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said he knew it “like a bog ;" he was a guest at
SPIRIT OF THE REBEL PRESS. the Hotel de Libby in July, 1863, and knew the
RICHMOND, March 5. officers of the prison. Then recognizing Mr. If the confederate capital has been in the Ross, the clerk, Ilogan broke out, “How do you closest danger of massacre and conflagrationdo, Lieutenant Ross? Glad to see you." Hogan if the President and Cabinet have run a serious boasted of his narrow escape, having had four risk of being hanged at their own door, do we bullets put through his clothing and hair. In not owe it chiefly to the milk-and-water spirit in reply to a question as to what he was fighting which this war has hitherto been conducted ? for, he replied he was fighting for fun. When It is time to ask, in what light are the people such fun ends in a hempen rope, as we trust it of the confederate States regarded by their own will, Hogan will cease to estimate his business a government ? As belligerents resisting by war joke.
an invasion from a foreign people—or as a gang Hogan disposed of for the present, we would of malefactors evading and postponing the pen. inquire who is this “ John C. Babcock” who sent alty of their crimes? It may appear a strange Hogan on his own horse to Dahlgren? If found, question ; yet the answer is not so distinct as he should certainly be sent headlong after Dahl. could be desired. The enemy's government, we gren, or brought to Richmond to participate in know, takes the second view of our position.' To whatever fate awaits the outlaws of his com- the Washington authorities we are simply crimi. mand held here. -Richmond Examiner, March 8.
nals awaiting punishment, who may be hanged,
or may be pardoned. In their eyes, our country GEN. ELZEY'S CONGRATULATIONS.
is not ours, but theirs. The hostilities which
they carry on are not properly war, but military HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF RICHMOND, execution and coercion. There is, in their opinMarch 8, 1864.
ion, no equality of rights between us; no more General ORDERS, No. 10.
than between the police and a gang of garroters The Major-General commanding congratulates whom the police is hunting down. Even the the troops upon their completely successful de-one symptom of apparent recognition, upon their fence of the city of Richmond, and its rescue part, of our status as a war-making people from the ravages of the invader.
namely, the exchange of prisoners (a measure to The enemy was gallantly repulsed on the which policy compelled them for a little while) north side by Colonel Stevens's command, and is at an end. We would not treat, forsooth, on the west by Brigadier-General G. W. C. Lee's with Major-General Butler! The outlaws, introops. Their conduct is entitled to the highest deed, pretend to tastes and preferences as to praise and credit.
which of the efficient police constables shall be To Colonel Bradley T. Johnston, and the offi- sent to deal with them. The fastidious creatures cers and soldiers under his command, the thanks demand to be brought back to their duty by of the Major-General are especially due, for the gentlemanlike officers, and to be handled with prompt and vigorous manner in which they pur- | kid gloves, do they ! sued the enemy from Beaver Dam to Richmond, But the present matter in hand is not the posiand thence to the Pamunkey and down the tion which the Yankees assign us. Does the peninsula, making repeated charges, capturing confederate government take any different view many prisoners and horses, and thwarting any of the case? Does it at least recognize us as attempt of the enemy to charge them.
belligerents ? What a question-after three The Major-General commanding begs leave to years of fierce and deadly war! Now, in submittender to Major-General Hampton and his com- ting to take an inferior position, in suffering our mand his sincere thanks for their coöperation in enemies to do things which we may not or dare following up the enemy, and their gallant as- not do, in shrinking from retaliation for outrage, sault upon his camp at Atlee's Station, on Tues- pillage and murder, this government does virtuday night, in which the enemy's entire force was ally acknowledge and accept the theory, the stampeded and completely routed, leaving in the whole theory of Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Seward. hands of General Hampton many prisoners and General Morgan makes a raid into Ohio; he is
taken, is thrust into a State penitentiary as a Lastly, the conduct of the home guard of felon, to await his trial as a robber. Streight King and Queen County, and of Captain Magru- and his mounted brigands lay waste and burn der's squadron of the Forty-second battalion, Vir- and plunder several counties in North-Alabama ginia cavalry, which, in conjunction with small they are taken and treated as prisoners of war. detachments of furloughed men, under Captain Stoneman, Spears, Kilpatrick, ride when they Fox and Lieutenant Pollard, of the cavalry of please up to the fortifications of Richmond, robthe A. N. V., attacked the retreating column of bing the houses and hen-coops, stealing the very Colonel Dahlgren – killing the leader and cap- spoons and clothing, carrying off, at their pleaturing nearly one hundred prisoners, with ne- sure, horses, mules, slaves. Some of the thieres groes and horses---descrves public acknowledg- are apprehended, but what care they? Their of ment. By command of
ficers are conducted to the Libby and used with Major-General ELZEY. distinguished consideration. T. O. CHESTNEY,
The private thieves are sure of the treatment I of honorable enemies and prisoners taken in
battle. Several hundred of this last marauding to ravage and pillage us at pleasure, sure that gang are now in the confederate prisons at Rich- they will not be visited with the like in their mond. They are not chained up in a peniten- turn.
