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round spot of full buff at the tip. Primaries him abominably ; and really it becomes almost slightly tipped with white. All the tail-feathers an affair of police, that some measures should with buffy white terminations.
be adopted for their exclusion. He is subject to grayish white. Flank-feathers zig-zagged, with fits, too, and suddenly, without the least apparfaint transverse light brown lines. Bill and feet ent warning, falls senseless, like an epileptic dusky brown. At the corner of the mouth, the patient; but presently recovers, and busies himbare, thick, fleshy, prominent skin, is of a pinky self about the bower. When he has induced flesh color, and the irides are dark brown. the female to enter it, he seems greatly pleased;
“ The rosy frill adorns the adults of both sex- alters the disposition of a feather or a shell, as es; but the young male and female of the year if hoping that the change may meet her approhare it not.
bation ; and looks at her as she sits coyly under “ Another species, the great bower-bird, was the over-arching twigs, and then at the little arprobably the architect of the bowers found by rangement which he has made, and then at her Captain Gray during his Australian rambles, again, till one could almost fancy that one hears and which interested him greatly, in consequence him breathe a sigh. He is still in his transition of the doubts entertained by hiin whether they dress, and has not yet donned his full Venetian were the works of a bird or of a quadruped—the suit of black.” inclination of his mind being, that their construction was due to the four-footed animal. They were formed of dead grass and parts of bushes, sunk a slight depth into two parallel furrows, in
POETIC DICTION. sandy soil, and were nicely arched above; they were always full of broken sea-shells, large heaps The following is from an Appendix to the of which also protruded from the extremity of Preface to the second edition of Wordsworth's the bower. In one of these bowers, the most
“ Lyrical Ballads,” published in 1800; the subremoie from the sea of those discovered by Cap
ject under discussion is Poetic Dirtion. tain Gray, was a heap of the stones of some fruit
“The earliest poets of all nations generally that had evidently been rolled therein. He nev
wrote from passion excited by real events; they er saw any animal in or near these bowers; but wrote naturally and as men ; feeling powerfully the abundant droppings of a small species of as they did, their language was daring and figkangaroo close to them, induced him to suppose urative. In succeeding time, poets, and men then to be the work of some quadruped. ambitious of the fame of poets, perceiving the “Here, then, we bave a race of birds, whose
influence of such language, and desirous of proingenuity is not merely directed to the usual
ducing the same effect without being animated ends of existence-self-preservation, and the with the same passion, set themselves to a mecontinuation of the species—but to the elegan-chanical adoption of these figures of speech, and cies and amusements of life. Their bowers are
made use of them, sometimes with propriety, their ball and assembly rooms; and we are very but much more frequently applied them to feelmuch mistaken if they are not like those places ings and thoughts with which they had no natof meeting,
ural connection whatsoever. A language was
thus insensibly produced, differing materially For whispering lovers made.
from the real language of men in any situation. “ The male satin bower-bird, in the garden at
The reader or hearer of this distorted language the Regent's Park, is indefatigable in bis assi- found himself in a perturbed and unusual state duity towards the female; and his winning ways of mind; when affected by the genuine language to coax her into the bower, conjure up the no- of passion, he had been in a perturbed and untion that the soul of some Damon, in the course
usual state of mind also; in both cases he was of its transmigration, has found its way into his willing that his common judgment and underelegant form. He picks up a brilliant feather, standing should be laid asleep, and he had no Bits about with it before her, and when he has instinctive and infallible perception of the true caught her eye, adds it to the decorations. to make him reject the false ; the one served as
“No enchanted prince could act the deferential a passport for the other. The emotion was in lover with more delicate or graceful attention. both cases delightful, and no wonder if he conPoor fellow; the pert, intruding sparrows plague
founded the one with the other, and believed Vol. XX. 13
them both to be produced by the same, or similar means. Besides, the poet spake to him in
BRAIN MODIFIED BY HABIT. the character of a man to be looked up to, a man of genius and authority. Thus, and from a va- We gave, a while since, an extract from an riety of other causes, this distorted language was excellent lecture on the Education of the Brain received with admiration ; and poets, it is prob- by Dr. Ray of Rhode Island, and in addition able, who had before contented themselves for would commend the following thoughts from the most part with misapplying only expressions another superintendent of the Insane-Dr. Forwhich at first had been dictated by real passion, nerden of Maryland. carried the abuse still further, and introduced
“ The right growth of the brain in childhood phrases composed apparently in the spirit of the is promoted or hindered by the habits which are original figurative language of passion, yet alto- formed in the nursery. Happy is that infant gether of their own invention, and characterized whose mother is its nurse; thrice happy, if the by various degrees of wanton deviation from niother has faith in useful knowledge and apgood sense and nature.—Perhaps in no way, by plies it diligently to the gentle training of the positive example, could be more easily given a bodily functions. The infant is an animal, born notion of what I mean by the phrase poetic dic- with the faculty of becoming rational. He may tion, than by referring to a comparison between be so ignorantly managed that this glorious facthe metrical paraphrases which we have of pas. ulty will be almost extinguished; or he may sages in the Old and New Testament, with those
have the blessed advantage of an infantile edupassages as they exist in our common transla
cation which will lay the foundation of good. tion. By way of immediate example, take the ness, intelligence, usefulness and every virtue, following of Dr. Johnson :
the active exercise of which is necessary to make
a human being more and more rational in his Turn on the prudent ant thy heedless eyes,
progressive pilgrimage on earth. Observe her labors, sluggard, and be wise ; No stern command, no monitory voice,
" It is not so necessary that a mother should Prescribes her duties, or directs her choice
know what others have to say of rules for the Yet, timely provident, she hastes away
proper discipline of her little pupil, as it is that
she should well understand the end which is ever To snatch the blessings of a plenteous day ; When fruitful Summer loads the teeming plain,
to be kept in her mind as a ray of light from She crops the harvest, and she stores the grain.
