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Tuesday 2nd. Strong Gales from the Northward work much as before. The trial of the Indian prisoners not yet over. (page 41.] Wednesday 3rd. Barque Collooney arrived from Newmarket late lastnight, most of the hands employed today shipping shingles, the rest about slaughter house. The jury of the Court held at Steilacoom having found a verdict of "Guilty" against two of the Indian prisoners, Copass & Qualawout they were sentenced to be hung, which sentence took place at 4 A. M.111 this afternoon, the other four were liberated after a strict charge. 11 Thursday 4th. Fine. Work as before. The Court passed this way, on their way home. Barque Harpooner loaded and ready to start tomorrow. Mr. Fearon Supercargo up in the evening squaring accounts. Friday 5th. Smoky. Barque Collooney off by daylight. Saturday 6th. Foggy greatest part of the day. Linklater sent to Tinalquot to take his station as Shepherd for which he was engaged to remain another year. Sunday 7th. Hazy. Monday 8th. Thick Fog all the day. Cowie and Kalama employed about slaughter-house. A gang of Indn. women sent of to the plains under Cush to take up potatoes at the different stations. (page 42.] Tuesday 9th. Fog still close & disagreeable. Work as yesterday. A party of Lummies113 arrived down the beach. Wednesday 10th. Weather clearer than yesterday. Cowie & Kalama & Gohome cutting rafters for new building. Squally with two others ere sent yesterday to repair the road on the other side of Tinalquot, for the convenience of the waggons which are expected here soon, with Specie from Vancouver, & which only now detains the schooner from starting in order that the Specie may go home by the homeward bound ships this time. Thursday 11th. Cloudy, Fog & Smoke clearing up. Men employed about Slaughter house. Squally & the others returned, no word of the waggons.

Killed 30 sheep which were shipped on board Schooner for Victoria. Friday 12th. No Fog, light drops of rain throughout the day. Work as before. 6 live Sheep sent to Steilacoom & 8 others slaughtered for use, after which counted the remainder of band of Wedders. No. 450. Saturday 13th. Cloudy. Mr. W. Ross sent out to reside at Tlithlow114 and look after the people in the Plains. After dark Mr. C. L. Allan 115 accompanied by Thomas Pambrum, arrived, having the returns and specie from Vancouver in two wagons. (page 43.] Sunday 14th. Cloudy. Returns and specie shipped.

111 An error. P. M. is intended

112 The two found guilty were clearly so; of the remeining four three were innocent, and cne, a slave, was shown not to have participated in the affair at all. His presence seemed to indicate that the Indians had hoped to sacrifice him in the stead of one of themselves, the guilty See Sen. Doc. 31 (, 2 S, Doc. SE, Serial No. 587.

113 A Salish tribe inhabiting the island of the same name and the shores of Bellingham Bay.

. Monday 15th. Cloudy. Live sheep and pigs shipped on board Cadboro and everything ready for her departure by 11 A. M. but there being no wind she does not leave till the evening ebb commences. Mr. C. L. Tod goes passenger. Tuesday 16th. Fine, a busy day in the shop some priests and others having arrived yesterday evening. Some Indians thrashing wheat. Cowie and party going on with house. Cadboro off early in the morning Wednesday 17th. Fine. Mr. C. T. Allan started after an early breakfast accompanied as far as Tinalquot by W. F. T.116 Work as yesterday. Thursday 18th. Fine. Work as yesterday. All going on well in Tinalquot and T. Linklater seemingly comfortable and contented. Lieut: Dement117 of the U. S. troops at Steilacoom returned from an Express Trip to Vancouver & 0. City, 118 bringing letters to me from Mr. Ogden. Cowie roofing slaughter-house. Friday 19th. Cloudy. Women employed burning swamp. Other work as yesterday. Mr. Ross in with working oxen. Saturday 20th. Cloudy. Had a visit from Qmaster119 Tallmadge and Dr. Haden120 of the U. S. Troops stationed at Steilacoom. Work as yesterday. Genl. Smith121 Comr. in chief of the U. S. troops on the Pacific is soon to visit this quarter. Sunday 21st. Monday 22nd Cloudy. Thrashing wheat with Marrons. Sent ox waggon to Gravelle's for a load of straw for Steilacoom. [page 44.] Tuesday 23rd. Cloudy. W. H. Macneill arrived from Victoria with the Express from the Eastside which had been brought across via Athabasca, Peace River and New Caledonia122 by Eden Colvile Esqre. a lately appointed Governor of Rupert's Land.123 Mr. Colvile is now at Victoria and accompanied by C. F.124 Douglas is to proceed in a few days hence to Vancouver by Nisqually & the Cowlitz portage. Wednesday 24th. Cloudy. Despatched after breakfast a messenger for Cowlitz with the packet and letters recd. from Victoria yesterday, and after dinner Mr. Macneill took his departure for Victoria. Thursday 25th. Heavy showers during the night. Mild. Sunshine. Had a letter from Cowlitz today, which was conveyed as far as Tinalquot by Lapoitrie who along with some Indians is transporting wheat from Nawakum prairie to Tinalquot and has made one trip without accident. Potatoe lifters paid off. Two ploughs

