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as to call forth the best that is in him. In the present undertaking the author after considerable experience in the teaching of American diplomatic history courses, and some essays in the monograph literature of the subject, approaches his task with a conviction that the textbook should be a guide rather than a dictionary, that the establishment, on sufficient evidence, of a point of view, is of greater import than the recounting of innumerable incidents of vastly varying importance. Selection and elimination are the key to emphasis, appreciation, and the formation of judgment. But it is the sincere hope of the author that in availing himself of this privilege, he does no injustice to the political parties, the economic, social, and diplomatic prejudices of the various sections and factions in American history. All have had their influence on foreign as well as on domestic policy. And the foreign relations of the American people when largely viewed are seen to be a reflex of world events upon an American background within which various local conditions and attitudes determined the American reaction. Thus American foreign relations become a part and an everincreasing part of the history of mankind.

The reader wishing more detailed information relative to special incidents or topics will find some hints in the Bibliographical Note at the end of the book. In his own choice of material the author has touched lightly on or omitted altogether certain topics appropriate to a survey of this kind. But the chronological table, also appended to the present work, in part supplies the want of more elaborate treatment. It is hoped that the material actually included may awaken an interest in further investigation. If so, the mature reader, or the student under guidance, will prefer to follow his own paths, not too greatly hampered by direction from an author unaware of the local opportunities and conditions. The author is indebted to the Library of Purdue University and the Library of Congress for unwearied kindness in placing their resources at his service. And he acknowledges with warmest gratitude the generosity of Dr. Charles Callan Tansill, of the American University, Washington, D. C., in

reading the major portion of the manuscript, and in offering valued criticism. Dr. Tansill's suggestions relative to bibliography have been particularly helpful.

Purdue University,
May 14, 1927.


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