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APPENDIX 1.

CONDITION OF THE WATER DURING THE YEAR. Condition of water at Great Falls, Dalecarlia receiving reservoir, and distributing reser

voir, and height of water orer dam at Great Falls for each day in the year. [The height of water on the dam at Great Falls varied during the year from a minimum of 0.5 of a foot

(which was the height for four days in the latter part of July and for tifteen days in August) to a
maximum of 4.9 feet on May 21.]
Condition of
Condition of
Condition of

Condition of
water.
water.
water.

water.

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Receiving res.

ervoir, south

connection.
Distributing
reservoir, eftlu-

ent gatehouse.
Height of water over

dam at Great Falls, feot.

Great Falls.

Receiving res.

ervoir, south

connertion.
Distributing

reservoir, etlu

ent gatehouse.
Height of water over

dam at Great Falls,
feet.

Great Falls.

Receiving res:

ervoir, south

connection.
Distributing
reservoir, efilu.

ent gatehouse.
Height of water over

dam at Great Falls,
feet.

Great Falls.

Receiving res.

ervoir, south

connection,
Distributing

reservoir, efflu

ent gate house. Height of water over

dam at Great Falls, feet.

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80 80 80 .80 .80

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80 .80 .80 80

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

July, 1893.

36 36
36 36
36 36
36 36
36 24
36 14
36 15
36 2+
36 36
36 36
36 36
36 36
36 36
36 36
36 36
36

27
36
36
30
36
36

5
36 6
36 12
36 19
36 26
36 36
36 36
36 36
36 36
36 36
36 36

80
80
.80
. 70
.70
.80
70
70

70
.70
. 70
80
70
. 70
.70
. 70
70
60
60
60
60
60
60
.50

36 36 36 36 36 36

2 5 1 1 4 8 20 28

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36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 38 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 24

11 14 19 31 33 24 22 22 14 8

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1.80
1. 40
1. 20
1. 10
1.10
1. 00

90
90
90
80
80
80

90 1. 40 2. 00 1. 90 1.80 1. 50 1.50 1. 20 1. 10 1.00 1. 00 1.00

90 90 90 90 .80 80

.50 50 50 50 50 50 50 .50

50 .50 80 55 60 60 ..60 60 60 60 ..60

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35
36
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9
11
13

36 36 36 36 35 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 6 6 8 10 19 19 22 26 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36

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6 6 7 8 10 20

6 9 12 12 14 15 15

36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36

5 15

36 25 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36

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36 36 36

29 20

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Condition of water at Great Falls, Dalecarlia receiving reservoir, and distributing reser

voir-Continued.

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Number of days during the fiscal year 1893–94 on which the water was clear or turbid at

the places indicated.

Place.

Clear.

Slightly
turbid.

Turbid.

Very turbid.

Great Falls.
Dalecarlia receiving reservoir.
Distributing rezervoir.

165 312 213

32 25 34

59 23 63

109

5 55

NOTE.-In determining the condition of the water a metallic tube with glass ends is used. This is filled with water, and the distance at which a ball immersed in the water can be seen from one of the ends is noted. When it can be seen at a distance of from 22 to 36 inches, inclusive, it is considered clear; from 15 to 21 inches, slightly turbid; from 8 to 14 inches turbid, and from 0 to 7 inches very turbid.

APPENDIX 2.

Daily gauge pressures at the office of the Washington Aqueduct at 9 o'clock a, m.

Month.

Inch.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 10

11

12

13

15

16 17 18

19

20, 21

22 23

24 25

26

27

28 29

30

31

Aver-
age.

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1
30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31
36 31
31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31
31 31 31 | 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31 31 48 373 374 375 38 373 374 373 375 373 374 371 371 37) 374 374 374 36

36 36 36 36 37 30 36

30 30 37 36 36. 92 30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 36 31 31 31 31 31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31

31

31 31 36 36 36 30 36 37 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36

36 36 36 35 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 30 31 31 31 31 31 : 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

:31 31

31 .... 31 36

31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31

.... 31 +8 36 36 37 36 36 35 36 36 36 30 37 37 3737 37 37 37

36 36 36 36 36 35 36 30 36 35 35 .... 36. 13 30 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 1 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31. 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31 18 3535 3335 36 36 36 35 35 36 35 35 36 36 36

36 36 36 36 36 37 36 36 36 37 37 36 36.77
30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 3131 31 31 31 | 31 | 31 31 31 31 31 3131 31 31 31 31 31

.... 31
36 31 31 31
31 31 31 31 31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 ... 31
48
36 36

37 37 36 37 37 37 37 S7 37 37 37 37

37 37 37 | 37 37 37 36

36 37 37 .... 36.80 30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 | 31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 37

