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Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That an equivalent in malt liquor or low wines, may be supplied the troops of the United States, instead of the whisky, or brandy, which by the said act is made a component part of a ration, at such posts and garrisons, and at such seasons of the year, as, in the opinion of the President of the United States, may be necessary for the preservation of their health.

NATHL. MACON, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

JESSE FRANKLIN,

President of the Senate pro tempore. March 26, 1804. APPROVED,

TH: JEFFERSON.

An ACT to raise for a limited T'ime, an additional Milita

ry Force.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre. sentatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, in addition to the present military establishment of the United States, there be raised five regiments of infantry, one regiment of riflemen, one regiment of light artillery, and one regiment of light dragoons, to be enlisted for the term of five years, unless sooner discharged.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said regi. ments of infantry, riflemen and artillery, shall consist of ten companies each, and the regiment of light dragoons of eight troops; and the field and staff officers of each regiment, of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, one major, one adjutant, onc quarter master, one pay master, one surgeon, one surgeon's mate, one sergeant major, one quarter master sergeant, two principal muşicians, and for the regiment of light dragoons, one ri. ding master ; each company of infantry and riflemen to consist of one captain, one first and one second lieu tenant, one ensign, two cadets, four sergeants, four cop

F

porals, two musicians, and sixty-eight privates; each company of artillery of one captain, one first and one second lieutenant, two cadets, four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, eight artificers, and fifty-eight matrosses; and each troop of light dragoons of one captain, one first and one second lieutenant, one cornet, two cadets, four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, one saddler, one farrier, and sixty-four privates.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That when, in the opinion of the President of the United States, a suitable proportion of the troops authorized by this act shall be raised, there may be appointed two additional brigadier generals, who shall be entitled to one aid de camp each, to be taken from the subalterns of the line; two brigade inspectors, and two brigade quarter masters; and such number of hospital surgeons, and surgeon's mates, as the service may require, but not exceeding five surgeons and fifteen mates, with one steward, and one ward master to each hospital : the brigade inspectors appointed under this act shall be taken from the line ; and the brigade quarter masters, the adju. tants, regimental quarter masters and pay masters, from the subalterns of the line.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the compen. sation of the officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers and privates, authorized by this act, shall be, viz ; to each brigadier general, one hundred and four dollars per month, twelve rations per day, or an equivalent in money, and sixteen collars per month for forage, when not furnished by the public; each brigade inspector, thirty dollars per month, in addition to his pay in the line; each brigade quarter mas. ter and aid de camp, twenty dollars ; and each adjutant, regimental quarter master and pay master, ten dollars per month, in addition to their pay in the line, and to each six dollars per month for forage, when not fur. nished as aforesaid ; each hospital surgeon, seventyfiye dollars per month, six rations per day, or an equiv. alent in money, and twelve dollars per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid ; each hospital surgeon's mate, forty dollars per month, two rations per day, or an equivalent in money, and six dollars per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid ; each hospital steward, twenty dollars per month and two rations per day, or an equivalent in money ; each ward master, sixteen dollars per month and two rations per day, or an equivalent in money ; to the colonel of light dragoons, ninety dollars per month, six rations per day, and forage for five horses ; to the lieutenant colonel of light dragoons, seventy-five dollars per month, five rations per day, and forage for four horses; to the major of light dragoons, sixty dollars per month, four rations per day, and forage for four horses; to each captain of light dragoons, fifty dollars per month, three rations per day, and forage for three horses ; to each lieutenant of light dragoons, thirty-three and one-third dollars per month, two rations per day, and forage for two horses ; to each cornet of light dragoons, twentysix and two-thirds dollars per month, two rations per day, and forage for two horses ; to the riding master, twenty-six and two-thirds dollars per month, two rations per day, and forage for two horses; each saddler and farrier, ten dollars per month, one ration per day, and a suit of uniform clothing, annually ; and all other officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, musicians, artisicers and privates, authorized by this act, shall receive the like pay, clothing, rations, forage and other emolu. ments, as the officers, cadets, non-commissioned offi. cers, musicians, artificers and privates of the present military establishment : Provided, The officers and riding master furnish their own horses and accoutrements, and actually keep in service the aforesaid number of horses, to entitle them to the aforegoing allowance for forage, or its equivalent in money: And provided also, That the whole or any part of the regiment of light dragoons shall be liable to serve on foot as light infantry, until, by order of the President of the United States, horses and accoutrements shall be provided to equip the whole or any part thereof as mounted dragoons.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers and privates, raised pursuant to this act, shall be entitled to the like compensation in case of disability by wounds and otherwise incurred in the service, as the officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers and privates in the present military establishment, and with them shall be subject to the rules and articles of war which have been established, or may be hereafter by law [be] established : And that the provi. sions of the act, entitled " An act fixing the military peace establishment of the United States," relative to The widow, child or children of any commissioned offi. cer who shall die, wbile in the service of the United States, by reason of any wound received in actual service of the United States, to courts martial, the regulation and compensation of recruiting officers, the age, size, qualifications and bounties of recruits, arrears of pay, the bonds and duties of pay masters, penalties for desergion, punishment of persons who shall procure or entice any

soldier to desert, or shall purchase from any soldier his arms, uniform clothing, or any part thereof; and the punishment of any commanding officer of any ship or vessel who shall receive on board of his ship or vessel, as one of his crew, knowing him to have deserted, or otherwise carry away any such soldier, or shall refuse to deliver him up to the orders of his con mand. ing officer ; to the oath or affirmation to be taken and subscribed by officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates; lo the allowance for extra expense 10 any commissioned officer in travelling and sitting on general courts martial; to arrests of non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates for debts; to soldiers slischarged from service, except by way of punishment, shall be in force and applied to all persons, matters and things within the intent and meaning of this act, in the

same manner as if they were inserted at large in the

same.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the subsis. tence of the officers of the army when not received in kind, shall be estimated at twenty cents per ration.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed to each brigade one chaplain, who shall be entitled to the same pay ad emol ents as a major in the infantry.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That in the recess of the senate the President of the United States is hereby authorised to appoint all or any of the officers, other than the general officers, proper to be appointed under this act, which appointments shall be submitted to the senate at the next session, for their advice and

consent.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That every commissioned and staff officer to be appointed in virtue of this act, shall be a citizen of the United States, or some one of the territories thereof.

J. B. VARNUM,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.

GEO. CLINTON,
Vice-President of the United States, and

President of the Senate.
April 12, 1808.
APPROVED,

TH: JEFFERSON,

An ACT for completing the existing Military Estab

lishment. Sec. I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repa resentatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the military establishment, as now authorised by law, be immediately completed.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there be allowed and paid to each effective, able bodied man,

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