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19th, 1877, until he reached San Francisco on his return, September 20th, 1879.

The laurels won by General Grant upon the field of battle are no brighter or more lasting than is the imperishable renown he gained for himself by the generous terms accorded the impoverished South, after it had been whipped into subjection. “I wish,” said General R. E. Lee to a Northern friend, on one occasion,“ to do simple justice to General Grant when I say that his treatment of the Army of Northern Virginia is without a parallel in the history of the civilized world. When my poor soldiers, with famished faces, had neither food nor raiment, General Gran immediately issued the humane order that 40,000 rations should be furnished to the impoverished troops. And that is not all. I was giving directions to one of my staff officers, when making out the list of things to be surrendered, to include the horses. At that moment General Grant, who seemed to be paying no attention to what was transpiring, quickly said: 'No, no, General Lee, not a horse-not one-keep them all! Your people will need them for the spring crops!'” “ It was a scene never to be forgotten,” adds the gentleman to whom the remarks were addressed, “to watch Lee's manner, when, with a spirit of chivalry equal to his skill and gallantry, he told, with moistened eyes, this and many other instances of the magnanimity so nobly displayed by his illustrious rival.” Being subsequently asked who, in his opinion, was the greatest of the Federal commanders, General Lee paid the following handsome tribute to General Grant : “Both as a gentleman and an organizer of victorious war, General Grant has excelled all your most noted soldiers. He has exhibited more true courage, more real greatness of mind, more consummate prudence from the outset, and more heroic bravery than any one on your side."

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CHAPTER XII.—THE DEPARTMENT OF WEST TENNESSEE.—MEMPHIS.

His command further increased-Difficulty with regard to Memphis

-Stringent orders-Guerilla warfare-Aiding the rebels—Gen-

eral Grant strikes at the root of the evil—The negroes put to

useful employment—The Act of Congress obeyed-Confiscation

not wholesale plunder—Skulkers to be drafted-Quiet restored. 111

CHAPTER XIII.-IUKA--CORINTH AND THE HATCHIE.

Approach of the rebels—Battle of Iuka-His combinations-The

result-Change of head-quarters and why-Rebel advance upon

Corinth-Disposition of his forces-Attack upon Corinth-The

repulse—The rebels brought between two fires-Grant's strategy

– Victory—The President's congratulations...

120

CHAPTER XIV.--DEPARTMENT OF THE TENNESSEE.--DISCIPLINE.-TRADE.

The new command-Reorganization of the forces—The army to

move light_Cavalry expeditions—Head-quarters removed to La

Grange, Tennessee—Discipline-Marauding to be severely pun-

ished, and how-Departmental staff-Contraband camp estab-

lished-A regiment assessed to pay for plundering—Trade regu-

lations—Punishment for violation of the same- -Why General

Grant would not appoint traders...

132

CHAPTER XV.-ADVANCE INTO MISSISSIPPI.-A RETROSPECT.

The previous efforts to take Vicksburg and their failures. ..... 146

CHAPTER XVI.-GRANT'S FIRST MOVEMENTS TOWARDS VICKSBURG.
The expedition by way of Delta, Mississippi—Its success-Ad-

vance to and occupation of Holly Springs—Arrival at Oxford,
moving towards Jackson, Mississippi-Surrender of Holly Springs

— The result—The guilty party-Brave defence of other posts-

Investigation-punishment and reward......

151

CHAPTER XVII.-COMMANDER OF FOUR ARMY CORPS.-SHERMAN'S

EXPEDITION.

Constitution of the 13th, 15th, 16th and 17th Army Corps-Start

of General Sherman's expedition-Stringent order-Landing of

the forces...

:57

CHAPTER XVIII.-SHERMAN'S ATTACK UPON VICKSBURG.-ARKANSAS

Post.

Advance of the right wing of the Army of the Tennessee—The

assault upon the works—Their strength—The charge upon the

heights—Change in the command—The capture of Arkansas

Post..

162

CHAPTER XIX.—DISCIPLINE.–GUERILLAS.

Disaffection of the 109th Illinois Volunteers—Court of Inquiry-

Disgraceful dismissal of disloyal officers—Cavalry operations-

General Grant's order concerning negro troops...

170

PAO.

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