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denied its resurrection or reunion with the soul after its separation. They discouraged marriage, as a connexion of minds polluted by carnal feelings; and they partook of sensual pleasures, with the grossest and most unrestrained indulgence, because they divested it of all sentiment or mental association. But their most remarkable
tenet was, that malevolent spirits ruled the world, presided over all nature, and caused diseases and human sufferings; but that by knowledge and science, these spirits could be controlled, their power suspended, and even their malevolence rendered subservient to the use and service of man. This science they thought they had themselves exclusively attained, and that it principally consisted in the effiacy of numbers, and certain mysterious hieroglyphics adopted from the Egyptians. Hence they made systems of monads, triads, and decads; and formed figures of Anubis, Serapis, and other idols. This composition of certain abstruse words and mysterious figures
, was engraved on gems and stones of different kinds and qualities; and they affirmed that whoever bore one of these on his person, was secured by it from the particular evil it was made to guard against. These images and figures of different materials are mentioned by Irenæus, and some of the mysterious words engraven on them are described and explained by contemporary historians. They were called Amulets from their supposed efficacy in allaying evil. Amulets, against disease, were formed of materials, having an imaginary connexion with the distemper; red against all morbid affections of a fiery or febrile character, crystal or glass against those that were watery or dropsical, and so of others. The immense number and variety of these Talismans that have been, and are still found in many places very remote from each other, at once attest the accuracy of the ecclesiastical historians who have described these sects and their opinions, and the great encouragement and reception those opinions met with in different parts of the world.-Pp. 33–36.
The tenets of this first and most remarkable of the early heretics, combining the fundamental doctrines of Christianity with the most absurd and extravagant fictions of heathen superstition, the author proceeds to illustrate by a series of eighteen gems, none of which have been hitherto noticed by other writers. In the examination of these gems, ' under the guidance of Dr. Walsh, the reader will find an abundant store of amusement and instruction; as well as in a series of twenty coins, which exhibit a strong historical evidence of the progress of Christianity under the several Roman Emperors, till the close of the tenth century.
As a specimen of the author's mode of elucidation, we subjoin his analysis of a coin of Justinian, which was struck in commemoration of a circumstance, by no means the least interesting in the annals of Christianity :
One of the great and laudable labours of Justinian, was the reparation of such cities as had been destroyed either by the violence of the enemy or the convulsions of nature. The towns of Syria had suffered greatly in both ways, particularly Antioch. This city had been rendered famous in the early annals of Christianity, as the place where its doctrines met with the earliest reception, and its professors were first called Christians, and where St. Peter established the first Christian See. It was for these reasons held in high respect by the early Christians, and we have seen with what determination the inhabitants had dissented from, and exposed the apostasy of Julian. This city the pious Justinian took under his especial care. He turned the river Orontes, so as to bring it to the walls of the town: he paved the streets with immense blocks, so large, that Procopius says, each of them was a burthen for a four-horse cart: he repaired
the parts that had been burnt: he re-edified the whole town after it had been shattered with an earthquake: and he adorned it with two splendid temples, one to the Deipara, or the Virgin mother of God, and the other to the archangel Michael. Having done all this he changed the name from Antioch, by which it was known and recognized on the coins of all his predecessors, to Ocoutodes, "the city of God;” and to commemorate the fact, his coins of that city are marked HEYP, and so the practice was continued generally by his successor. He died in the year 565, in the 83d year of his age, worn out with cares and anxieties.
The above engraving of the coin represents, on the obverse, the emperor with a crested crown, holding in one hand a globe-bearing cross, and on the arm of the other a shield; the legend, DOMINVS JVSTINIANVS, PERPETVVS, Pivs, AVGVSTVS. On the reverse are the letters ANNO Xxxi, the year of his reign, and the Greek capital I, supposed by Jobert to stand for 10, the number of smali coins for which it was exchanged. In the exergue is THEY for Ocoutodes, the name he had conferred on Antioch.—Pp. 122–124.
