Military Necessity: Civil-military Relations in the Confederacy

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006 - 215 páginas

Never before or since in American history have the needs and influence of the military weighed so heavily on society. Escott analyzes the militarization of life in the Confederacy and probes the relationships between military commanders, legislators, and Jefferson Davis and his administration. As the South struggled to wage an exhausting war against the North, military necessity increasingly determined policy and shaped all aspects of life. The military had an increasingly large impact not only on policy but also on events inside civil society. Military men played important roles in bringing about extensive social change, enforcing law and order, and placing significant restrictions on individual freedoms.

Ultimately the crisis of the Confederacy threatened both the constitutionalism that southern politicians long had cherished and a core principle of the tradition of civil control over the military. Key figures in the army also took the lead in urging the use of slaves as soldiers and promoting the idea of emancipation. With many portraits of high-ranking generals and civil officials and telling anecdotes that reveal the nature of their relationships, this book reveals the depth of the Confederacy's social, political, and military crisis and highlights what this crisis revealed about the foundations of Confederate society.

 

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Contenido

Traditions for a New Nation
1
Jefferson Davis
5
Policymaking Produces Innovation and Controversy
15
P G T Beauregard
20
Joseph E Brown
34
The Politics of Command
39
Judah Benjamin
41
Joseph E Johnston
57
John A Campbell
83
Military Power and Civil Debility
95
E Kirby Smith
96
Richard Taylor
115
Military Men and Civil Policymaking
119
Patrick Cleburne
129
Desperate Proposals and the Maintenance of Civil
143
Citizens and Soldiers
165

Braxton Bragg
59
Robert E Lee
68
Toward a Militarized Society
71
Zebulon Vance
75

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Acerca del autor (2006)

Paul D. Escott is Professor of History at Wake Forest University. His publications include books and articles on the Confederacy, the South, and on African American history.

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