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SCREW

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SCRIBBLE

the other remains fixed, the former will skin-flint.-3. An unsound or broken-down for various purposes. Screw.pines are re pass through the latter, and will advance horse. (Colloq.)-4. A small parcel of to- markable for the peculiar roots they send every revolution through a space equal to bacco twisted up in a piece of paper, some- out from various parts of the stem. These the distance between two contiguous turns what in the shape of a screw.-5. A steamof the thread. The convex screw is called vessel propelled by means of a screw.-6. A the external or male, and the concave or screw-shell (which see). hollow screw the internal or female screw, His small private box was full of peg;tops or they are frequently termed simply the screws, birds' eggs, &c.

7. Hughes. screw and nut respectively. As the screw 7. The state of being stretched, as by a is a modification of the inclined plane it is screw. "Strained to the last screw he can not difficult to estimate the mechanical ad. bear.' Cowper.-8. Wages or salary. (Slang.) vantage obtained by it. If we suppose the -A screw loose, something defective or power to be applied to the circumference of

wrong with a scheme or individual. the screw, and to act in a direction at right

My uncle was confirmed in his original impression angles to the radius of the cylinder, and that something dark and mysterious was going for. parallel to the base of the inclined plane by ward, or, as he always said himself, that there was a which the screw is supposed to be formed; screw loose somewhere.

Dickens. then the power will be to the resistance as

-To put on the screw, to bring pressure to the distance between two contiguous threads bear (on a person), often for the purpose of to the circumference of the cylinder. But

getting money.-To put under the screw, to as in practice the screw is combined with

influence by strong pressure; to compel; the lever, and the power applied to the ex- to coerce. tremity of the lever, the law becomes : The

Screw (skrö), v. t. 1. To turn, as a screw; to power is to the resistance as the distance

apply a screw to; to move by a screw; to between two contiguous threads to the cir

press, fasten, or make firm by a screw; as, cumference described by the power. Hence to screw a lock on a door; to screw a press. the mechanical effect of the screw is in. 2. To force as hy a screw; to wrench; to creased by lessening the distance between squeeze; to press; to twist.

Screw.pine (Pandanus odoratissimus). the threads, or making them finer, or by

I partly know the instrument lengthening the lever to which the power is That screws ine from my true place in your favour.

roots are called aerial or adventitious, ano applied. The law, however, is greatly modi

Shak. serve to support the plant.

We fail! fied by the friction, which is very great.

Screw-plate (skrö'plāt), n. A thin plate o The uses of the screw are various. It is an

But screw your courage to the sticking-place,
And we'll not fail.

Shak.

steel having a series of holes of varying invaluable mechanism for fine adjustments 3. To raise extortionately; to rack.

sizes with internal screws, used in forming

"The such as are required in good telescopes,

small external screws. microscopes, micrometers, &c. It is used rents of land in Ireland, since they have

Naut. the inne

Screw-post (skrö'post), n. for the application of great pressure, as in been so enormously raised and screwed up.'

stern-post through which the shaft of the screw-jack and screw-press; as a borer, Swift.-4. To oppress by exactions; to use

screw propeller passes. in the gimlet; and in the ordinary screw violent means towards. Screwing and rack

Screw-press (skrö'pres), n. A machine for nail we have it employed for fastening sepaing their tenants.' Swift.

communicating pressure by means of rate pieces of material together. - Archime- In the presence of that board he was provoked to

screw or screws. dean screw. See ARCHIMEDEAN. – Endless

exclaim that in no part of the world, not even in Tur

key, were the merchants so screwed and wrung as in Screw-propeller (skrö'pro-pel-ér), n. Sec screw or perpetual screw. See under ENDLESS.

England.

Hallam. SCREW. - Right and left screw, a screw of which the 5. To deform by contortions; to distort.

Screw-rudder (skrö-rud'ér), n.

An appli threads upon the opposite ends run in dif.

Grotesque habits of swinging his limbs and

cation of the screw to purposes of steering ferent directions.-Hunter's screw consists of a combination of two screws of unequal screwing his visage.' Sir W. Scott.

instead of a rudder. The direction of it

axis is changed, to give the required direc fineness, one of which works within the He screwd his face into a harden'd smile. Dryden,

tion to the ship, and its efficiency does no other, the external one being also made to Screw (skrö), v.i. 1. To be oppressive or depend upon the motion of the ship, as wit play in a nut. In this case the power does exacting; to use violent means in making a rudder. E. H. Knight. not depend upon the interval between the

exactions. Whose screwing iron-handed Screw-shell (skrö' shel), 1.. The Englis threads of either screw, but on the differ- administration of relief is the boast of the name for shells of the genus Turbo; wreath ence between the intervals in the two

parish.' Howitt. -2. To be propelled by shell. screws. See HUNTER'S SCREW, and Differ- means of a screw. Screwing up against Screw-steamer (skrö'stēm-ér), n. A steam ential screw under DIFFERENTIAL.-Screw the very muddy boiling current. W. H. ship driven by a screw-propeller. Se propeller, an apparatus which, being fitted Russell.

Screw propeller under SCREW. to ships and driven by steam, propels them Screw-bolt (skrö'bõlt), n. A square or Screw-stone (skro'ston), n. A familia through the water, and which, in all its vari

cylindrical piece of iron, with a knob or name for the casts of encrinites from the ous forms, is a modification of the common flat head at the one end and a screw at the screw-like shape. screw. Originally the thread had the form of other. It is adapted to pass through holes Screw-tap (skrö'tap), n. The cutter b a broad spiral plate, making one convolution made for its reception in two or more pieces which an internal screw is produced.

of timber, &c., to fasten them together, by Screw-tree (skrö'trē), n. Helicteres, a genu means of a nut screwed on the end that is of plants, of several species, natives of warı opposite to the knob.

climates. They are shrubby plants, wit Screw-box (skrö'boks), n. A device for cut- clustered flowers, which are succeeded b ting the threads on wooden screws, similar five carpels, which are usually twisted to in construction and operation to the screw- gether in a screw-like manner. See HELI plate.

TERES. Screw-cap (skrö'kap), n. A cover to protect Screw-valve (skrö'valv), n. A stop-coc or conceal the head of a screw, or a cap or furnished with a puppet-valve opened an cover fitted with a screw.

shut by a screw instead of by a spigot. Screw-clamp (skrö'klamp), 10. A clamp Screw-well (skrö'wel), n. A hollow in the which acts by means of a screw.

stern of a ship into which a propeller is lifte
Screw-coupling (skrö-ku'pl-ing), n. A after being detached from the shaft, whe
device for joining the ends of two vertical the ship is to go under canvas alone.
rods or chains and giving them any desired Screw-wheel (skrö'whēl), n. A wheel whic

degree of tension; a screw socket for uniting gears with an endless screw.
De Bay Screw Propeller.
pipes or rods.

Screw-wrench (skrö'rensh), n. See und
Screw-dock (skrö'dok), n.

A kind of grav

SCREW. round the spindle or shaft, but now it con- ing-dock furnished with large screws to Scribablet (skrib'a-bl), a. Capable of bein sists of several distinct blades. The usual po- assist in raising and lowering vessels. written, or of being written upon. sition for the screw propeller is immediately Screw-driver (skrö'driv-ér), n. An instru- Scribatious (skri-bā'shus), a. Skilful before the stern - post, the shaft passing ment resembling a blunt chisel for driving or fond of writing. Barrow. parallel to the keel, into the engine-room, in or drawing out screw-nails.