37 373 374 375 375 376 377 371 374 375 376 373 374 38 373 374 36 37 | 374 375 372 373 37 373 371 37 37 37 37.34 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 i 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31
31 | 31 31
31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31

31
31 31 31

31 31
373 374 37 37 37 37 374 375 37 371 372 373 37 37 370 371 373 374 373 374 373 374 375 373 37 37 37

37
30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 311

31 3131 31 31 | 31

31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31
36 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 | 31 | 31 31 1 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 (*) 31 31
37 37 37 374 37'37 37, 371 371 377 378 371 371 372 373 37 37 37 373 374 373 374 371 372 373 37 37 37

37. 30
30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 , 31
36

31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 | 31 31 1 31 31 | 31 | 31 31 31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 | 31 31 31 31
48 37 | 37 373 374 375 37 37 37 373 374 375 371 371 373 374 375 373 38, 373 374 375 373 374 375 37 37 37 37 378 37 371 37. 45
30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 | 31 | 31 | 31 31 31 31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 3131 31 31 31
36 31 31 31 31 31 ! 31 31 31 31 31 31 | 31 | 31 | 31 31 31 31

31 31

31 31 31 31 31
48, 371 372 374 373 374 371 372 373 374 374 374 374 375 375 37: 373 374 375 371 371 371 38 374 373 374 375 373 374 375 373 37.52
30 31 31 31 *1 3131 31 31 31 31 31) 31 31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31" 31 31 31 31

31
31 31 31 31 31 | 31 31 31 3131 31 ! 31 31 i 31 31 31

31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

31
37: 37 37 374 375 374 375 373 373 374 373 374 375 374 375 37 378 373 374 375 37 373 374 375 373 374 373 374 375 37 37 37.50
31 31 31 31
31 | 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

51 3131 31
31 31 31

.... 31
31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 | 31 | 31 31 31 31 31

31 31 31 31
31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31

... 31 18 37, 375 376, 36 37 37 37 364 365 37 37 36 37 36 36 35 355 35 35 35 35 35 35

.... 36. 28

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APPENDIX 3.

WATER RIGHTS AT GREAT FALLS.

A bill (S. 1359, Fifty-third Congress, second session) to amend an act approved July fifteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty-two, entitled “An act to increase the water supply of the city of Washington, and for other purposes," as amended and reported from the Senate Committee on the District of Columbia, May 11, 1894, with copies of reports on said bill.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act entitlel “An act to increase the water supply of the city of Washington, and for other purposes," approved July fifteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty-two, be so amended as to enable the Attorney-General and the Secretary of War, in the exercise of the authority therein and hereby conferred on them, to obtain titlo for the United States, by right of eminent domain or otherwise, to all the water rights at and in the vicinity of Great Falls, on the Potomac River, the water so taken to be useil for any and all public purposes, and also such land as may be necessary for these purposes. Within nine months after the approval of this act the Secretary of War and the Attorney-General shall make a written statement, specifying by metes and bounds the lands they may deem necessary to take for the purposes of this act, excluding the lauds already purchased by the United States and paid for, and shall file triplicate originals of said statement in the offices of the register of deeds for the District of Columbia, the county of Fairfax, Virginia, and the county of Montgomery, Maryland, respectively, and said filing of said statement shall be a taking for the United States by righit of eminent domain of the lands and waters specified in said statement and of the water rights appertaining thereto, and shall vest the title to the same absolutely in the United States. If said statemeut shall include any lands or water rights heretofore taken, or attempted to be taken, under authority of the act to which this is an amendment, or otherwise, and not heretofore paid for, the taking of the same shall be treated as done as aforesaid under this act.

SEC. 2. That if the Secretary of War and the Attorney-General shall agree with any of the owners of the land and water rights taken, or with any of the owners of any lands damaged by said taking, or by maintaining the Government dam at Great Falls at its present height, or by raising the dam to any height that may be deemed necessary for the future supply of the District of Columbia and other public purposes, upon the amouut to be paid therefor, they shall give such owner their certificate specifying the sum to which he is entitleil.

Sec. 3. That the Secretary of War and the Attorney-General, in their discretion, may appoint three commissioners to appraise the value of the land and of the water and of the water rights taken, and of the damages to any property by reason of the taking, or by reason of maintaining said Government dam at its present height, or by reason of raising the dam to such height as may be necessary for the purpose of this act. In making the valuations the appraisers shall only consider the present values of the land and water rights, without reference to their values for the uses for which they are taken under the provisions of this act. Said appraisement shall be for the guidance and information of the Secretary of War and Attorney-General.

