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Now you South Pacific fellows ought to improve your manners. We're on the North Pacific. (Laughter.]

The CHAIRMAN. Aloha.

Mr. TRASK. I have another portrait extraordinary. It's the royal Hawaiian family with all the royalty, Kamehameha, Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma, all assembled on the balustrade, and one of the co-adventurers with this art piece is Hildebrand, Dr. Hildebrand, that made the Foster Gardens on Water Street. It's outside. In the recess I'll bring back here for your committee.

The CHAIRMAN. Thank you.

Mr. TRASK. Which we're all appreciative of their presence; right? [Applause.)

A VOICE. On the agenda earlier, for Mr. Joseph Manini, Lei Kalamau will speak in his place.

The CHAIRMAN. All right.

A VOICE. And he will come on later with the Kekaha Hawaiian Homestead Association of Washington.

Mr. TRASK. Hello. Aloha.
[Brief remarks given in native tongue.)

Mr. TRASK. Both Chairman Inouye and Chairman Akaka of your respective Houses of Congress, we are deeply moved by your presence.

I have three speeches here and they will consume the time that these other people have taken. I'll have to agree with the chairman that he prevail; I'll be brief.

The reason why I'll be brief is because that's not a Traskian way of doing things. [Laughter.]

As a lawyer, we don't believe in brevity. We believe in justice, and that's why I am so thrilled that all the Hawaiians are coming and speaking. You don't need to hear from the Trasks; they're only playing during the off season. [Laughter.]

Yes; here's the situation: I'm sorry I've got to say a little about myself, but it is related—it is related to the perspective that I, lucky me, have had the opportunity to have. I'm 78 years old. I have enjoyed every bit of my life, including the six wives that I've had. [Laughter.]

I don't know men can tolerate such a thing, but just go along. That's the Hawaiian attitude.

And for the Hawaiian people who have suffered almost 69 years of this monstrous, murderous, degrading treatment-it calls for almost burning of the flag, but that's not the Hawaiian temper. That's not the Hawaiian temper.

Do you know why? Because it would be too brief. We charge the United States Congress—and I'm a non-I thought I was everything. (Laughter.]

The testimony-oh, brother. [Laughter.]

Well, I want to say that, as the eldest member of 16 children, eight of whom are lawyers in three generations, coming from a father and mother who were infant orphans at birth, orphans at birth, we represent, coming from a degrading group of Hawaiians anywhere that I know of. My mother was born during the reign of Lili'uokalani. My father in 1890 was born in Hawaii owned lands from mountain to sea. It's gone. My father never said that was

gone. I heard that from a plantation Scotsman who wanted later for me to marry his daughter.

But, nevertheless, the thing is this: I've got to say that you've got to have a biographical sketch. I'm a retired lawyer, Georgetown, 1936, 60 percent Hawaiian blood; the other 40 percent has got no humor, as far as I know. (Laughter.]

I've had experience as judge, trial lawyer, activist, Democratic Party activist, 20 years as platform chairman, and the Hawaiian social-fraternal-religious political matters, lawyer for the Molokai Hawaiian Homesteaders Cooperative, Catholic Welfare, Kawaiahao Church, associated with Father David Trask, Senator and chairman of the Hawaiian Rehabilitation Committee.

Upon_threatening the Governor of Hawaii Oren Long in 1951 with a Federal suit for Hawaii's scandalous breach of the congressional trust of rehabilitation of the Hawaiian people, we got together. He called me at 5 a.m. They brought this thing over. At 11 o'clock among ourselves, without any appropriation, just with the question of a dynamic determination to do something about a bad situation, and what happened? In 6 months 20,000 acres at Pu'ukapu, Hawaii, we got that for the Hawaiian people.

went over to all the islands myself without payment from anybody to inform the people to put your petition in there. Oh, they gave me $5,000. They made a party at the Pu'ukapu ranch. I heard about that $5,000 22 years later. I never saw the bucks. I never saw it, but who cares?

The question is, the adventure to do something. You can do it. There's more than one way of doing it. That's why I'm so happy about this committee here. There's more than one way of doing things.

You've got the lands, no land and you've got no house. When you've got no house and no land, you're a beachcomber. And what did they do? The big Attorney General came out, all the cops and the FBI from Reagan's administration.

The unseen Hawaiian-he's so low on the totem pole they count 10 before they arrest anybody.

