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section of land designated by odd numbers, for six sections in width on each side of said road. But in case it shall appear that the United States have, when the line or route of said road is definitely fixed, sold any sec Grant in lieu

of lands pretions, or any parts thereof, granted as aforesaid, or that the right of pre-empted or sold. emption has attached to the same, then it shall be lawful for any agent or agents, to be appointed by the governor of said State, to select, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, from the lands of the United States, nearest to the tier of sections above specified, so much in alternate sections, or parts of sections, as shall be equal to such lands as the United States have sold, or otherwise appropriated, or to which the right of preëmption has attached as aforesaid ; which lands (thus selected in lieu of those sold, and to which preëmption rights have attached as aforesaid, together with the sections and parts of sections designated by odd numbers as aforesaid, and appropriated as aforesaid,) shall be held by the State of Louisiana for the use and purpose aforesaid : Provided, That the lands to be so located shall in no case be further than fifteen miles from the line of said roads and selected for and on account of said roads : Provided further, That the lands hereby granted shall be exclusively applied in the construction of said roads, and shall be disposed of Land, how only as the work progresses, and the same shall be applied to no other applied. purpose whatsoever: And provided further, That any and all lands heretofore reserved to the United States by any act of Congress, or in any

Act not to other manner by competent authority, for the purpose of aiding in any tions except as

apply to reservaobject of internal improvement, or for any other purpose whatsoever, be, to right of way. and the same are hereby, reserved to the United States from the operation of this act, except so far as it may be found necessary to locate the route of said railroads through such reserved lands, in which case the right of way only shall be granted, subject to the approval of the President of the United States. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the sections, and parts of sec

Price of altertions, of land which, by such grant, shall remain to the United States, nate sections within six miles on each side of said roads, shall not be sold for less than doubled. double the minimum price of the public lands when sold; nor shall any of said lands become subject to private entry until the same have been first offered at public sale at the increased price.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said lands hereby granted to the said State, shall be subject to the disposal of the legislature thereof, Object of grant. for the purposes aforesaid, and no other; and the said railroads shall be Railroads to and remain a public highway for the use of the government of the United be a public States, free from toll or other charge, upon the transportation of any government. property or troops of the United States.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the lands hereby granted to said State, shall be disposed of only in manner following; that is to say, Lands, how that a quantity of land not exceeding one hundred and twenty sections,

disposed. and included within a continuous length of twenty miles of said roads, may be sold ; and when the governor of said State shall certify to the Secretary of the Interior that any twenty continuous miles of said roads are completed, then another like quantity of land hereby granted may be so sold ; and so, from time to time, until said roads are completed ; and if said roads are not completed within ten years, no further sale shall be made, and the lands unsold shall revert to the United States.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the United States mail shall be transported over said roads under the direction of the Post-Office Transportation

of mails. Department, at such price as Congress may, by law, direct: Provided, That until such price is fixed by law, the Postmaster-General shall have the power to determine the same.

APPROVED, June 3, 1856.

June 8, 1856.
CHAP. XLIII. —An Act granting Public Lands to the State of Wisconsin to aid in the

Construction of Railroads in said State.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United

States of America in Congress assembled, That there be, and is hereby, Grant of land granted to the State of Wisconsin for the purpose of aiding in the conto Wisconsin for Struction of a railroad from Madison, or Columbus, by the way of Portage railroads.

City to the St. Croix River or Lake between townships twenty-five and thirty-one, and from thence to the west end of Lake Superior; and to Bayfield; and also from Fond du Lac on Lake Winnebago, northerly to the State line, every alternate section of land designated by odd numbers

for six sections in width on each side of said roads respectively. But in Grant in lieu case it shall appear that the United States have, when the lines or routes of sections sold of said roads are definitely fixed, sold any sections or parts thereof granted or preëmpted.

as aforesaid, or that the right of preemption has attached to the same, then it shall be lawful for any agent or agents, to be appointed by the governor of said State, to select, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, from the lands of the United States nearest to the tier of sections above specified, so much land in alternate sections, or parts of sections, as shall be equal to such lands as the United States have sold or otherwise appropriated, or to which the right of pre-emption has attached, as aforesaid, which lands (thus selected in lieu of those sold and to which pre-emption has attached as aforesaid, together with the sections and parts of sections designated by odd numbers as aforesaid, and appropriated as aforesaid, shall be held by the State of Wisconsin for the use and purpose aforesaid : Provided, That the lands to be so located shall in no case be further than fifteen miles from the line of the roads in each

case, and selected for and on account of said roads: Provided further, Grant, how

That the lands hereby granted shall be exclusively applied in the conapplied.

struction of that road for which it was granted and selected, and shall be disposed of only as the work progresses, and the same shall be applied to

no other purpose whatsoever: And provided further, That any and all Act not to lands reserved to the United States by any act of Congress for the purtions, except as pose of aiding in any object of internal improvement, or in any manner to right of way. for any purpose whatsoever, be, and the same are hereby, reserved to the