Scribbett (skrib'et), n. A painter's penci where it is set in rapid motion by the steam- Screwed (skröd), a. Drunk. For she was Scribble (skrib'l), v.t. pret. & pp. scribble engines. This rotatory motion in the sur- only a little screwed.' Dickens. (Slang. ) ppr. scribbling. (A word that appears to l rounding fluid, which may be considered to Screwer (skro'er), n. One who or that which based partly on scrabble, partly on L. scrib be in a partially inert condition, produces, screws.

to write; comp. O.H.G. skribeln, to scribble according to the well-known principle of Screw-jack (skrö'jak), n. A portable ma- 1. To write with haste, or without care the screw, an onward motion of the vessel chine for raising great weights, as heavy regard to correctness or elegance; as, more or less rapid, according to the velocity carriages, &c., by the agency of a screw. scribble a letter or pamphlet. -2. To fill wit of the shaft, the obliquity of the arms, and See JACK

careless or worthless writing. “Every ma the weight of the vessel. The annexed figure Screw-key (skrökē), n. See under SCREW. gin scribbled, crost, and cramm'd.' Tenn shows one of the recent forms of the screw Screw-nail (skrö'nál), n. See under SCREW. propeller. -Screw nails and wood screws, Screw-pile (skro'pil), n. See under PILE. Scribble (skrib'l), v.i. To scrawl; to wri a kind of screws very much used by car- Screw-pine (skró'pin), n. The common without care or beauty. 'If Mævius scribb penters and other mechanics for fasten- name for trees of the genus Pandanus, which in Apollo's spite.' Pope. ing two or more pieces of any material to- forms the type of the nat.order Pandanaceæ. Scribble (skrib'l), n. Hasty or careless wri gether. When they are small they are (See PANDANUS.) The screw-pines are trees ing; a scrawl; as, a hasty scribble. "Curre turned by means of an instrument called a which grow in the East Indies, the Isle of scribbles of the week.' Swift. screw-driver. - Screw wrench or key, a me- Bourbon, Mauritius, New South Wales, and Scribble (skrib'l), v.t. (Sw. skrubbla, chanical instrument employed to turn large New Guinea. They have great beauty, and schrabbeln, to card, to scribble.] To ca screws or their nuts.-2. One who makes a some of them an exquisite odour; and their or tease coarsely; to pass, as cotton or woc sharp bargain; an extortioner; a miser; a roots, leaves, and fruit are all found useful through a scribbler.

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8012.

SCRIBBLEMENT

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SCROGGY

cer.

Scribblement (skrib'l-ment), n. A worth. Scrimp (skrimp), a. Scanty; narrow; def. Scripture (skrip'tûr), a. Relating to the less or careless writing; scribble (Rare.) cient; contracted.

Bible or the Scriptures; scriptural; as, Scrip. Scribbler (skrib'ler), n. 1. One who scribbles Scrimp (skrimp), n. A niggard; a pinching ture history. 'Locke. or writes carelessly, loosely, or badly; hence, miser (United States. ]

Why are Scripture maxims put upon ts, without a petty author; a writer of no reputation. Scrimply (skrimp'li), ado. In a scrimp man. taking notice of Scripture examples. Bp. Atterbury Venal and licentious scribblers, with just sufficient per; barely; hardly; scarcely. Burns.

Scripture-reader (skrip'tür-red-er), n. One taleat to clothe the thoughts of a pandar in the style Scrimpness (skrimpines), . Scantiness;

employed to read the Bible in private of a bellman, were now the favourite writers of the

small allowance. sovereign and of the public. Macaulay. Scrimption (skrim'shon), n. A small por. Scripture-wort (skrip'tür-wert), n. A name

houses among the poor and ignorant. 2. In a cotton or woollen manufactory, the tion; a pittance. Halliwell. (Local.].

applied to the species of Opegrapha or letter person who directs or has charge of the Scrinet (skrin), n. (0.Fr. escrin, Mod. Fr.

lichen. operation of scribbling, or the machine écrin, It. scrigno, from L scriniuın, a box Scripturlan (skrip-türi-an), n. Same as which performs the operation.

or case for papers, from scribo, to write.) A Scribbling (skribling), a, Fitted or adapted chest, bookcase, or other place where writ- Scripturient (skrip-tü'ri-ent). a. (L.L

Scripturist. [Rare. ) for being scribbled on; as, scribbling paper; ings or curiosities are deposited; a shrine.

scripturio, from scribo, to write.) Having scribbling diary.

Lay forth out of thine everlasting scrine Scribbling (skrib'ling), n. 1. The act of The antique rolles which there lie hidden still.

a desire or passion for writing, having a Spenser.

liking or itch for authorship. This grand manuthe first coarse teasing or carding Scringe (skrinj), v.1(A rare formateringer scripturist (skrip'tür-ist), - 12." Ono well of wool, preliminary to the final carding. Scribblingly (skrib'ling-li), adv. In a scrib.

versed in the Scriptures. cringe. [Provincial English and United

States.) bling way,

Scritch (skrich), n. A shrill cry; a screech. Scribbling-machine (skrib'ling-ma-shēn). Scrip (skrip), n. [Icel. skreppa, Dan, skreppe, Perhaps it is the owlet's scrick. Coleridge. n. A machine employed for the first coarse

a bag, a wallet; L.G. schrap, Fris. skrap.] Scrivello (skri-vel'lo), n. An elephant's tusk carding of wool. Called also Scribbler.

A small bag; a wallet; a satchel "And in

under 20 lbs. weight. Scribe (skrib), n. [Fr. scribe, from L. scriba, requital ope his leathern scrip.' Milton.

Scrivener (skriv'nėr), n. (0.Fr. escrivain, a clerk, a secretary, from scribo, to write. Scrip (skrip), n. (For script, L. scriptum,

It. scrivano, from a L.L. scribanus, from L 1. One who writes; a writer; a penman; something written, from scribo, to write. )

scribo, to write.) 1. Formerly, a writer; one especially, one skilled in penmanship.

1. A small writing; a certificate or schedule;
a piece of paper containing a writing.

whose occupation was to draw contracts or He is no great scribe. Rather handling the pen

other writings. like the pocket staff he carries about with him.

Bills of exchange cannot pay our debts abroad till

We'll pass this business privately and well: Dickens. scrips of paper can be made current coin. Locke.

Send for your daughter by your servant here: 2. An official or public writer; a secretary; 2. A slip of writing; a list, as of names; a My boy shall fetch the scrivener presently. Shak an amanuensis; a notary; a copyist. catalogue.

