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of him. The Colonel must have been drawn from the life. He is the most natural and best sustained character in the book. Lel is the author's favorite, on whom he has bestowed the most pains and affection, but we prefer Agnes, "Sister Agnes,” who, in defiance of the author, we maintain, is a character of a far higher order than Lel, and equally as lovely. But we have space for no further details. The story is Catholic in its tone, its morals, and in its tendency, but is not a “Catholic novel.” It has no theological controversy with heretics, does not attempt to teach theology, but aims to guard youth against immorality, and to incite both old and young, without set exhortations, to the practice of their religious duties. It is a good specimen of the class of works we have repeatedly called for, and we have presented it as a birthday present to our only daughter. We trust it is but the harbinger of a series of popular works needed at the present time, and especially in this country, to counteract the evil influences on our youth of the profane literature of the day. It is not the best thing the author will do, but it is a noble beginning, and is the best popular Catholic story that has as yet been written and published in this country. As such we cordially commend it to the public, Protestant even, as well as Catholic. The author's descriptive powers are very superior, and his style is admirable, but we must caution against a too free indulgence of the former, and we notice in the latter some few verbal inaccuracies. We should know that the author was educated south of Mason and Dixon's line by his frequent use of would for should. I would, or we would, expresses a wish or desire, and should is the preterite of shall, as simply an auxiliary, as well as of shall in the sense of the German sollen.
10.—Mohammed, the Arabian Prophet. A Tragedy, in Five Acts.
By GEORGE H. Miles. Boston : Phillips, Sampson, & Co. 1850. 12mo.
MR. Edwin FORREST offered a prize of one thousand dollars for the best original tragedy in five acts. About one hundred competitors sent in their manuscripts, and the volume before us is the one to which the prize was awarded. Mr. Forrest regarded it as decidedly the best that was offered, although he does not seem to have regarded it as so well fitted to be acted as to be read, — probably because the character of Mahomet is not at all adapted to his peculiar style of acting. We have read the poem, and have no hesita. tion in pronouncing it the best poem of the kind ever writte and published in this country. It is happily conceived and felicitously executed throughout. It is a work of rare beauty, and of great power, of deep feeling, and of deep truth. The view it takes of the character of the Arabian prophet is philosophical and just, and the reader will get from this poem a far truer and more complete conception of his real character than from all the lives of him hitherto published in our language. We cordially commend the work to all the lovers of good poetry, and are not a little gratified that so excellent a poem should be written by an esteemed contributor to our own journal.
11. — The Life and Religion of Mohammed, as contained in the
Sheeâh Traditions of the Hyêr-UL-KULOoB. From the Persian. By Rev. JAMES L. MERRICK. Boston : Phillips, Sampson, & Co. 1850. 8vo. pp. 483.
Mr. Merrick is or was an American Protestant missionary in Persia, and has given us a work on the life and religion of Mahomet,
Mohammed, as he writes, - from the Persian, which will, no doubt, be read with interest by many. It can hardly be called a translation, or faithful reproduction of the Persian work, which serves as its basis. Mr. Merrick tells us that he has taken some liberties with his author, omitting, condensing, paraphrasing according to his own judgment, and considering that judgment is the judg. ment of a Protestant missionary, it can command no great respect. Nevertheless, the work possesses great interest, and as embodying some portion of the traditions of the sect of Ali, the Mahometan Protestants, it is an important accession to our literature.
12. - The Angel World, and other Poems. By Philip JANES
BAILEY, Author of “ Festus." Boston: Ticknor, Reed, & Fields. 1850. 16mo. pp. 114.
We could n't, or would n't, read Festus, and we have not succeeded in reading this new volume by the same author. One of our friends, who occasionally reads for us the poetical works sent us, tells us that she found it exceedingly hard reading, and that the several poems are far below Festus.
OCTOBER, 18 50.
Art. I.-1. Del Primato Morale e Civile degli Italiani. Per VINCENZO GIOBERTI. 2 Edizione di Losanna. Lo
1846. 3 tomi. 8vo. 2. Introduzione allo Studio della Filosofia. Per Vincenzo
GIBERTI. 2 Edizione riveduta e corretta dall'Autore.
Brusselle. 1844. 4 tomi. 8vo. 3. Del Bello e del Buono. Due Trattati. Per VINCENZO GI
OBERTI. 1 Edizione di Losanna. Losanna. 1846. 8vo.
