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to be a-talkin' about you. “I think,’ says he, “if I could meet that same Tony. I'd crack his neck for him.’” “That was civil, certainly 1” said Tony, dryly. **And as I can't do that, I'll just go and ask her what she means by it all, and if Tony's her sweetheart o --> * He did not do that I " cried Tony, half angrily. “Yes, but he did, though; and what for no You wouldn't have a man lose his time pricing a bale of goods when another had bought them * If she was in treaty with you. Mr. Butler, where was the use of Sam spending the day trying to catch a word wi' her? So, to settle the matter at once, he overtook her one morning going to early meeting with the children, and he had it out.” “Well, well ?” asked Tony, eag
erly. “Well, she told him there never was anything like love between herself and you; that you were aye like brother and sister; that you knew each other from the time you could speak; that of all the wide world she did not know any one so well as you; and then she began to cry, and cried so bitterly that she had to turn back home again, and go to her room as if she was taken ill; and that's the way Mrs. M'Gruder came to know what Sam was intending. She never suspected it before; but, hech sirs l if she didn't open a broadside on every one of us! And the upshot was, Dolly was packed off home to her father; Sam went back to Leghorn; and there's Sally and Maggie going back in everything ever they learned— for it ain't every day you pick up a lass like that for eighteen pound a-year and her washing.” “But did he ask her to marry him *" cried Tony. “He did. He wrote a letter — a very good and sensible letter, too— to her father. He told him that he was only a junior, with a small share, but that he had saved enough to furnish a house, and that he hoped, with industry and care and
thrifty ways, he would be able to maintain a wife decently and well; and he referred to Doctor Forbes of Auchterlonie for a character of him ; and I backed it myself, saying, in the name of the house, it was true and correct.” “What answer came to this?” “A letter from the minister, saying that the lassie was poorly, and in so delicate a state of health, it would be better not to agitate her by any mention of this kind for the present; meanwhile he would take up his information from Dr. Forbes, whom he knew well; and if the reply satisfied him he'd write again to us in the course of a week or two ; and Sam's just waiting patiently for his answer, and doing his best, in the meanwhile, to prepare, in case it's a favourable one.” Tony fell into a reverie. That story of a man in love with one it might never be his destiny to win, had its own deep significance for him. Was there any grief, was there any misery, to compare with it? And although Sam M'Gruder, the junior partner in the rag trade, was not a very romantic sort of character, yet did he feel an intense sympathy for him. They were both sufferers from the same malady— albeit Sam's attack was from a very mild form of the complaint. “You must give me a letter to your brother,” said he at length. “Some day or other I'm sure to be in Italy, and I'd like to know him.” “Ay, and he'd like to know you, now that he ain't jealous of you. The last thing he said to me at parting was, “If ever I meet that Tony Butler, I'll give him the best bottle of wine in my cellar.’” “When you write to him next, say that I'm just as eager to take him by the hand, mind that. The man that's like to be a good husband to Dolly Stewart is sure to be a brother to me.” And they went back to town, talking little by the way, for each was thoughtful—M“Gruder thinking much over all they had been saying, Tony full of the future, yet not able to exclude the past.
NApoleoN the Third is a monarch of rare genius as well as of great power; and it is a pleasure to review the policy of such a man in a sphere which is free from the influences of international rivalry. The French in Mexico is a different question from the French on the Rhine. As Englishmen, we cannot regard without a feeling of mistrust and dislike the policy of Napoleon in Europe; but happily we can do so when the scene of his far-reaching projects is the old empire of Montezuma. We do not demand of any monarch that he shall consult the good of the world irrespective of the interests of his own country; but unquestionably the greatest monarch, the one who will longest live in the memory of men, is he who shall achieve the greatest triumphs for mankind at large. In exile and in prison, Louis Napoleon had ample time to meditate on the high mission to which, by a strong and strange presentiment, he felt himself called. He reviewed, as a political philosopher, the requirements of the age; and thus when he came to the throne, he brought with him many high designs already formed, which he has resolved to accomplish so far as the opportunities of his career should permit. One of the earliest formed of his great schemes was the construction of a ship canal which should cross the Isthmus of Darien, and form a highway of commerce between the oceans of the Atlantic and Pacific. Such a work is less needed now that the age of railways has succeeded to the age of canals; nevertheless it will probably be accomplished in the future. As Emperor, Louis Napoleon has taken no measures to carry out this project, — his other schemes having hitherto absorbed his attention and fully taxed his powers. But he has energetically supported the sister-project of the
IDEA IN Mexico.