2. One whose business it is to receive money 3. In Jewish and sacred hist. originally a Call them man by man, according to the scrip. kind of military officer whose principal

to place it out at interest, and supply those

Shak. duties seem to have been the recruiting and 3. In com. a certificate of stock subscribed

who want to raise money on security; a organizing of troops, the levying of war- to a bank or other company, or of a sub

money-broker; a financial agent. taxes, and the like. At a later period, a scription to a loan; an interim writing en

How happy in his low degree

Who Icads a quiet country life, writer and a doctor of the law; one skilled titling a party to a share or shares in any

And from the griping scrivener free, Dryden. in the law; one who read and explained the company, or to an allocation of stock in law to the people. Ezra vii.-4. In brick. general, which interim writing, or scrip, is

Scrivener's palsy. See Writer's cramp laying, a spike or large nail ground to a exchanged after registration for a formal Scriven-like, 1 a. Like a scrivener. Chau

under WRITER sharp point, to mark the bricks on the face certificate. and back by the tapering edges of a mould, Lucky rhymes to him were scrip and share. for the purpose of cutting them and re

Scrobiculate, Scrobiculated (skro-bik'ú.

låt, skro-bik'ü-låt-ed), a. (L. scrobiculus, ducing them to the proper taper for gauged Scrip-company (skripskum-pa-ní), n. A arches.

company having shares which pass by de- from scrobs, a furrow.) In bot. furrowed or Scribe (skrīb), v. t. pret. & pp. scribed; ppr. livery, without the formalities of register or

pitted; having small pits or ridges and furtransfer

rows. scribing. 1. To write or mark upon; in

scribe. Spenser.—2. In carp: (a) to mark by Scrip-holder (skrip’höld-ér), n. One who Scrobiculus cordis (skro-bik'ü-lus kordis). a rule or compasses; to mark so as to fit one holds shares in a company or stock, the

n. (L.) In anat. the pit of the stomach. piece to the edge of another or to a sur. title to which is a written certificate or scrip. Scrod, Scrode (skrod, skród), na Same as

Escrod. face. (6) To adjust, as one piece of wood Scrippaget (skrip'aj), n. That which is conto another, so that the fibre of the one shall

tained in a scripThough not with bag and Scrofula (skrofu-la), n. [L. scrofulæ, a be at right angles to that of the other. baggage, yet with scrip and scrippage.' Shak.

swelling of the glands of the neck, scrofula,

from scrofa, a breeding sow, so called beScriber (skrib'er), n. A sharp-pointed tool Script (skript), n. 1.1 A scrip or small writused by joiners for marking lines on wood;

ing. This sonnet, this loving script.' Beau. cause swine were supposed to be subject to a scribing-iron. & Fl.-2. In printing, type resembling or in

a similar complaint.] A disease due to a Scribing (skrib'ing), n. Writing; handwritimitation of handwriting.-3. In law, the

deposit of tubercle in the glandular and ing. original or principal document.

bony tissues, and in reality a form of tuber

culosis or consumption. It generally shows The heading of a cask has been brought aboard, Scriptorium (skrip-toʻri-um), n. (L., from but the scribing upon it is very indistinct. scriptor, a writer, scribo, to write. )' In a

itself by hard indolent tumours of the glands Capt. V Clintock. monastery or abbey, the room set apart for in various parts of the body, but particuScribing-iron (skrīb'ing-i-érn), n. An iron- the writing or copying of manuscripts.

larly

in the neck, behind the ears and under pointed instrument for marking casks or Scriptory (skripto-ri), a. (L. scriptorius,

the chin, which after a time suppurate and timber; a scriber.

from scriptor, a writer, from scribo, to write. degenerate into ulcers, from which, instead Scribism (skrīb'izm), 1). The character, See SCRIBE. ] 1. Expressed in writing ; not of pus, a white curdled matter is discharged. manners, and doctrines of the Jewish scribes, verbal ; written Wills are puncupatory

Scrofula is not contagious, but it is often a especially in the time of our Saviour. F. W. and scriptory.' Swift.-2. Used for writing.

hereditary disease; its first appearance is Robertson. [Rare. ) Reeds, vallatory, sagittary, scriptory, and

most usually between the third and seventh Scrid (skrid), n. (See SCREED.) A fragment; others. Sir T. Browne. (Rare.)

year of the child's age, but it may arise bea shred; a screed. (Rare.)

Scriptural (skrip'tür-al), a. Contained in tween this and the age of puberty; after Scriene, nn. A screen or entrance into a or according to the Scriptures; biblical; as,

which it seldom makes its first attack. It hall. Spenser.

a scriptural phrase; scriptural doctrine. is promoted by everything that debilitates, Scrieve (skrēv), v.i. To move or glide swiftly Scripturalism (skrip'túr-al-izm), n. The but it may remain dormant through life and along; also, to rub or rasp along. Burns. quality of being scriptural; literal adherence not show itself till the next generation. In (Scotch, ) to Scripture.

mild cases the glands, after having suppu. Scriggle (skrig'l), r.i. To writhe; to struggle Scripturalist (skrip'tür-al-ist), n. One who

rated, slowly heal; in others, the eyes and or twist about with more or less force. adheres literally to the Scriptures and makes

eyelids become inflamed, the joints become [Local.) them the foundation of all philosophy.

affected, the disease gradually extending to Scrike, v. i. [See SCREAK.) To shriek. Scripturally (skrip'tūr-al-li), adv.

the ligaments and bones, and producing a Spenser. scriptural manner.

hectic and debilitated state under which Scrimert (skri'mér), n. (Fr. escrimeur, from Scripturalness (skrip'tūr-al-nes), n. Qua

the patient sinks; or it ends in tuberculated escrimer, to fence.) A fencing-master; a lity of being scriptural.

lungs and pulmonary consumption. Called swordsman.

Scripture (skrip'tür), n. (L scriptura, from also Struma and King's-evil.
The sortimers of their nation,
scribo, to write.) 1.1 Anything written; a

Scrofulous (skrofu-lus), a.
He swore, had neither motion, guard, nor eye,

1. Pertaining If you opposed them. writing; an inscription; a document; a

to scrofula or partaking of its nature; as, Shak. manuscript; a book.

scrofulous tumours; a scrofulous habit of Scrimmage, Scrummage(skrim'āj, skrum'.

It is not only remembered in many scriptures, but

body.--2. Diseased or affected with scrofula. aj), n. (Corruption of skirmish.) A skirmish; famous for the death and overthrow of Crassus.

Scrofulous persons can never be duly nourished. a confused row or contest; a tussle; specifi

Sir W. Raleigh.

Arbuthnot. cally, in football, a confused, close struggle 2. The books of the Old and New Testaments; Scrofulously (skrof'ū-lus-li), adv. round the ball. 'Always in the front of the

the Bible: used by way of eminence and scrofulous manner. rush or the thick of the scrimmage.' Law- distinction, and often in the plural preceded Scrofulousness (skrof'ū-lus-nes), 13. State rence.

by the definite article; as, we find it stated of being scrofulous. Ain't there just fine strummages then! in Scripture or in the Scriptures.

Scrog (skrog), n. (Gael. agrogag, someT. Hugkes. There is not any action that a man ought to do or thing shrivelled or stunted; sgrog, to shrivel, Scrimp (skrimp), c.t. (Dan. skrumpe, Sw. forbear, but the Scriptures will give him a clear pre- to compress: comp. scrag.) A stunted bush skrumpria, L.G. Schrumpen, to shrink, to cept or prohibition for it.

or shrub. In the plural it is generally used shrivel; A. Sax. scrimman, to dry, wither, 3. Anything contained in the Scriptures; a to designate thorns, briers, &c., and freshrivel, is an allied form.) To make too passage or quotation from the Scriptures, a quently small branches of trees broken off. small or short; to deal sparingly with in Bible text. Hanging by the twined thread (Provincial English and Scotch.) regard to food, clothes, or money; to limit of one doubtful Scripture.' Milton.

Scroggy, Scroggie (skrog'i), a. (A provinor straiten; to scant or make scanty.

The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose. Skak. cial word. See SCROG.) 1 Stunted; shrivelled.

In a

In a

Sonth.

SCROLL

4

SCRUTINIZER

ance.

2. Abounding with stunted bushes or brush- scrubbing. (Sw. skrubba, Dan. skrubbe, D. We are often over-precise, scrupling to say or d wood.