114 A herdsman's station near Steeilacoom.
115 G, T. Allen.
116 William Fraser Tolmie.
117 Lieutenant John Dement.
118 Oregon City, headquarters, until the removal to Fort Vancouver.
119 Quartermaster Grier Talmadge, of Stellacoom.
120 I. A. Haden, not to be confounded with Hayden,

121 General Percifer F. Smith. For an account of the establishment of the military in Oregon see Sen. Doc. 31C, 28. Doc. 1, part 2, Serial No. 587.

. going today. The delving of the lately burnt ground in the swamp to be the job for odd half days for the Indians usually employed about the Slaughter house and Barn. Friday 26th. Rainy. Mr. Ross with assistants drove in some cows, 10 of which with their calves are to be delivered tomorrow to an American named Glasgow in exchange for 300 bushels potatoes which have already been received. Glasgow accompanied by Mr. David Chambers arrived in the evening. Saturday 27th. Showery. Partial Sunshine. Glasgow and Chambers with assistance from the establishment busy all day catching and tying the 10 cows and a two year old Bullock due Glasgow since last Spring. The cattle very wild. Mr. Ross came in about noon with a fresh lot, and thereafter assisted in securing the cattle. Mr. Jones126 of Newmarket gave a promissory note payable in a month (page 45] for $100 in payment of 2 cows & calves and the [Ms. illegible] lent him in Spring of 1846. Gave Mr. Glasgow a note on presentation of which on or after the 15th April 1850, he will be entitled to 8 Heifers, calves of 1849. Sunday 28th. Glasgow off with his cattle but lost 4 cows and much bothered.

122 Approximately the British Columbia of today.

123 All the country ruled by the Hudson's Bay Company was from the beginning denomi. nated Rupert Land after Prince Rupert, the first governor. With the amalgamation with the North West Company Rupert Land was reorganized into four departments, Montreal, Southern, Western and Northern. The departments were further subdivided into districts which in turn composed a collection of posts. The ostensible capital was Fort Garry, Red River, where an annual meeting was held, and orders issued for the following year. Transportation between the posts was effected by means of "brigades." For a source account of the work. ings of the Hudson's Bay Company, consult, Canadian Archives, Publications, No. 9, 1914, 2 volumes.

124 Chlef Factor James Douglas.
128 At or near the present Newaukum, in Lewis County.
126 Gabriel Jones, one of the Michael T. Simmons party, pioneers of 1845.

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Monday 29th. Cloudy. Cowie & others at roof of slaughter house. Two ploughs going. Sowed 3 bushels wheat. Tuesday 30th. Rainy. Work as yesterday. Wednesday 31st. Showery. Roofing of Slaughter house finished. Adam Beinston while out shooting Beef cattle had his left thumb greatly lacerated by the bursting of his gun. In the evening Mr. Wm. Ogden nephew of P. S. Ogden 27 Esq. arrived, accompanied by Charles Mackay128 of Tuality 129 and Marcel Bernier.130 They are going to Pt. Discovery and that neighborhood in quest of millsites. Sowed 2 bushels Wheat.

