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FEDERAL CONVENTION, THE—Continued.

title of the new government, I, 472.
organization of the House, I, 473.
administrative provisions, I, 474.
precedents from State Constitutions, I, 475.
the President, I, 476, 477, 481, 482.
tariff reform, I, 479.
limitation of the States, I, 483.
citizens, I, 484, 490.
proposed inauguration of the new plan, I, 485.
the suffrage, I, 488, 489.
slave trade, I, 491, 539.
vacancies, I, 493.
money bills, I, 494, 504-506.
treaties, I, 459, 543.
immigration, I, 495, 502.
control of elections, I, 496, 497.
qualifications for office, I, 499.
the quorum, I, 500.
the journal, I, 501.
legislative procedure, I, 501.
foreigners, I, 503.
payment of Congress, I, 509, 510.
independence of the Executive, I, 511.
legislative usurpation, I, 512.
passage of bills, I, 513.
tax on exports, I, 514, 515, 533-535.
bills of credit, I, 516, 517, 552.
suppression of rebellion, I, 519.
the war power, I, 520.
the public debt, I, 521, 522, 532.
the militia, I, 523, 530.
a Bill of Rights, I, 524, 583.
the “sweeping clause,” I, 525.
treason, I, 526-529.
the public creditors, I, 531.
slaves, I, 536-538.
tariff laws, I, 540, 556.
new clauses proposed, I, 541.
ex post facto laws, I, 542.
tax on slaves, I, 544, 545.
power of the President, I, 548, 574.
oath of the President, I, 549.
tenure of judicial office, I, 550.

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FEDERAL CONVENTION, THE-Continued.

trial of criminal cases, I, 551.
duties, I, 553.
fugitive slaves, I, 554.
regulation of commerce, I, 555.
question of ratification, I, 559, 560, 584.
incompatible offices, I, 562.
on counting the electoral vote, I, 564.
novelty of the new national plan, I, 565, 566.
President and the Vice-President, I, 567.
removal of a President, I, 568.
disputed elections, I, 571, 572.
the Vice-President, I, 573.
amendment of the Constitution, I, 577.
the new plan and Congress, I, 578.
open letter to the States, I, 581, 582.
revision of details, I, 585, 587.
fugitive slave clause, I, 588.
the Constitution engrossed, I, 589.
Franklin's device to gain votes, I, 591.
form of approval, I, 592.
refusals to sign the Constitution, I, 593.
the records of the convention, I, 594.

publication of the Constitution, I, 595.
FEDERAL HALL, THE, II, 176, 179.
FEDERALIST, THE, II, 137, 138.
FEDERALISTS, THE,

origin of, I, 508.
policy of, II, 8, 17, 18. (See the Ratifying Conventions; Con-

ventions.)
FEDERALIST, THE SHIP, II, 60, 72.
FERRY, ORRIS F.,

member of Committee of Thirty-three (1861), II, 641.
FESSENDEN, WILLIAM P.,

on the Fourteenth Amendment, III, 267.
FEW, WILLIAM,

member of the Federal Convention, I, 303; II, 33, 177.
FIELD, STEPHEN J.,

opinion in legal tender cases, III, 532, 535, 536,

opinion in income tax cases, 540, 541,
FILLMORE, MILLARD,

President, II, 516.

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FINANCES, (See Paper Money, Bills of Credit.)

in 1784, I, 264, 265.

in 1787, I, 278.
FITZSIMONS, THOMAS,

a member of the Federal Convention, I, 299.
on the suffrage, I, 488, 502.
on export taxes, I, 535.
on question of the approval of the plan by Congress, I, 578.
member of Congress (1789), II, 177.

against Eleventh Amendment, II, 329.
FLANDERS, BENJAMIN F.,

member of Congress from Louisiana, 1862, III, 80.
FLINT, COL. F. F.,
.requested to compel the attendance of delegates to the Florida

convention (1868), III, 375.
FLORIDA, (See Slavery; Negroes; Reconstruction.)

attitude toward the Southern Confederacy, II, 562, 595, 596,

601, 619, 632, 643; III, 1.
General Hunter's Emancipation Proclamation, III, 23.
acts of Restoration Convention of 1865, III, 217.
condition of the State, III, 218, 219.
conditional ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment by, III,