Fuller schrobben, L.G. schrubben, to rub, to scrub;

those things which lawfully we inay. Scroll (skról), n. (Formerly also scrow. probably allied to scrape, scrabble, or it may

Men scruple at the lawfulness of a set form divine worship.

South 0. Fr. escrol, escrou, Mod. Fr. écrou, a scroll, be from rub, with initial sc, sk, having an a register; L.L. scroa, skrua, a memoir, a intens. force. To rub hard, either with the Scruple (skrö'pl), v. t. To have scruples about schedule; probably from the Teutonic, in hand or with a cloth or an instrument;

to doubt; to hesitate to believe; to question which we find such words as Icel. skrá, a usually, to rub hard with a brush, or with as, to scruple the truth or accuracy of a scroll, Sw.skrå, a short writing, L.G. schraa, something coarse or rough, for the purpose

account or calculation. (Now rare.] by-laws. The form of the English word has of cleaning, scouring, or making bright; as,

The chief officers' behaved with all imaginable per been influenced by roll, and the French forms to scrub a floor; to scrub a deck; to scrub

verseness and insolence' in the council of state, ser:

pling the oath to be true to the cominonwealth agains have been modified in a similar manner.) vessels of brass or other metal.

Charles Stuart or any other person. Hallam. 1. A roll of paper or parchment; or a writ- Now Moll had whiri'd her mop with dext'rous airs, ing formed into a roll; a list or schedule.

One who scruples Prepared to scrub the entry and the stairs. Swij. Scrupler (skro'plėr), n.

a doubter; one who hesitates. *Away wit) The heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll. Scrub (skrub), v.i. To be diligent and penuIs. xxxiv. 14.

those nice scruplers.'. Bp. Hall. Here is the scroll of every man's name. Shak. rious; as, to scrub hard for a living.

One who 2. An ornament of a somewhat spiral form; Scrub (skrub), 12. (From the verb to scrub.] Scrupulist (skrö'pū-list), n.

doubts or scruples; a scrupler. Shaftes 1. A worn-out brush; a stunted broom.an ornament or appendage distantly resem

bury.
bling a partially unrolled
sheet of paper; as,

2. A mean fellow; one that labours hard and
lives meanly.

Scrupulize (skrö'pū- līz), v.t. pret. & pp (a) in arch. a convolved or spiral ornament,

scrupulized; ppr. scrupulizing. To perple

We should go there in as proper a manner as pos. variously introduced; specifically, the vo

with scruples of conscience. Other article sible, not altogether like the scrubs about us. lute of the Ionic and Corinthian capitals.

Goldsmith.

may be so scrupulized.' Montague. (6) The curved head of instruments of the 3. Something small and mean.

Scrupulosity (skrö-pu-los'i-ti), n. (L. scru violin family, in which are inserted the pins Scrub (skrub), a. Mean; niggardly; con- pulositas. See SCRŪPLE.) The quality o for tuning the strings. (c) A kind of volute temptible; scrubby.

state of being scrupulous; hesitation o at a ship's bow. See SCROLL-HEAD. (d) A

doubtfulness respecting some point or pro

How dismal, how solitary, how scrub does this town flourish added to a person's name in signing look!

H. Walpole.

ceeding from the difficulty of determining a paper.-3. In her. the ribbon-like appen- With a dozen large vessels my vault shall be stored,

how to act; caution or tenderness arising dage to a crest or escutcheon on which the No little scrub joint shall come on my board. Swif.

from the fear of doing wrong or offending motto is inscribed. Scrub (skrub), n. (Same word as shrub,

nice regard to exactness and propriety; pre Scrolled (skrõld), a. 1. Inclosed in a scroll A. Sax. scrob, Dan. dial. skrub, a shrub.)

ciseness. or roll; formed into a scroll. -2. Ornamented Close, low, or stunted trees or brushwood;

The first sacrilege is looked upon with some horror

but when they have once made the breach their scra with scrolls or scroll-work. low underwood.

pulosity soon retires.

Dr. H. More. Scroll-head (skről'hed), n. An ornamental He threw himself on the heathery scrub which met So careful, even to scrupulosity, were they to keep

piece of tim-
the shingle.

T. Hughes. their sabbath, that they must not only have a timet ber at the bow Scrubbed (skrub'ed), a. Same as Scrubby.

prepare them for that, but a further time also to pre of a vessel, A little scrubbed boy, no higher than thy.

pare them for their very preparations. South finished off self.' Shak.

Scrupulous (skrö'pū- lus), a. (L. scrupu with carved Scrubber (skrub'er), n. 1. One who or that

losus, Fr. scrupuleux. See SCRUPLE.) 1. Ful work in the

which scrubs; a hard broom or brush.- of scruples; inclined to scruple; hesitating form of a volute or scroll 2. An apparatus for ridding coal-gas from

to determine or to act; cautious in decision turning outward. Called tarry matter and ammonia.

from a fear of offending or doing wrong also Billet-head. Scrubby (skrub'i), a. Small and mean; vile;

Abusing their liberty, to the offence of thei Scroll-saw (skről'sa), n. worthless; insignificant; stunted in growth;

weak brethren which were scrupulous. A thin and narrow bladas, a scrubby cur; a scrubby tree.

Hooker. - 2. Given to making objections ed reciprocating saw Scrubbyish (skrub’i-ish), a. Somewhat captious. Shak.-3. + Nice; doubtful. Scrol-head. which passes through scrubby.

The justice of that cause ought to be evident; not ob a hole in the work-table I happen to be sheriff of the county: and, as all writs

scure, not scrupulous.

Bacon. and saws a kerf in the work, which is moved are returnable to me, a scrubbyish fellow asked ine to 4. Careful; cautious; vigilant; exact in re about in any required direction on the table.

sign one against you. Colman the Younger. garding facts. Scroll-work (skről'werk), n. In arch. orna- Scrub-oak (skrub'ok), n. The popular name I have been the more scrupulousand wary in regar mental work characterized generally by its in the United States for several stunted spe

the inferences from these observations are of import resemblance to a band, arranged in undula- cies of oak, such as Quercus ilicifolia, Q.agri.

Woodward. tions or convolutions. folia, &c.

5. Precise; exact; rigorous; punctilious; as Scroop (skrop), 1. [Imitative.) A harsh Scrub-race (skrub'rās), n. A race between a scrupulous abstinence from labour. tone or cry. Every word, and scroop, and low and contemptible animals got up for Scrupulously (skröʻpū-lus-li), adv.

In: shout.' Dickens. amusement.

scrupulous manner; with a nice regard to Scrophularia (skrof-ū-lā'ri-a), a. (From its Scrubstone (skrub'ston), n. A provincial minute particulars or to exact propriety. supposed virtue in curing scrofula.) A ge- term for a species of calciferous sandstone. The duty consists not scrupulously in minutes an nus of plants, the species of which are Scruft (skruf), n. Scurf.

half hours.

Jer. Taylor known by the common name of fig-wort. Scruff (skruf), n. (For scuff (which see). ] Henry was scrupulously careful not to ascribe the See FIG-WORT. The hinder part of the neck.

success to himself.

