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The

Contributing editors CLARENCE B. BAGLEY, Seattle W. D. LYMAN, Walla Walla T. C. ELLIOTT, Walla Walla

H. B. McELROY, Olympia FRANK A. GOLDER, Pullman

EDWARD MCMAHON, Seattle WILLIAM S. Lewis, Spokane

O. B. SPERLIN, Tacoma
F. W. Howay, New Westminster, B. C.

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CHARLES W. SMITH..

......... The Bagley Collection of Pacific Northwest History

83 HERBERT H. GOWEN. The Centenary of Kamehameha the Great. 88 HORACE J. TAYLOR. Pacific Whales at Play..

93 H. W. FAIRWEATHER. The Northern Pacific Railroad and Some of Its History

95 HAZARD STEVENS.

Comment on Mr. Fairweather's Article.... 99 WILLIAM S. LEWIS.

Railroad Career of Mr. Fairweather. EDMOND S. MEANY.

.Origin of Washington Geographic Names . 102 DOCUMENTS-Washington's First Constitution, 1878, edited by John T. Condon..

110 Spanish Friars in the Oregon Country, 1810-1811.

142 BOOK REVIEWS

153 NEWS DEPARTMENT

158

.....100

THE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY
STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY

UNIVERSITY STATION
SEATTLE, WASHINGTON

Entered as second-class matter, November 15, 1906, at the Postoffice at

Seattle, Washington, under the Act of Congress of July 16, 1894

The Washington University

State Historical Society

Officers and Board of Trustees
CLARENCE B. BAGLEY, President
JUDGE JOHN P. HOYT, Vice-President
JUDGE ROGER S. GREENE, Treasurer

JUDGE THOMAS BURKE

SAMUEL HILL

PROFESSOR EDMOND S. MEANY, Secretary

Seattle Department of Printing, University of Washington

The
Washington Historical Quarterly

THE BAGLEY COLLECTION OF PACIFIC NORTHWEST

HISTORY

The University of Washington has purchased the Clarence B. Bagley collection of newspapers, books and other materials relating to the history of the Pacific Northwest. Local workers are already familiar with this collection as Mr. Bagley has made it available to all serious students. Now that the material has become the property of the State University, a new interest attaches to it, and it is fitting that some account should be given of this remarkable collection and of the man whose far sightedness, zeal and perseverance has made it what it is.

Clarence B. Bagley was born in Illinois in 1843, a year made memorable by the first large immigration to Oregon. In 1852, his parents moved to Salem, Oregon, where he attended school in the Willamette Institute until 1860 when the family came to Seattle. In 1866, Mr. Bagley moved to Olympia. Two years later he entered the printing office of Randall H. Hewitt where he learned the printer's trade, being employed on the Territorial Republican and the Echo. In 1869, he worked on the staff of the Commercial Age. In 1872, be became business manager and city editor of the Puget Sound Courier. In the following year he purchased this paper and the printing office connected with it.

In the Fall of 1873, he was appointed Territorial Printer. Mr. Bagley printed the laws and journals for six legislative sessions ending with 1883. During this time he continued to edit and publish the Courier. It was within this period also that he laid the foundation of his newspaper collection. He returned to Seattle in 1885 and was connected with the Post-Intelligencer and the Seattle Daily Press from 1886 to 1888. From 1894 to 1900, he was Deputy Comptroller and since 1900 has been Secretary of the Board of Public Works of Seattle, which position he now fills.

The growth of the Bagley collection began with the saving of copies of Seattle's first newspaper, The Gazette,' which began publication in 1863. Of this newspaper and its successors until it became the Post-Intelligencer, no other complete set is today known to be in existence. On Mr. Bagley's going to Olympia in 1866, Mr. Elwood Evans sought his aid toward completing a file of the Gazette. To Mr. Evans more than anyone else, Mr. Bagley attributes his early zeal in the collecting of newspapers and other publications of historical value. He later acquired the entire Evans collection of newspapers. The State of Washington cannot overlook its indebtedness to its first historian, Elwood Evans. He came to Olympia in 1851, when that small settlement was still a part of Lewis County, Oregon. In 1852, he joined with other people north of the Columbia River in urging the creation of a new territory to the north of the Columbia to embrace all of the territory within the present states of Washington and Idaho and that part of Montana west of the Rocky Mountains. It was in connection with this campaign that the first newspaper north of the Columbia was started, in Olympia in 1852, and it was called The Columbian. This newspaper forms the starting point of the Evans collection embracing the important papers of Western Washington up to 1875 when Mr. Bagley acquired them. With rare historic insight, Mr. Bagley has persevered in saving and preserving newspaper files from that time until now. His collection contains an almost continuous newspaper record of the history of the Territory and State of Washington,