It is some time since we have met with a work, which has given us such unmixed satisfaction in the perusal as this of Dr. Walsh; and we do not hesitate to recommend it most earnestly to the notice, not only of the collector and connoisseur, but of the general reader. To the theological inquirer it cannot but be interesting and useful, not only as elucidating the history of early Christian coins, but also of early Christian orthodoxy and heterodoxy. From the coins of Constantine, we gather the most decisive evidence of the early establishment of the doctrine of the Trinity; on those of Julian, we recognise the emblems of the intended extirpation of Christianity, and on those of Jovian, of its restoration ; while those of the succeeding emperors afford similar records of the passing events of the ages in which they lived. Above all, the reader will be powerfully struck with the connexion between heathen amulets and Romish relics, and be led to appreciate the probable effect of liberalism in religion amongst ourselves, from the enormities and absurdities it produced among the primitive Christians, by the incorporation of pagan rites and opinions with the pure and holy doctrine of the Gospel.
A Charge delivered at the Primary because Incumbents, to whom these in
Visitation of John Lord Bishop of dulgences are extended, are relieved from Lincoln, in 1828. Deightons, Cam- positive penalties, let them not imagine that bridge; Rivingtons, London. they are also released from the responsibi
lity attaching to the cure of souls. In no It is a fact, and a fact not a little
case can the enactments of human law afford remarkable, that a great portion of the an adequate criterion by which to estimate English Clergy are in many respects the extent of moral obligation: least of all, wholly, and in others partially, unac- in the case of the Ministers of the Gospel. quainted with the existing state of the Let them not imagine that when they have law respecting their own situation. An paid their Curates the stipends fixed by Episcopal Charge, therefore, such as law, and provided for the repairs of the the one before us, illustrating and ex
glebe-house, they are then absolved from plaining the more important provisions
further care, and may dismiss the Parish of the consolidated act, passed in the
from their thoughts. Though their peryear 1817, was much needed. In refer
sonal ministry is dispensed with, they are
still bound to promote its welfare with unence to this act the Parochial Queries,
remitting diligence; to take care that the annually submitted to the Incumbents
Curate whom they substitnte in their place throughout the kingdom, are compiled;
is fully adequate to the discharge of the and by the answers returned to them, important trust—that, in a word, neither the the Bishops are assisted in forming their
temporal nor spiritual interests of their estimate of the state of the Dioceses fluck suffer by their absence.-Pp. 15, 16. over which they respectively preside. The particular queries, upon which the
His Lordship insists upon it, as an Bishop of Lincoln has commented, are,
indispensable duty of every Curate, to doubtless, those on which his own
supply two services every Sunday, if Clergy seemed more especially to re
by any means practicable; recommendquire information; and he has in a
ing as a useful substitute for a second mild, yet manly, tone, stated the true
sermon, a running practical exposi
tion of some connected portion of Scripextent and purport of them, and declared his own determination to enforce
ture. The necessity of public catea due observance of them. Upon the sub
chising he also strongly enforces, as a ject of non-residence, his Lordship first
practice of the first utility and importtraces the origin of the evil to the system
ance : and after a slight allusion to of pluralities, and that again to the trans
licences and stipends, he concludes with fer of ecclesiastical property upon the
a few brief observations on the nature dissolution of religious houses, by which
of the concessions lately made by the a large proportion of benefices were so
repeal of the Test Act. impoverished, as to render them inadequate to the maintenance of an Incumbent. In order to remedy the evils A Sermon preached at Bedford, at the resulting from the non-residence of the
Visitation of the Lord Bishop of LinIncumbent, the Legislature concurs in coln. By the Rev. Thomas BARBER, the appointment of stipendiary Curates;
B.D. Deightons, Cambridge; Rivingwhose duties and obligations, after
tous, London. the following admonition to Incumbents, the Bishop proceeds to explain : To our notice of the able Charge of The necessity of the case has compelled
the Diocesan, we cannot do better than the Legislature to tolerate non-residence;
add our report of a Discourse which to specify certain grounds on which Incum
was delivered in the course of his Lordbents are exempted from residence, and ship’s visitation. From Ephes. iv. 11others on which the Bishop is empowered 15, Mr. Barber undertakes to deduce to grant licences of non-residence. But the salutary effects of Christian unity
and Christian charity, and the conse- in explanation of which discovery we quent duty of Ministers to promote are informed, in a note, that "the them. The subject is treated under writer is only endeavouring to remove the three following heads :
the idea, that the Gospel means certain 1. That our Lord ordained and reserved books of Scripture exclusively, rather in his Church a standing order of Priest- than redemption made by Christ, rehood, for the work of the ministry :-" He vealed in Scripture." (Pref. p. v.) We gave some pastors and teachers.”