Addison. Scrophulariaceae (skrof'ū-la-ri-ā"sē-), n. pl. I shall take you by the scruff of the neck. Marryat. Scrupulousness (skrö'pū-lus-nes), n. Thi [Scrophularia, one of the genera.) A very Scrummage (skrum'āj), n. See SCRIMMAGE.

statē or quality of being scrupulous; as, (a large nat. order of herbaceous or shrubby Scrumptious (skrump'shus), a. 1. Vice;

the state of having scruples; caution in de monopetalous exogens, inhabiting all parts of the world except the coldest, containing particular; fastidious; fine. (United States.)

termining or in acting from a regard to 2. Delightful; first-rate; as, scrumptious

truth, propriety, or expediency. about 160 genera and 1900 species. They weather. (Slang. )

Others by their weakness, and fear, and scrupulous have opposite or alternate entire toothed Scrunch (skrunsh), v.t. To crush, as with

ness, cannot fully satisfy their own thoughts,

Dr. Puller. or cut leaves, and usually four or five lobed irregular flowers with didynamous stamens, the teeth; to crunch; hence, to grind down.

(6) Exactness; preciseness. placed in axillary or terminal racemes; with

I have found out that you must either scrunch them Scrutable (skro'ta-bl), a. [See SCRUTINY.

(servants) or let them scrunch you. Dickens. a two-celled ovary and albuminous seeds.

Capable of being submitted to scrutiny; dis Many of the genera, such as Digitalis, Calceo Scruple (skro'pl), n. [Fr. scrupule, a scruple, coverable by scrutiny, inquiry, or critica laria, Veronica, Pentstemon, &c., are valued

from L. scrupulus, a little stone (dim. of examination. by gardeners for their beautiful flowers.

scrupus, a rough or sharp stone), the twenty- Shall we think God so scrutable or ourselves so pene Scrotal (skro'tal), a.

trating that none of his secrets can escape us? Pertaining to the fourth part of anything, hence, figuratively,

Dr. H. More. scrotum; as, scrotal hernia, which is a proa trifling matter, especially a trifling matter

Scrutation (skrö-ta'shon), n. [L. scruta causing doubt, difficulty, or anxiety; hence trusion of any of the contents of the abdomen into the scrotum. doubt, difficulty, uneasiness.) 1. A weight of Scrutator (skrö-tā'tėr), n. (L., from scrutor

tio.] Search; scrutiny. (Rare.) Scrotiform (skrõ'ti-form), a. [L. scrotum,

20 grains; the third part of a dram, or the and forma, form.] In bot. formed like a twenty-fourth part of an ounce in the old

scrutatus, to explore.] One who scrutiu double bag, as the nectary in plants of the apothecaries' measure. Hence-2 Any small

izes; a close examiner or inquirer; a scru quantity. genus Satyrium.

tineer. Ayliffe; Bailey. Nature never lends

Scrutineer (skro-ti-nēr”), n. One who scru Scrotocele (skrõ'to-sél), n. [Scrotum (which The smallest scruple of her excellence;

tinizes; one who acts as an examiner o see), and Gr. kēlē, a tumour.) A scrotal But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines votes, as at an election, &c., to see if the hernia.

Herself the glory of a creditor. Shak.

are valid. Scrotum (skrõ'tum), n. [L] The bag which 3. In old astron. a digit.-4. Hesitation as to Scrutinize (skrö'tin-īz), v.t. pret. & pp. scru contains the testicles.

action from the difficulty of determining tinized; ppr. scrutinizing. (From scrutiny. Scrouge (skrouj), v.t. [Comp. Dan. skrugge, what is right or expedient; doubt, hesita- To subject to scrutiny; to investigate closely to stoop, and E. shrug.) To crowd; to squeeze. tion, or perplexity arising from motives of to examine or inquire into critically; to re [Provincial.]

conscience; backwardness to decide or act; gard narrowly; as, to scrutinize the mea Scrow (skrou), n. 1.7 A scroll “Scrow, or a kind of repugnance to do a thing, the sures of administration; to scrutinize th schedule of paper.' Huloet. -2. Curriers' cut- conscience not being satisfied as to its right- private conduct or motives of individuals tings or clippings from hides, as the ears and

ness or propriety; nicety; delicacy; doubt. *To scrutinize their religious motives.' War other redundant parts, used for making glue.

burton. Scroylet (skroil), n. [0. Fr. escrouelles; Fr.

He was made miserable by the contest between his taste and his scruples.

Macaulay.

Scrutinize (skrö'tin-iz), v.i. To make scru écrouelles, the king's-evil, from L. L serofello, Scruple (skrö'pl), v.i. pret. & pp. scrupled;

tiny. Thinks it presumption to scrutiniz from L. scrofulo, a swelling of the glands

into its defects.' Goldsmith. of the neck. See SOROFULA] A mean fel

ppr. scrupling. To have scruples; to be relow; a wretch. Probably originally applied luctant as regards action or decision; to

Hatton remained silent and watched him with hesitate about doing a thing; to doubt:

scrutinizing cye.

D'Israeli. to a person afflicted with king's-evil. often followed by an infinitive.

Scrutinizer (skrö'tin-iz-ér), n.
The scroyles of Angiers flout you, kings.

One wh
Shak.
He scrupled not to eat

scrutinizes; one who examines with critica Scrub (skrub), v.t. pret. & pp. scrubbed; ppr. Against his better knowledge. Milton.

[graphic]
[graphic]

care.

SCRUTINOUS

5

SCUPPER

Scrutinous (skro'tin-us), a. Closely inquir- tages in the field, in an orderly way, rather than to Sculpture (skulp'tūr), n. (Fr., from L sculp. ing or examining; captious,

scuffle with an undisciplined rabble

Eikon Basili,

tura, from sculpo, sculptum (also scalpo), to Age is froward, uneasy, scruirons, Scuffle (skuf'), n. [Partly from verb; comp.

grave.] 1. The art of carving, cutting, or Hard to be pleased. Sir . Denkam. also Dan. skuf'e, to hoe.] 1. A struggle in which

hewing wood, stone, or other materials into Scrutinously (skrö'tin-us-li), adv. By using the combatants grapple closely; any con

images of men, beasts, or other things. scrutiny; searchingly. fused quarrel or contest in which the parties

Sculpture also includes the moulding or Scrutiny (skrö'tin-i), n. [L. scrutinium, struggle blindly or without direction; a tu.

modelling of figures in clay, to be cast in Fr. scrutin, from L. scrutor, to search care

bronze or other metal.-2. Carved work; any multuous struggle for victory or superiority; fully, to rummage, from scruta, trash, frip- a fight.

work of sculpture, as a figure cut in stone, pery.] 1. Close investigation or examina

The dog leaps upon the serpent and tears it to

metal, or other solid substance, represent. tion; minute inquiry; critical examination. pieces; but in the scuffle, the cradle happened to ing or describing some real or imaginary

be overturned.

Sir R. L'Estrange. Thenceforth I thought thee worth my nearer view

object. Some sweet sculpture draped from And narrower scrutiny. Milton. 2. A child's pinafore or bib. [Provincial

head to foot.' Tennyson. Somewhat may easily escape, even from a wary English.)-3. A garden hoe. (Provincial There too, in living sculpture, might be seen, pen, which will not bear the test of a severe scrutiny, English.)

The mad affection of the Cretan queen. Dryden. Atterbury,

Scumer (skuffler), n. 2. In the primitive church, an examination

1. One who scuffles. Sculpture (skulp'tur), v. t. pret. & pp. sculp

2. In agri. a kind of horse-hoe. Its use is of catechumens in the last week of Lent,

tured; ppr. sculpturing. To represent in to cut up weeds and to stir the soil. It rewho were to receive baptism on Easter-day.

sculpture; to carve; to form with the chisel sembles the scarifier, but is much lighter, This was performed with prayers, exorcisms,

or other tool on wood, stone, or metal. and many other ceremonies. -3.