220.
rejects the Fourteenth Amendment, III, 316, 317.
reconstruction of, III, 374.
factions and disruption in, III, 375.
compromise, III, 376.
the new Constitution (1868), III, 377.
ratifies the Fourteenth Amendment, III, 390.
question of exclusion from the Union, III, 392.

ratifies the Fifteenth Amendment, III, 454.
FLOYD, JOHN,

effort to have electoral vote of Missouri counted (1820), II, 374.
FLOYD, JOHN B.,

complicity in the Secession movement while Secretary of War

(1860), II, 594.
FOLSOM, NATHANIEL,

member of the Continental Congress, I, 82,
FORCE BILL, THE (1870), III, 460, 461.
FORNEY, JOHN W.,

Secretary of the Senate, II, 637, 668.

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FOSTER, ABIEL,

proposes the Twelfth Amendment, II, 300.
FOWLER, JOSEPH S.,

and the Fifteenth Amendment, III, 420.
FOX, CHARLES JAMES,

on colonial rights, I, 105.
FRANCE, I, 31.
FRANKLAND OR FRANKLIN,

State of, I, 459, II, 154.
FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN,

remark on government, I, 16.
his "Modest Inquiry Into the Nature and Necessity of Paper

Currency,” I, 26, 27, 28.
opposes Lord Greenville's policy of taxing America, I, 33.
"Junto," I, 47.
before the House of Commons, I, 58.
uses the Hutchinson letters, I, 66, 67.
leaves England, I, 68; 111, 113.
on paper money, I, 128, 129.
Postmaster-General, I, 135, 148.
his changes in Declaration of Independence, I, 159, 298.
member of the Federal Convention, 298.

on treaties, I, 319.
on salaries, I, 325, 409.
on the veto, I, 328, 329.
on Executive suspension of laws, I, 330.
his paper on appointment, I, 354.
on the Senate, I, 409.
his request for prayers, I, 412.
a member of the Committee of Eleven, I, 420.
his compromise on representation, I, 421.
on property representation, I, 426.
on money bills, I, 428.
on the measure of wealth, I, 435.
on the suffrage, I, 489.
speech on signing the Constitution, I, 589-591.
motion on signing the Constitution, I, 591, 592, 593.

remark on the "setting sun," I, 594, 595.
presents Constitution to the Pennsylvania Legislature, II, 18.
As author of portions of the Constitution:

the preamble, III, 468, 469.
membership of each State in the Senate, III, 475.
annual sessions of Congress, III, 480.

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FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN-Continued.

compensation of Congress, III, 483.
the title “President,” III, 493.
testimony of two witnesses in treason trials, III, 502,

503.

new States, III, 504.
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS,

in John Milton's time, I, 5.

forbidden in New England, I, 6.
FREMONT, JOHN C., GENERAL,

his emancipation proclamation, III, 14.
FRIENDS (Quakers), I, 7.
FRONTIER, THE, I, 23, 24.
FUGITIVE SLAVES, (See Slavery, Negroes.)

clause respecting, in Northwest Ordinance, I, 263.
FULLER, MELVILLE W.,
counsel in The People of the State of Illinois Ex Rel., II, 684

(note).

decision in the income tax cases, III, 541-548.
GADSDEN, CHRISTOPHER,

services in the Revolutionary movement, I, 51, 83, 112.

member of the South Carolina ratifying convention, II, 69.
GAGE, GENERAL,

conduct in Boston, I, 72, 74, 75.

receives letter from Congress, 86, 117.
GALE, GEORGE,

member of select committee on the first amendments to the

Constitution, II, 224.
GALLATIN, ALBERT,

a frontier Democrat, I, 23.
member of the Harrisburg Anti-Federal Convention, II, 27,

31, 175.
and the Twelfth Amendment, 290, 292.

as author of part of the Constitution, III, 511.
GALLOWAY, JAMES,

opposes the Constitution in the North Carolina ratifying con-

vention, II, 157, 159, 182.
GALLOWAY, JOSEPH,

member of the Continental Congress, I, 83,
proposes a plan of union, 85, 86.
his plan rejected by Congress, 134,

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