Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

TABLE V.

STATES.

Exhibiting the Agricultural Productions, Number of Deaths, &c., according to the Census of 1850.

....

Butter, pounds of.

8,488,234 6,977,056

Maine.....

N. H....
Vermont..
Mass......

12,128,095

R. I.......

7,825,337
1,066,625
6,620,579

Conn.

4,512,019|

N. York... 82,043,823 49,785,905 N. Jersey 9,070,710 500,819 Penn'a.... 40,554,741 Delaware 1,034,867 4,206,160 14,869

2,395,279 3,187

3,925 None.

434,850

95,043

4,810

46,391

18,324

30,423

20,314

Maryland
D. of C....
Virginia... 11,126,795

N. Ca.

4,144,258

2,979,975

4,640,074

S. Ca.
Georgia...
Florida
Alabama...

375,853

3,961,592
4,388,112

Miss.......
Louisiana

685,136

...

Cheese, pounds of. Gallons of wine.

2,201,105

3,196,563

7,762,124 1,933,128

888,816

6,755,006

7,124,461 296,748

Texas...... 2,319,574
Arkansas. 1,854,104
Tennessee 8,130,686 179,577
Kentucky 10,115,267 228,744
Ohio...... 34,180,458 21,350,478
Michigan. 7,043,794
Indiana... 12,748,186

1,012,551

Illinois.... 12,605,554

Missouri...

705

1,100

211,734 74,064

101

1,148

92,018

28,440

None.

301 None.

Iowa.......

Wisconsin

California.

Minnesota

Oregon....

Utah......

N. Mex...

Total... 312,202,286 103,184,585 141,295

36,030

32,646

5,887

306 7,545 77.29 35 4,268 74.49 140 3,132 100.13 4,122 19,414 51.23

842 2,241 65.83 3,346 5,781 64.13 6,483 44,339 69.85

517 6,467 75.70 23,839 28,318 81.63 85 1,209 75.71 2,099 9,594 60.77 863 846 61.09 4,280 19,053 74.61 10,801 10,207 85.12 3,680 7,997 83.59

664 9,920 91.33 10 933 93.67 14 9,084 84.94 8,711 69.63 11,948 42.85 94 3,046 69.79

10 2,987 70.18

No. of deaths.

666,986 1,283,758|

201,597 10,193 12,211 55.81

198,444

2,044 94.03

440,961

2,884 105.82 Unkn. Unkn.

150

None.

"6

66

30 202.56 47 282.82 239 47.61

((

2,053 1,157 53.15

Ratio to the living.

204 11,759 85.34 4,202 15,206 64.60 44,834 28,949 68.41 1,443 4,520 88.19 13,004 12,728 77.65 2,343 11,619 73.28

420 68

TABLE VI. Official Synopsis of the Census of Great Britain. [Taken March 31st, 1851.]

[blocks in formation]

Austria...
Turkey

Spain

1801

POPULATION AT VARIOUS PERIODS.

POPULATION.

Females.

Total.

8,762,588 9,160,180 17,922,768 1,363,622 1,507,162 2,870,784 6,651 76,405 142,916

165,931

29,114 10,192,721 10,743,747 20,936,468*

65,159

2.113 3,176,727 3,339,067 6,515,794 52,208 3,313 4,019,576 4,155,548 8,176,727 12,951† 1,200 842,849 816,481 1,660,933

152,898
11,956
1,077

1800

5,305,940

35

1811

Population.

26,534
2,378
202

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES AT SIMILAR PERIODS.

1810

7,239,814

3612

1821

10,567,893 12,047,455 14,180,351 16,364,893 18,658,372 20,936,468 1,479,562 2,132,896 2,184,542 2,260,749 2,227,438 12

14

18

15

14

No. of
men

in army.

1831

1820

9,638,191

33

1841

Debt.t

THE PROMINENT POWERS OF EUROPE CONTRASTED.

1830

12,866,020

332

1851

Taxes paid to support army, &c.

1840

17,068,666 32

Russia

Gr. Brit. & Irel'd 27,452,262 129,000 $3,333,333,333 250,000,000 2,750,000,000
France
886,666,666 335,000,000 1,600,000,000
488,666,666 550,000,000| Unknown
733,333,333 500,000,000
266,666,666 75,000,000
866,666,666 400,000,000

36,000,000 265,000
70,000,000 700,000
37,000,000 500,000
12,500,000 220,000
13,000,000 160,000

66
66

66

[blocks in formation]

* Persons in the army, the navy, and the merchant vessels, and out of the country when the census was taken, 167,604. † Increase of uninhabited houses.

The whole debt of all the powers of Europe is about ten billions of dollars, (which has been incurred to sustain the wars of kings and emperors.) This gives an average, for each family of five persons, of nearly $200. [See page 312.]

