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Council ordinance, into twenty-one boy enters the school who is rather scholarships of £100, tenable for backward, or at any time when he seven years, of which three are to may seem to require temporary help, be filled up by competition an---the head-master, to use his own nually. Besides these, the school words, " recommends to the parent has a large number of exhibitions some discreet, elder boy who is willfrom different benefactors of £60 ing to undertake the charge," and and under, so that no body of the to whom a small fee is paid for his most moderate merit enters the trouble. The monitors (the headuniversities without some such boys in the school) are also occasionassistance. The number in the ally employed in looking over some school is formally limited to 250, and of the lower boys' exercises, or even always keeps a little over that mark. taking a form in the absence of one
It is not surprising that, with of the masters; which they do, says these stimulants, Merchant Taylors' Dr. Hessey, “ very nicely indeed." appear to have had a larger propor
“The monitors look over certain tion of university, honours than any exercises, and mark any passage which other of the London schools.* This they consider objectionable. When a success seems to be attained under monitor has examined an exercise, be some disadvantages. The staff of puts his name at the bottom of it. I classical masters is clearly inade- then glance over it, and call the boy up, quate, being only six to 260 boys, when I perhaps say to him, "B44 on the average to each; and has looked over your exercise, and I even of these six, the four under- agree with his criticism : I should have masters teach mathematics also. Dr. marked the same faults myself.' Or I Hessey admits the insufficiency
of call up the monitor, and say, “Do you his staff
, and has no doubt but that mean to find fault with this particular the liberality of the Company would out in marking a fault where there was
passage ?' He does not like to be found at once increase it; but there is at none, and this makes him more careful present no accommodation, in the for the future. Or perhaps I say, way of class-rooms, for a greater "How is this? You have allowed this number. His evidence shows a mistake to pass ?... It makes them system of hearty and earnest work critical, obliges them to look into many throughout the school, which may minute points, and thus improves their go some way towards explaining its own scholarship.” successful progress under difficul Flogging is very rarely used. A ties. Its system has some peculiar mode of punishment is adopted features, which quite deserve more occasionally, in the higher part of special notice than the Commission the school, which is no doubt effechas bestowed upon them in its brief. tive in judicious hands. The offenreport. The boys themselves are der receives a "public rebuke:" "the partially employed as what may school is silent,” says Dr. Hessey, be called pupil-teachers. It is no “while I tell him my mind in referdoubt the remains of a very ancient ence to his particular offence. system (still in existence also at It produces a considerable effect Winchester College), and had pre- upon the school; the boys are vailed in the school to even greater very unwilling to have themselves extent before the time of the pre- brought up to me; not that I am sent head-master. When a young severe in my way of punishing
* Between 1839 and 1862 the school has gained at Oxford, where most of its boys go, 11 Classical and 10 Mathematical Firsts in "Finals," and 16 Classical and Mathematical Firsts. at “ Moderations," besides , other distinctions : and has had three high Wranglers and three Bell's scholars at Cambridge. This is the more creditable, because the average number who go up to the universities at all is only about eight per annum : " the smallest proportion," says the Report, " of any of the schools under review."---Report, p. 205.
them, but that they do not like to Charter-House is.* They may be fall under my censure or displea- made more generally available than sure." Dr. Hessey thinks that his they are, if some of the Commissystem is on the whole successful. sioners' recommendations be carried If his own account of it be a fair out. But unless it be in the excepone, it at least deserves to be : tional case of the Charter-House, “When a boy goes to the sixth form,
they will be wise to resist any scheme I call him to me, and say to him, "You of removing them into the country. are now coming under me; I trust that. The Report declares that "the evi. you will be honest, and a truth-teller. dence does not appear to confirm the I have no interest whatever except in view, that a school in London is your progress. Let us be on good and less healthy," though this is a view honourable terms with each other:' and very popularly entertained. St. the boys perfectly understand me. ... Paul's and Merchant Tailors' should Of course, there is a black sheep occa- remain, as they now are, the great sionally. A boy will tell a falsehood day-schools of the metropolis, their now and then; but I had rather occa- cheap and excellent education spread sionally be deceived than lead the school over a larger area by judicious reto understand that I thought I had a forms; and though the objections set of deceivers about me.”—Evid., 617. to the removal of Westminster are
On the whole, the Londoners said to be mainly “sentimental," have sufficient good schools-sua si it is a sentiment with which we bona norint. It may be doubted cordially sympathise: it would be whether they appreciate them suffi- “no longer," as one of the witnesses ciently ; people do not even know, says, “Westminster School.” says Archdeacon Hale, where the
* Evidence, 1502.