--Richmond Sentinel. tiary for felons, not handed over to be dealt with by the outraged laws of Virginia. Why
RICHMOND, March 7. not ? Perhaps this State government at Rich. Perhaps the people-perhaps even the govmond is not the true government of Virginia ; ernment of the confederate States-are now at perhaps the true government is the one at length awakened to the true nature of the strugWheeling, or at Alexandria, or at Norfolk, and gle in progress. We have been in the habit of these raiders and robbers have committed no regarding it as a war between nations; our eneoffence against that government or against the mies have all along looked upon it as a military people of the real State of Virginia—that is, the execution upon a mutinous crew. The means "loyal” State. This is the theory at Washing- by which their soldiers are desired “to write ton; those in “rebellion” have no rights; and their names in ineffaceable letters on the hearts to do by those caitiffs as was done by Morgan, in of their countrymen," are by rushing at night Ohio, would not there be regarded as the legiti- upon a populous city, burning it down with turmate retaliation of belligerents, but as a new out- pentine and oakum in “soaked balls," turning rage by rebels; and, doubtless, if the wretches loose some thousands of ruffian prisoners, brutwere hanged, an equal number of confederate of- alized to the deepest degree by acquaintance ficers of the highest rank they have got would with every horror of war, who have been con. swing; and our government knows it, and in its fined on an island for a year, far from all means humanity and Christian charity submits.
of indulging their strong sensual appetites-inAgain, two Yankee officers are solemnly desig- viting this pandemonium to work their will on nated by lot to be executed in retaliation for two the unarmed citizens, on the women, gentle and of ours most foully murdered. But, in the eyes simple, of Richmond, and on all their property of our enemies, we have no rights of retaliation, -in a word, to sack, with the usual accompaninor any other rights, so they coolly inform us ments attending that operation—to kill Jefferson that if we do as we have threatened, they will Davis and his mutinous crew, and slip away as not regard it as retaliation, but as a new crime, they came; to burn not only houses and bridges, to be severely punished. They choose out two but every thing else which might be of use to the officers of rank-one a Brigadier-General-and rebels, barns, boats, stores, provisions, and to inform us that their lives shall answer for the slaughter all horses and cattle which they could two. whom we propose to execute. Well, this not carry away with them. government, after months of hesitation, gives The results, indeed, of this tremendous intenway, yields all, confesses that it has no rights, tion of ravage and butchery, were contemptible. and lets the condemned men go. In other words, The “picked command, selected from brigades it accepts for us, and in our name, the position and regiments” for the thieving and murdering of rebels and malefactors.
expedition, was not quite up to the mark. “The But “we are to consider," it seems, “not braves who were to have swept though Richwhat wicked enemies may deserve, but what mond” were very easily swept away from before it becomes us, Christians and gentlemen, to Richmond ; and their balls of oakum and turinflict." (hypocrisy, and thou forty-parson- pentine, instead of hissing and flaming in our power which alone can sound its praise through dwellings and amidst terrified women and chilthy forty noses ! What cant is this? We won- dren, as was expected, had to be thrown into der whether Mr. Davis is aware of what many the Pamunkey for the present. Nevertheless, the honest people begin to mutter and murmur. minute programme of that piece of business can
They say, can this man be saving up for him- not fail to be instructive. After our government self, in case of the worst, a sort of plea in miti- has existed for three years, and has all that gation of punishment ? If the cause for which time maintained large armies to meet and baffle a hundred and fifty thousand of us have died, their far greater armies in fair fight in the field, be borne down at last, is this Christian meekness they think it still an allowable, nay, a virtuous of his intended to save his own life? They say, and glorious proceeding, to steal upon our Chiefwhat comfort are these fine sentiments to the Magistrate and his Cabinet in their beds, and, houseless families who have been driven from after burning their houses, to hang them up on their homes in Tennessee or Virginia, when they the next tree, just as the French in Algiers would find that our armies, even on the enemy's soil, do to a Kabyle chief and his encampment in the are withheld from giving the invaders a taste of desert, or the English in India to some Nena real war in their own quenched hearths and Sahib or Ghoorka marauder. blazing barns? For what have we set over Now-it is as well to look our position straight us a government at all, if it be not to protect in the face-we are barbarians in the eyes of our us against our enemies; to avenge us of our enemies. Our way of life is, according to the enemies when need is; to uphold our cause in dictum of one of these philosophers, “the sum all its fulness and grandeur, and to keep our of all barbarism." Against us every thing is fair. banner flying high? But this is lowering the We also, though we have newspapers and oracause and dragging the banner through the tors, and a certain command of the English landust. this is encouraging, inviting our invaders Iguage, are yet so hemmed in for the present by
blockading fleets and armies, that our protest, if sacre all on one side. We can choose between we attempt any, dies away in silence too. It is the two; other choice there is none. the simple fact, let us take it as we will, that
-Richmond Eraminer. those enemies against whom we fondly believe we are waging an honorable war, as nation
RICHMOND, March 7. against nation, are carrying on against us the Presuming the documents found on the body very same sort of warfare that English armies of Dahlgren to be authentic, the whole question think good enough for the revolted Sepoys and of the recent attempt to invade Richmond, burn mutinous hill-tribes.