We have, on several occasions within the last two or three years, introduced the name of Gioberti, sometimes with praise, sometimes with blame, and some attempt to appreciate his influence as an author, or to determine the practical tendency of his writings, can be neither misplaced nor mistimed; for he is, unquestionably, a man of rare genius, of acute and profound thought, a highly polished intellect, and various and extensive erudition. He appears to have mastered the whole circle of the sciences, and to have made himself thoroughly acquainted with the past and the present. He has studied profoundly the spirit of our age, and we have met with no one who better understands its dangerous tendencies. He possesses a genuine philosophical aptitude, and is unrivalled in his exposition and criticism of modern philosophy, especially as represented by the later German, French, and Italian schools ; and as far as concerns the refutation of false systems, and the statement of the first principles and the method of philosophical science, he is eminently successful. The best refutation of sensism, pantheism, radicalism, and socialism, and the clearest and most satisfactory statement and vindication of the several truths opNEW SERIES. - VOL. IV. NO. IV.
posed to them, with which we are acquainted, are to be found in his writings. He never fears to make a bold and manly profession of the Catholic faith, and it is from the point of view of Catholicity, and by the aid of Catholic doctrine, that he refutes the modern errors and heresies he attacks. He seems, also, save in the ascetic region, whenever he has occasion to present Catholic theology, to present it in its highest and most rigidly orthodox forms. According to him, the true human race does not and cannot subsist out of the Catholic or elect society ; and he energetically maintains, that out of the Catholic Church man is in an abnormal condition, and incapable, under any aspect of his nature, of attaining to his normal development. He attacks Gallicanism, and asserts in their plenitude the spiritual and civil prerogatives of the Papacy, which French, German, and English theologians, especially during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, have so generally denied, or but ambiguously admitted. He inaintains that civil society is of sacerdotal origin, derives all power, civil as well as ecclesiastical, from God through the sacerdotal order, and makes the Pope, who embodies in himself the whole priesthood, the representative on earth of the full and universal sovereignty of God.
But we cannot read Gioberti's works without feeling that, along with this, and by ordinary readers not easily separable from it, the author introduces remarks and opinions, and exhibits practical aims and tendencies, which, in our times at least, go far to neutralize his orthodox influence, nay, to throw his influence into the scale of modern liberalism and socialism. We do not judge a book by the personal conduct of the author; but as far as Gioberti's conduct, whether in power or out of power, is known to us, it does not appear to have harmonized with the hightoned Catholic principles he has, at least, the air of prosessing. His present position with regard to the Holy See, unless we are wholly misinformed, is not that of a dutiful and affectionate son, and contrasts unfavorably with that of Rosmini, or even with that of Padre Ventura. Professedly opposed to all violent revolutions, claiming to be a man of great moderation, and occasionally using language which would lead one to suspect him of being a delegate to the Peace Congress, he nevertheless undeniably had a large share in preparing and precipitating the recent shameful Italian revolutions, and plunging his own sovereign, the late Charles Albert, into his disastrous and unprovoked campaigns against Austria. Professing to disdain modern liberals, to hold democratic politicians in contempt, and to address himself only to the wisdom and solid judgment of the enlightened and virtuous few, he aided, indirectly, to say the least, in stirring up that infuriated mob which drove the Jesuits out of Italy, assassinated Count Rossi, exiled the Holy Father from Rome, persecuted the religious, massacred the clergy, and enabled Mazzini and his fellow-miscreants to establish the infamous Roman Republic. Asserting in the most unqualified terms the infallibility of the Holy See in the definition of doctrines and the condemnation of books, he has, we believe, never submitted a single one of his own publications to its judgment, and up to the present time has refused to submit to its condemnation of his Gesuita Moderno. It is true, and we take pleasure in saying so, that, when at the head of the Sardinian government, he refused to acknowledge the infidel and sacrilegious Roman Republic ; but he also refused to cooperate with the Catholic powers of Europe in restoring the Holy Father to his temporal sovereignty, and sanctioned encroachments of the civil on the spiritual power, which but too clearly preluded the sacrilegious Sicardi laws, the imprisonment of the illustrious Fransoni, and the persecution of the clergy in the Subalpine kingdom, which so deeply wound the heart, not only of our Holy Father, but of every sincere Catholic. These things, which we are unable to deny, or satisfactorily to explain away, coupled with the fact that he is usually surrounded, not by men venerable for their doctrine and their piety, but by a knot of young Italian atheists and misbelievers, compel us to pause in our admiration, and ask if there be not, after all, some grave fault in the author as well as in the man.
With our high estimation of his genius, his talent, his clear and profound thought, his erudition, and his polish and eloquence as a writer, as well as of the soundness of his doctrines on many of the most vital points of philosophy and theology, we must naturally be disposed to place the most favorable construction possible on both his speculations and his acts ; but, considering what has undeniably been the practical influence of his views and tendencies, as a political writer and statesman, on the disastrous and shameful revolutionary movements of his countrymen, we cannot but believe that there is something rotten in his writings, and that, with all his high-toned orthodoxy on so many important points, there is yet something in his thought, as well as in his heart, not compatible with Catholic doctrine and Catholic piety, and which we are bound to reprobate.