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said sum to be expended by, and the work to be done under the direction of, the Chief of Engineers of the Army, by contract or otherwise, and by the purchase of material in open market in order to prevent delay in the
prosecution of the work. Rock Creek
ROCK CREEK PARK: That the authorities in joint conPark.
trol of Rock Creek Park, as provided in section seven of the Act of September twenty-seventh, eighteen hundred
and ninety, establishing said park, are authorized to rent ings, etc., anthor or lease, for periods not exceeding one year at any one ized.
time, the buildings and arable ground therein, for such rental as shall seem proper to said authorities, and deposit the proceeds of such rents or leases with the collector of taxes to the credit of the United States and said District in equal parts.
Engineering, For engineering, maintenance, and general repairs, ete.
twenty thousand dollars. Receiring res. Towards the improvement of the receiving (or Dalecarlia)
reservoir by the works required for cutting off the drainage into it of polluted water and sewage from the surrounding country; for the purchase or condemnation of the small amount of land required for the purpose, and the excavation necessary at the head of the reservoir, fifty-two thousand five hundred dollars, the work to be completed within the fiscal year eighteen hundred and ninety-five at a cost not to exceed ninety thousand dollars.
For protecting the conduit at wasteweir numbered one,
near Great Falls, five thousard dollars. Bridges. For repaving Griffith's Park and Cabin John bridges,
five thousand dollars.
August 13, 1894. CHAP. 280.-An Act For the protection of persons furnishing mate
rials and labor for the construction of public works.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives Contractors on of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That public works. Penal bond to
hereafter any person or persons entering into a formal con. include security tract with the United States for the construction of any for labor and ina.
public building, or the prosecution and completion of any public work or for repairs upon any public building or public work, shall be required before commencing such work to execute the usual penal bond, with good and sufficient sureties, with the additional obligations that such con
tractor or contractors shall promptly make payments to Action on bond all persons supplying him or them labor and materials in rials furnis bed. the prosecution of the work provided for in such contract;
and any person or persons making application therefor, and furnishing affidavit to the Department under the direction of which said work is being, or has been, prose
cuted, that labor or materials for the prosecution of such work has been supplied by him or them, and payment for which has not been made, shall be furnished with a certified copy of said contract and bond, upon which said person or persons supplying such labor and materials shall have a right of action, and shall be authorized to bring suit in the name of the United States for his or their use and benefit against said contractor and sureties and to
Proviso. prosecute the same to final judgment and execution: Pro- Expenso vided, That such action and its prosecutions shall involve the United States in no expense.
SEC. 2. Provided that in such case the court in which such action is brought is authorized to require proper security for costs in case judgment.is for the defendant.
Approved, August 13, 1894.
CHAP. 283.-An Act To authorize the construction of a wagon and Angust 13, 1894. foot bridge across the Chattahoochce River at or near the town of Columbia, Alabama. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives
Columbia of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Bridge Company the Columbia Bridge Company, a corporation created by may bridge Chat
, or under the laws of the State of Alabama, its successors Columbia, Ala. or assignees, be, and is hereby, authorized to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge for the passage of vehicles of all kinds, animals, and foot passengers, across the Chattahoochee River at or near the town of Columbia so as to connect with Georgia on the opposite shore: Provided, Provisos. That any bridge built under the provisions of this Act may be built as a drawbridge, or with unbroken and continuous spans: Provided also, That if said bridge shall be built High bridge. with unbroken and continuous spans, it shall give a clear headroom of not less than fifty-five feet above high-water mark as tbe same shall be fixed and determined by the Secretary of War: And provided also, That if said bridge shall be constructed as a drawbridge, the same shall be Drawbridge. constructed as a pivot drawbridge, with a draw over the main channel of the river at an accessible and the best navigable point, and with drawspans giving a clear width of waterway of not less than one hundred feet on each side of the pivot pier; and said draw shall be opened promptly, upon reasonable signal, for the passage of boats: Provided further, That whatever kind of bridge is constructed the owners thereof shall maintain thereon, at theirownexpense, from sunset to sunrise, such lights or other signals as may Lights, etc. be prescribed by the Light-House Board.
