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AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED

STATES—Continued.

the amendments ratified, II, 261-263.
THE ELEVENTH AND TWELFTH AMENDMENTS,
Origin of the Eleventh:

the Judiciary article, II, 264, 265.
State sovereignty, II, 266, 268, 269, 270, 286.
suability of a State, II, 267.
opinion of John Marshall in Virginia ratifying Con-

vention, II, 118-123.
the Chisholm-Georgia case, II, 271.
Wilson's opinion, II, 272, 273.
Chief-Justice Jay's opinion, II, 274.
Iredell's opinion, II, 275-282.
his conclusions, II, 283, 284.
analogies in his opinion, II, 285.
National sovereignty, II, 287, 289.

alarm of the States, II, 290.
A twelfth amendment proposed in Congress, II, 291.

opinion of Judge Bradley, II, 292.
the court overruled, II, 293.
method of choosing the President, II, 294, 295.
no nominations, II, 296.
feebleness of the National idea, II, 297.
the Twelfth Amendment in the Senate, II, 298.
the election of 1796, II, 299.

the amendment passes both Houses, II, 300.
The Twelfth defeated in Congress:

Adverse report, II, 301.
election of Jefferson and Burr, II, 302.

Jefferson's advice, II, 303.
The amendment renewed in the House, II, 304.

the Houses disagree, II, 305.
a question of procedure, II, 306.
three or five candidates, II, 307.
the status of the Constitution, II, 308.
equality of the States, II, 309.
checks and balances, II, 310.
a State question, II, 311.
slave representation, II, 312.
John Quincy Adams' opinion of the proper number of

candidates, II, 313.
the debate in the Senate, II, 314.
the number of candidates, II, 315.
High Federal views, II, 316, 317.

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AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED
STATES-Continued.

objections to the amendment, II, 318.
the basis of representation, II, 319.
two amendments before Congress, II, 320.
the Senate amendment taken up, II, 321.
the debate in the House, II, 322, 323.
the House insists on a vote, II, 324.
refuses to adjourn, II, 325.

resumption and close of the debate, II, 326, 327.
The amendment before the people, II, 328.

attitude of the framers of the Constitution towards

the amendments, II, 329.
sources of the amendments, II, 330.
the amendments a part of the original Constitution,

II, 494.
REJECTED AMENDMENTS,

(1810), II, 331- 333.

(1861), II, 632-685. (See Secession, Slavery.)
THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT.
The Thirteenth Amendment fails to pass Congress:

proposed in Congress, III, 126, 127.
Lyman Trumbull on, III, 128, 129.
Senators Wilson and Saulsbury on, III, 130.
Reverdy Johnson on, III, 131-133.
John B. Henderson on, III, 134.
attitude of the Senate toward, III, 135.
Charles Sumner on, III, 136.
Senator Howard on, III, 137.
the vote in the Senate on, III, 138.
Fernando Wood on, III, 139.
Ezra Wheeler on, III, 140.
James M. Ashley on, III, 126, 141.

Lincoln on, III, 143.
The Thirteenth Amendment revived in Congress and
passed:

revived by Mr. Ashley, III, 144-146.
danger from, III, 147.
diverse opinions concerning, III, 148.
John M. Broomall on, III, 149.
the amendment carried, III, 150, 151.
announced by Lincoln, III, 153.
signed by Lincoln, III, 154.
other signers, III, 155.

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AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED
STATES—Continued.

opponents of, III, 156.
The Thirteenth Amendment ratified: (See Judiciary.)

acted on by the States, Illinois, Rhode Island, Michi-

gan, Maryland, New York, West Virginia, Maine,

Kansas, III, 157, 158.
Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Mis-

souri, III, 158, 159.
Indiana, Nevada, Louisiana, III, 159.
Minnesota, Wisconsin, Vermont, III, 160.
Tennessee, Arkansas, Connecticut, New Hampshire,