TOWARDS the construction of a which was perpetually flowing from biography which is to repay the the late 'Archbishon, fired the soul trouble of reading, two incidents' and stirred the ambition of Mr. are absolutely necessary. First, William John Fitzpatrick. Was he there' must be proper materials not conversant with not a few of with which to work, and next, the the reputed sayings and doings of biographer should be capable of the late Archbishop ? Could be making use of these materials when not; by a little diligence in apply. he gets them. We are sorry to say ing to His Grace's chaplains and that we can discover little trace of flatterers, make himself master of the presence of either incident in' more? It was evident that the the volumes now before us. To do' point of view in which the public him justice, Mr. Fitzpatrick makes desired to look at Dr. Whately no pretence of fitness in any re- was the comic point. Only let spect for the task which he has un- him succeed in collecting jokes dertaken. “I cannot say," he ob-' enough, and he might certainly serves, in his preface," that I was hope to describe a Merry-Andrew at the Archbishop's elbow through as well as anybody else. To work life." In point of fact, his ac- therefore he went, and so the requaintance with the Archbishop sults are two volumes post octaro, was of the slightest kind. They made up of scraps and anecdotes, bowed when they passed each other the former evidently supplied by in the street, and perhaps shook ladies and gentlemen who had hands if by chance they happened taken the measure of their correto meet in a room. Access to Arch- spondent, the latter entirely his bishop Whately's unpublished cor- own. respondence he certainly had none; “The able men who possessed and judging from the results, seems that great advantage," and "wbo · to have held little confidential com- placed at Mr. Fitzpatrick's disposal munication with persons in this much valuable memoranda and respect more fortunate than him- notes," had reasons of their own self. To be sure we are told that for keeping their names out of “some able men who possessed that sight. What these names may great advantage, but whose names have been we shall not stop to inour author is not at liberty to dis- quire, but this judgment at least close, have supplied that deficiency may safely be hazarded ; they gave [wbat deficiency ?) by placing at his him no assistance in the compiladisposal much valuable memoranda tion of his introductory chapter. and notes." And to get possession That is his own throughout; and of “much notes," whether they be we learn from it that “when really valuable or not, is a feat George IV. lay in his cradle, there worth achieving. But the true lived at Nonsuch Park a young spur to action on the present oc- cleric named Joseph Whately ;' casion was neither knowledge of that “Nonsuch Park was begun by the subject, nor the “much notes Henry VIIL and finished by Queen and memoranda" here alluded to. Elizabeth ;" that “Queen Anne, On the contrary, “A letter from and subsequently James the First, Oxford," in Notes and Queries,' occupied it ;" that “in 1730 the requesting illustrations of the in- Duke of Grafton sold it to Joseph exhaustible fund of wit and humour Thompson, Esq. ;" that “by-and
*Memoirs of Richard Whately.
John Fitzpatrick, J.P.
by, in 1591, Lord Lumley conveyed liaments, prematurely died some fiveit to the Crown." We admit the and-forty years ago." importance as well as the pecu. Is Joseph Whately dead! and if liarity of this information; but he be, what has become of him? what connection it has with the “Having assumed a new name, sat late Archbishop Whately is not in two parliaments, and died"quite so evident. Richard Whately what next? As to William he may was not born at Nonsuch Park, nor still be officiating, for aught we yet in the prebendal house at Bris. know to the contrary, as vicar or tol "which is still pointed out." rector-or what not-if not in BerkMoreover, his father was not a pre- shire, somewhere else. We ask for bend, but a prebendary. But this is explanations on these heads, and not all. Richard," we are as. hope that when Mr. Fitzpatrick sured, "was the youngest of eight prepares a new edition of his work children, most of whom died 'un. he will supply them. sung,' though neither unwept nor It is not, however, solely on unhonoured, " It is satisfactory to points like these that Mr. Fitzknow that among the Whatelys the patrick is carried, by the power of good old custom still prevails of his own genius, out of the common singing dirges, or dragees, over the course of mundane affairs. We aro coffins of such members of the informed, for example, that under family as die at home. The un- the care of a Mr. Phillips, who kept fortunates to whom Mr. Fitzpatrick a school in Bristol, and was always alludes so touchingly paid the debt referred to by Dr. Whately as a of nature, we presume, far from the skilful and judicious teacher, Richpaternal roof. Had circumstances ard Whately receiced a comprehenbrought them back to die in their sire course of general instruction, own beds, their wakes would have This is at least curious. Neither been kept with all the fervour among men nor among horses were which marks similar proceedings we aware till now that it was possiin the Liberties of Dublin, or ble to receire a course either of inamong poteen-inspired mourners' struction or running. The former of St. Giles in London. However, were supposed to receive or acquire We are consoled by the informa- some amount of knowledge, greater tion that they were neither unwept or less, by going through a course nor unhonoured. But here a of instruction; the latter, to win or fresh trouble awaits us. We can- lose plates according as they were not quite see, from Mr. Fitzpatrick's first or last in getting over the account of the matter, which of the course. But Mr. Fitzpatrick knows eight Whatelys are really dead, and better, and is, besides, singularly inwbich still alive. Of the four daugh- structed, in his own way, respecting ters he disposes satisfactorily Oxford and its usages. Thus we enough. Only one, Lady Rony, learn from him not only that Rich"the relict of a physician," sur ard Whately was placed, at the age vives; the other three sickened, of eighteen, in Oriel College, but died, were waked, and, we suppose, that Oriel was then the great school buried. But over the fates of the of speculative philosophy; that brothers & veil of mystery is Whately at once attracted attention spread.