Suez Canal, designed to connect the eastern and western seas; and however doubtful may be the success of the scheme at present, we doubt not it will be realised in the end, The project of tunnelling the Alps likewise owes its initiative to Napoleon III., and will connect his name with a grenter work than the road of the Simplon, which was one of the glories of his uncle's reign. With a boldness which pays little regard to what ordinary men call impossibilities, he has also proposed to unite England and France by carrying a submarine railway under the British Channel,- a project which we have no desire to see accomplished until a new epoch has dawned upon Europe, and the relations between the two countries have been established upon a more reliable basis of friendship, Lastly, among those projects of material as well as of political interest, we come to the intervention in Mexico, undertaken professedly, though not primarily, with a view to regenerate that fine country, to rescue it from impending ruin, to restore it to a place among the nations, and launch it upon a new and independent career. Of all the projects of Napoleon III., this is the one which is most to be applauded for the good which it will accomplish for the world at large. Nevertheless — and this is a compliment to his sagacity, rather than a detraction from the merits of the project — the motive which inspired it was connected with the interests of France, and still more with those of his own dynasty. The Emperor was desirous to find some enterprise which should employ his army, and engage the attention of his restless and gloryloving subjects, until the affairs, of Europe should open to him a favourable opportunity for completing his grand scheme of “rectifying" the frontiers of France. And iu this he has succeeded. Even though the enterprise has not been popular in France, it at least served to attract the thoughts of the French to a foreign topic,+it has furnished a subject of conversation and debate, —and it has, Inoreover, shut the mouths of the war-party in France, and established a solid excuse for the Emperor not engaging in a European conflict until he had got this Transatlantic affair off his bands. These were considerations of present value which Napoleon was not likely to underestimate, though he could not frankly avow them. Nevertheless they would bave been void of force if the expedition could not have been justified upon intrinsic grounds. And it is to the peculiar character of those grounds, as illustrative of the scope of the Emperor's views, that we desire briefly to draw attention, before considering what are likely to be the actual results of the enterprise. The grandeur of a nation depends upon the influence of the ideas and interests which it represents, not less than upon the material force which it can exert. England, for example, is peculiarly the representstive of Constitutional Government and of the interests of commerce. In Russia, we behold the head, and representative Power, of the Greek
Church. France, also, we need hardly say, is a representative Power. Her monarchs for cen
turies have borne the title of the - eidest son of the Church;” they have been the protectors of, and at all events they peculiarly represent, the Church of Rome. . But the Church of Rome has been losing ground, alike in the Old World and in the New. The great kingdom of Poland has dropped out of the map of Europe, and nearly all its paris have gone to increase the territories of Protestant Prussia, and of Russia the champion of the Greek Church. The loss has not been compensated by an adequate increase of power in the States which adhere to the
wise over south-western Asia.
Latin Church. , Spain, once the greatest Power in Europe, has for long been torpid, and, though now showing symptoms" of revival, will never regain anything like its former position in the world. In America the collapse of the Romish Church has been still more conspicuous. On the other hand, the Protestant and Greek Powers are prospering and extending themselves. The greatest change which is impending in Europe — the downfall of the Ottoman rule — will bring a vast extension of power to the Greek Church; and slowly but steadily the same Church, following the battalions of Russia, is spreading over central, and will soon spread likeIt will extend from the Baltic to the Pacific, from St. Petersburg to Petropaulovski. Protestantism has still greater triumphs to show. Accompanying the colonies of England, it has become the dominant faith in North America — among the thirty millions of the Anglo-Saxon race, who may be said to hold the fortunes of the New World in their hands. In India, in the Australian world, at the Cape, and wherever England has planted her energetic colonies, it is the Protestant Church which reigns supreme. By his intervention in Mexico, Napoleon III. endeavours to arrest the decay of the Romish Church in America, and to check the continuous spread of the Protestant Anglo-Saxons. The “Empire of the Indies,” reared by Spain, and so long a bright gem in the tiara of the Popes, has gone to wreck. Brazil, with its enormous territory but mere handful of people, is the only non-Protestant State in America which is not a prey to anarchy and desolation; and a few years ago, the gradual extension of Anglo-Saxon power over the whole of the New World appeared to be merely a question of time. Seizing a favourable opportunity, the “eldest son of the Church" now intervenes to repair the fallen fortunes of the Papacy in Central America, and in so doing
to erect a barrier against the tide of Protestantism, and to reflect new lustre upon the Church of which he is the champion, and with whose greatness that of France is indissolubly connected. These considerations affect the moral, rather than the political, greatness of France; but there are others of a different character which moved Napoleon III. to attempt the regeneration of Mexico. The latter, however, relate to the same object considered from a different point of view. Europe is remodelling herself on the principle of nationality. Twenty years hence, the Slavonian race will have experienced a great augmentation of power—partly from increase of population, which is proceeding rapidly in Russia, and partly from a more perfect political organisation and community of action established among the now scattered portion of that family of nations. The Teutonic race is destined to experience a lesser but somewhat similar increase of power. Compelled by disasters which, even in this hour of triumph, may be seen to await them, the Germans will consolidate their strength by unification, and will thereby acquire much greater power than they now possess, even though they lose a considerable portion of their nonGerman territory. In the face of these contingencies, Napoleon III. meditates, has long been meditating, how France is to obtain a commensurate addition to her strength. Centralisation and Organisation are already complete in France; no new strength is to be looked for from these sources. Her population, too — unlike that of Germany and of Russia — is stationary, and even threatens to decline if some new impulse be not communicated to it. How, then, is she to keep her place in the future? Partly, replies Napoleon in his secret thoughts, by incorporating the Rhine provinces and Belgium — thereby acquiring at once an increase of population, and a strong