III, 161.
in Mississippi, III, 162-197.
in Alabama, III, 198-201.
in South Carolina, III, 202-210.
in North Carolina, III, 210-212.
in Georgia, III, 213-216.
in Florida, III, 217-220.
in Texas, III, 220-226.
condition of the country when adopted, III, 226-229.
attitude of Kentucky toward, III, 230-232.
attitude of the country toward the Negro after its

adoption, III, 235-243.
THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT.
The Fourteenth Amendment discussed in Congress:

a suffrage amendment proposed, III, 255, 256.
the debate, III, 257 et seq.
question of disqualification, III, 259.
the Confederate debt, III, 260.
basis of representation, III, 261.
exclusion from representation, III, 262.
eminent supporters of, III, 263, 264.
the Howard substitute, III, 265.
Senator Howard defends the amendment, III, 266, 267.
objections to the amendment, III, 268.
sagacity of the committee in presenting the amend-

ment, III, 269.
the pardoning power, III, 270.
a test vote, III, 271.
power of Congress over the suffrage, III, 272.
reversing the Dred Scott decision, III, 273.
the true basis of representation, III, 274.
Stevens' ultimatum, III, 275.

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AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED
STATES-Continued.

the amendment adopted, III, 276.
The Fourteenth Amendment adopted by the Northern
States:

Johnson's message on the amendment, III, 277, 278.
reasons for passing the amendment, III, 279.
reorganization of the South, III, 280.
Johnson's reconstruction policy, III, 281, 285.
condition of the South, III, 282-284, 286, 290.
attitude of the South toward the negro, III, 290, 291.
minority report of the Committee of Reconstruction,

III, 292-296.
objectionable clauses of the amendment, III, 297.
prospect of its ratification, III, 298, 299.
ratified by Connecticut and New Hampshire, III, 300.
by Tennessee, III, 301.
by New Jersey, III, 301, 302.
by Oregon and Vermont, III, 302.
by New York, Ohio and Illinois, III, 303.
by West Virginia, Kansas, Maine, Nevada, Missouri,

Indiana and Minnesota, III, 304.
by Rhode Island, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania and

Michigan, III, 305.

by Massachusetts and Nebraska, III, 306.
The Fourteenth Amendment rejected by the Southern
States:

rejected by Georgia, III, 306-308.
rejected by North Carolina, III, 308-316.
rejected by Florida, III, 316, 317.
rejected by Alabama, III, 317, 318.
rejected by Arkansas, III, 318, 319.
rejected by South Carolina, Delaware and Maryland,

III, 319, 320.

ignored by Louisiana and Texas, III, 321.
Congress forces the South to ratify the Fourteenth
Amendment: (Reconstruction.)
Congress plans the reconstruction of the South, III,

321-324.
the Reconstruction Act, III, 325, 326.
Johnson's veto, III, 327, 328.
the Supplementary Act, III, 329.
Johnson's veto, III, 330.
Congress and the President in contest, III, 331-336.

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AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED
STATES—Continued.

Alabama takes up the amendment, III, 342-346.
reconstruction of Louisiana, III, 347.
reconstruction of Virginia, III, 348, 349.
reconstruction of Georgia, III, 350.
reconstruction of Arkansas, III, 351, 359.
reconstruction of Mississippi, III, 360, 361.
reconstruction of North Carolina, III, 361-365.
reconstruction of South Carolina, III, 365-374.
reconstruction of Florida, III, 374-377.
reconstruction of Texas, III, 377-387.

Iowa and Arkansas ratified, III, 387.
The South ratifies the Fourteenth Amendment: (See
the respective States, and Judiciary.)

Florida ratifies, III, 390.
North Carolina, Louisiana, South Carolina and Ala-

bama ratify, III, 394.
Rejections and withdrawals of ratification of the Amend-
ment:
Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and California re-

ject, III, 394.
Oregon withdraws ratification, III, 395, 396, 400, 401.
Ohio repeals its ratification, III, 396, 397.
New Jersey repeals its ratification, III, 397, 399.
Thaddeus Stevens and the amendment, III, 402-405.

Lyman Trumbull and the amendment, III, 402.
THE FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT.

A Suffrage Amendment discussed in Congress; it fails
to pass.
made necessary by the failure of the Fourteenth, III,

405, 406.
an issue in the presidential election of 1869, III, 407,

409.
a suffrage amendment proposed in Congress, the

Henderson amendment, III, 409.
discussed by George S. Boutwell, III, 409-412.
political charges impending in many States hasten

the debate, III, 412.
discussion of the right to vote, III, 413-415.
a suffrage amendment justifiable, III, 415.
its expediency, III, 416.
Samuel Shellabarger on disfranchisement of the

negro, III, 417.

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