United States from the operation of this act, except so far as it may be found necessary to locate the route of said railroads through such reserved lands, in which case the right of way only shall be granted, subject to the approval of the President of the United States.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the sections and parts of secPrice of alter- tions of land which, by such grant, shall remain to the United States, nate sections doubled.

within six miles on each side of said roads, shall not be sold for less than double the minimum price of the public lands when sold; nor shall any of said lands become subject to private entry until the same have been first offered at public sale at the increased price.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said lands hereby granted Object of grant. to said State shall be subject to the disposal of the legislature thereof, for

Railroads to be the purposes aforesaid, and no other; and the said railroads shall be and public highways remain public highways for the use of the government of the United for government. States free from toll or other charge upon the transportation of property

or troops of the United States.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the lands hereby granted to Lands, how said State shall be disposed of by said State only in manner following, disposed of. that is to say: that a quantity of land not exceeding one hundred and

twenty sections, and included within a continuous length of twenty miles of roads, respectively, may be sold; and when the governor of said State shall certify to the Secretary of the Interior that any twenty continuous miles of either of said roads are completed, then another like quantity of land hereby granted may be sold; and so from time to time until said roads are completed; and if said roads are not completed within ten

years, no further sales shall be made, and the land unsold shall revert to the United States. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the United States mail shall Transportation

of mails. be transported over said roads, under the direction of the Post-Office Department, at such price as Congress may, by law, direct : Provided, That until such price is fixed by law, the Postmaster-General shall have the power to determine the same.

APPROVED, June 3, 1856.

CHAP. XLIV.-An Act making a Grant of alternate Sections of the Public Lands, to the June 3, 1856.

State of Michigan, to aid in the Construction of certain Railroads in said State, and for other Purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be and hereby is Grant of land granted to the State of Michigan, to aid in the construction of railroads to Michigan for

railroads. from Little Bay de Noquet to Marquette, and thence to Ontonagon, and from the two last named places to the Wisconsin State line ; and also from Amboy, by Hillsdale and Lansing, and from Grand Rapids to some point on or near Traverse Bay; also from Grand Haven and Pere Marquette to Flint, and thence to Port Huron, every alternate section of land designated by odd numbers; for six sections in width on each side of each of said roads ; but in case it shall appear that the United States have, when the lines or routes of said roads are definitely fixed, Grant in lien

old any section or any part thereof granted as aforesaid, or that the of sections sold right of preëmption has attached to the same, then it shall be lawful for or preëmpted. any agent or agents, to be appointed by the governor of said State, to select, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, from the lands of the United States nearest to the tiers of sections above specified, so much land in alternate sections or parts of sections as shall be equal to such lands as the United States have sold or otherwise appropriated, or to which the right of preëmption has attached as aforesaid ; which lands (thus selected in lieu of those sold, and to which preëmption rights have attached as aforesaid, together with the sections and parts of sections designated by odd numbers as aforesaid, and appropriated as aforesaid) shall be held by the State of Michigan for the use and purpose aforesaid : Provided, That the lands to be so located shall in no case be further than fifteen miles from the lines of said roads, and selected for, and on account of each of said roads : Provided further, That the lands hereby granted shall be exclusively applied in the construction of that plied. road for and on account of which such lands are hereby granted, and shall be disposed of only as the work progresses, and the same shall be applied to no other purpose whatsoever: And provided further, That

Act not to apany and all lands heretofore reserved to the United States by any act of pily to reservaCongress, or in any other manner, by competent authority, for the to right of way. purpose of aiding in any object of internal improvement, or for any other purpose whatsoever, be and the same are hereby reserved to the United States from the operations of this act, except so far as it may be found necessary to locate the routes of said railroads through such reserved lands, in which case, the right of way only shall be granted, subject to the approval of the President of the United States.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the sections and parts of sec Price of altertions of land which, by such grant, shall remain to the United States, nate

sections within six miles on each side of each of said roads, shall not be sold for less than double the minimum price of the public lands when sold ; nor shall any of said lands become subject to private entry until the same have been first offered at public sale at the increased price.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said lands hereby granted Object of grant. to the said State, shall be subject to the disposal of the legislature thereof,

Land how ap

doubled.

ment.

Railroads to be for the purposes aforesaid and no other; and the said railroads shall be a public bigh- and remain public highways for the use of the government of the United way for govern

States, free from toll or other charge upon the transportation of any

property or troops of the United States. Lands how dis Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the lands hereby granted to posed of.

said State shall be disposed of by said State only in manner following, that is to say: That a quantity of land not exceeding one hundred and twenty sections for each of said roads, and included within a continuous length of twenty miles of each of said roads, may be sold; and when the governor of said State shall certify to the Secretary of the Interior that any twenty continuous miles of any of said roads is completed, then another quantity of land hereby granted, not to exceed one hundred and twenty sections for each of said roads having twenty continuous miles completed as aforesaid, and included within a continuous length of twenty miles of each of such roads may be sold ; and so from time to time until said roads are completed; and if any of said roads is not completed within ten years no further sales shall be made, and the lands unsold shall revert to the

United States. Transportation Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the United States mail shall of mails.

be transported over said roads, under the direction of the Post-Office Department, at such price as Congress may, by law, direct : Provided, That until such price is fixed by law, the Postmaster-General shall have the power to determine the same.

