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says: "But one man registered an arrival in the '30s. He was Cyrus Hamlin Walker, of Albany. He was born December 7, 1838. Scores of others were older than Mr. Walker, but none beat him into the State. Mr. Walker proudly proclaims the fact that he is the oldest living white man born west of the Rocky Mountains.”

The annual address was given by William M. Colvig, a pioneer of 1851.

The pamphlet also contains the proceedings of the thirty-first grand encampment of the Indian War Veterans of the North Pacific Coast and other matters of historic interest.

Linguistic Families of California. By Roland B. Dixon and A. L.

KROEBER. (Berkeley: University of California Press. 1919.
Pp. 47-118. 75 cents.)

This is Number 3 of Volume 16 of the University of California's Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. It reflects the care and attention to technical details given to all the numbers in this series. There is included a map of “Families of Native Languages in California.”

Thirty-third Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

By F. W. Hodge, Ethnologist-in-charge. (Washington: Gov

ernment Printing Office. 1919. Pp. 677.) Handbook of Aboriginal American Antiquities. By W. H. HOLMES.

(Washington: Government Printing Office. 1919. Pp. 380.) Prehistoric Villages, Castles, and Towers of Southwestern Colo

rado. By J. WALTER FEWKES. (Washington: Government Printing Office. 1919. Pp. 79.)

All publications by the Bureau of American Ethnology are welcome additions to the historical literature of America. The publication of these three has evidently been delayed by congestion in the Government Printing Office caused by the recent war. The annual report is for the year 1911-1912. In addition to the report of the Bureau, the volume includes four accompanying papers as follows: "Uses of plants by the Indians of the Missouri River Region," by Melvin Randolph Gilmore; "Preliminary Account of the Antiquities of the Region between the Mancos and La Plata Rivers in Southwestern Colorado," by Earl H. Morris; "Designs on Prehistoric Hopi Pottery," by Jesse Walter Fewkes; "The Hawaiian Romance of Laieikawai," by Martha Warren Beckwith, with an appendix of Hawaiian stories collected by Fomander and edited by Thomas G. Thrum of the Bishop Museum, Honolulu. Each of the papers is accompanied by beautiful illustrations.

The book on Aboriginal American Antiquities is Bulletin 60. It is one of the planned series of handbooks like those on American Indians (Bulletin 30) and American Indian Languages (Bulletin 40). The second volume, or Part II., of this present bulletin will be devoted to "implements, utensils, and other minor artifacts of stone.” The present volume deals with the systematic presentation and classification of the American antiquities, "to make them readily available to the student who shall undertake to present a comprehensive view of the evolution of culture among men.” In the chapter on "Culture Characterization Areas" there are four areas of especial interest to the Pacific Coast—"The California Area,” "The Columbia-Fraser Area," "The Northwest Coast Area," "The Arctic Coast Area." In this classification the Northwest Coast is given as from Puget Sound to Mount St. Elias.

The third item is a fascinating little book (Bulletin 70) devoted to prehistoric conditions in what is now a part of Colorado. Mr. Fewkes shows the spirit of his work in the following sentence from his introduction: "No achievements in American anthropology are more striking than those that, from a study of human buildings and artifacts antedating the historic period, reveal the existence of an advanced prehistoric culture of man in America." The slender volume is illustrated with 18 drawings in the text and with 33 plates at the end of the book. Many of the plates contain three half-tones. All are well printed and add much to the value of the text.

The Audiencia in the Spanish Colonies. By CHARLES HENRY CUN

NINGHAM, Ph. D. (Berkeley: University of California Press. 1919. Pp. 478.)

The title-page includes the phrase: “As Illustrated by the Audiencia of Manila (1583-1800).” Dr. Cunningham explains in his preface that this came from the circumstance of his having been situated in Manila for a number of years. As the Audiencia was common to all Spanish colonies, this study, he believes, will be equally applicable to the audiencias in Spanish-America.

The work has no contact with, or reference to, the Pacific Northwest but, as an additional monument to the cooperation of the wealth and scholorship of California in the field of history, it gives another opportunity of calling attention to one phase of that cooperation. The author in acknowledging help from many sources says: "To Professor H. Morse Stephens of the University of California and to the generous order of the Native Sons of the Golden West I am indebted for the rare opportunity of two years of foreign residence and research in the various archives of Spain.”

Proceedings of the Thirty-first Annual Session of the Washington

State Grange. (Tumwater: FRED W. Lewis, Secretary. 1919.
Pp. 168.)

The annual session was held at Port Angeles, on June 3-6, 1919. Besides the proceedings the book contains lists of granges and their officers. One fine expression of purpose is found in the annual address of the Master of the Washington State Grange, William Bouck: "Let us not forget that above all money, or profit or loss, we are for the development of men and women first, last and all the time.”

Review of Historical Publications Relating to Canada. Edited by

GEORGE M. WRONG, H. H. LANGTON and W. STEWART WAL-
LACE. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 1919. Pp.
XIII and 203.)