learn, also, that in the Epistles “it was II. The ultimate end of their appoint
not Paul that spoke, but the Spirit of ment,-the edification of his Church,
his Father that spoke in him;" (p. 7)-“ for the perfecting of the saints,—for the
that St. Paul “never called himself an the edifying of the body of Christ.” III. The arduous and responsible duties
empty vessel;” (p. 8)—that he “got it thence arising :—“ speaking the truth in
(the Gospel) neither from Matthew, love."
Mark, Luke, nor John ;.. ... asked no Each of these points are well argued,
evangelists, neither read their books,
but preached the Gospel as he received and clearly made out; but we particularly recommend the considerations
it.” (p. 9.) We are farther instructed
that Pyle “was blind to the grand docheld out under the third and last to the notice of our clerical brethren.
trine of the Gospel;" (p. 10)--that his
“insinuations overturn the authority of Apostolical Preaching, the Ministration
all Scripture;” (p.11)—and that he and
Mr. Warner represent the Epistles as of the Spirit ; in Answer to Mr. WARNER'S Sermon. By the Rev.
“unprofitable to readers of the present Thomas Newton, M. A. Seeleys,
day;” (p. 17) (Query, where ?). Further
be it known, that “ Jesus, while he London.
lived, kept the will, i. e. the New TestaOur readers will probably be in- ment, sealed up in his breast;" (p.13) clined to suppose that we took up that “the Lord's prayer is imperfect;" Mr. Newton's Tract with somewhat of
(p. 14)--that “the Epistle to the Roprejudice in favour of Mr. Warner, and
mans contains about eight doctrinal to against his opponent. If such was our
four practical chapters:” (p. 24), and misfortune, which we do not altogether that to those who are conscious that deny, we are still unhappily in the same the fig-leaves of morality cannot cover uncritical plight; for with the utmost them, the Saviour says, Come, my yoke stretch of our attention, and the keenest
is easy, and my burden light.” Such exercise of our wits, we are as yet
is a portion of the instruction we have unable to discover the drift of Mr.
gathered from Mr. Newton; and it is Newton's argumentation. That he does
but fair that he himself should state the not admire Mr. Warner, and that he
source of his information. kindly vouchsafes him some good ad
Many of my brethren can testify with vice, is sufficiently manifest; but why
me, that we were brought up in Mr. he does not admire Mr. Warner, and
Warner's opinions; and we gave them a what is the purport of his advice, is
fair trial; but we never found peace in to us as inconceivable, as we should
them, nor overcame the world by thein. think it is to Mr.Newton himself. We do
Whereas, when we had heard " the truth not mean to say, however, that we have as it is in Jesus," from our despised breobtained no information from the peru- thren who gloried in his cross, we found it sal of the pamphlet before us. We the power of God, and the wisdom of God have, indeed, been considerably en- to the salvation of our souls. We have, lightened thereby; and as we are nei- therefore, turned King's evidence, and tell ther selfish nor incommunicative, we
the world that Mr. Warner's doctrine will readily impart the knowledge we have
do to keep the world asleep, but it will not
do to awaken them out of their slumbers acquired to our readers.
