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Union because by it the waters of the large lake would one day be united with those of Puget Sound. One year before (March 2, 1853.) Congress had established and named Washington Territory. The suggested name for the lake was approved at the picnic but the pioneers published no map. Preston's Map of Oregon and Washington West of the Cascade Mountains, dated 1856, shows “Dwamish Lake.” The same name appears on the Map by the Surveyor General of Washington Territory, dated 1857. (United States Public Documents, Serial No. 877.) in 1858, George Davidson, of the United States Coast Survey, in his Directory for the Pacific Coast of the United States, mentions Lake Washington. (United States Public Documents, Serial No. 1005, page 446.) After that the name soon found its way on all maps and charts. Another Duwamish Indian name, “It-how-chug," said to "large lake," was published in 1895. (J. A. Costello, The Siwash.)

LAKE WASHINGTON CANAL, connecting the waters of Lakes Washington and Union with Puget Sound and making a fresh water harbor for Seattle. It was suggested by the pioneers as early as 1854. In 1860, Harvey Pike began to dig it with pick and shovel. The next year, the Lake Washington Canal Company was incorporated and about fifteen years later a small canal was completed so that logs could be floated from one lake to the other. After years of agitation, surveys and legislation, the Federal Government undertook the work. Its completion was celebrated on July 4, 1917.

LAKE WHATcom, near the City of Bellingham, Whatcom County. The first settlement on Bellingham Bay began in 1852 and the name of Whatcom for the creek and the lake it drained developed at once . The railroad surveys of 1853 show Lake Whatcom. (Pacific Railroad Reports, Volume XI., Part II., Chart No. 3.) James Tilton's Map of a Part of Washington Territory, dated September 1, 1859, shows it as Whatcom Lake. (United States Public Documents, Serial No. 1026.)

LALU Islets, a name used by the Wilkes Expedition, 1841, to designate several small islands in the Columbia River, opposite Sandy Island near Kalama. They are not shown on recent charts.

LAMOINE, a townsite and former postoffice about six miles northwest of Withrow, Douglas County. It was originally called “Arupp.” When a postoffice was being secured, a permanent name was under discussion in a small store. A man named Bragg reached to the shelf and took down a can of sardines labelled “Lamoine," asking: "What is the matter with that as a name for the town?" The suggestion was approved. In 1909 or 1910, on the completion

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of the Great Northern branch line across the Douglas County plateau, Lamoine was missed by about six miles and Withrow supplanted it. The old postoffice was discontinued. There remain two or three residences, a schoolhouse and a large public hall belonging to the Farmer's Educational and Cooperative Union. Aside from these Lamoine is a memory. (W. H. Murray, publisher of the Withrow Banner, in Names MSS., Letter 104.)

LAMONA, a town in the southern part of Lincoln County, named for J. H. Lamona, the first merchant there, in the winter of 18921893. (Postmaster, in Names MSS., Letter 250,)

LAMONT, a town in the northwestern part of Whitman County, named for Daniel Lamont, Vice President of the Northern Pacific Railway Company. (L. C. Gilman, in Names MSS., Letter 590.)

LA MONTE, see Almota.
LAMPOILE RIVER, see Sanpoil River.

LANGE, a postoffice near Spirit Lake, north of Mount St. Helens, Skamania County. The name was changed from “Spirit Lake" on October 27, 1910. It is an honor for R. C. Lange who was appointed postmaster there on October 28, 1908. (Postmaster, in Names MSS., Letter 561.)

LANGLEY, a town on the southeastern shore of Whidbey Island, Island County. Jacob Anthes, after nine years of logging and other enterprises in the vicinity platted a townsite in 1890 and organized a company which acquired title to the surrounding acreage. It was named in honor of Judge J.W. Langley, of Seattle, one of the members of the company. (The Islander, in Names MSS., Letter 344.)

LANGLEY Point, at the entrance of a bay bearing name on the southwestern shore of Fidalgo Island, Skagit County. The Wilkes Expedition, 1841, charted it “Point Sares,” an honor for Henry Sares, captain of the Top, during the cruise. The present name is probably for a pioneer settler on the bay.

Lantz, a postoffice in the eastern part of Adams County. John (). Robinson was commissioned postmaster on May 28, 1904. The office, kept in his house, he had named for his son, Lantz Robinson. When the Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railroad was built a siding was given the same name of Lantz. (Postmaster, in Names MSS., Letter 16.)

LA Pusu, a town at the mouth of the Quillayute River, in the southwestern part of Clallam County. It is a Chinook Jargon word meaning "mouth," and originated in the French la boos. (Rev. Myron Eells, in American Anthropologist, January, 1892.)


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LATAH, a town in the southeastern corner of Spokane and a creek flowing northwesterly to the Spokane River near the City of Spokane. The railroad surveyors called it "Camas Prairie Creek” in 1853. (Pacific Railroad Reports, Volume XI., Part II., Chart No. 3; Volume XII., Book I., map.) In 1858, Colonel George Wright, while punishing the Indians for their defeat of Colonel Steptoe, killed about 800 Indian horses and hanged a number of Indians. The creek flowing near received the name of "Hangman Creek." Colonel Wright dated his dispatches "Camp on the Nedwhauld River.” Others of his party wrote it “Neduald,” “Nedwhuald” and some wrote it “Lahtoo." Father Eels said one Indian name was "sin-too-too-ooley” or “place where little fish are caught.” Objecting to the gruesome word “Hangman,” the legislature changed it to Latah, “a clumsy corruption of the more euphonious Indian word 'Lahtoo.' (N. W. Durham, Spokane and the Inland Empire, page 254.) Major R. H. Wimpy settled near the present town of Latah in the early seventies and the postoffice was named "Alpha" in 1875 but soon afterwards it was changed to Latah. Other early settlers were Benjamin F. Coplen and Lewis Coplen. The town was platted in 1886. (History of Spokane County, page 277.)