This periodical volume in the University of Toronto Studies is of immense value and importance to all who are interested in the history of Canada. The Dominion and the United States are such close and cordial neighbors that there is much overlapping in the historical literature. This gives the book a distinct value on this side of "the longest undefended boundary on Earth.”

Readers in the Pacific Northwest will find proof of this friendly overlapping of interest by turning to pages 115 to 136. There will be found careful and scholarly reviews of literature, produced in the years 1917-1918, relating to the Province of British Columbia. A number of Canadian and American volumes are noted. Nine articles in the Washington Historical Quarterly receive attention as do five of the important overlapping articles in the neighboring Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society. The criticism and appreciation expressed are eminently fair and cordial. British Columbia was part of the Oregon Country in the old days of "joint occupancy" and it is now a delight to find in history a field for such friendly and effective international cooperation.

It is interesting to note that among those whose work is mentioned are six of the contributing editors of the Washington Historical Quarterly as follows: Mr. Clarence B. Bagley, of Seattle ; Mr. T. C. Elliott, of Walla Walla; Professor Frank A. Golder, of Pullman; Judge F. W. Howay, of New Westminster and Mr. O. B. Sperlin, of Tacoma.

OTHER Books RECEIVED Briggs, John ELY. William Peters Hepburn. In Iowa Biograph

ical Series, edited by Benjamin F. Shambaugh. (Iowa City:

The State Historical Society of Iowa. 1919. Pp. 469.) BUFFALO HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Publications. Volume XXII.

(Buffalo: The Society. 1918. Pp. 437. $4.00.) CONNECTICUT HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Collections. Volume XVII.

(Hartford: The Society. 1918. Pp. 402.) Holt, Lucius Hudson and Chilton, ALEXANDER WHEELER. A

Brief History of Europe from 1789 to 1815. (New York: The

Macmillan Company. 1919. Pp. 358. $2.75.) ILLINOIS STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Transactions. Volume

XXIV. (Springfield: The Society. 1919. Pp. 216.) INDIANA HISTORICAL COMMISSION. The Indiana Centennial, 1916.

(Indianapolis: The Commission. 1919. Pp. 441.) Kansas State HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Twenty-first Biennial Re

port, 1917-1919. (Topeka: State Printer. 1919. Pp. 71.) MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Proceedings, October, 1918

June, 1919, Volume LII. (Boston: The Society. 1919. Pp.

356.) Puget Sound CONFERENCE OF THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH.

Journal and Yearbook. 1919. (Sequim, R. C. Hartley, Secre

tary. 1919. Pp. 293-377.) Washington State BANKERS AssociaTION. Proceedings of the

Twenty-fourth Annual Convention, 1919. (Ritzville. W. H.

Martin, Secretary. 1919. Pp. 158.) WILNER, MERTON M. Popular History of the War. (Buffalo:

Buffalo Historical Society. 1919. Pp. 36.)

Journal of Indian Treaty Days. The University of Washington Library has been enriched by the gift from William S. Lewis, Corresponding Secretary of the Eastern. Washington State Historical Society, of a substantially bound typewritten copy of the original journal kept by James Doty who was secretary of the Indian treaty-making commission organized by Governor Isaac I. Stevens. He received that appointment on December 7, 1854, and entered upon the duties with enthusiasm.

Young Doty inherited a love for such work. His father, James Duane Doty, was an early settler of Michigan and in 1820 went with a party under General Lewis Cass, traveling 4000 miles in canoes, exploring the upper lakes and making treaties with the Indian tribes of that region. He was a judge in Northern Michigan and in 1830 was one of a commission to lay out a military road from Green Bay through Chicago to Prairie du Chien. As a member of the Michigan Legislature in 1834 he introduced a bill which led to the division of Michigan and the creation of Wisconsin and Iowa Territories. He was one of the founders of Madison and secured its adoption as the capital of Wisconsin. He served the Territory as Delegate in Congress, 1837-1841, as Governor, 18411844, and as a member of the constitutional convention. He served two terms as Congressman from the new State, 1849-1853. As that service was ending his son James received appointment as a member of the exploring party under Governor Isaac I. Stevens. Later President Lincoln appointed the father, James Duane Doty, Governor of Utah Territory in 1864.

James Doty was listed in the party of Governor Stevens for "astronomical and magnetic observations.” As the party progressed westward he was left for the winter at Fort Benton to prepare the way for a proposed treaty with the Blackfoot Indians. Governor Stevens says: "Mr. Doty, who had won very much upon me by his intelligence, his fidelity, his promptitude, and energy of character, parted with me with feelings of hope and pride at the idea that now a field was opening to him where he could be useful to his country, and make a reputation for himself." General Hazard Stevens in his "Life" of his father speaks of those winter explorations as "remarkable and valuable.”

The first Indian treaty concluded by Governor Stevens was with the Nisqually and other bands and was dated December 26,

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