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been given to the agents of the Federal her to be ignominiously oppressed and Government to proceed hereafter under degraded. But I cannot, will not beyour direction, and the company and field lieve that a majority of you are not true officers will be commissioned by you.” sons, who will not give your blood and
The secessionist Governor, John Letch- your treasure for Virginia's defence." er, met these declarations of independ- The Governor, at the same time, reence, and the efforts to defend it, on the minded the people of Western Virginia part of the new Governor, with a coun- of the “magnanimity” of the Eastern ter manifesto, asserting that Virginia districts, in consenting at last to an had seceded by a vote of the majority of equalization of taxation, by which the her people, and appealing to the West- cause of complaint of the former against ern Virginians “to yield to the will of the latter had been removed. “Let one the State.”
heart," exclaimed the Governor, “one “Men of the North-west,” he said, mind, one energy, one power nerve “I appeal to you, by all the considera every patriot to arms in a common tions which have drawn us together as cause. The heart that will not beat in one people heretofore, to rally to the unison with Virginia is now a traitor's standard of the Old Dominion. By all heart, the arm that will not strike home the sacred ties of consanguinity, by the in her cause now, is palsied by coward intermixtures of the blood of East and fear. West, by common paternity, by friend- "The troops are posted at Huttonsships hallowed by a thousand cherished ville. Come with your own good weaprecollections and memories of the past, ons and meet them as brothers !" by the relics of the great men of other Such proclamations and counter-procdays, come to Virginia's banner, and ( lamations and appeals to diverse loyaldrive the invaders from your soil. ties only served to quicken the rage of There may be traitors in the midst of fellow-citizen arrayed against fellow-cityou, who, for selfish ends, have turned izen, and more deeply to involve them against their mother, and would permit in the perplexing horrors of civil war.
LIFE OF GENERAL LYON.
Failure in Missouri of General Harney's League.--Harney's Successor of “sterner stuff.”—Life of General Lyon.-Birth
and early Life.- Parentage.-His rustic home. -Early fondness for Mathematics.-A carlet at West Point.-Graduation.-Service in the Army.--Mexican Campaign.-Good deeds and just recompenses. --Service in California.-Indian Warfare.--In Kansas.-Sympathies with the Free-soilers.--Takes up the pen in their defence.-His writings and opinions.-Captain Lyon in command of the Arsenal at St. Louis.-His prompt action at the beginning of the Civil War.--Capture of Fort Jackson.-Seizure of the J. C. Swan.-Capture of lead at Ironton.-Lyon succeeds Harney.-Unsuccessful attempt of the secessionist Price to wheedle him.-Lyon refuses to be governed by the Harney League.- Alarm of the Secessionists. The muster of the Secessionists in Jefferson City.- Personal interview of Governor Jackson with General Lyon.-Firmness of Lyon.--The Secessionists giving up all hope of promoting their cause by diplomacy.-Making a stand at Jefferson City.--Destruction of Telegraph and Railway bridges.- Proclamation of Governor Jackson.-Counter-proclamation of General Lyon.-General Lyon determines to rout out the disunion plotters from Jefferson City.
The league which General Harney memory with the tribute : “He would
had, with a too yielding confidence have been an honor to any country.” 1861.
in their professions of peace, made There is little record left of the boywith the secession leaders of Missouri, hood of General Lyon. It was passed failed, as has been recorded, to check among the simple associations of his rebellion in that State. After his re- rustic home. In the winter he was sent call, and the succession to the command to the village school, and in seed-time of General Lyon, a man of sterner and harvest he aided his father or his stuff, Missouri promised to vindicate neighbors in farm-work. An aged felmore decidedly its loyalty to the Union. low-townsman in recalling, at the grave
Nathaniel Lyon was born in Ashford, of the heroic soldier, his recollections of Wyndham County, Connecticut. His the country boy, said: “Nathaniel father was Amasa Lyon, a hard-working worked for me on my farm when he was and thriving farmer of the place, where a boy. He was smart, daring, and reshis intelligence and integrity won the olute, and wonderfully attached to his appreciation of its inhabitants, who mother." elected him a justice of the peace. His General Lyon, on the night before his wife, whose family name was Kezia, was last battle, while lying with a fellowa descendant of the Knowltons, one of officer between two steep rocks, where whom, Colonel Thomas Knowlton, had the space was so narrow that there was served in the French colonial war, and hardly room to move, made light of the in the Revolutionary struggle, having inconvenience, and playfully remarked, commanded a Connecticut company at with a fond allusion to his home, that Bunker's Hill, and fallen on the plains he was “born between two rocks." He of Harlem. Washington honored his referred to the position of the house
where he was born, and the homestead of Vera Cruz, and at the battle of Cerro
part, and in the pursuit aided in cap-
his activity and his capability as a skir• The Last Political Writings of General Nathaniel Lyon, mishing officer in Indian warfare United States Army, with a Sketch of his Life and Military Services. New York, Rudd & Carleton, 1861.
Subsequently ordered to the territo