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Switzerland, with their population of about 20,000,000. Not more than one-third of the land has, as yet, been offered at public sale, and only about one-half of that amonnt sold, leaving about five-sixths of the 88,000 square miles subject to be taken under the Pre-emption or Homestead Law. It is not justice to the State that these lands should be brought into market and fall into the hands of speculators, but should ever remain subject to the Homestead and Pre-emption Law. It should be the policy of the State to adopt such measures as will best diffuse a knowledge of the very great advantages and inducements which it offers to citizens of other States and emigrants from Europe. The area is great enough to contain a population of 2,000,000, and to give to the head of each family, (at average rates), the proprictorship of 160 acres of land.

To you is committed in a great measure the trust of moulding the future character and destiny of our State, and of making such judicious laws as will result in the greatest good, not only to us as a people, but to the honest citizen and the industrious mechanic, who are now uncomfortably crowded into the large cities of our Eastern States, and to the downtrodden and oppressed of foreign lands who are seeking an asylum on our shores, who, did they but know and comprehend the great advantages here offered, would hasten to avail themselves thereof.

I do recommend an adequate appropriation, that will justify the employment of the best talent in the State in the preparation of a pamphlet for gratuitous distribution, and for the employment of a suitable agent in the older States, to induce immigration, by the presentation of facts relating to our agricultural and grazing advantages, mineral resources, &c. The great advantages resulting from the labors of a faithful, energetic agent, cannot be over estimated. The agent should be required to make and transmit a written report, during the first week of cach month, of the labors of the preceding month, so that if, at any time, in the opinion of those having the appointing power, the said agent is not faithfully discharging his duty, or that the arrangement is not likely to result beneficially to the State, he may be recaileil.

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Counties. I recommend that you establish new counties westward to the 100th meridian of longitude, and urge upon the proper Federal authorities the urgent demand and necessity of extending the surveys to that point at the earliest possible moment. Congress would unquestionably, upon the proper presentation of the facts, make the necessary appropriations. This would enable settlers to preempt, or enter under the provisions of the Homestead Law, and greatly facilitate the labor at the land office.

Education. Liberal and judicious legislation in bebalf of our educational interests is the highest economy of the State. 6 In such things, to be mean is to be poor - to be generous is to be rich.” I commend the policy of the people of the State in deciding at the ballot box in favor of the sale of the school lands. The present generation is, above all, entitled to the benefit of these lands. If we provide for the education of the present, we need entertain no apprehensions in regard to coming generations. To educate this, is the best investment for those that follow.

Deaf Mutes. I herewith transmit the report of Professor Mount, of the Deaf Mute Institute, for your consideration. This unfortunate class of our citizens should be the recipients of every provision which it is possible for the State to make for their well-being.

Penitentiary. The commissioners settled with the parties contracting to build one wing of the Penitentiary, in accordance with the provisions of an act passed by the last Legislature, and released them from further prosecution of the work. The board advertised for proposals to complete a certain portion, but did not consider themselves justified, under the circumstances, owing to high price of material, labor, &c., and the short time intervening until the assembling of the Legislature, to re-let the work, but to secure from damage the work already done, and await your action. The great need of a good and substantial Penitentiary is apparent to all. I recommend your careful consideration of the objections urged by my

predecessor, Gov. Thos. Carney, in his last annual message, which are herewith given:

“ Upon examination, however, of the forty acres of land selected by former commissioners, on which to erect the building, it has been considered not merely inconvenient, but unfit. The penitentiary being a very important work to the State, and on which a large sum of money must be expended, the Directors, with this objection before them, thought it best to delay action until you could instruct them what to do. The necessity of having a penitentiary is admitted. The want of jail room and the increasing number of convicts make it a matter of economy. There should be a building erected, and it should be erected in a suitable place, A false step, either as to the building or its location, would work serious mischief- not so much in the present as in the future. While


should act promptly in the matter, you will, I am sure, guard the State well against this injury.

“ My objections to the present location are wholly of a practical character. It is isolated; and, in case of revolt or any sudden uprising of the convicts, there are no settlements around it which could render any aid to keepers or guards. Its distance from Leavenworth would prevent the employment of convicts as profitably as if near by, and certainly diminish the profit of their labor. The

expense of hauling the material would be greatly increased. When completed, it will, doubtless, become a manufacturing establishment, and the carting of the raw material and the bringing back of the manufactured articles would diminish to a great extent the profits. Neither is there sufficient water near, which is highly essential.

6. These dificulties would defeat the object we have in view, namely: not only that the institution should

рау its own way, but that, in a fit location and rightly managed, it should in a few years be able to reimburse the commonwealth. These objections, it appears to me, must impress you with the importance of a change of location, and the more so, because the increased value of land will enable the directors to dispose of the forty acres without loss."

I further recommend an additional appropriation to the $13,000 now in the treasury, for the completion of one wing at the earliest practicable period, Total confined in Penitentiary, as per report of 1865,

74 Pardoned,

8 Escaped,

8 Remaining, I herewith transmit the Commissioners' report.


Capitol Buildings. By an act of the Legislature, approved March 2nd, 1863, the Secretary of State was authorized to contract with certain parties for the erection of a building in the city of Topeka, to be used temporarily for State offices, and to lease the same for a term of years. In accordance with the provisions of this act, the said parties erected as large, secure and substantial a building as could be done for the stipulated amount of rent, which was accepted, in accordance with the provisions of the act, December 25th, 1863. The building is now greatly out of repair; the State furniture is being damaged, and many valuable papers destroyed, for want of a good and sufficient roof. The records of the State -- which, if destroyed, it is impossible to replace, the State library, furniture, &c., are wholly insecure, and liable at any time to be destroyed by fire. It is of the greatest importance that the records, public documents and other property belonging to the State should be well secured. This can only be done by the erection of a fire proof building.

I therefore recommend that an appropriation be made, wherewith to commence the erection of one wing of a capitol building, to be constructed of the best and most substantial material, and in every way suitable for the purposes intended. Such will ultimately prove true economy for the State.

Railroads. The introduction of railways into our State is doing more towards its rapid development in agricultural and mineral resources and in general wealth, than any other instrumentality. The grand projects of railway communication with the Pacific, the Gulf of Mexico and Santa Fe, are of the greatest importance to Kansas; and every facility that the people or the Legislature can furnish towards the speedy construction of these great enterprises should be afforded promptly and generously.

These great highways, crossing our State from east to west and from north to south, with ultimate termini at San Francisco and Galveston, are already engaging the minds of the ablest public nen, not only in this State, but the Nation. I trust a liberal spirit will be exercised in the adoption of such legislation as may

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be necessary to secure the completion of these grand enterprises. Such other railroad projects within the State as commend themselves to your consideration will, I trust, receive such legislative benefits as their and each of their claims may require.

Gentlemen, before concluding, let me urge upon you the importance of sustaining the Federal Administration in every good and laudable effort to preserve the Nation's dignity and maintain its honor. The maintenance of the Nation's honor is our gloryits disgrace is our dishonor. Treason is the highest crime known to law, and such an example should be made of the principal leaders of the rebellion as to forever declare to future generations that those guilty of so great a crime shall suffer the extreme penalty of the law. The enforcement of the Monroe doctrine is intimately connected with the highest interests of man, and our National honor demands it. And may the Great Ruler give unto all in authority wisdom to so direct the affairs of Nation and State that the greatest good may be accomplished.

I embrace this opportunity to return, through you, my hearty thanks to the people of this State, for the consideration and kindness shown me while endeavoring to discharge the duties entrusted to me during the past year.

Topeka, Kansas, January 10, 1866.


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