What do we do? Get a 6-pack, I suppose. [Laughter.]

Get a 6-pack. Why and how did we get that way? The mystery of the Hawaiian is astonishing. How did we get that way?

Our religion was of human sacrifice. It wasn't anything Christian, forgive sin and go out and do it again, go to confession and do it again. Our Hawaiian situation, you did it; you were punished for it and that was that-no fooling around.

But here we have a committee with the greatest living statesman acknowledged by his own peers in Congress, both Houses-imagine that. The Iran-Contra Special Committee of both Houses, 15 members, and he's the 15th and they make him chairman.

When Oliver North tried to-see what his heroic American patriotism and heroism-Oliver North, convict, convict, and let's not forget that. But we all know that and we love him. We honor him that much more.

Well, applause. [Applause and laughter.]

Mr. TRASK. I was going to say to the commission, I am the last living member; everybody's dead. I don't know how these things occur, believe me, but they do. I'm having lot of fun.

But this, as I said, is going to be brief. And this is cute. This is cute. I have the honor of receiving the Congressional Record every time it's printed, which is every other day. I get it and, believe me, I read it. My gosh, I do.

This has solved the mystery for the Hawaiian people in housing, in building. So you've got the land; so you've them a house.

For prompt, thorough reaction, may I suggest, not obtusely, Mr. Chairman and Mr. Chairman, $500 million in foreign aid to Turkey be paid for Hawaiian housing on our land each year for the next 15 years, as the Turks have received, although in violation of American law-the Congressional Record, July 20, 1989, page H-3954, House Resolution 1045, just this July 20. Isn't that something?

In other words, World War II began in Hawaii. World War II ended in Hawaii. Us, all of those people, how many have friends and relatives and family that got killed on December 7?

Sure, we know what it is, but we've been quiet about it, haven't we? We're just too quiet about it.

Sometimes you think that only bambi lives there, but isn't that great? But the thing is this: we all fought the war. Why should Turkey, why should all those people in the Mediterranean, why should all of them be recognized for fighting among themselves. They're just playing a tit-for-tat game, whereas we in Hawaii, we represent the entire—what do we get? We get shamed upon, disgraced upon, murderously neglected, the lowest on the totem pole.

Every statistic-health, mental, social, moral, mortality, intellectual standards—shamefully below among the races in contrast to what Capt. Cook said in Hawaii in 1778 about the Hawaiians, “The Hawaiian is tall, handsome, intelligent.”

This degradation, this promise by Congress to their beloved Prince Kuhio that the Hawaiian people shall be honored, has been shamefully neglected.

It is not the time and I'm not the guy to pick it up, but, believe me, I could do a job, but this is not a time for it and many of us are too tired of that game.

Led the boisterous way with ambition and trust into the awful grandeur of our own men, our own boys—our own boys.

Thank you.
[Prepared statement of Mr. Trask appears in appendix.]
The CHAIRMAN. Thank you very much.
Now may I call upon Lei Kalamau.

STATEMENT OF JO-ANN LEIALOHA DELA CRUZ KALAMAU Ms. KALAMAU. You have come, hopefully, to relieve the approximately 980 residential and approximately 980 agricultural Kauai Aboriginal Native Hawaiian applicants on the waiting list of their urgent anxiety to live on the land.

My name is Jo-Ann Leialoha Dela Cruz Kalamau. I am from the House of Ephraim, the second son of Joseph who was sold into Egypt. His father was Jacob.

But even more recent, I am a fourth generation Aboriginal Native Hawaiian who now seeks to become a Native Hawaiian Homesteader before decisions are made to change the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act.

My great grandfather, Jacob Ku, and great grandmother, Emma Kapapa, born December 31, 1877, birthplace Kauai, were squatters at the present Papakolea Hawaiian Homestead, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Their daughter, my grandmother, Margaret Ku, born August 2, 1898, birthplace Kilauea, Kauai, was described to me as, "a smart woman, a politically good worker, one who spoke for the people and how she spoke to the legislature for funding to put roads and lights in Papakolea."

My parents, John and Linda Dela Cruz, also worked hard to obtain their agriculture lot in Hilo, Hawaii. I've seen with my eyes the despair at the kitchen table, discussions that went on and on to the late evenings, the meetings that they went to to find ways to get what they now have.

They planted guava trees in lava rock, paved their way on to the raw land they were given, with what spirit they felt would prepare their children for the homestead life that would pass on to them.