heaven to guide ler, namely, so to take care of How long shall sloth usurp thy useless hours,
and prepare the corporeal habits of the child as Unnerve thy vigor, and enchain thy powers ?
to qualify the body to be a good instrument for While artful shades thy downy couch enclose,
the use of the mind. Nor is the mother to be And soft solicitation courts repose,
left unaided in the nursery. The father's duties Amidst the drowsy charms of dull delight,
are as important, if not as uninterrupted as the Year chases year with unremitted flight,
mother's. Besides contributing his best thoughts Till want now following, fraudulent and slow,
to the service of the young being, to whom he Shall spring to seize thee, like an ambushed foe.
bas transmitted a share of his own mental and
bodily qualities, he ought by his babits of affecFrom this hubbub of words pass to the original. tion and attention to aim to bend the instinctive 'Go to the ant, thou slaggard, consider her ways and capricious habits of his offspring into harand be wise; which having no guide, overseer,
mony and order. or ruler, provideth her meat in the Summer, and
“ When both parents unite their endeavors to gathereth her food in the harvest. How long learn how to fulfill so noble an end, the way of wilt thou sleep, 0 sluggard ? when wilt thou arise out of thy sleep? Yet a little sleep, yet a
improveinent, in their knowledge of the details
of what is to be done, is revealed to them as little slumber, a little folding of the hands to
circumstances arise, by the Source of all Wis. sleep. So shall thy poverty come as one that
dom. traveleth, and thy want as an armed man.'
“Every habit which a child acquires, has its
own natural effect on the brain, and modifies it “ We are heart-sick of scholastic theology,
for good or for ill. This is true from the earliand sigh for the coming of a day when Chris.
est age of infancy. If the habits are allowed to tians will take the facts of the Gospel as they be of spontaneous development, and to renuain take the facts of nature. We yearn sor a genu- not directed, or not bent into order by the rationine biblical realism."
al mind of an adult, then it must happen that
these habits, being merely of an instinctive or Tell them 'twas He who called to life animal nature, their influence on the germ-mind
The fair earth and the sea, and brain will be to keep them in the state of Whose wondrous power has spread around animal mind and brain, and the faculty of be
His bounieous blessings free ; coming rational will be as it were covered in a
And in return He asks of them grave.
And all who live and move, “Any thoughtful observer of what transpires in the conduct of young children may see a
That they should freely give to Him thousand illustrations of the principle that a
The pure heart's fervent love.
New London, Conn. habit affects a child's mind favorably or unfavorably. Notice a child's face-expression in any instance when the child is in the act of indulging a bad habit, however simple and harmless THE IMPORTANCE OF LITTLE THINGS. that habit may appear to be; as for example, sucking a thumb, biting the nails, or twirling
In every sphere of human life important chanthe hair with the fingers, and you will see a clear
ges and revolutions have been effected in conseindication of a state of mind and brain very far quence of the use of small means. A single from being as intellectual and beautiful as that word when spoken may result in the happiness always noticeable when the child is in an act or misery of some child of humanity for life. A proceeding from a good habit. If single acts word once spoken, or an act once committed, are thus dernonstrably attended with visible mod- can never be recalled ; and the infuence of that ifications of the influence flowing from the brain
word or act may be felt long years after we have into the face, how plain is it that a succession
been forgotten. If we were to enter the darkof acts pertaining to a good habit, will give to
est dens of infamy and vice, we might trace the the brain a permanent habit of order in its pro- present misery and wretchedness of its occugressive formation, and in its functions, precise- pants to some slight first cause : ly in the ratio in which there is an absence of
“ A word, a look, has dashed to earth all wrong habits. * The principal portion of the decalogue is a
Full many a budding flower,
Which had a smile but owned its birth warning to men not to practice sinful habits.