The amounts in this column go to the annual support of the army and government, and not to pay the national debt. The Englishman pays an annual tax to support the army, &c., to the amount of oneeleventh of all his income; while the Frenchman, for the same purposes, pays one-fifth. The yearly income from the productive industry of the 36,000,000 of people in France is but little more than half that of the 27,000,000 in Great Britain. In England there are 630,721 voters; in Wales, 37,924; in Scotland, 72,720; and in Ireland, 98,006. In France there are only 250,000 voters. In England, one person out of every 26 is a voter; in Wales, 1 to 23; in Scotland, 1 to 38; and in Ireland, 1 to 81. In France, there is only 1 voter to 137 persons. In the United States, there is 1 voter to 7 persons.

See Jeff.

Man. p. 174 this book.

§ 9. When an amendment to an amendment is adopted by an assembly, it is in order further to move to amend the proposed amendment as it stands in its new form. In this way any proposed amendment may be amended so long as an assembly deem it capable of being improved, or, in other words, for an indefinite number of times;

§ 10. But no motion to amend is in order during the pending of the question to amend an amendment to an amendment, and the adoption of the first amendment either with or without amendment, precludes, at once, all further consideration of it, at that stage of the bill.

APPENDIX.*

Brief directions to youth, and those inexperienced, who wish to establish and conduct properly Literary and Debating Societies.

When you intend to write or speak on any subject, endeavor to obtain all possible information pertaining to the same, both by reading and inquiry, and strive to keep in mind the five following rules for

THINKING THEREON:

1. Endeavor to reason clearly and concisely on each part of the subject, and all matters pertaining thereto.

2. Think connectedly of each part with reference to the whole subject.

3. View all the parts of the subject in their most extensive and varied applications.

4. Examine the subject in all its relations and bearings with other subjects of a similar nature.

5. Arrange all your thoughts on the subject in a proper method, and a just order, so that others may easily understand and remember your observations.

The following RULES OF METHOD, in arranging a composition, will be found useful to the young or inexperienced.

1. "Use great care and caution in laying the foundations of a discourse, and carefully digest your thoughts upon the subject.

2. Let your primary and fundamental propositions be not only evident and true, but make them familiar to your mind.

3. Draw up all your propositions and arguments with much caution, and express your ideas with exact limitation, so as to preclude objections.

4. Begin with those things which are best known, and most obvious, and proceed by regular and easy steps to things that are more difficult, so that your auditors or readers may attend without fatigue.

5. Do not crowd too many thoughts and reasonings into one sentence or paragraph, so as to exceed the capacity of those you address.

6. Avoid too many subdivisions; yet divide every complicated theme into its distinct parts, as far as the nature of the subject and your design require.

7. Arrange every idea, proposition, and argument in its proper class, and keep each part of the subject in its own place.

*This Appendix contains an outline for assisting youth, and those inexperienced, in conducting discussions and preparing lectures.

8. Never prove those things which need no proof, and do not suffer every occasional and incidental thought to induce you to digress or wander from the subject."

METHOD is Analytical or Synthetical:

1. "The Analytical method resolves the compound into its principles, and the whole into its parts.

2. The Synthetical method begins with the parts and leads to a whole, or it puts together the principles and forms a compound.

All Arguments are termed either metaphysical, physical, political, moral, mechanical, or theological, according to the science or subject from which they are drawn.

The Argumentum ad judicium is an appeal to the common sense of mankind.

The Argumentum ad fidem is an appeal to our faith.

The Argumentum ad hominem is an appeal to the practices or professed principles of our opponent.

The Argumentum ad populum is an appeal to the people.

The Argumentum ex concesso is when something is proved by means of another proposition previously conceded.

The Argumentum ad passiones is an appeal to the passions."

RHETORICAL ARRANGEMENT.

THE arguments of every discourse, or oration, or composition, should be properly classified and arranged.

The parts of a discourse are sometimes five, and sometimes six, viz. the Exordium, the Narration, the Proposition, the Confirmation, the Refutation, and the Peroration.

1. The Exordium. In the Exordium, or beginning of a discourse, the writer or speaker gives some intimation of his subject, and solicits favor and attention. In this part he ought to be clear and modest; and whatever is trifling, tedious, and prolix, should be avoided.

2. The Narration. The Narration is a brief recital of the facts connected with the case from the beginning to the end. This part of a discourse ought to be plain and perspicuous, that it may be understood; and probable and consistent, that it may be believed.

8. The Proposition. In this part is given the true state of the question, specifying the points maintained, and those in which the writer or speaker differs from the adversary. Here also the several heads should be enumerated.

4. The Confirmation. The Confirmation assembles all the proofs and arguments which can be adduced. The strongest are to begin and to end this part, and the weakest are to come in the middle.

*This division properly applies to forensic discussions.

« AnteriorContinuar »