In the canon
and is employed to work after it. See SCA

Ivory vases sculptured high.' Pope.
RIFIER.
law, a ticket or little paper billet on which
Scuft (skuft), n. (Also written Scuff: comp.

The rose that lives its little hour a vote is written.-4. An examination by a

Is prized beyond the sculptured flower. Aryant. competent authority of the votes given at

Icel. skoft, Goth. skufts, hair.) Same as
Scruff Mrs. Gaskell.

Sculpturesque (skulp'tur-esk), a. Relatan election for the purpose of rejecting those that are bad, and thus correcting the poll. Scug (skug), v.t. (Dan. skygge, to shade: Sw.

ing to or possessing the character of sculp. Scrutinyt (skrö'tin-i), v.t. pret. & pp. scruskugga, Icel. skuggi, a shadow, a shade. ] To

ture; after the manner of sculpture ; rehide; to shelter. [Scotch.)

sembling sculpture. 'Sculpturesque beauty." tinied; ppr. scrutinying. To scrutinize. Johnson Scug (skug), n. The declivity of a hill; a

Dr. Caird. Scrutoire (skry-twar), n. (See ESCRITOIRE.) Sculduddery (skul-dud'er-i), n. 1. Forniplace of shelter. (Old English and Scotch.] Scum (skum), n. [Sw. and Dan, skum, G.

schaum, D. schuim, O.H.G. scûm, scum; cog. An escritoire. Scruzet (skruz), v.t. [A form of scrouge.) cation; adultery.--2. Grossness; obscenity.

L. spuma, foam. Fr, écume, O. Fr, escume is Ramsay * Sculduddery sangs.' Sir W.

from the German.) 1. The extraneous matter To crowd; to compress; to crush; to squeeze. Scott. [Scotch.)

or impurities which rise to the surface of Spenser. Scry! (skrī), v.t. To descry. Spenser. Sculk (skulk), v.i. Same as Skulk (which

liquors in boiling or fermentation, or which see).

form on the surface by other means; also, Scryl (skri), n. A flock of wild-fowl. Halli

Sculker (skulk'èr), n. Same as Skulker. weu.

the scoria of molten metals. -2. The refuse; Scull (skul), n. Same as Skull.

the recrement; that which is vile or worthScryt (skri), n. A cry. Berners.

less. Scull (skul), n. [Origin uncertain. Comp. Scrynet (skrin), n. Same as Scrine.

Icel. skjóla, a pail, a bucket; Prov. E. and The great and the innocent are insulted by the Scud (skud), v.i. pret. scudded; ppr. scud. Sc. skeel, a milk-pan; also Icel. skola,

scum and refuse of the people.

Addison, ding. (A. Sax. scudan, to run quickly, to

to wash.] 1. A boat; a cock-boat. See flee; O. Sax, scuddian, L.G. and D. schudden,

Scum (skum), v.t. pret & pp. scummed; ppr. to set in rapid motion, to shake; Sw, skutta,

SCULLER. -2. One who sculls a boat. - 3. A scumming. To take the scum from; to clear

short oar, whose loom is only equal in length to run quickly; allied to shudder.) 1. To

off the impure matter from the surface; to to half the breadth of the boat to be rowed, skim. run quickly; to be driven or to flee or fly

You that scum the molten lead.' 80 that one man can manage two, one on with haste; to run with precipitation.

Dryden. each side. Also an oar when used to propel Scum (skum), v.i. To throw up scum; to be Sometimes he scuds far off, and there he stares.

a boat by being placed over the stern, and covered with scum.

Shak. Foam-Aakes scud along the level sand. Tennyson, worked from side to side, the blade, which

Life and the interest of life have stagnated and 2. Naut to be driven with precipitation is turned diagonally, being always in the SCHmmer over.

A. K. H. Boyd. water. - 4. A large shallow basket without before a tempest with little or no sails a bow handle, used for carrying fruit, po

Scumber (skum'bêr), n. (Contr. from disspread. Scud (skud), n. 1. The act of scudding; a driv. tatoes, fish, &c. (Scotch.)

cumber.) Dung; especially, the dung of the (A form of shoal. See

fox. (Obsolete and Provincial.) ing along; a running or rushing with speed Scullt (skul), n. or precipitation. - 2. Loose vapoury, clouds Scull (skul), v.t. SHOAL.) A shoal or multitude of fish.

Scumber, Scummer (skum'bér, skum'ér), driven swiftly by the wind. “And the dark

To impel or propel by Scumble (skum'bl), v.t. pret. & pp. scum.

v.i. To dung. [Obsolete and Provincial ] scud in swift succession flies' Falconer. sculls; to propel by moving and turning an

bled; ppr. scumbling. [Freq. of scum.] To oar over the stern. Borne on the scud of the sea.' Longfellow. Scull-cap (skul’kap). See SKULL-CAP.

cover lightly or spread thinly over, as an 3. A slight flying shower. (Provincial Eng. Sculler skul'ér), n. 1. A boat rowed by one

oil painting, drawing, or the like, with lish.)-4. A small number of larks, less than man with two sculls or short oars.-2. One

opaque or semi-opaque colours to modify a flock. (Provincial English. )-5. In school

the effect who sculls or rows with sculls; one who slang, a swift runner; a scudder.

Scumble (skum'bl), n. impels a boat by an oar over the stern.

In painting, the 'I say,' said East, looking with much interest at Tom, 'you ain't a bad soud. Scullery (skul'ér-i), n. (O.Fr. escueillier, a

toning down of a picture by sad colours. T. Hughes. place where bowls are kept, escuelle, a bowl,

* Whether your drawing is to be brought Scud (skud), v.t. To pass over quickly. a platter, from L. scutella, dim, of scutra, a

suddenly to a sharp edge or a scumble.' T. His lessening flock dish; allied to scutum, a shield.) A place Scummer (skum'èr), n. He who or that which

H. Lister. In snowy groups diffusive scud the vale. Shenstone.

where dishes, kettles, and other culinary Scudder (skud'ér), n. One who scuds.

utensils are cleaned and kept, and where

scums; specifically, an instrument used for Scuddick (skud'ik), n. 1. Anything of small the rough or dirty work connected with the

taking off the scum of liquors; a skimmer. value. Halliwell. -2. A shilling. [Slang.) kitchen is done; a back-kitchen.

Ray. Scuddle (skud']), v.i. pret. scuddled; ppr.

See SCUMBER. Scullion (skul'yon), n.

Scummer, n. and v.

[See SCULLERY.] scuddling. (A dim. of scud.] To run with 1. A servant that cleans pots and kettles, Scummings (skum'ing). n. pl. The matter a kind of affected haste; to scuttle. and does other menial services in the kit

skimmed from boiling liquors; as, the scumScuddy (skud'i), n. A naked infant or young chen or scullery. Hence-2. A low, mean,

mings of the boiling-house. child. (Scotch )

worthless fellow. The meanest scullion Scummy (skum'i), a. Covered with scum. Scudlar (skud'lar), n. A scullion. (Scotch.] that followed his camp.' South.

Breathe away as 't were all schommy slime Scudo (skö'do), n. pl. Scudi (skö'dē). [It., Scullionly (skul'yon-li), a. Like a scullion;

From off a crystal pool.