November, 1849. Thursday 1st. Heavy showers. Cowie & party commenced laying the flooring of store. Thrashing Oats with the flail. Friday 2nd. Showery. Partial sunshine. Mr. Ogden and party off this morning. An American named Glasgow the same who purchased the cattle came in the evening to say that he did not wish me as agent for the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sd. Coys131 to make any further improvements on his claim commencing at the sawpit at Nisqy132 landing and running northward so as to inclose the Sequallitch creek, he handed me a written notice to the above effect, which I declined to accept, telling him that by settling where he had he was trespassing on the lands of the P. S. Coy. Saturday 3rd. Showery. Partial Sunshine. Lieut: Gibson passed, on his way to the Cowlitz and Vancouver with the mail. Wrote by him to C. F. Ogden. Sunday 4th. Mr. T. M. Chambers an American who arrived last night' proceeded this morning towards Steilacoom where he is to mark off a claim in his son's name on the Puget Sound Company's lands, and including the millsites at the entrance of the Steilacoom creek. In the evening, Captain Mosher134 of the ship "Inez" arrived, guided by Glasgow, and accompanied by a boat's crew of six, having left his ship a few miles below the narrows. After sitting for an hour or two he left and went to pass the night with Glasgow. The boats crew were supplied with supper and quarters in the different houses inside the Fort. The "Inez" has come for

127 Peter Skeene Ogden was a Chief Factor at Fort Vancouver; William Ogden at one time an apprentice clerk, is apparently in the service of Allan and Mackinlay, inasmuch as his expenses are charged to that firm. See note 107.

128 Charles Mackay.
129 A settlement on the river of the same name in Oregon, spelled variously.

130 Marcel Bernier, born at Spokane in 1820, one of the Red River colonists of 1841. but since this year (1849) a citizen of the United States.

131 Puget's Sound Agricultural Company.
132 Nisqually.
133 Lieutenant John B. Gibson.
134 Identity not ascertained.

the Lumber and Shingles contracted for, from Mr. Simmons by a Mr. Fruit.186 Monday 5th. Fine. Rode out today too kill beef and afterwards accompanied by Mr. W. Ross, proceeded towards Steilacoom to warn off Mr. Chambers as a trespasser on the lands of the Puget's Sound Coy. Could not find Mr. C. who was tracing out his claim in the woods. Accompanied Mr. Ross home to Tlilthlow. Tuesday 6th. Showery. Partial Sunshine. Assisted Mr. Ross during the forenoon at Tlithlow to put the Rams to the Ewes but on learning that the General Patterson was in the roadstead and unloading her cargo, I hastened in to the Fort. Cowie making a gutter to carry off the water from the roof of the Store. In the evening Captain Mosher made his appearance and staid for the night. Wednesday 7th. Fine. Mg. showery, a smart breeze in the forenoon that drove the Genl. Patterson from her anchorage. Nearly all her cargo landed and in the store this evening. Commenced moving the salting tubs &c from old to new Slaughter house. Called at Glasgow's in the morning and warned him off as a trespasser on the lands of the Puget's Sound (page 47] Company in presence of Captain Mosher, Mr. M. T. Simmons, Charles Ross and Adam Beinston. Glasgow in his turn warned us against making any further improvements on what he called his claim. Continued on to the beach from Glasgow's accompanied by Captain Mosher, Simmons and Glasgow through a wide road opened by the Company some years ago, of which I informed Mosher and Simmons. Afterwards went on board the Genl. Patterson and saw Captain Corser.136 Thursday 8th. Rainy. Nearly all the Genl. Patterson's cargo landed. Lapoitrie with his Inds. retd. having in three weeks made the trips with wheat from Cowlitz & Newaukum to Tinalquot. Friday 9th. Showery. Engaged C. Wren for a day and sent him along with Lapoitrie and some Islanders and Indians to make a slight dam a little above the entrance of the Sequallitch creek. Cowie continuing at flooring of slaughterhouse. Captain Corser spending the evg. at the Fort. Saturday 10th. Mg. foggy. Fine. Mr. Ross drove in a lot of working oxen. Some Indians thrashing Oats. Others at flooring of slaughterhouse. Sunday 11th. Showery. Monday 12th. Fine. Lapoitrie assisting the ordinary ox drivers in taming the oxen brought in on Saturday. Cowie finishing floor of slaughterhouse.

188 Identity not ascertained.

136 Identity not ascertained.

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