iThis paper was printed on the old Ramage printing press now preserved as a relic in the University of Washington Museum. For account of the Seattle Gazette and this historic press, see Bagley, C. B., Pioneer papers of Puget Sound. Quarterly of the Oregon Historioal Society 4:365-83, December, 1903.

Prior to 1900, newspapers, laws and journals, manuscripts and certain of the more important pamphlets of historical nature made up the extent of the collection. At about this date, Mr. Bagley began an earnest attempt to secure books relating to the Oregon country. He acknowledges the stimulus in this direction of the shipments of books obtained from England by Professor Meany for Seattle auction. He obtained many valuable items at about this time from Mr. Clarence L. Andrews, who devoted his attention thence forward exclusively to the history of Alaska.

About 1905, a large addition was made by the purchase of the collections of William I. Marshall of Chicago. Mr. Marshall will be remembered as the man who spent over twenty-five years in a campaign of education on the Whitman question. His material includes a large number of letters from and about the pioneer missionaries, also much Oregon material transcribed from out-of-the-way sources. It includes much material that has not appeared in his “Acquisition of Oregon" or other publications. Mr. Bagley was fortunate in secur

See excellent account of the life and public service of Elwood Evans by James Wickersham in Washington Historian 1:32-63, January, 1900.

ing many items by exchanges with Mr. George H. Himes of the Oregon Historical Society, Mr. Scholefield of the British Columbia Legislative Library, and Mr. Thomas W. Prosch of Seattle. On the death of the latter in 1915, Mr. Bagley purchased some extremely important material not already in the collection.

That so large a collection should have been amassed and safely preserved by one individual for so long a term of years is a circumstance worthy of more than passing comment. It should be noted also that the collection has not been without its share of danger. The Olympia fire of 1882 burned away the attic in which many of the most valuable papers were stored. By rare good fortune they were moved to safety in time to prevent injury. Again in the great Seattle fire of 1889, the newspaper office in which the collection was stored was completely destroyed. During the progress of the fire, Mr. Bagley without assistance carried the material to Ballast Island, near the present site of the Columbia and Puget Sound Railway Depot. Here he deposited it in the sand and covered it with old tin cans, broken pieces of sewer tile and such other noncombustible debris as effectually saved it from the intense heat. The narrowness of the escape is shown by the fact that the bridge had in the meantime burned down and Mr. Bagley was obliged to return by boat to another part of the city. What eventually proved to be quite as serious a hazard to certain of the newspapers was the loaning of files of The Columbian, The Pioneer and Democrat, The Standard, The Courier, and The Puget Sound Herald to Mr. H. H. Bancroft in 1882 for use in the preparation of his volume on the History of Washington, Idaho and Montana. It took fifteen years and the services of a lawyer to effect their return in the year 1897.

Two features distinguish the Bagley Library from other private collections of Northwest History, namely, the wealth of newspaper files and the large number of manuscripts. The following are among the newspapers represented with complete or practically complete sets: Oregon American and Evangelical Unionist, 1848; The Columbian and its successor the Pioneer and Democrat, 1852-61; Overland Press and Tribune (Olympia), 1861-68; Puget Sound Herald (Steilacoom), 1858-68;Olympia Transcript, 1867-1881; Sedttle Gazette and its lineal successors to the Post-Intelligencer, 1863-75; and the Walla Walla Statesman, 1862-69. A comparison of the Bagley newspapers with Hitchcock's Newspaper Survey shows that the collection covers

*Hitchcock, Jeanette H. A survey of newspapers in Washington libraries. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of bachelor of library economy. University of Washington, 1918.

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