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when we turn for amusement to and it is my pride to remember that descriptions of every quaint vulga- I have seen some of those who were, rity that makes up the life of the in an age of no common convivial boarding-house or the strolling thea- excellence, amongst the first and tre.
the greatest. They are gone, and The glorious heroism of Scott's I may speak of them by name-Lord novels was a fine stream to turn Plunkett, the Chief-Justice Bushe, into the turbid river of our worldli, Mr. Casey, Sir Philip Crampton, ness and money-seeking. It was of Barré Beresford-I need not go on. incalculable benefit to give men even I have but to recall the leading a passing glance of noble devotion, men at the bar, to make up a list of high-hearted courage, and unsullied the most brilliant talkers that ever purity.
delighted society. Nor was the soil I can remember the time when, exhausted with these ; there came, as freshmen in our first year, wé so to say, a second crop-a younger went about talking to each other order of inen-less versed in affairs, of Ivanhoe' and Kenilworth; it is true, less imbued with that and I can remember, too, when the vigorous conviviality that prevail. glorious spirit of those novels bad ed in their fathers' days—but of so possessed us, that our romance these I must not speak, for they elevated and warmed us to an un- have now grown up to great digniconscious imitation of the noble ties and stations, they have risen to thoughts and deeds we had been eminence and honour and repute, reading.
and might possibly be ashamed if Smile if you like at our boyish it were known that they were once enthusiasm, it was better than the so agreeable. Let mé, however, remocking spirit engendered by all cord one who is no more, but who this realism, or the insensate cray- possessed the charm of companing after stimulus taught by sensation ionship to a degree I never knew Dovels
equalled in all my varied experienNow, I am not old enough to cês of life, one who could bring remember the great talkers of the the stores of a well-stocked mind, time when George III. was King, rich in scholarship, to bear upon or those who made Carlton House any passing incident, blended with fainoas; but I belonged to a genera- the fascination of a manner that tion where these men were remem was irresistible. Highly imaginabered, and where it was common tive, and with a power of expresenough to hear stories of their At- sion that was positively marvellous, tic nights, those noctes cænæque he gave to ordinary conversation an deorum which really in brilliancy elevation that actually conferred most bave far transcended anything honour on those who were associated that Earope could boast of conver- with it; and high above all these sational power. The youth of the gifts and graces, a noble nature, time I speak of were full of these generous, hopeful, and confiding. traditions. * If I am not the rose, With an intellect that challenged I grew near one," was no foolish any rivalry, he had, in all that boast; and certainly there was both touched worldly matters, the simin the tone of conversation and the plicity of a child. To my counterper of society a sentiment that trymen it is needless I should tell showed how the great men had of whom I speak; to others, I influenced their age, and how, even say his name was Mortimer O'Sulafter their sun had gone down, a livan. The mellow cadence of his warm tint remained to remind the winning voice, the beam of his world of the glorious splendour that honest eye, the generous smile had departed.
that never knew scorn, are all beBeing an Irishman, it is to Ire- fore me as I write, and I will write land I must go for my illustration, no more.
of our Brothers Bryond The Border.
There is a story current of a certain very eminent French naturalist, who is so profoundly impressed by the truth of the Darwinian theory, that he never passes the cage where the larger apes are confined in the Jardin des Plantes without taking off his hat, making a profound obeisance, and wishing them a bon jour. This recognition is touching and graceful. The homage of the witches to him who should be king hereafter, had in it a sort of mockery that made it horrible; but here we have an act of generous courtesy, based alike on the highest discoveries of science and the rules of the truest good-breeding. The learned Professor, with all the instincts of great acquirements and much self-knowledge united admits them at once to equality and fraternity—the liberty, perhaps, they will have to wait some time for; but in that they are no worse off than some millions of their fellow-countryrulen. One might speculate long— I don't know exactly how profitably —on the sense of gratitude these creatures must feel for this touching kindness, how they must long for the good man's visit, how they must wonder by what steps he arrived at this astonishing knowledge, how surprised they must feel that he does not make more converts; and, last of all, what pains they must take to exhibit in their outward bearing and behaviour that they are not unworthy of the high consideration he bestows on them! Before him no monkey-tricks, no apish indecorums—none even of those passing levities which young gorillas will indulge in just like other youths. No; all must be staid, orderly, and respectful—heads held well up—hands at rest—tails nowhere ; in fact, a port and bearing that wo defy the most scrutimising observer to say that they
were less eligible company than that he had just quitted at the café. I own I have not seen them during the moment of the Professor's passage. I am unable to state authentically whether all this be as I surmise, but I have a strong impression it must be. Indeed, reflecting on the habits and modes of the species, I should be rather disposed to believe them given to an exuberant show of gratitude than to anything like indifference, and expect to witness demonstrations of delight * natural possibly than grace
Now, I have not the most remote intention of impugning the Professor's honesty. I give him credit— full credit—for high purpose, and for high courage. “These poor brothers of ours,” says he, “have tails, it is true, and they have not the hypocampus major; but let me ask you, Mons, le Duc, or you, Monseigneur the Archbishop, will you dare to affirm on oath, that you yourself are endowed with a hypocampus major or minor? Are you prepared to stand forward and declare that the convolutions of your brain are of the regulation standard —that the medullary part is not disproportioned to the cineritious— that your falx is not thicker or thinner than it ought—and that your optic thalami are not too prominent? And if you are not ready to do this, what avails all your assumption of superiority? In these—they are not many—lie the alleged differences between you and your caged cousins yonder.” Thus speaks, or might speak, the Professor: and, I repeat, I respect his candour; but still I would venture to submit one small, perhaps ungenerous doubt, and ask, Would he, acting on the noble instincts that move him, vote these creatures an immediate and entire emancipation, or would he not rather wait a while—a few years, say—till the habit of sitting on
1864.) and other Things in General.
