin,-each blighting no name, and which was separated from the

main land by a very narrow arm of the sea. He Is crushed beneath His gleaming, mighty

determined to visit it, and embarking in a boat HAND!

made of willow woven in the fashion of a bas. With a new, seraph beauty now the glow

ket and covered with skin, he arrived in safety, Upon each face of all the shining band ;- and gave the island his own name. He also E'en heavenly Faith can there no longer gaze placed twelve gentlemen of his subjects there, Upon the awful Throne where dazzling splendors to commence a colony and equally to divide the blaze.

island among themselves. This is probably the Eden Vale.

origin of the twelve parishes in which the island is now divided. Near the castle of Mount Or. gueil, (of which I shall speak more by and by)

there is an old fort, which has communication JERSEY.

with the castle by a small door, and from immemorial tradition unto the present time, has been

called Cesar's fort. In the same way in the In the British Channel, but much nearer to Manor of Rozel in the north of the island, there the coast of France than that of England, are a is an entrenchment also named after Cesar, and cluster of islands known as the Channel Islands, in one part of the grounds may be seen the reand called Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney and Sark. mains of an ancient camp constructed after the





fashion of the Romans. In corroboration of its There resided in the island a devout man emearly history, it may here be mentioned, that a inent for his piety and noted for the austerity of number of Roman coins have been found, five his life. His name was Helerius, in French of which have been preserved, namely, a large | Helier, and he had retired from the temptations bronze medal of the Emperor Commodus, found and cares of life to a hermitage on a rock where in the parish of St. Owen; three of Probus and now stands a fort called Elizabeth Castle. This Postumus, struck when the empire was poor devout man was murdered by these barbarians and on its decline, found in the parish of St. under circumstances which conferred on him the Martin, and another found in the temple of the reputation of a martyr, because he died confesDruids in the mountain of St. Helien.

sing his faith in Jesus Christ, and refusing to It was under the reign of Louis the Pious, the embrace the gross idolatry of his murderers. son of Charlemagne, about the year 537, that the This circumstance gave notoriety to the island, Normans, or Northmen, whose very name spread

and it became still better known afterwards, terror in the land, and at the same time showed when a Norman lord or seigneur, a descendant from what part of the world they came, began of those who had put this devout man to death, to make piratical descents upon the western founded in memory of his martyrdom an abbey coast of France, burning and destroying every

and called it after his name, the abbey of St. thing in their progress, pouring out human blood Helier. This is also the origin of the name of like water, and their boldness increasing with the town of St. Helier, the capital of the island. their numbers, they landed in different places, The Normans continued to exercise their cruand committed acts of the greatest violence. elties and commit ravages for the space of serWherever these barbarians went, they left the enty-five years, but after Rollo and his Normans marks of rapine and cruelty. By means of their had acquired peaceable possession of Normandy lito light boats, they ascended the rivers and and of the Channel islands, Charles the Simple, penetrated into the interior of France, spreading king of France, who was too feeble to resist around them such desolation and ruin as no oth- them and much less able to dislodge them, ceded er history records. They were Pagans, and to them one part of his kingdom, in order that blindly attached to their idolatry, a worship of a he might preserve the rest. Then it was that gross and sensual character, which united with this savage people intermarried with the inhab. their natural ferocity, impelled them to commit itants, became civilized and embraced Chrisdiabolical cruelties on all Christians, especially tianity. those connected with churches, monasteries and The island of Jersey enjoyed a long tranquilireligious institutions. The fiery zeal imparted ty under the government of the dukes who sucby their impious and brutal religion, rendered ceeded Rollo up to the time of William the Conthem cruel and sanguinary, and more particu- queror. To the Norman chief Rollo, France larly so to those who were bold to confess a bet- the archbishop of Rome was sent with propositer faith and worship. In short, such was the tions of peace. “Great captain,” said he, “will terror they inspired throughout France entire, you all your life-time make war with France ? that in the old Litany of the Roman church, What would become of you if death should sud(which is retained to the present day in the denly cut you off? Do you think yourself a God? prayer-book of the Episcopal church) after the Are you not a mortal man? Consider what you words “ from lightning and tempest, from are, and what you are to become, and by whom plague, pestilence and famine," they added you are to be judged.” Afterwards he proposed and “ from the fury of the Normans, good Lord terms of accommodation, which were, that that deliver us."