Would bless life's darkest hours." For they debase the mind-debase the brainand then the brain being thus debased, the mind A simple whisper derogatory to the character of becomes still more so, until the rational facul.
an individual, may prove sufficient to strip off ty falls into the insane and deadly embrace of from him the adorning beauties of innocence and the untamed animal propensities.
virtue. Multitudes are now suffering from neg. - How to bend the habits of children into or- lect, ill treatment and abuse, brought about by der is a science and art, to be thoroughly learn- imaginary suspicions, coined into one word of ed in the steady and rational experience only of slander. Numerous evils that now a flict the a mind that is bending its own habits aright in race of man, may be traced to soine trifling obedience to the Divine Will.
On the part of the intemperate, it is but a little thing to place the intoxicating cup to their lips. When this step is taken, it is looked upon as a trilling matter; but by constant
indulgence an appetite is created which must be SPEAK TO TIEM OF GOD.
gratified at all hazards. The confirmed inebri
ate will deny himself of food, raiment, health, 0! EARLY teach the young to know
and the blessings of a happy and virtuous life, That God their Father lives ;
simply to gratify this unnatural appetite. Thus Let them revere and love His name,
some of the most brilliant minds and generous Who every blessing gives.
hearts have fallen and bound themselves in the
most abject slavery, from the indulgence of what Impress upon their youthful minds
they termed little things. The statesman, and How much of love they owe
the good and distinguished of every class, have To Him who guides their infant ways,
fallen from their high eminence to rise no more, And guards them from each foe.
by placing the intoxicating poison to their lips.
D. C. TOMLINSON.
If we would escape the misery and wretched- • Speak gently !-'tis a little thing ness that afflicts so many of our race, we must
Dropped in the heart's deep well; avoid the practice of trifling wiles and sins. One
The good, the joy, which it may bring, profane word, one fraudulent deed, or one fit of Eternity shall tell.” intoxication, may pave the way to ruin and dis
Newark, N. J. grace.
The practice of trilling virtues and acts of kindness are equally wonderful in their results. But how little is this consideration realized by THE LITTLE HERO OF DAARLEM. the great mass of humanity! With some, an act of benevolence is of no importance, unless it
At an early period in the history of Holland, is as compared with some grand display, that a boy was born in Haarlem, a town remarkable gives the alarm,“ See what I can do." When for its variety of fortune in war, but happily still we turn to the examples of our Savior, we learn more so for its manufactories and inventions in quite a different lesson. He gives us the assur- peace. His father was a sluicer—that is, one ance that whoever may give a cup of cold wa- whose employinent it was to open and shut the ter only, in his name, shall in no wise lose his sluices, or large oak-gates which placed at cerreward. It was a little thing for Jesus to moist- tain regular distances, close the entrance of the en the clay, and apply the same to the eyes of canals, and secure Holland from the danger to a man that was blind; but the result of this act whieh it seems exposed, of finding itself under restored his sight, and introduced him to the water, rather than above it. When water is beauties of creation. It was a little thing for wanted, the sluicer raises the sluices more or him to take the cold hand of the only son of the less, as required, as the cook turns the cock of a widow of Nain in his own, and say " Arise !" fountain, and closes them again carefully at yet this was sufficient to restore him to life and night; otherwise the water would low into the fill the heart of the mourning mother with canals, then overflow them, and inundate the thanksgiving and praise. Thus the deeds of whole country; so that even the little children love, performed by the Savior of the world, ap- in Holland are fully aware of the importance of pear to us like little things of themselves, but a punctual discharge of the sluicer's duties. The the result shows that they were unparalleled in / boy was about eight years old when, one day, he their influence for good. From the brief illus- asked permission to take some cakes to a poor trations given of the importance of trifling acts
blind man, who lived at the other side of the of kindness and love, it should encourage every
dyke. His father gave him leave, but charged heart to add their mite to the great sum of hu
him not to stay too late. The child promised, man happiness. A kind word gently spoken and set off on his little journey. The blind man to the child of destitution, want and desponden- thankfully partook of his young friend's cakes, cy, may prove valuable in giving new life to and the boy, mindful of his father's orders, did slumbering energies, and thereby light up the not wait, as usual, to hear one of the old man's soul with the radiance of heavenly love and pu- stories, but as soon as he had seen hinn eat one rity. Multitudes can this day testify to the as- muffin, took leave of him to return home. tonishing results of trilling deeds of sympathy As he went along by the canals, then quite and love upon the human heart. They fall like full, for it was in October, and the autumn rains the gentle dews of heaven upon the drooping
had swelled the waters, the boy now stopped to flowers, and revive a new life within. Under pull the little blue flowers which his mother loythe gentle breath of sympathy and kindness the ed so well, and, now, in childish gaiety, humbarren and desolate heart grows in heavenly med some merry song. The road gradually bebeauty and love. Go where we may, and we came more solitary, and soon neither the joyous shall never find a soul so degraded but what it
shout of the villager, returning to his cottagemay be reached by the influence of fraternal home, nor the rough voice of the carter, grumsympathy. The first trifling act performed may
bling at his lazy horses, was any longer to be prove insufficient to penetrate through the crust
beard. The little fellow now perceived that the of sin; but by a repetition of this, the dormant
blue of the flowers in his hand was scarcely dissensibilities are quickened into life and purified. tinguishable from the green of the surrounding Such has been the result of little acts of love;
herbage, and he looked up in some dismay. The therefore,
night was falling; not, however, a dark winter
A CHIPPEWAY LEGEND.
