« AnteriorContinuar »
STANFORD LOWN BRUN
88TH CONGRESS , HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
1st Session Š
REPORT No. 914
CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1963
NOVEMBER 20, 1963.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the
State of the Union and ordered to be printed a
- u.s. Consen, House. Mr. Rodino, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the
[To accompany H.R. 7152]
gainst discricourts of the Ught to vote, to the bill
The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the bill (H.R. 7152) to enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States to provide injunctive relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to institute suits to protect constitutional rights in education, to establish a Community Relations Service, to extend for 4 years the Commission on Civil Rights, to prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs, to establish a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity, and for other purposes, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with amendments and recommend that the bill do pass.
The amendments are as follows:
Amendment No. 1: Strike all after the enacting clause and insert in lieu thereof the following: That this Act may be cited as "The Civil Rights Act of 1963."
TITLE I-VOTING RIGHTS Sec. 101. Section 2004 of the Revised Statutes (42 U.S.C. 1971), as amended by section 131 of the Civil Rights Act of 1957 (71 Stat. 637), and as further amended by section 601 of the Civil Rights Act of 1960 (74 Stat. 90), is further amended as follows:
(a) Insert “l” after “(a)” in subsection (a) ard add at the end of subsection (a) the following new paragraphs: “(2) No person acting under color of law shall
"(A) in determining whether any individual is qualified under State law or laws to vote in any Federal election, apply any standard, practice, or procedure different from the standards, practices, or procedures applied under such law or laws to other individuals within the same county, parish, or similar political subdivision who have been found by State officials to be qualified to vote;
“(B) deny the right of any individual to vote in any Federal election because of an error or omission of such individual on any record or paper relating to any application, registration, payment of poll tax, or other act requisite to voting, if such error or omission is not material in determining whether such individual is qualified under State law to vote in such election; or
“(C) employ any literacy test as a qualification for voting in any Federal election unless (i) such test is administered to each individual wholly in writing except where an individual requests and State law authorizes a test other than in writing, and (ii) a certified copy of the test whether written or oral and of the answers given by the individual is furnished to him within twenty-five days of the submission of his request made within the period of time during which records and papers are required to be retained and preserved pursuant to title III of the Civil Rights Act of 1960 (42 U.S.C. 1974
74e; 74 Stat. 88). “(3) For purposes of this subsection
“(A) the term 'vote shall have the same meaning as in subsection (e) of this section;
“(B) the phrase 'literacy test includes any test of the ability to read, write, understand, or interpret any matter. (b) Insert immediately following the period at the end of the first sentence of subsection (c) the following new sentence: “If in any such proceeding literacy is a relevant fact there shall be a rebuttable presumption that any person who has not been adjudged an incompetent and who has completed the sixth grade in a public school in, or a private school accredited by, any State or territory or the District of Columbia where instruction is carried on predominantly in the English language, possesses sufficient literacy, comprehension, and intelligence to vote in any Federal election."
(c) Add the following subsection “(f)” and designate the present subsection “(f)” as subsection “(g)":
(f) When used in subsections (a) or (c) of this section, the words 'Federal election shall mean any general, special, or primary election held solely or in part for the purpose of electing or selecting any candidate for the office of President, Vice President, presidential elector, Member of the Senate, or Member of the House of Representatives.” (d) Add the following subsection “(h)”:
(h) In any proceeding instituted in any district court of the United States under this section the Attorney General may file with the clerk of such court a request that a court of three judges be convened to hear and determine the case. A copy of the request shall be immediately furnished by such clerk to the chief judge of the circuit (or in his absence, the presiding circuit judge) of the circuit in which the case is pending. Upon receipt of the copy of such request it shall be the duty of the chief judge of the circuit or the presiding circuit judge, as the case may be, to designate immediately three judges in such circuit, of whom at least one shall be a circuit judge and another of whom shall be a district judge of the court in which the proceeding was instituted, to hear and determine such case, and it shall be the duty of the judges so designated to assign the case for hearing at the earliest practicable date, to participate in the hearing and determination thereof, and to cause the case to be in every way expedited. An appeal from the final judgment of such court will lie to the Supreme Court.
"In the event the Attorney General fails to file such a request in any such proceeding, it shall be the duty of the chief judge of the district (or in his absence, the acting chief judge) in which the case is pending immediately to designate a judge in such district to hear and determine the case. In the event that no judge in the district is available to hear and determine the case, the chief judge of the district, or the acting chief judge, as the case may be, shall certify this fact to the chief judge of the circuit (or in his absence, the acting chief judge) who shall then designate a district or circuit judge of the circuit to hear and determine the case.
“It shall be the duty of the judge designated pursuant to this section to assign the case for hearing at the earliest practicable date and to cause the case to be in every way expedited.” TITLE II-INJUNCTIVE RELIEF AGAINST DISCRIMINATION IN
PLACES OF PUBLIC ACCOMMODATION · SEC. 201. (a) All persons shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, and accommodations of any place of public accommodation, as defined in this section, without discrimination or segregation on the ground of race, color, religion, or national origin.