5 chairs had worn off some of the qualify a person from being a pretail, and a greater frequency with fect?' Is an additional joint in the society suggested not to store up coccyx to prevent a man sitting on their dinner in their jaws? Would the woolsack, or an extra inch in be like to see them at once take the astragalas to interfere with his their places in public life, become wearing spurs? If there be minute pablic functionaries, and ministers, differences between us, intercourse and grand cordons ?
will abolish them. It will be of inWould he not rather, with that estimable service to yourselves to philosophy his country, eminently come into contact with these fresh, teachez say, "I will do the pity fine, generous natures, uncontaminand the compassion. To me beated by the vices of an effete and the sympathetic part of a grace- worn-out civilisation. Great as are ful sorrow. To posterity I bequeath the benefits you extend to them, the recognition of these poor cap. they will repay you tenfold in the tives. Let them be liberated, by all advantages to yourselves, Away means; but let it be when I shall with
your unworthy prejudices be no longer bere to witness it. about a black pigment' and long Let others face that glorious millen- heels! Take them to your hearts niam of gorilla greatness."
and your hearths. You will find I am afraid he would reason in them braveay, braver than your this fashion; it is one thing to bave own race. Their teeth are whiter an opinion, and to have what French- and their nails longer; there is not men call the "courage of your opin- a relation in life in which you will ion." He would say, “ If Nature dare to call yourself their better.” work surely, she works slowly; her I will go no farther, not merely changes are measured, regular, and because I have no liking for my progressive. With her there are no theme, but because I am pilfering. paroxysins; all is orderly-all is All these arguments the very words gradaal. It took centuries of cene themselves. I have stolen from an turies to advance these poor crea- American writer, who, in Horace tares to the point they occupy; their Greeley fashion, is addressing his next stage on the journey is perhaps countrymen on the subject of negro countless years away. I will not equality. He not alone professes attempt to forestall what I cannot to show the humanity of the project, asist. I will let Time do its work. but its policy-its even necessity. They are not ill-treated, besides; He declares to the whites, “ You want that large creature with the yellow these people; without them you eyebrows grinned at me very pleas- will sink lower and lower into that antly this morning, and the she- effete degeneracy into wbich years ourangoutang was whipping her of licentiousness have sunk you. infant most naturally as I came These gorillas,—black men, I mean
-are virtuous; they are abstemi“What a cold blooded philan- ous; they have a little smell, but thropy is this!" cries another. no sensuality; they will make ad-You say these are our brothers mirable wives for your warriors; and our kinsmen; you declare that and who knows but one may be the anatomy only can detect some small mother of a President as strikingly and insignificant discrepancies be- handsome as Ape Lincoln himself ! tween us, and that even in these There is no doubt much to be said there are some of whose functions for our long-heeled friends, whether we know nothing, and others, such with or without & bypocampus as the prehensile power, where the major. I am not very certain that ape has the best of it. What do we compliment them in the best you mean by keeping them there taste when the handsomest thing cribbed, cabined, and confined'? we can say of them is
, that they Is a slight frontal' inclination to dis- aro very like ourselves !' It is our
A great many sea-captains discourage the use of life-preservers and floating-beltson board ships of war, on the simple ground that men should not be taught to rely for their safety on anything but what conduces to save the ship. “Let there be but one thought, one effort,” say they, “and let that be for the common safety.” If they be right—and I suspect they are— we have made a famous blunder by our late legislation about divorce. Of all the crafts that ever were launched, marriage is one from which fewest facilities of desertion should be provided. Romanism makes very few mistakes in worldly matters. There is no feature of that Church, so remarkable as its deep study and thorough acquaintance with all the moods and wants and wishes of humanity. Whatever its demerits, one cannot but admit that no other religion ever approached it in intimacy with the human heart in all its emotions and in all its strivings, whether for good or evil. Rome declares against all breach of the marriage tie. The Church, with a spirit of concession it knows how to carry through all its dealings, modifies, softens, assuages, but never severs conjugalism. It makes the tie occasionally a slip-knot, but it never cuts the string, and I strongly suspect that it is wise in its legislation. For a great many years we gave the policy that amount of imitation we are wont to accord to Romanist practices; that is, we follow them in part—we adopt the coat, but, to show that we are not mere imitators, we cut off one of the skirts; and if we do not make the garment more graceful, we at least consult our dignity, and that is something. We made divorce the privilege of