night, but one of those beautiful, clear, moon- “I am hindering the water from running out,” light nights, in which every object is percepti. was the answer, in perfect simplicity, of the ble, though not as distinctly as by day. The child, who, during that whole night had been child thought of his father, of his injunctions, evincing such heroic fortitude and undaunted and he was preparing to quit the ravine in which courage. he was almost buried, and to regain the beach, The Muse of History, too often blind to true when suddenly a slight noise, like the trickling glory, has handed down to posterity many a warof water upon pebbles, attracted his attention. rior, the destroyer of thousands of his fellow-men He was near one of the large sluices, and he now -she has left us in ignorance of the name of carefully examined it, and soon discovered a this real little hero of Haarlem. hole in the wood, through which the water was
[Sharp's Magazine-England.] flowing. With the instant perception which every child in Holland would have, the boy saw that the water must soon enlarge the hole through which it was now only dropping, and that utter
THE SPIRIT SACRIFICE. and general ruin would be the consequence of the inundation of the country that must follow. To see, to throw away the flowers, to climb from
It was midsummer,-and there was a terrible stone to stone till he reached the hole, and to
plague in the wilderness. Many a Chippeway put his finger into it, was the work of a moment,
village on the borders of Lake Superior had been and, to his delight, he finds that he has succeed
depopulated. The only band of the great northed in stopping the flow of the water.
ern nation which had thus far escaped, was the This was all very well for a little while, and one whose hunting grounds lay on the northern the child thought only of the success of his de
shore of the St. Mary's River, at the principal vice. But the night was closing in, and with
village of which, the chiefs and warriors of the the night came the cold. The little boy looked
tribe were assembled in council. Incantations around in vain. No one came. He shouted
had for many days been performed, and nightly he called loudly, no one answered. He resol
tidings were received, showing that the disease ved to stay there all night, but alas ! the cold
was sweeping fearfully in its course. The signs was becoming every moment more biting, and
in the sky also convinced the poor Indians that the poor finger fixed in the hole began to feel
their days were numbered. They knew that the benuinbed, and the numbness soon extended to
plague had been sent upon the earth by the Great the hand, and thence throughout the whole arm.
Spirit, as a punishment for some crime, and The pain became still greater, still harder to
they also knew that there was but one thing bear, but still the boy moved not. Tears rolled
that could possibly appease his anger. What down his cheeks as he thought of his father, of
was it? The sacrifice of the most beautiful girl his mother, of his little bed, where he might now
of her tribe. And such was the decree, that she be sieeping so soundly; but still the little fellow
should enter her canoe, and throwing away her stirred not, for he knew that did he remove the
paddle, cast herself upon the waters. small slender finger which he had opposed to the
Morning dawned, and loud and dismal was the escape of the water, not only would he bimself
wail of sorrow which broke upon the silent air. be drowned, but his father, his brothers, his
Another council was held, and the victim for the neighbors-nay, the whole village. We know
sacrifice was selected ; an only child, her mothnot what faltering of purpose, what momentary
er a widow. The maiden uttered not a repining failures of courage there might have been during
word about her own fate. The girls and women that long and terrible night; but certain it is,
of the village flocked around their loved companthat at daybreak he was found in the same pain- ion, and decked her hair and neck with bright ful position by a clergyman returning from at
wampum and the most beautiful feathers and tendance on a death-bed, who, as he advanced,
shells. The time appointed for the sacrifice was thought he heard groans, and bending over the
the sunset hour. The day had been one of undyke, discovered a child seated on a stone, writh
common splendor, and as the sun descended to ing from pain, and with pale face and tearful
the horizon, a retinue of gorgeous clouds gathereyes.
ed around him, and the great lake was covered “ In the name of wonder, boy," he exclaimed,
with a deeper blue than had ever before been seen. “what are you doing there ?"
All things were now ready, and the Indian