And now it's my turn. To work to obtain what is available for me, my family, and 979 Aboriginal Native Hawaiian friends on Kauai and throughout the State of Hawaii, that we can prepare the way for the next generation. So I have a good heritage.

As you know, time moves so swiftly now days; It seems if we don't watch the news, keep up with our daily surroundings, there may arise the possibility for us to miss the boat.

One of the ways for me to keep up with news of Hawaiian Home Lands was to join associations that would help educate me in the fastest and cheapest way. I am a paid member of the Aboriginal Native Hawaiian Association, the Kekaha Hawaiian Homestead Association, of which I am secretary.

As an officer of Kekaha Hawaiian Homestead Association, this identification I have allows me to carry a vote in the State Council of Hawaiian Homestead Association. In addition, I am a paid member in the Anahola Hawaiian Homes Association, Inc., the Ka La Hui Hawaii Association, the HGEA Bargaining Unit 03, of which I am a union steward, and last and most cherished, a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. These organizations have given me training to stand here today and say, "Put us on our lands."

Over 15,000 acres of agricultural lands will become available in 1993 when Kekaha Sugar Company lease will expire. At the present time it is my understanding that the Department of Hawaiian Homelands is now developing plans to use this land. For what? Someday soon I hope to find that answer.

The enclosed article that I have enclosed with my testimony explains how one organization is already looking to use 200 acres for diversified programs, particularly located in the mauka areas of Kekaha and Waimea for vegetable crops and kokee for the floriculture trade. Good land on the west side, but tied up with sugar leases. Could this be part of the same 15,000 acres coming available in 1993? Are we to wait longer than 1993 for the next available lands?

The Federal Government appointed the State of Hawaii as trustees to the Aboriginal Native Hawaiian Beneficiary. I've spoken to may Hawaiian homeland applicants on the waiting list, and as beneficiaries to the trust that is ours, we ask you, put us on the land. This is our reparation. The Japanese people who were encamped during World War II can receive $20,000 each if they can be found. That is their reparation. Give us ours; give us our land.

And now I close with this last comment in regards to the 50 percent blood quantum. The time will come when the less than 50 percent will receive their lands, too. I, as a 75 percent Aboriginal Native Hawaiian, will see to it as I have family with less than 50 percent blood. They and all others with less than 50 percent deserve to benefit; it's in our blood, however amount of it is left in us. It's our right to receive what was taken from us.

I believe, though, the 50 percent or more blood quantum should receive first. Then when this group has received, we begin a sliding scale program until all Aboriginal Native Hawaiians have been serviced.

I agree that the solution to fulfill such monumental tasks; lots of money is needed. Speakers more qualified will extend solutions today and in the coming few days. The solutions will come for me by keeping a careful watch on future events. Somehow, some way, something will open up for all of us.

Thank you.
[Prepared statement of Ms. Kalamau appears in appendix.]
The CHAIRMAN. Thank you very much.
Now may I call upon Mr. Edward Inn of Waimanalo.

STATEMENT OF EDWARD INN, WAIMANALO, OAHU Mr. INN. Senator Inouye, members of the Senate Select Committee.

My name is Edward, also known as "Papa" Inn, a lessee on Hawaiian homelands in Waimanalo and I live on Oahu.

I have some matter that needs to be addressed concerning the sewer, water, and taxation on Hawaiian homelands. The city and county of Honolulu are in violation of section 220, as indicated; in violation of section 4 of the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act, which indicates that if you are going to alter or amend an encumbrance, you would need the consent of the United States, which was not done; in violation of section 5(f) of the Hawaii Admissions Act of 1959, that that income which is the water-sewage facilities, taxation, it goes into the public trust for public use. Native Hawaiians do not benefit from it. Therefore, it is a violation of section 5(f) of the Hawaii Admissions Act.

The real property tax assessment on Hawaiian homelands imposed by the city and county of Honolulu, the primary concern to me in their September 12, 1988 memorandum appears to be assessment of all real property tax for the island of Oahu; for that matter, the State of Hawaii, which relates to public and/or private lands only, certainly not on Hawaiian homelands.

In their memo, dated as above, it has been accorded that it appears to be unusual treatment by the legislature and the edifiers so that its status is obscure. Confusion arises because of section 1712 of the Joint Resolution which defines Hawaiian homelands as distinct and separate from public lands.

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