men rich enough to come to Parliament, for relief; we did with the question what some one proposed we should do with poisons—make them so costly that only wealthy men should be able to afford the luxury of suicide. So long as men believed that divorce was immoral, I don't think any one complained that it should be limited to persons in affluence. We are a lord-loving race, we English, and are quite ready to concede that our superiors should have more vices than ourselves, just as they have more horses and more pheasants; and we deemed it nothing odd or strange that he, whose right it was to walk into the House of Peers, should walk out of matrimony when it suited him. Who knows?—perhaps we were flattered by the thought that great folk so far conceded to a vulgar prejudice as to marry at all. Perhaps we hailed their entrance into conjugalism as we are wont to do their appearance at a circus or a public garden—a graceful acknowledgment that they occasionally felt something like ourselves: at all events, we liked it, and we showed we liked it by the zeal with which we read those descriptions in newspapers of marriages in high life, and the delight with which we talked to each other of people we never saw, nor probably ever should see. It was not too much, therefore, to concede to them this privilege of escape. It was very condescending of them to come to the play at all; we had no right to insist that they should sit out the whole performance. By degrees, however, what with rich cotton-lords, and cheap cyclopaedias, and penny trains, and popular lectures, there got up a sort of impression—it was mere impression for a long time—that great folk had
more than their share of the pud- freeman, and the only course was to ding's plums; and agitators began lower the franchise. to bestir themselves, What were Let us own, too, we were ashamed, the privileges of the higher classes as we had good right to be ashamed, which would sit most gracefully of our old crim. con. law. Foreignon their inferiors Naturally we ers, especially Frenchmen, had rang bethougbt us of their vices. It the changes on our coarse venality was not always so easy to adopt my and corruption; and we had come lord's urbanity, his unassaining to perceive - it took some time, dignity, his well - bred ease ; but though-that moneyed damages were one might reasonably aspire to be as scarcely the appropriate remedy for wicked. Sabbath-breaking had long injured honour. since ceased to be the privilege of the Last of all, free-trade notions had better classes, and so men's minds turned all our heads: we were for reverted to the question of divorce. getting rid of all restrictions on "Let us get rid of our wives !" cried every side; and we went about rethey ; "who knows but the day may peating to each other those wise come when we shall kill wood- saws about buying in the cheapest cocks !"
and selling in the dearest market, Now the law, in making divorce and having whatever we wanted, & very costly process, had simply and doing whatever we liked with desired to secure its infrequency. our own. We are, there is no deIt was not really meant to be a nying it, a nation of shopkeepers ; rich man's privilege. What was and the spirit of trade can be sought for was to oppose as many tracked through every relation of obstacles as could be found to our lives. It is commerce gives the throw in as many rocks as possible tone to all our dealings; and we into the channel, so that only he have carried its enactments into the who was intently bent on navigat- most sacred of all our institutions, ing the stream would ever have the and imparted “a limited liability" energy to clear the passage. No- even to marriage. body ever dreamed of making it an Cheapness became the desideraopen roadstead. In point of fact, tum of our age. We insisted on the oft-boasted equality before the cheap gloves and shoes and wine law is a myth. The penalty which and ribbons, and why not cheap
labourer could endure without divorces? Philosophers tell us that hardship might break my lord's the alternate action of the seasons heart ; and in the very case before is one of the purest and most enduros of divorce, nothing can possibly ing of all sources of enjoyment; be more variable than the estimate that perpetual summer or spring formed of the divorced individuals, would weary and depress; but in according to the class of society the ever-changing aspect of nature, they move in. What would be & and in the stimulation which diverlevity here, would be a serious im- sity excites, we find an unfailing morality there; and a little lower gratification. If, therefore, it be down again, a mere domestic ar- pleasant to be married, it may also rangement, slightly more decorous be agreeable to be unmarried. It and a shade more legal than the takes some time, however, before old system of the halter and the society accommodates itself to these public sale. It was declared, how- new notions. The newly divorced, ever, that this “relief” – that is be it man or woman, comes into the popular phrase in such matters the world like a patient after the -should be extended to the poor smallpox - you are not quite cerman. It was decided that the pri- tain whether the period of contavilege to get rid of a wife was, as gion is past, or if it be perfectly Mr. Gladstone says of the electoral safe to go up and talk to him. In right, the inalienable claim of a fact, you delay doing so till some