SEC. 4. That any person or corporation owning any lands or water rights or any interest in lands or water rights taken under this act, or who shall be damaged in any way by the taking of the same, or who shall be damaged hy reason of the Government dam being maintained at its present height, or by reason of raising the dam to any height that may be deemed necessary for the future supply of the District of Columbia and other public purposes, may within six months after the first publication of the statement provided for in section one of this act, and not afterwards, institute suit against the United States in the Court of Claims by petition setting forth his or its ownership and derivation of title to any land or water rights, or to any interest therein, embraced in said statement, and setting forth any claim he or it may have for damages resulting from said taking, specifying the amount of compensation or of damages claimed, and praying judgment against the United States therefor; and such suit shall be heard, tried, and determined as other suits in said court against the United States: Provided, That the United States shall be represented in such suits by special legal counselconspicuous for known familiarity with and experience in the laws regulating riparimu rights and in hydraulics.

Sec. 5. That if any such claimant has a suit now pending in said court for compensation for lands or water rights heretofore taken by the United States at the Great Falls, or for damages resulting from such taking, or resulting from the erection of the Government dam, or from maintaining the same at its present height, such claimant may file in such suit an amended supplementary petition setting forth such additional matters and things as he may deem necessary to have before the court for the proper adjudication of his entire claims, and such amended supplementary petition having been filed the suit shall embrace all existing claims as well as those that may arise under this act,

SEC. 6. That the Court of Claims is hereby authorized in its discretion to appoint three persons, of whom two shall be skilled in hydraulic engineering, to determine as a board of referee each and all controverted questions of fact, to be formulated and submitted by the court, arising in any suit that may be brought under the authority of this act, or to which it shall apply; and a decision of a majority of them, which shall be rendered within three months fron the time of submission unless the court shall extend the time, shall be conclusive on all matters of fact submitted to the board by the court if their award shall be accepted by the court.

SEC. 7. That the judgment rendered in any such suit may be appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States as are appeals from other judgments from said Cout of Claims.

SEC. 8. That as said lands, water rights, and waters are taken for the use of the District of Columbia, said judgments and the certificates that may be issued by the Secretary of War and the Attorney-General, provided for in section 2 of this act, together with the costs and expenses incurred by the Secretary of War and the Attorney-General in executing this act, and the fees of the commissioners and the referees and of special counsel and witnesses on behalf of the United States, shall be paid by the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States as judgments rendered by the Court of Claims against the District of Columbia are now paid.

SEC. 9. That persons under disability such as described in section ten hundred and sixty-nine of the Revised Statutes of the United States may bring suit at any time within six months after disability removed.

REPORT.

Mr. Proctor, from the Committee on the District of Columbia, submitted the following report, to accompany S. 1359:

The Committee on the District of Columbia, to whom was referred the bill (S. 1359) to amend an act approved July 15, 1882, entitled, “An act to increase the water supply of the city of Washington, and for other purposes," having carefully considered the same, beg leave to report as follows:

There can be no question of greater importance to the people of any large city than that of securing a sufficient supply of water, pure in quality, and with a reserve in quantity ample for the demands of the future. Here it is not merely a local question, but one of importance to the whole country as well. Washington is the tem. porary residence of thousands, and is visited annually by millions coming from all parts of the country. The United States owns a large share of the property. The public buildings, parks, and grounds, as a whole, are the finest in the world. The demand for new buildings and other improvements will be frequent and imperative, as the machinery of government must continually and steadily increase with the increase of population of the whole country. Whatever concerns the welfare of this city, therefore, will become more and more of general interest.

The present supply of water is not sufficient in quantity or force for present needs ; some action must, therefore, be taken at once. The situation is so fully stated in the able report of Cól. Elliot, of the Corps of Engineers, who is now in local charge of the aqueduct and water supply, that little need be said in way of detail. The riparian and water rights at Great Falls are now owned by the Great Falls Manufacturing Company, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company, and the United States. The extent of the Government's present interest is in dispute. The main question presenting itself to the committee is whether to recommend the taking, under the right of eminent domain, of a supply for ordinary purposes sufficient for many years to come, or whether to acquire at once all the rights to the water at that point, settle the existing differences and all danger of future controversies about title, and end forever any danger of a short supply and the continual trouble and risk of a divided ownership.

If an individual or a business corporation was in the precise situation of the Government, owning a part of the water rights, under the necessity of adding thereto at once, and with the certainty of needing further additions from time to time, there can be no doubt that the party would seek, as a matter of prudence and common business foresight, to acquire the entire water right before extensive improvements were made by the other owners which would greatly enhance the cost. And in this case what would be good policy for an individual or private corporation would be the more so for the Government by reason of the certainty of continuing and increasing requirements. The supply, to be sure, is much larger than will be needed for aqueduct purposes, so far as can be foreseen, but even for this purpose alone your committee believe that it would be wise to control it all.

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