beautiful extent of country which was a part of No places from the position which they occu- Normandy, and which coasted the British Chanpied on the coast of France, could be more ex

nel for two hundred miles, and was wide in proposed to their incursions than the Channel Isl. portion, should be ceded to Rollo and his succesands; for as they lay directly in their track, they sors, to be held in-feoff of the crown of France, of necessity passed them both going and coming with the title and dignity of dnke, and still fur. from their predatory excursions on the continent, ther, if Rollo would embrace Christianity, to and as Jersey had for some time previous been which step the archbishop should exhort him by converted from Christianity, they left signal in- all possible arguments, the king should give him stances of their cruelty and impiety. The fol- in marriage his daughter Gilla, more strongly to lowing transaction is on record.

cement the peace and friendship of the respectire parties. These proposals were accepted, singular sight for a stranger like myself from and a treaty concluded at an interview between England to witness the scene, and see men at the two princes. Rollo was baptized, and his the magic "cry of haro,” “throw down the shovauthority joined to his example, soon induced el and the hoe." those who accompanied him to undergo the same A remarkable instance of the power of this ceremony. Rollo caused his companions, sol. custom about 170 years after the death of Rollo, diers, and all his army to be baptized and in- at the funeral of William the Conqueror, is still structed in the Christian religion. In every thing on record; when an individual objected to his he showed himself to be a great prince, but above body being committed to the earth. It seems all was he conspicuous for his love of right, a that the Conqueror had purposed to build the rare virtue indeed in that barbarous age, and for great abbey of St. Stephen at Caen in Normanthe important and exact manner in which he dy, where he wished his body to be interred, and administered justice. The provinces which to effect this, it was necessary to pull down a were ceded to him, had for a long time been the number of houses, and among them was one of theatre of rapine and disorder, but he soon a proprietor who had received no compensation brought them under an admirable discipline by for the destruction of his property. The son of the institution of wise laws, and by the care he this proprietor seeing that a grave was dug in took in seeing that they were duly executed. the very spot where the house of his father had I must not here pass unnoticed one of the

stood, came boldly before the whole assembled customs introduced under the administration of

multitude and forbid them in the name of Rollo, Rollo, as well for its singularity as for the res- burying the body in that spot, and thus addres. pect it obtains from the inhabitants up to the sed the assembly: "He who has oppressed king. present day. It is not important here to inquire doms by the power of his arms, is also my opwhether it dates its origin from a particular or- pressor, and has kept me in perpetual fear of dinance instituted by Rollo himself, or whether death; but since I have survived him who has it arose from the great veneration in which his done me this wrong, I shall not cry quits, now name was held, on account of his love of justice,

that he is dead. The land in which you are but it is very certain that from his time there about to bury him, belongs to me, and I affirm was a custom that if any one sought to appro

that no one can justly bury a body on the proppriate to himself that to which he had no legal erty of another. If after his death, force and claim, or attempted to invade the right of a violence are used to deprive me of my own, I neighbor, or to commit any other act of violence, appeal to Rollo, the founder and father of our or oppression, which called for a speedy reinedy, nation. Though it is true that he is long since the aggrieved party had only to call upon the dead, it is equally true that he lives in our laws, name of the duke, crying out with a loud voice, and to those laws I look for protection, and I