SEC. 2. That any bridge built under the provisions of Lawful struct. this Act shall be a lawful structure, and shall be recognized ure and post and known as a post route, upon which no higher charge shall be made for the transmission over the same of the mails, troops, and munitions of war of the United States passing over said bridge than the rate per mile paid for the transportation over the public highways leading to said bridge, and equal privileges in the use of said bridge shall be granted to all the telegraph and telephone com
panies; and the United States shall have the right of way Postal telo across said bridge and approaches for postal-telegraph graph.
purposes; and said bridge shall be so constructed and Freo naviga- operated as not to interfere with the navigation of said river.
SEC. 3. That said bridge company shall have the right to charge and collect a reasonable rate of toll, to be approved by the Secretary of War, not exceeding the rate limited by
the law of Alabama. Secretary of SEC. 4. That the bridge authorized to be constructed War to approve plans, etc. under this Act shall be located and built under and subject
to such regulations for the security of the navigation of said river as the Secretary of War shall prescribe; and to secure that object the said company or corporation shall submit to the Secretary of War, for his examination and approval, a design and drawings of the proposed bridge and a map of the location, giving for the space of one-half mile above and one-half mile below the proposed location the topography of the banks of the river, the shore lines at high and low water, the direction and strength of the currents, and the soundings, accurately showing the bed of the stream, and shall furnish such other information as may be required for a full and satisfactory understanding of the subject; and until the said plan and location of the
bridge are approved by the Secretary of War no work upon Changes.
the bridge shall be commenced, and should any change be made in the plan of said bridge during the progress of coretruction such change shall be subject to the approval
of the Secretary of War. Commence SEC. 5. That this Act shall be null and void if actual conment and completion.
struction of the bridge herein authorized be not commenced within one year and completed within three years from the
date of approval hereof. Amendment, Sec. 6. That Congress hereby expressly reserves the
right to alter, amend, or repeal this Act.
Approved, August 13, 1894.
August 13, 1894. CHAP. 285.-An Act To authorize a bridge across the Perdido
River between the States of Florida and Alabama.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives Bridge author of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That dido River at the county authorities of the counties of Escambia, Florida, Holman's Ferry, and Baldwin, Alabama, be, and are hereby, authorized to
construct, in accordance with plans to be approved by the Free bridge. Secretary of War, an iron or wooden bridge for free use by
the public at or near Holman's Ferry across the Perdido River, between the States of Alabama and Florida, and to jointly maintain and regulate the same under such rules and regulations as may be agreed upon between the said
SEC. 2. That said bridge shall be begun within one year and completion and completed within three years from the date of the
approval of this Act. Amend ment, SEC. 3. The right to alter, amend, or repeal this Act is
hereby expressly reserved.
Approved, August 13, 1894.
CHAP. 299.-An Aet Making appropriations for the construction, August 17, 1894. repair, and preservation of certain public works on rivers and harbors, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatires
Appropria of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That tions for rivers the following sums of money be, and are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be immediately available, and to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War and the supervision of the Chief of Engineers, for the construction, completion, repair, and preservation of the public works hereinafter named:
Improving harbor at Camden, Maine: Continuing Harbors. improvement, twelve thousand dollars.
Camden, Me. Improving harbor at Rockland, Maine: Continuing Rockland, Mo. improvement, thirty thousand dollars, of which one thousand dollars may be expended in completing a survey of the same with a view of making it available for vessels of a deeper draft. Improving Mooseabec Bar, Maine: Continuing improve- Bar, me
Moos e abec ment, six thousand dollars. Improving harbor at Back Cove, Portland Harbor, Back Chords
Portland, Me. Maine: Continuing improvement, twenty thousand dollars.
Improving barborat Belfast, Maine: Continuing Belfast, Me. improvement, eight thousand dollars.
For construction of breakwater from Mount Desert to Mount Desert Porcupine Island, Maine: Continuing improvement, ten Island, "Me.. thousand dollars, to be expended in accordance with the breakwater. modified project recommended by the Secretary of War.
Improving harbor of refuge at Little Harbor, New Hamp- Little Harbor, shire: Continuing improvement, ten thousand dollars. Improving barbor at Burlington, Vermont: Continuing
Burlington, improvement, ten thousand dollars.
