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misery in all its nakedness and deformity. Hence shame in the sufferer, contempt in the beholder, and an obscurity of station which frequently removes them from the view, are their inseparable portion. Nor can I reckon it on this account among the improvements of the present age, that by the multiplication of works of fiction the attention is diverted from scenes of real to those of imaginary distress; from the distress which demands relief to that which admits of embellishment: in consequence of which the understanding is enervated, the heart is corrupted, and those feelings which were designed to stimulate to active benevolence are employed in nourishing a sickly sensibility. To a most impure and whimsical writer,* whose very humanity is unnatural, we are considerably indebted for this innovation. Though it cannot be denied, that by diffusing a warmer colouring over the visions of fancy, sensibility is often a source of exquisite pleasures to others if not to the possessor, yet it should never be confounded with benevolence; since it constitutes at best rather the ornament of a fine than the virtue of a good mind. A good man may have nothing of it, a bad man may have it in abundance.
Leaving therefore these amusements of the imagination to the vain and indolent, let us awake to nature and truth; and in a world from which we must so shortly be summoned, a world abounding with so many real scenes of heart-rending distress as well as of vice and impiety, employ all our powers in relieving the one and in correcting the other; that when we have arrived at the borders of eternity, we may not be tormented with the awful reflection of having lived in vain.
If ever there was a period when poverty made a more forcible appeal than usual to the heart, it is unquestionably that which we have lately witnessed, the calamities of which, though greatly diminished by the auspicious event which we now celebrate, are far from being entirely removed. Poverty used in happier times to be discerned in a superior meanness of apparel and the total absence of ornament. We have seen its ravages reach the man, proclaiming themselves in the trembling step, in the dejected countenance, and the faded form. We have seen emaciated infants, no ruddiness in their cheeks, no sprightliness in their motions, while the eager and imploring looks of their mothers, reduced below the loud expressions of grief, have announced unutterable anguish and silent despair.
From the reflections which have been made on the peculiar nature of poverty, you will easily account for the prodigious stress which is laid on the duty of pecuniary benevolence in the Old and New 'Testaments. In the former, God delighted in assuming the character of the patron of the poor and needy ; in the latter, the short definition of the religion which he approves is to visit the futherless and widow, and to keep himself unspotted from the world. He who knew what was in man, well knew that, since the entrance of sin, selfishness was become the epidemic disease of human nature; a malady which almost every
* The author alludes to Sterne, the whole tendency of whose writings is to degrade human nature, by resolving all our passions into a mere animal instinct, and that of the grossest sort. It was per. fectly natural for such a writer to employ his powers in panegyrizing an ass.
thing tends to inflame, and the conquest of which is absolutely necessary before we can be prepared for the felicity of heaven; that whatever leads us out of ourselves, whatever unites us to him and his creatures in pure love, is an important step towards the recovery of his image; and finally, that his church would consist for the most part of the poor of this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom, whom he was resolved to shield from the contempt of all who respect his authority, by selecting them from the innumerable millions of mankind to be the peculiar representatives of himself.
Happy are they whose lives correspond to these benevolent intentions ; who, looking beyond the transitory distinctions which prevail here, and will vanish at the first approach of eternity, honour God in his children, and Christ in his image. How much, on the contrary, are those to be pitied, in whatever sphere they move, who live to themselves, unmindful of the coming of their Lord. When he shall come and shall not keep silence, when a fire shall devour before him, and it shall be very tempestuous round about him, every thing, it is true, will combine to fill them with consternation; yet, methinks, neither the voice of the archangel, nor the trump of God, nor the dissolution of the elements, nor the face of the Judge itself
, from which the heavens will flee away, will be so dismaying and terrible to these men as the sight of the poor members of Christ; whom, having spurned and neglected in the days of their humiliation, they will then behold with amazement united to their Lord, covered with his glory, and seated on his throne. How will they be astonished to see them surrounded with so much majesty! How will they cast down their eyes in their presence! How will they curse that gold which will then eat their flesh as with fire, and that avarice, that indolence, that voluptuousness which will entitle them to so much misery! You will then learn that the imitation of Christ is the only wisdom: you will then be convinced it is better to be endeared to the cottage than admired in the palace ; when to have wiped the tears of the afflicted, and inherited the prayers of the widow and the fatherless, shall be found a richer patrimony than the favour of princes.