Haro, haro, haro, help me my prince, I am know of no authority above them.” wronged," and the aggressor was obliged, and This bold discourse, pronounced in the presto this day is obliged, under pain of answering ence of the son of the deceased monarch, who the consequences, to proceed no farther. No- was no other than Prince Henry, afterwards thing could have been introduced more timely Henry the First, had its effect. The “cry of than this practice, and it was no doubt institu- haro” was respected. The man was satisfied, ted to repress the arbitrary conduct of the pow.. his price paid, and the body of the king interred. erful against the feeble, who too often avail All writers on the laws of Normandy have themselves of their wealth to weary out by long noticed and largely commented on this singular and expensive processes those who ask speedy anomaly in the civil code. justice against their oppressors. I remember From the time of Rollo to the reign of Wilan instance myself, of what is called “the cry liam the Conqueror, there were six dukes of of haro," during one of my visits to the island. Normandy, including Rollo himself, and they A road had been laid out which an individual were the governors and sovereigns of the isles. thought encroached rather more than it ought Though it was not till the reign of Henry the upon his land. As the workmen were about to First, that Jersey was united to the crown of enter on his boundary, he came and knelt down England, and became part and parcel of the in the road and raised “the cry of haro,” and kingdom, yet it was subject from the time of the laborers desisted from their work till the law William the Conqueror in 1067, so that in point should decide their right to proceed. It was a of precedence as respects antiquity, the inhabit

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Like garlands white, the waves have nursed, To vanish when that form has passed.

They toil no more! their eyes they raise

To view the vision bright, And tremble even as they gaze

Upon so strange a sight; “ Is it a spirit,” pale they say, “ That makes the surging sea its way?


“ Be not afraid," sweet tones reply,

And they no longer fear; “ Be of good cheer for it is I !"

'Tis Jesus drawing near. He gains the ship ; they near the land ; They tread upon the welcome strand,

ants of Jersey take seniority before either Ireland or Wales, as subjects of England. The conquest introduced a great change in the laws, customs, and even the language in England, as almost invariably attends such political changes, nevertheless Jersey and her sister isles, were not subject to this inconvenienee. The reason is plain. They were, if I may so express it, on the side of the conquerors instead of the conquered. They had for a long time previous been governed by Norman laws, and therefore the conquest of another country by a Norman duke, could not introduce any change among them; they remained as they were, and as in a great measure they remain at the present day. The only change was that they had a king instead of a duke, at the head of the government, or to speak still more correctly, they had king and duke in the same person.

In the reign of Henry the First of England, these islands were declared inalienable appendages to the British crown, and as such they have remained to the present day. Frequent attempts have been made by the French under different sovereigns to get possession of them, but they have been invariably repulsed.

It is not my purpose in this sketch to enter into a narrative on that topic. In the churches several monuments are erected to the memory of those who lost their lives in defence of their country from the arms of France. In patriotism Jersey has done its duty.

C. F. LE FEVRE. (To be continued.)

Ye sailors on life's darkened sea

When adverse winds are high, Who hourly toil so manfully,

Nor deem the haven nigh, Look op ! see, Jesus walks the wave ; He comes to help, to guide, to save.

Be not afraid ! his heav'nly form

Makes beautiful the night,
And breaks the darkness of the storm

With spiritual light.
His arm can guide ye safely o'er
The sea of life, to heaven's shore.

A. A. MORTON. South Deerfield, Mass.



A ship is on the troubled sea,

And adverse winds are high, While those within it toil, nor keep

The wished for haven nigh; Yet strive they still, with hearts that brave The strength of wind, the force of wave.

An amiable and cultivated woman, in the circle of our friends, passed to the society of immortals more than a year since, and we refrained from making any note of her death, lest we might say something too severe of some of her kindred. Looking over some letters recently, we met with a reference to her, which we noy give, to show what death-dealing work Bigotry can do. This lady was a true wife and good mother, contented to live in the humblest style to sustain her husband in the frank and honest avowal of his faith in the completeness of the redemption of the world in Christ. She was a woman of much culture of mind and grace of

Her conversation was exceedingly engaging, and she won very rapidly on the es. teem of even the stranger. Her husband was an honest, hard working man, with no habits of extravagance, and we should not have resisted a call for a loan in the time to which the follow. ing extract alludes. But the power of Bigotry

Lo ! o'er the billow comes a form

With face serenely fair, Whose look could quell the wildest storm,

That e'er might revel there ; With step as calm, as though each tread Press'd down some vestal flow'ret's head.


Yet all the flowers that near it meet,

Are formed of snowy spray, That wreathing, clusters 'neath its feet,

Like garlands in the way ;

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