Improving harbor at Boston, Massachusetts: Continuing Boston, Mass. improvement, by deepening and widening the main channel to a depth of twenty-seven feet and a width of one thousand feet, two hundred thousand dollars, of which ten thousand dollars may, in the discretion of the Secretary of War, be used in the further prosecution of the work in Nantasket Beach channel.
Improving harbor at Lynn, Massachusetts: Continuing Lynn, Mass. improvement, seven thousand five hundred dollars: Pro- Proviso. rided, That the whole or any portion of this appropriation may be expended on the western channel, in the discretion Western chanof the Secretary of War. Salem Harbor, Massachusetts: So much of the appro
Salem, Mass. priation heretofore made, as may be necessary, shall be used in making a survey of Salem Harbor, with a view to survey for
widening chanwidening the harbor channel to the inouth of South River nel. to the width of five hundred feet, and giving a depth of Vol. 27, p. 89. at least ten feet at mean low water, and from the mouth of said river to Derby wharf, beginning with a width of three hundred feet and gradually narrowing, so that there shall be at said wharf a width of not less than one hundred and sixty feet and a depth from said mouth to said wharf of not less than ten feet at mean low water, and
with a view of dredging the Middle Ground," so called, between “Haste Ledge” and “ Aqua Vitae” só as to give
a depth of twenty-five feet at mean low water. Nantucket, Improving harbor of refuge at Nantucket, MassachuMass.
chusetts: Continuing improvement, twenty-five thousand
dollars. Newburyport, Improving harbor at Newburyport, Massachusetts: ConMass.
tinuing improvement, twenty thousand dollars. Plymouth, Improving harbor at Plymouth, Massachusetts: ComMass.
pleting improvement, and for repairs, one thousand five
huudred dollars. Provincetown. For maintenance of works in harbor at Provincetown, Mass.
Massachusetts, one thousand five hundred dollars. Scituate, Mass. Improving harbor at Scituate, Massachusetts: Contin
uing improvement, ten thousand dollars. Hyannis, Mass. Improving harbor at Hyannis, Massachusetts: Contin.
uing improvement, three thousand five hundred dollars. Vineyard Improving harbor at Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts: Haven, Mass.
Continuing improvement, seven thousand five hundred
dollars. Sandy Bay,
Improving harbor of refuge at Sandy Bay, Cape Aun, Cape Ann, Mass: Massachusetts: Continuing improvement, one hundred and
fifty thousand dollars. Gloucester, Improving harbor at Gloucester, Massachusetts: ConMass.
tinuing improvement, forty thousand dollars. New Bedford, Improving harbor at New Bedford, Massachusetts: Com
pleting improvement, seven thousand five hundred dollars, including survey with a view to obtaining a larger area of
anchorage. Wareh am, Improving harbor at Wareham, Massachusetts: The SecMass. Resurvey.
retary of War is directed out of the appropriation on hand to make a resurvey of said harbor with a view to its further
needed improvement. Morrimac. Merrimac River, Massachusetts: The Secretary of War River. is directed out of the appropriation on hand to make a Resurvey.
re-survey of said river with a view of obtaining a depth up
to Haverhill equal to that over the bar at Newburyport. Marthas Vine Improving inner harbor at Marthas Vineyard, Massayard, Mass.
chusetts: Completing improvement, two thousand five hun
dred dollars. Cana pitsit Improving Canapitsit Channel, Massachusetts, between Channel, Mase. the islands of Cuttyhunk and Neshawana: Completing
improvement, tive thousand dollars. Block Island,
Improving harbor at Block Island, Rhode Island: ComR.I.
pleting improvement, two thousand five hundred dollars, including dredging when necessary and a survey and esti
mates of cost for further improvement of said harbor. Newport, R. I. Improving harbor at Newport, Rhode Island, including
the removal of Spindle Rock, Rose Island: Continuing
improvement, seven thousand five hundred dollars. Point Judith Entrance to Point Judith Pond, two thousand five hunPond, R. I.
dred dollars, which, together with the previous unexpended appropriation, shall be used in improving former entrance
to said pond. Bridgeport, Improving harbor at Bridgeport, Connecticut: ContinuConn.
ing improvement, ten thousand dollars, of which, in the