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Simpsian (or Mackay, as he was commonly called), at a salary of $25 per month.

His correspondence at this time with brethren in this Synod, Rev. Dr. Geary and Rev. H. W. Stratton, are burdened with the Alaskan work and recount the steps above, as already taken.

A successor to Mr. J. C. Mallory was found here in Portland in the person of Mrs. McFarland, now so well and favorably known because of her successful work in the Alaskan field. She was a member of Dr. Lindsley's church. She was a minister's widow. She was glad to do missionary work. Dr. Lindsley wanted just such a laborer and promptly became responsible for the expense of her going and for her support. On the 30th of July, Dr. Lindsley addressed the Home Board informing the Secretary of the decision to employ Mrs. McFarland and asked for her an open commission. The letter closes with these words, "I have watched Alaska ever since we owned it and believe God is guiding."

In a letter to the late Rev. E. R. Geary, D. D., written Aug. 6, 1877, occurs this passage, “Mrs. McFarland is ready to take hold of the work. Already I have advanced her $200 of my own funds.”

On the 18th of August, 1877, Dr. Lindsley wrote to Dr. Lowrie, Secretary of the Foreign Board, as follows: "The work in Alaska was begun in the belief that American Christians would sustain it. This grew out of encouragement given by myself and General Howard that we would do something for Alaska. Mr. Mallory took possession of what was thus found to his hand. He hired Philip Simpsian, the teacher, for three months. He made me responsible for all and I had no desire to go back on it. Nay, I accepted the charge as the will of God and we could not pause.

"It seems to me plainly the dictates of Providence that we should take charge of this Mission. It stands in my name as I have assumed its support. I apply to you and to the Board of Home Missions to take it off my hands.”

A letter dated September 7, 1877, addressed to Drs. Kendall and Dickson says, "My conferences with Dr. Jackson and Mr. Mallory led me to invite Dr. Jackson to reconnoitre the Alaska ground, Mr. Mallory having decided to accept the agency of the Colorado Indians. This was done in my name. I have already advanced $190 and am responsible for a similar amount in addition, to Mrs. McFarland."

Dr. Lindsley's urgency for a missionary who could preach the Gospel was re-inforced by his missionary teacher, Mrs. McFarland. She writes from Fort Wrangel, September 13, 1877, “I am


very much interested in my school and am kept very busy. The people here are exceedingly anxious for a minister to come. I have had several chiefs and prominent men to see me and all ask 'how many moons till the white man preacher comes ?'”

September 28, 1877, a letter was sent to Dr. Dickson of the Home Board, saying, "Several ministers have addressed me about the Alaska field. I pray the Lord send us a man for Wrangel. There is an ‘abundant entrance.'” That Dr. Lindsley also continued his financial aid as well as spiritual interest is shown in a communication to Mrs. McFarland, dated October 8, 1877, forwarding her $100 and saying, “I shall feel hurt if you do not let me know what you want which I can supply. Thank God that you are in this work.”

About this time there is evidence that the good Doctor's reiterated desire to have the Board assume the work in Alaska was soon to be realized. October 20, 1877, he writes Dr. Dickson acknowledging "$500 for Mrs. McFarland and Philip Mackay and will report thereon according to directions." He continues "both the Presbytery of Oregon and Synod of the Columbia very heartily endorse the action which I had taken concerning the Alaska mis sion.” In the letter from Dr. Dickson above referred to are found these words, "We most cordially assume the Alaska work." This is what Dr. Lindsley had always hoped and urged. It was at once approval of what he had done and a guarantee of the continuance of the efforts of years. But some time elapsed before the Home Board came into control.

On November 9, 1877, he once more writes the Home Board, "The Alaska Mission looms up again. The people of Sitka are praying for schools and ministers. The U. S. Collector applies to me for teachers. He promises school room and house rent and pecuniary aid. There are 2500 Indians in and near Sitka and 250 whites and half breeds. No church or minister (except occasional services by a Russian priest) no school or teacher; little or nothing to distinguish the population from a heathen race. I am now writing to a well qualified Christian lady in the hope that she will go to Sitka to teach.” From this time there is an extended correspondence with the Collector, with the lady above referred to, who is Mrs. S. Hall Young, nee Kellogg, and her friends, with Senators and Congressmen, and with the President of the United States,in all seeking the welfare of the Indians, and the guarantee of protection to those who might enter upon the field.

In November he writes to the Home Board Secretary, “The

need of an ordained minister for Alaska is very great ... Poor Alaska stands pleading at the door of our church; God is offering the glory of her redemption to us. Is there no devoted and competent missionary to heed the call?"

December 1, 1877, replying to a letter from Mrs. McFarland he says, “You are yourself as teacher, an answer to many prayers. Do not be discouraged at the delay of missionary help. I sometimes feel impatient. It rebukes me to reflect that the cause is God's and that I had waited long before Mr. Mallory appeared, and you were released from all other engagements that you might undertake these self-denying labors.”