and to create in them that spiritual mind We learn first, then, that “ both (i. e.
which is life and peace. the Acts of the Apostles and the Gospel;
Such an one, let him be called evangeso, at least, we understand Mr. Newton) lical or orthodox, is a minister of Christ, and are to be received—both are full of
a steward of the mysteries of God, and, as grace and truth: but the former alone
far as preaching goes, is faithful to his is, properly speaking, the Gospel;" trust,
The Necessity of a Decent Celebration of sideration of the congregations which
Public Worship: a Sermon preached frequent these new places of public in the Chapel of St. David's College. worship, a brief statement of the naBy the Rev. A. OLLIVANT, M. A., ture, the principles, and the practice of Vice-Principal of the College, &c. the Church of England." The followLondon: Rivingtons. 1828. ing is a table of contents :-"Scriptural 1 Cor. xiv. 40.-In this Sermon we
Origin and Character of the Churchhave an admirable illustration of the
Church of England a true Branch of
the Church of Christ-Brief Statement Eighteenth Canon of our Church. Mr. Ollivant has treated his subject with
of the Duty of a consistent Member of
the Church of England-Importance great force of argument and persua
of the Sacraments.” The language is sion; and both the matter and manner
clear and concise; the sentiments are are calculated to produce a most beneficial result upon those who are train
sound and pious; and the exhortations
are solemn and persuasive. ing for the ministry, as are the students of St. David's College, to whom it was particularly addressed.
Questions and Answers for Young People
of the Church of England, to guard Evidences of Immortality: a Sermon, them against its Enemies. London:
preached in the Cathedral Church of Rivingtons. Pp. 23. 6d. Lichfield. By the Rev. T. R. Brom
Tuis little pamphlet contains much FIELD, M. A., Prebendary, and Rec
useful information and instruction for tor of Napton and Grandborough,
those young persons who are desirous Warwickshire; with Notes, Critical
of guarding themselves against those and Explanatory. London: Riving
who are unfavourable to our excellent tons. 1828.
Establishment. It treats of Schism The preacher's object is to compress and its consequences— the nature of into the compass of a sermon, the prin- the Catholic or Universal Church-its cipal arguments in support of the soul's alliance with the State—the Reformaimmortality. This he has, as others
tion-Heretics and Sectaries, &c. &c. have before him, deduced from nature, &c.; upon all which subjects the refrom reason and philosophy, and from marks are so just, that we unhesitatrevelation. The texts employed for ingly recommend its perusal. the latter part of the discussion, are for the most part, as might have been expected, the same which have been adduced in the able Essay on “De
Sacred Songs ; being an attempted Paraparted Spirits," which is concluded in
phrase or Imitation of some Portions our present Number. They are not
and Passages of the Psalms. By of course so copiously investigated;
William Peter. London: Longbut the sermon is nevertheless a well
man. 1828. digested summary of the evidence on In this little volume we are presented the momentous question which it is with the whole or part of the first fifty intended to establish. There is also
Psalms, together with the cxiv. cxxxvii. some valuable matter in the notes.
cxxxix., we cannot say newly translated, but the spirit of them infused into En
glish verse. There is much pleasing An Appeal to the Inhabitants of the
poetry, and more sober piety, in every Districts in which New Churches have been erected under His Majesty's Par
one of them; but we more particularly
direct the reader's attention to Psalm i. liamentary Commissioners. London:
iii. xxii. xxiv. xxix. xxxiv. xlvi. cxxxvii. Rivingtons. Pp. 44. Is. 6d.
The last, as being one of the shortest, In this Appeal the author, " taking we shall extract. advantage of that important occurrence
Whilst pining for our native land, in the religious history of our country- By Babel's waves we sat and wept, the erection of additional Churches in
And tuneless on the willowed strand populous parishes-submits to the con- Our harps, in mournful silence, slept;