THE BENEVOLENT SOCIETY,
THE RELIEF OF THE SICK AND AGED POOR.
INSTITUTED AT CAMBRIDGE, 1801.
Blessed is he that considereth the poor.--Psalm xli. I.
Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.--Malt sav. 40.
That benevolence is an habitual duty, arising out of our constitution as rational and social creatures, and enforced upon us by the most powerful motives as Christians, no one will deny. The various exertions of the humane and the pious, in private circles and in public institutions, are so many proofs of the truth of this sentiment; but notwithstanding those exertions, there is still ample room for enlargement. Those persons who are in the habit of visiting the cottages or the chambers of the poor, are too frequently the melancholy witnesses of that extreme poverty, pining sickness, and poignant distress which energetically call for relief.
With the design of administering, in some degree, such relief, a number of persons have formed themselves into a society, the nature and objects of which are such, that it may with the greatest truth be said to deserve, and it can scarcely be doubted but it will meet with such encouragement as may render it a blessing to the poor of the town of CAMBRIDGE. It is likewise ardently hoped, that the society will meet with such further encouragement that its benevolent exertions may not be confined to the town, but extended to the neighbouring villages.
The First object of the society is, to afford PECUNIARY ASSISTANCE to the sick and the AGED POOR. To select proper objects, and guard against the abuses attending indiscriminate relief, visiters will be appointed to examine and judge of the nature of every case, and to report the same to a committee of the society.
The second object of the society is, the moral and religious improvement of the objects relieved. A word spoken in due season (says the Wise Man) how good is il! The hour of affliction, the bed of sickness, afford the most seasonable opportunities for usefulness; and it is hoped that the heart may in a more peculiar manner be open to the best of impressions at such a season, and when under a sense of obligation for relief already administered.
In a society like the present, all distinctions of sects and parties are lost in the one general design of doing GOOD; and the success which has attended societies, nearly similar, in different parts of this kingdom, and more particularly in the metropolis, in relieving the distress and ameliorating the condition of thousands and tens of thousands of our fellow-creatures, affords reason to hope, that under the divine blessing similar success will attend the society established in this town.
RULES. I. Any person, of whatever denomination, age, or sex, disposed to assist this benevolent unuertaking, may be admitted a subscriber; each subscriber, on admission, to pay not less than one shilling, and from twopence per week to any sum such subscriber may think proper.
II. That the business of this society be managed by a committee of fourteen persons, including the treasurer and secretary; five of whom shall be competent to transact business :—that the committee be open to any member of the society who may think proper to attend. In case of any vacancy in the committee by death or resignation, the remaining members of the committee be empowered to fill up such vacancy.
III. That the committee meet monthly at each other's houses, to receive reports, consider of cases, appoint visiters, and audit their accounts.
IV. That there be an annual general meeting, of which due notice will be given, when the state of the society shall be reported, and the treasurer, secretary, and committee appointed, to manage the concerns thereof.
V. That the sick and the aged be esteemed the only objects of the compassion of this society; and when the fund is reduced to the sum of five pounds, the cases of the sick alone shall be attended to.
VI. That no member be allowed to recommend a case until three months after his or her subscription hath commenced, nor if four months in arrears, until such arrears be discharged, provided they have received notice of the same.
VII. That no case be received but from a subscriber, who is expected to be well acquainted with the case recommended, and to report the particulars to one of the visiters.
VIII. That the visiters be appointed to administer relief, and not the person who recommends the case.
IX. That no subscribers, while they continue such, shall receive any relief from this society, nor shall any of those who conduct the business thereof receive any gratuity for their services.
The committee consists of an equal number of ladies and gentlemen; and persons of both sexes are appointed as visiters in rotation.
Subscriptions and donations are received by the treasurer, secretary, or any member of the committee.
At a general meeting of the society, held agreeably to public notice, at Mr. Alderman Ind's, on Monday, May 3, 1802:—It was resolved, That when the annual subscriptions of the society amount to sixty pounds, and the fund to thirty pounds, the committee be empowered to extend relief to other distressed objects besides the sick and the AGED.