Keats. a shield, a crown, from L. scutum, a shield: base; low; mean. "Scullionly paraphrase.' Scuncheon (skun'shon), n. The stones or so called from its bearing the heraldic Milton

arches thrown across the angles of a square shield of the prince by whom it was issued.) Sculp (skulp), v.t. [See SCULPTURE.) To tower to support the alternate sides of the An Italian silver coin of different value in sculpture; to carve; to engrave.

octagonal spire; also, the cross pieces of the different states in which it was issued.

O that the tenor of my just complaint

timber across the angles to give strength The Genoese scudo is equivalent to about Were sculpt with steel on rocks of adamant. and firmness to a frame. See SCONCHEON, 58. 4d. ; the Roman, 48. Ad.; the Sardinian

Sandys. SQUINCH. and Milanese, 38. 9d. This coin is gradually Sculpin (skul'pin), n. A small sea-fish, the Scunner (skun'er), v.i. (A Scotch word: disappearing before the decimal coinage of Cottus octodecimspinosus, found on the A. Sax. scunian, to shun, onscunian, to shun, the Italian kingdom, but the name is some- American coasts. The gemmeous dragonet to loathe.) 1. To loathe; to nauseate; to times given to the piece of 5 lire (about 48.). (Callionymus lyra) is so called by the Cor- feel disgust.–2. To startle at anything from The old Roman gold scudo was worth 10 sil. nish fishermen. Spelled also Skulpin. doubtfulness of mind; to shrink back from ver scudi.

Sculptile (skulp'til), a. (L. sculptilis. See fear. Scuff (skuf), n. (See SCUFT.) The hinder part SCULPTURE.) Formed by carving. 'Sculp. Scunner (skun'ér), n. Loathing; abhor. of the neck; the scruff. (Provincial) tile images.' Sir T. Browne.

rence. [Scotch.] Scuff (skuf), v. i. (See SCUFFLE.) To walk Sculptor (skulp'tor), n. One who sculp. Scup (skup), n. (From Indian name.) The without raising the feet from the ground or tures; one who cuts, carves, or hews figures name given in Rhode Island to a small fish floor; to shuffle.

in wood, stone, or other like materials. belonging to the sparoid family. In New Scuff (skuf), v. t. To graze gently; to pass Sculptress (skulp'tres), n. A female artist York it is called porgy. with a slight touch. (Scotch.)

in sculpture. Quart. Rev.

Scup (skup), n. [D. schop, a swing.) A swing: Scuffle (skuf']), v. i pret. scuffled; ppr. scuf. Sculptural (skulp'tür-al), a. Pertaining to

a term still retained by the descendants of Ning. (Freq. from A. Sax. sceofan, scufan, sculpture or engraving.

the Dutch settlers in New York. to shove (see SHOVE); Sc. scuff, to graze; Sw. Sculpturally (skulp'tūr-al-li), adv. By means Scup (skup), v.i. In New York, to swing. skufa, to shove. See also SHUFFLE, SHOVEL.) of sculpture

Scupper (skup'er), n. (Generally connected To struggle or contend with close grapple;

The quaint beauty and character of many natural objects, such as intricate branches, grass, &c., as

with scoop. Wedgwood, however, refers it to fight tumultuously or confusedly. well as that of many animals plumed, spined, or

to 0. Fr. and Sp. escupir, to spit; Armor. A gallant man prefers to fight to great disadvan. bristled, is sculpturally expressible.

. skopa, to spit. The Teutonic forms (G. spei. SCUPPER-HOLE

6

SCUTIBRANCHIATE

gat, Dan. spy-gat, lit. spit-hole) confirm his rilous manner; with gross abuse; with low Scutcheon (skuch'on), n. (A contr. o derivation.) Naut. a channel cut through indecent language.

cutcheon (which see).) 1. A shield for the water-ways and sides of a ship at proper It is barbarous incivility scurrilously to sport with morial bearings; an emblazoned shield distances, and lined with lead, for carrying what others count religion.

Tillotson. escutcheon. off the water from the deck. Scurrilousness (skur'ril-us-nes), n. The

A shielded scutcheon blushed with blood of Scupper-hole (skup'ér-höl), n. A scupper.

and queens.

Kect quality of being scurrilous; indecency of See SCUPPER. language; baseness of manners; scurrility.

They tore down the scutcheons bearing the of the fansily of Caraffa.

Presc Scupper-hose (skup'er-höz), n. A leather Scurry (skur’ri), v. i. (Comp. scur, skir, scour.] pipe attached to the mouth of the scuppers

2. In anc. arch. the shield or plate To move rapidly; to hasten away or along; of the lower deck of a ship to prevent the to hurry.

door, from the centre of which hung water from entering:

door handle.-3. The ornamental cove Scupper-nail (skup'er-nál), n. A nail with

He commanded the horsemen of the Numidians to

frame to a key-hole.-4. A name-plate, a scurry to the trenches.

North. a very broad head for covering a large sur

a coffin, pocket-knife, or other object. face of the scupper-hose.

Scurry (skur'ri), n. Hurry; haste; impetu- Scutcher (skuch'er), n. 1. One who scute Scuppernong (skup'er-nong), n. The Ameosity

2. An implement or machine for scute In a scurvy man

fibre. rican name for a species of grape, supposed Scurvily (skėr'vi-li), adv.

See SCUTCH, v.t. ner; basely; meanly; with coarse and vulgar Scute (skūt), n. (L. scutum, a buck to be a variety of Vitis vulpina, cultivated and found wild in the Southern States. It incivility.

1. A small shield. Gascoigne.-2. A se is said to have come from Greece.

The clergy were never inore learned, or so scur. as of a reptile. See SCUTUM.-3. An and vily treated

Swift. Scupper-plug (skup'ér-plug), n. A plug to

French gold coin of the value of 38 stop a scupper.

Scurviness (skėr' vi-nes), n. The state of sterling Scur (sker), v.i. To move hastily; to scour. being scurvy; meanness; vileness.

Scutel (skū'tel), n. Same as Scutellum (Obsolete or provincial.]

Scurvy (skėr'vi), n. (From scurf (which see).] Scutella (skū-tel'la), n. pl. Scutellæ The light shadows

A disease essentially consisting in a de- tellē). [L., a salver, dim, of scutra, a t That in a thought scur o'er the fields of corn. praved condition of the blood, which chiefly One of the horny plates with which the

Beau. & FI.

affects sailors and such as are deprived for of birds are generally more or less cove Scurf (skerf), n. (O.E. also scorf, scrof, A. Sax. a considerable time of fresh provisions and especially in front. 8curf, Icel. skurfur (pl.), Dan. skurv, Sw. a due quantity of vegetable food. It is char- Scutellaria (skū-tel-lā'ri-a), n. [L. scut skorf, G. schorf, scurf.] 1. A material com- acterized by livid spots of various sizes, a salver, in allusion to the form of posed of minute portions of the dry external sometimes minute and sometimes large, calyx. ) A genus of herbaceous anı scales of the cuticle. These are, in moderate paleness, languor, lassitude, and depression or perennials, natives of many diff quantity, continually separated by the fric- of spirits, general exhaustion, pains in the parts of the world, nat. order Lab tion to which the surface of the body is sub- limbs, occasionally with fetid breath, spungy They are erect or decumbent, with ject, and are in due proportion replaced by and bleeding gums, and bleeding from al- toothed, sometimes pinnatifid leaves, others deposited on the inner surface of the most all the mucous membranes. It is whorled or spiked blue, violet, scarl cuticle. Small exfoliations of the cuticle, much more prevalent in cold climates than yellow flowers. There are two British or scales like bran, occur naturally on the in warm. Fresh vegetables, farinaceous sub- cies, S. galericulata and S. minor, k scalp, and take place after some eruptions stances, and brisk fermented liquors, good by the common name of skull-cap. on the skin, a new cuticle being formed un- air, attention to cleanliness, and due exer- grow on the banks of rivers and lakes derneath during the exfoliation. When scurf cise, are among the principal remedies; but in watery places. separates from the skin or scalp in unna- the most useful article, both as a preventa- Scutellate, Scutellated (skū'tel-lāt, tural quantities, it constitutes the disease tive and as a curative agent, is lime or le- tel-lat-ed), a. [See SCUTELLA.] Fo: called pityriasis, which, when it affects mon juice.

like a plate or platter; divided into children, is known by the name of dandruff. Scurvy (sker'vi), a. 1. Scurfy: covered or plate-like surfaces; as, the scutellated Her crafty head

affected by scurf or scabs; scabby; diseased of a sturgeon. Woodward. Was overgrown with scurf and filthy scald. with scurvy.