Early in 1878 came the formal control of the Home Board over the Alaska field. Dr. Lindsley gladly yields up the charge and Feb. ruary 4th writes Mrs. McFarland, “Here is your commission and directions. Henceforth you will report to the Board.” ..... In the same letter which bore Mrs. McFarland's commission to her went the cheering intelligence that “Rev. J. G. Brady has been appointed missionary to Alaska by our Board.” Dr. Lindsley learned this from a telegram from New Fork, dated January 31st, announcing the commission of Mr. Brady and the appointment of Miss Fanny Kellogg as a teacher for Sitka.

Our sketch would hardly be complete without a momentary reference, in closing, to Dr. Lindsley's subsequent visit to Alaska commissioned by the Board of Home Missions and the Presbytery of Oregon to organize the first Protestant church in that territory. Drs. Kendall and Jackson, who were then making the Alaska tour, assisted at this service.


The soldier who "hails from British Columbia" and who recently sent back to his home town paper a report that the grave of Captain George Vancouver, the great explorer whose name has been rightly immortalised in Canada, was in a state of neglect, must have made a very superficial observation; for, instead of any evidence of lack of attention, I found on going out to Petersham recently, that his grave stood out clearly among a cluster of overgrown and indistinct mounds in the more ancient part of the burying ground which surrounds the very quaint little parish church of St. Peter's.

It was the Agent-General for British Columbia in London, Mr. F. C. Wade, K. C., who had drawn my attention to the soldier's letter, for he was considerably concerned about the charge, not only because of his feeling of responsibility to British Columbia, but from his inherent sense of literary values. Any neglect of the author of "Vancouver's Voyage" Mr. Wade was ready to denounce as vandalism.

He made, therefore, immediately a pilgrimage to the historic place and found, no occasion for the outburst, though suggesting that I should go out and see for myself. This I have just done. Granted, there were no huge granite or marble atrocities over the spot where Vancouver was buried, only a perfectly plain white headstone curved at the top and bearing the unpretentious legend which the greatness of the man could well afford, and entirely in keeping with the custom of the Royal Navy to which he belonged:

Captain George Vancouver
Died in the Year 1798

Aged 40 The remarkable thing, to my mind, was the fact that while most of the inscriptions on the near-by tombs were almost obliterated by time, the lettering on Vancouver's was quite perfect, indicating the very reverse of neglect, and that the original stone must have been replaced in more recent years by his admirers in Petersham, of whom there seem to have been many devoted ones.

Had the soldier taken the trouble to step inside the dear little red brick church, he would have seen prominently placed, beside

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* From United Empire, The Royal Colonial Institute Journal, (Isaac Pitman & Sons. London, E. C.), vol. x, no. 11, Nov. 1919.

one of a belted earl, a beautiful white memorial tablet, upon which, in black lettering, he might have read:

In the Cemetary Adjoining the Church
Were Interred in the Year 1798

The Mortal Remains of
Captain George Vancouver, R. N.
Whose Valuable and Enterprising Voyage
of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean
and Round the World, During Five years
of Laborious Survey, added Greatly to
the Geographical Knowledge of His

To the Memory of that Celebrated Navigator

This Monumental Tablet is Erected
By the Hudson's Bay Company

March, 1841 Nor was the interior tablet the only testimony to the unfailing way in which Vancouver's memory has been revered in that part of the world where lie his bones. Outside the church, and facing the road along which many people pass to and from Twickenham Ferry, where the Thames crossing has been made in a tiny boat, in the idyllic fashion, for centuries, was a notice board on which was printed, in old-fashioned type, and surmounted by a woodcut of the church, the following interesting particulars of the history of St. Peter's:

The church dates from before the Norman Conquest, being mentioned in Doomsday Book. The present structure (originally a Cell of the Abbey of Chertsey) dates from the 15th Century. It was enlarged in 1790 and again in 1840, and is a remarkable example of the Georgian period, and a great archaeological curiosity. It contains several interesting monuments and is celebrated as the burial-place of Captain George Vancouver, the Discoverer of British Columbia and Vancouver's Island, now the headquarters of the Canadian Pacific Trade. The Churchyard is renowned for its natural beauty and contains the remains of many literary, scientific, and social celebrities.

Vancouver's grave was beside a brick wall, the wall overgrown with ivy, and near the head of the grave was a small hemlock tree whose boughs drooped so that their dark green lace, when the sun was low, just touched with a fleck of shadow the white marble headstone. Outside the wall was a large plane-tree, whose leaves are so like the Canadian maple, while velvety trees sheltered his grave from east winds, and a weeping willow crouched in its shadow

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