and advantageous frontier. Partly also, he hopes, by establishing a league, a community of sentiment and action, between the so-called Latin races of France, Italy, and Spain—in which league France will naturally hold the first place. By his intervention in Italy, he has endeavoured, and not unsuccessfully, to attract Italy to him as a dependent ally. By his intervention in Mexico, he plays a part which will tend to attract Spain likewise; and he trusts to complete an alliance with that country by, ere long, supporting the claims of the Spaniards to the possession of Gibraltar; and also, if an opportunity offers, of effecting a “unification” of the Peninsula by obliterating Portugal (the ally of England) as an independent State. Meanwhile, by regenerating Mexico, he adds". to his own renown—shows himself a fitting leader for the future league of the Latin races; and, at the same time, he opens a new field for the commerce and enterprise of France, which may help to save the nation from its social demoralisation and concomitant discontent, and impart to it a new and healthy impulse towards increase of population, without which it will be impossible for France to retain her high position among the Powers of Europe. Mexico is a country well fitted to engage the attention of a great monarch, to justify his efforts on its behalf, and to more than repay them by the results which will attend its regeneration. The climate of its central and most inhabited region is perfectly suited to the constitution of Europeans, and especially of the so-called Latin races. The country abounds in mines of the precious metals; and so great are the treasures hidden in its mountains that the mineral wealth of the country is still, comparatively speaking, undeveloped. The soil, too, is remarkably fertile; and owing to its peculiar geographical formation, the country yields in perfection most of the productions alike of the temperate and the
torrid zones. Extending for 1200 ley beneath. Mexico is rich in inmiles along the seaboard of the digenous plants and flowers. On Atlantic, and 900 miles along the the plains, the strange-looking coast of the Pacific, Mexico con- stems of the cactus, like grotesque tains an area three times larger than vegetable pillars, silent and unFrance, situated between the two bending to the wind, rise to the great oceans of the world, and pre- height of twenty feet, gorgeous senting in its southern portion a with scarlet or yellow blossoms.* route well fitted to become a high- The air is perfumed by the wild way between them. Mexico con- and profusely-growing convolvuli, tains within berself all the material with their graceful bell-flowers. elements of a great empire. All And the vanilla plant, whose pods that is wanted is to regenerate her yield an expensive luxury, grows people to revive in them the ener. spontaneously in the coast-regiongies which they, both Indians and ivy-like climbing the loftiest trees, Spaniards, once exerted gloriously in while its large white flowers, striped the olden time--and thereby make with red and yellow, fill the forest them fit to profit by the extraordi- with their rare and delicious odour. nary natural resources with which The coffee-tree is indigenous, and they are surrounded
can be most successfully cultivated On either side Mexico is bor- in the region above the reach of the dered by a narrow low-lying coast- malaria, on the comparatively temregion, abounding in heat and mois- perate, mountain-slopes between ture, where vegetation presents the four and five thousand feet above full luxuriance of the tropics. The the sea. The cocoa-shrub also is interior of the country, on the other indigenous, but requires the damp hand, consists of a vast table-land, and sultry warmth of the coastas level as the sea, of an aver- region. In such districts it is age height of 7000 feet above the amazingly productive. Humboldt, coast; and out of this great plain in bis Tropical World,' says be rise chains of mountains rich in never should forget the deep imminerals, and lofty isolated peaks, pression inade upon him by the like snow-capped Popocatepetl, the luxuriance of tropical vegetation breezes from which cool down the on first seeing a cocoa plantation. summer heat. Here and there, “ After a damp night, large blos. especially on its outskirts, this soms of the thcobroma issue from great plain is seamed by profound the root at a considerable distance valleys or glens, bounded by pre- from the trunk, emerging from the cipitous walls of rock; and stand- deep black mould. A more striking ing on the temperate table-land, example of the productive powers the stranger beholds with amaze- of life could hardly be met with in ment the gorgeous scenery of tropi. organic nature." Tobacco, indigo, cal vegetation which opens upon flax, and hemp grow wild, and amkuim in glowing colours in the val- ply repay cultivation.
• * On nearing the towns, vast fields are seen covered with clumps of aloes Arranged in the quincunx form, to which the similar plants found in Europe, whether in the open air or in the greenhouse, are not to be compared. This is ibe maguey, whose juice (pulque) delights the Mexican palate and enriches the treasury. The maguey and the cactus are the two plants characteristic of the Mexican table-land. In uncultivated districts there are immense tracts offering nothing to the eye but aloes and cactus, standing solitary or in scattered groups-a strange and thelancholy vegetation that stands insensible to the whistling of the wind instead of replying to it, as do our waving forests, with a thrill of animation. The silent inflexibility of the aloes and cactus might make the traveller fancy, as he loses night of the villages, that he is traversing one of those countries he has been told of in fairy tales, where an angry genie has turned all nature to stone." -Chevalier's * Mexico' (English Edition), vol. I. p. 23.