Scurvy or scabbed.' Lev. Scutellidæ (skū-tel'i-dē), n. pl. [L. 8cu

Spenser. xxi. 20.-2. Vile; mean; low; vulgar; worth- a saucer, and Gr. eidos, resemblance 2. The soil or foul remains of anything ad- less; contemptible; as, a scurvy fellow. family of radiated animals, belonging t herent. [Rare.)

A very scurvy tune to sing at a man's class Echinodermata and order Echi The scurf is worn away of each committed crime. funeral.' Shak. “That scurvy custom of having a shell of a circular or elliptic

Dryden. taking tobacco.' Swift.-3. Offensive; mis- frequently very depressed. The ambu 3. Anything adhering to the surface.

chievous; malicious; as, a scurvy trick. are so arranged as to bear some resemb There stood a hill whose grisly top

Nay, but be prated

to the petals of a flower. There are Shone with a glossy scurf.

Milton. And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms genera and species, both recent and
Against your honour.

Shak. 4. In bot. the loose scaly matter that is found

these forms being popularly named

urchins. on some leaves, &c.

Scurvy-grass (skér'vi-gras), n. [A corrupScurff (skérf), n. Another name for the tion of scurvy-cress, so named because used Scutelliform (skū-telli-form), a. [L bull-trout. as a cure for scuroy.] The common name of

tella, a saucer, and forma, shape.] S Scurfiness (skerf'i-nes), n. The state of being several British species of plants of the genus

late. In bot. the same as patelliforn scurfy. Skelton. Cochlearia, nat, order Cruciferæ. They are

oval instead of round, as the embr Scurfy (skerf'i), a. 1. Having scurf; covered herbaceous plants, having alternate leaves, grasses. with scurf.-2. Resembling scurf.

the flowers disposed in terminal racemes,

Scutellum (skū-tel'um), n. pl. Scu Scurrer (skérsér), n. One who scurs or and usually white. The common scurvy

(skū-tel'a). (L., dim. of scutum, a s} moves hastily. Berners. [Obsolete or pro- grass (C. officinalis) grows abundantly on

i. In bot. a term used to denote the vincial.] the sea coast, and along rivers near the sea.

cotyledon on the outside of the emb Scurrile (skurril), a.

wheat, inserted a little lower down (L. scurrilis, from The leaves have an acrid and slightly bitter scurra, a buffoon, a jester.] Such as befits taste; they are eaten as a salad, and are

the other more perfect cotyledon, wh a buffoon or vulgar jester; low; mean; antiscorbutic and stimulating to the diges

pressed close grossly opprobrious in language ; lewdly tive organs.

albumen.--2. A jocose; scurrilous; as, scurrile scoffing; Some scur vy-grass do bring,

applied to the scurrile taunts. That inwardly applied's a wondrous sovereign thing.

coloured cup a Drayton.

found in the A scurrile or obscene jest will better advance you 'Scuse (skūs), n. Excuse. Shak, at the court of Charles than your father's ancient

stance of li name.

Sir W. Scott.
Scut (skut), n. (Icel. skott, a fox's tail; comp.

containing the L. cauda, W. cut, a tail; W. cuta, short.]

filled with spc Scurrility (skur-ril'i-ti), n. [Fr. scurrilité, L.

Scutella in Cudbear A short tail, such as that of a hare or deer. scurrilitas. See SCURRILE.) 1. The quality of

(Lecanora tartarea).

as in the an How the Indian hare came to have a long tail,

figure of Lec being scurrilous; low, vile, or obscene jocu. whereas that part in others attains no higher than a tartarea.-3. In entom, a part of the ti larity. Please you to abrogate scurrility:' scut.

Sir T. Browne. Shak. – 2. That which is scurrilous; such Scutage (skū’tāj), n. (L. L. scutagium, from

sometimes invisible, sometimes, as in

Hemiptera, large, and covering the low, vulgar, indecent or abusive language as is used by mean fellows, buffoons, jesters,

L. scutum, a shield.) In feudal law, same and abdomen.

as Escuage. and the like; grossness of abuse or invec

Scutibranchian, Scutibranchiate tive; obscene jests, &c.

No aid or scutage should be assessed but by con. ti-brang'ki-an, skū-ti-brang' ki-āt), sent of the great council.

Hallam. member of the order Scutibranchiata We must acknowledge, and we ought to lament, that our public papers have abounded in scurrility. Scutate (skū'tát), a. (L. scutatus, from scu

Scutibranchiata (skū'ti-brang-ki-a" Bolingbroke. tum, a shield.) 1. In bot. formed like an

pl. [L. scutum, a shield, and branchive. Scurrilous (skur'ril-us), a. 1. Using the low ancient round buckler; as, a scutate leaf.

The name given to an order of herm and indecent language of the meaner sort 2. In zool. applied to a surface protected by of people, or such as only the license of large scales. buffoons can warrant; as, a scurrilous fel. Scutch (skuch), v.t. [Perhaps same as scotch, low. A scurrilous fool.' Fuller.-2. Con- to cut, to strike; comp. also Fr. escosse, a taining low indecency or abuse; mean; foul; husk, as of a bean or pea; escosser, to remove vile; obscenely jocular; as, scurrilous lan- the husk from.] 1. To beat; to drub. (Old guage.

English and Scotch. ]—2. To dress by beating; He is ever merry, but still modest ; not dissolved specifically,(a) in flax manuf. to beat off and into undecent laughter, or tickled with wit scurril. separate, as the woody parts of the stalks ons or injurious.

Habington, of flax; to swingle. (b) In cotton manuf. Scutibranchiata-Venus' Ear (Haliotis tuber 3. Opprobrious; abusive; offensive; infa

to separate, as the individual fibres after

they have been loosened and cleansed. (c) In dite gasteropodous molluscs, including mous.

silk manuf. to disentangle, straighten, and which have the gills covered with a s How often is a person, whose intentions are to do good by the works he publishes, treated in as scur.

cut into lengths, as floss and refuse silk. the form of a shield, as the Halid rilous a manner as if he were an enemy to mankind. Scutching machine, a machine for rough- ear-shell.

Addison, dressing fibre, as flax, cotton, or silk. Scutibranchiate (skū-ti - brang'kiScurrilously (skur’ril-us-li), adv. In a scur- Scutch (skuch), n. Same as Scutcher, 2. Pertaining to the order Scutibrand

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