LA TETE, an eminence said to be 2798 feet high between Fort Nisqually and the Cascade Range received that name from Lieutenant Robert E. Johnson of the Wilkes Expedition, 1841. (Narrative, Volume IV., page 422.) Theodore Winthrop applied the same name in thao vicinity but probably not to the same peak. (J. H. Williams' edition of The Canoe and the Saddle, page 9y, jote.) Recent charts do not identify the peak.

LATONA, a former village on the north shore of Lake Union now included within the city limits of Seattle. The name for the place is said to be "Squaltz-quilth" in the Duwamish language. (J. A. Costello, The Siwash. )

LAURIER, a town on the Columbia River, in the northeastern corner of Ferry County near the Canadian boundary.

It was named by the Great Northern Railroad Company in 1902 for Sir Wilfred Laurier, Premier of Canada. (C. H. Didwell, in Names MSS., Letter 203.)

(To be continued)

(Continued from Vol. X., Page 230.)

[September, 1849.]

Wednesday 19th. light rain greater part of the day. In the afternoon, J. McLeod, Montgomery, Peter Wilson, Edward Shearer & Mathew Nelson came in from their Stations to have an understanding about getting (page 38), higher wages & Bills for their Balance up to last June, and if they failed to get them they would leave the service at once. Dr. Tolmie explained to them that he had just received orders from Mr. Douglas to raise the two first mentioned wages to £15 more and the three later to £20, and also a promise that should the Company be bought out, before expiration of their Contracts, that they would not be required to go anywhere else, but be paid off in full here, and the same if they had to make out times; but as to giving Due Bills he did [not] feel justified in doing so, in case they designed to leave at all risks, whereby the Company would sustain loss & Damage, and if they did leave, they would forfeit all their wages according to their agreements. They rejected all three offers, and gave notice that they would all leave if the following conditions were not complied with, to get their due Bills as requested, when that got, to make new agreements, their wages to be 100 Dollars a month & to be paid monthly. Dr. Tolmie gave them to understand that he had given them the best offers he had in his power, and he had no authority to give more; and also dictated to them of their dishonorable like conduct, in leaving their posts, before the end of their contract, when they were so much required, and the probability of their losing all their wages in case they left; The party left with notice that they should all come in next Saty. to give u ptheir charges. (page 39.] Thursday 20th. Fine clear weather. Cowie & his party setting up new slaughter house, the balance thrashing out oats in Barn. Montgomery & others brought in a lot of working oxen. Dr. Tolmie & Mr. Todd visited Steilacoom. Friday 21st. Agreeable weather. Neopalu & Lahannui with two lots of oxen hauling filling wood for Cowie. The others as before. Saturday 22nd. Fine. About noon Capt Livingston accompanied by Mr. Moatt arrived. 107 Capt. L's vessel, Barque Collooney Brought about sunset, she is come for the purpose of getting the lumber contracted for between Mr. Simmons and the Company. Mr. Moatt's time is out and is going to try his fortune in California. Sunday 23rd. Sunshine. No news. Monday 24th. Sugar discharged from the "Collooney" this morning, and thereafter Capt. Livingston set sail for Newmarket having Mr. Ross as passenger and pilot. About noon the Cadboro arrived with a small supply of goods. Tuesday 24th. Fine. Cadboro discharged her cargo. Cowie & Kalama at slaughterhouse. Wednesday 26th. Fine. Captain Saingster reported this morning that three of his crew had deserted during the night. W. F. Tolmie rode to Newmarket to see how the loading of the Collooney (page 40] proceeds. Thursday 27th. Fine. Report says that the landsmen deserters having been joined, last night, by the three runaways from the Cadboro, started for Cowlitz this morning. W. F. Tolmie returned from Newmarket in the evy of all goes on smoothly with the "Collooney” and Mr. Ross may be expected home tomorrow. Simmons has sold out to Crosby & Gray of Oregon City. Friday 28th. Fine.

Fine. Charles Ross, who has been employed since Monday, sent to Steilacoom today with some Shingles and wine for the Officers. Commenced burning swamp land. Saturday 29th. Fine. Work as before. Fort swept out. Sunday 30th. Agreeable weather. Judge Bryan108 and a large party arrived, for the trial of the Snowqualmie prisoners.

October 1849 Monday 1st. Weather still continues fine. Dr. Tolmie & myself109 both absent at the trial as witnesses. The furs were treated. Mr. Todd with two Kanakas looking out for a site for a sawmill down the Sequallitch stream & made some commencement for a claim to

One. 110

107 Captain Lewis Livingston, bark Collooney. The other gentleman is Captain W. A. Mouat, of the brig Sacramento, and apparently an agent for the firm of Allan & Mackinlay, although still in the service of the Hudson's Bay Company. His picture appears in Lewis & Dryden, and his name is frequently encountered in the account book of the Puget's Sound Agricultural Compay.

108 The men are Judge William P. Bryant, District Attorney A. P. Skinner, and David Stone, attorney for the defense.

109 Mr. Walter Ross, clerk.

110 The treaty of June 15, 1816, guaranteed to the Puget's Sound and Hudson's Bay companies their possessory rights, but left the question of land rather indefinite. The of ficials, accordingly took such precautionary measures as is here recorded. Despite efforts claim jumping took on a serious aspect in the early fifties, Steilacoon, Cowlitz farm and other choice localities being taken by the settlers with the conivance of federal and local officials. For a full account see British and American Joint Commission for the final rettlement of the claims of the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sound Agricultural companies, Papers (Washington, D. C. and Montreal), 14 volumes.

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