because of his originality ; " that "The Rev. Thomas Whately, rector
notwithstanding this originality, of Chetwynd, and the senior of the
and the notoriety incident to it, his late Archbishop by fifteen years, is also
undergraduate course is said to have still alive. William Whately Oficiated been quiet;" that obtaining a double for some time as a vicar in Berkshire: second, he was still, "in the scholars' and Joseph, who having assumed the race, more than once tripped ;" and nama of Hasley by royal sign-manual, that “ from the time he entered Oxand represented St. Albans in two par- ford, Whately was remarkable for a
certain amount of originality, both exercised for good or for evil no of thought and action, which some- little influence over the minds of times amounted to rank eccentric- the rising generation. ity." In spite of all this, however We began this paper by confessin spite of the eccentricity which ing that we could discover little caused his "undergraduate course to trace in Mr. Fitzpatrick's pages of be quiet," and his frequent trips in either of the incidents a happy the scholar's race, Whately " at last combination of which is necessary made good his footing, and turned to the production of a readable biothe corner cleverly. "In 1808 he graphy: No letters, no papers, no graduated, and in 1810 he won a journals of the man about whom he twenty-guinea prize.". In 1811, the proposed to write, appear to have highest honours which it was pos- been placed at Mr. F.'s disposal. A litsible to confer, unless the Provost's tle gossip more or less trustworthy, chair of Oriel, reached Whately in with a few curt answers to questhe shape of a Fellowship; and in tions asked, appear to comprise the 1812, he became a Bachelor of Di. sum total of his stock in trade; if vinity." In estimating the value we except newspaper articles, noof these triumphs,” continues our tices in magazines or annual regisauthor, "it must be remembered ters, and here and there a county that Whately, even at this early history. But it is too evident that, period of life, was beset with ene- had the whole wealth of Whately's mies, who first reviled him as an private diaries been handed over impudent pretender, and at a later to Mr. Fitzpatrick, and all who date stigmatised him as an object were deepest in Whately's confidof grave suspicion." A second class ence stood at his elbow to prompt in classics and mathematics, and him, the reading public, so far election to a Fellowship of his Col- as this biography is concerned, lege, were, equally with a prize for would have gained little from the the English essay, legitimate grounds circumstances. Mr. Fitzpatrick and of triumph to Whately; but they Archbishop Whately have nothing must have shrunk into nothing in in common. The former is not comparison with such a premature only incapable of understanding elevation to the dignity of Bachelor what the latter was, but he cannot of Divinity as is vouched for here. always express in intelligible EngWe are sorry to say, however, that lish the ideas, such as they are, we doubt the fact of the elevation. which fill his own mind. What, We suspect that in 1812 Whately for example, does he mean to say in attained, as other men do, by length sentences like these: “The choice of standing the right to take his of a profession was now the quesMaster's degree, and that the tion. It is impossible to doubt, Bachelorship of Divinity came later. from the deep thought evinced in Be this, however, as it may, Mr. his able lecture on the Influence Fitzpatrick, we are afraid, allows a of the Professions on the Character,' lively imagination to run away with that the adoption of the clerical him when he describes Oriel, in was other than the result of mature the days of Whately's freshmanship, consideration. We do not think as the great school of speculative that Whately was likely to have philosophy in Oxford. If Oriel been unduly dazzled by the many ever deserved to be so considered, brilliant minds which fung their in contradistinction to other col- light around him, and had already leges, it was after Newman, Keble, fired the ambition of numbers, who and Whately himself had becom soared merely to fall." fellows; and their own tastes, as We are inclined to believe that well as the course of events else- our readers, like ourselves, have by where, led them into speculations this time had enough of Mr. Fitzwhich, whether philosophical or not, patrick and his crudities. That