APPROVED, June 3, 1856.

June 14, 1856. CHAP. XLV.-An Act to change the Place of holding the Courts of the United States in

the District of Delaware. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Courts and States of America in Congress assembled, That the courts of the United court offices in States in and for the district of Delaware shall hereafter be held at the Delaware.

1834, ch. 16. city of Wilmington, in the said district, and the offices of the clerks of 1852, ch. 33. the circuit and district court for said district, and the records of said courts

shall be kept in the said city of Wilmington. Serving of pro Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That no process issued or proceedceedings pendings pending in either of the said courts, shall be avoided or impaired by ing

this change of the place of holding the said courts ; but all process, bailbonds, or recognizances returnable at the next term of either of the said courts, shall be returnable and returned to the term of said courts respectively, next held according to this act, in the same manner as if so made returnable on the face thereof, and shall have full effect accordingly ; and all continuances may be made to conform to the provisions of this act.

APPROVED, June 14, 1856.

cess, and

June 26, 1856. CHAP. XLVII.-An Act to revive and continue in force the Provisions of the Act of 1853,

in Relation to Suspended Entries of Public Lands," and the Act of 1846, in Relation to 1853, ch. 152. 1846, ch. 78.

Suspended Preëmption Land Claims.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Act of 1853, ch. States of America in Congress assembled, That the several provisions of 152respecting the act approved March third, eighteen hundred and fifty-three, in relaemption land tion to “suspended entries of public lands,” and the several provisions of claims, and act the act approved August third, eighteen hundred and forty-six, in relacés peeli. ch.78; tion to "suspended preemption land claims,” be and the same are hereby pended entries revived and continued in force, and those provisions are hereby declared revived and con- to be applicable to all cases of suspended entries and locations which

have arisen since said acts were passed, or which were omitted to be acted upon under either of said acts, as well as to all cases of a similar kind which may hereafter occur, and shall be regarded as applying to locations under bounty land warrants as well as to ordinary entries or

.

sales, and to all other preëmption cases or locations, where the law has been substantially complied with, and the error or informality has arisen from ignorance, accident, or mistake, and is satisfactorily explained, and where the rights of no other claimant or preëmptor will be prejudiced or where there is no adverse claim.

APPROVED, June 26, 1856.

ern

CHAP. XLVIII.-An Act changing the time of holding the District Court of the United June 26, 1856.

States at Wytheville, in the Western District of Virginia. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That instead of the times now Courts for west

district of prescribed by law for holding the courts of the United States in the

Virginia. Western District of Virginia, the said courts shall hereafter be held annu

1819, ch. 12. ally at Clarksburg, on the twenty-fourth days of March and August; at 1835, ch. 36. Wheeling on the sixth days of April and September ; at Charleston on 1836, ch. 232. the nineteenth days of April and September; at Staunton on the first days of May and October; and at Wythe Court-house on the fourth Mondays of May and October; and that all suits, actions, and proceedings of whatever kind now depending in or returnable to said courts respectively shall be taken to be continued or returnable to the terms herein established.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the term of the circuit court Circuit court. of the United States shall be holden annually at Lewisburg, in the said western district of Virginia, commencing, as now, on the first Monday of August.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That this act shall be in force from and after the passage thereof.

APPROVED, June 26, 1856.

nessee.

CHAP. L.-An Act to change the times of holding the United States Courts in Tennessee. July 3, 1856.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. That instead of the times now Sessions of fixed by law, the circuit and district courts of the United States for the courts in Tenseveral districts in Tennessee shall hereafter be held at the following times, to wit: at Jackson on the first Mondays in April and October; at 1856, ch. 143. Nashville on the third Mondays in April and October; and at Knoxville on the third Mondays in May and fourth Mondays in November; and all writs, processes, recognizances, and other proceedings, shall be returnable to the said times, and shall be heard and tried accordingly. But this act shall not take effect until the next terms of said courts after Act when to the passage of this act in the said divisions shall be held.

APPROVED, July 3, 1856.

take effect.

CHAP. LI.-An Act granting to certain Citizens of the State of Missouri the Right to July 3, 1856.

enter certain Lands in the Plattsburg District, in said State. Whereas the State of Missouri, under the provisions of the eighth sec- Preamble. tion of the act of Congress of the fourth September, eighteen hundred 1841, ch. 16. and forty-one, selected certain lands in the Plattsburg district, in the said State of Missouri, which lands were thereupon withheld from sale by the United States; and whereas the said State of Missouri permitted entries thereof to be made at the state land-office; and whereas, also, the said selections by the State of Missouri were subsequently rejected and not confirmed to the said State; now therefore,

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in all cases where persons Purchasers purchased such lands from the said State of Missouri, by entry at the from Missouri of State land-office, the title to which lands is still in the United States, such the Plattsburg

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