and sack it, (with all the other horrible concomit. If they can surprise, by any sort of artifice, ants of such a scene,) can be stated and disposed our kraal of Richmond, and deliver it over to the of in a few words. It requires no fine disquisimercy of their troops, and hold in it one good tion to see our way clear as to what should be carnival of lust and rapine, they will write their done with those of the banditti who have fallen names in imperishable letters on the hearts of into our hands. But it does require nerve to their countrymen. This situation of affairs was execute the palpable convictions of our judgment always well known to us; but it was doubted or -a judgment which will be promptly sustained denied by many confederates of feeble brain. by the civilized world, including China, the most Do they believe it now, understand it now, that truculent of nations; nations not uncivilized. we have it under the hand of Federal officers Are these men warriors ? Are they soldiers, charged with the task of breaking up this "hate-taken in the performance of duties recognized as ful" den of Richmond, burning and robbing our legitimate by the loosest construction in the code houses, stripping and violating the virtuous and of civilized warfare? or are they assassins, baroften refined Christian women of this place, barians, thugs who have forfeited (and expect to shooting, stabbing, hanging the highest civil lose) their lives? Are they not barbarians redoofficers of the law, and massacring indiscrimin- lent with more hellish purposes than were ever ately the population ?
the Goth, the Hun or the Saracen? The conThis is a wholesome kind of reflection for our sentaneous voice of all Christendom will shudown countrymen. We believe it will sting them. deringly proclaim them monsters, whom no senWe think it highly probable that they will per- timental idea of humanity, no timorous views of emptorily demand of their government some expediency, no trembling terror of consequences, practical, unmistakable assertion of our full de- should have shielded from the quickest and the termination to be treated as honorable enemies sternest death. and civilized people. · And what—some may askWhat more have we to dread from Yankee -what then would you have our government malice or brutality than we know now awaits us, do?-turn the war into a war of extermination ? if success attend them? What have we to hope Certainly, certainly; it is already a war of exter- from their clemency? Will justice meted out mination, of indiscriminate slaughter and plunder to these poor creatures stimulate either the bruon the part of our enemies. Their sparing the tality of the Yankees on the one hand, or increase lives of prisoners and occasional exchanges, form their capacity and means for diabolism on the but a temporary suspension of the rule, necessi-other? Both are now in fullest exercise. If tated by our holding prisoners also; but the true these men go unpunished, according to the exanimus, the authentic Yankee theory of the war, ceeding magnitude of their crimes, do we not is manifest in the actual proceedings of our ene- invite Yankees to similar, and, if possible, still my wherever he has the power, and especially, more shocking efforts? If we would know what and most signally, in this code of instructions we ought to do with them, let us ask what would for sack and massacre in Richmond.
ere now have been their fate, if, during a war, Our government owes it to its own army and such a body of men, with such purposes and to its own people, if it cannot at the moment re- such acts, had made an attempt on and were taliate such atrocities in kind, at least to bring taken in London or Paris? The English blow to condign punishment the robbers who, in the fierce and brutal Sepoys, who disregard and exguise of soldiers, and under pretence of war, ceed the just limits of war, from the mouths of have been caught lurking about Richmond with cannon; the French fusilade them. If we are their oakum balls and turpentine, and their less powerful, have we less pride and self-respect written programme for murdering the chief mag. than either of these nations! These men have istrate and setting fire to all the houses till the put the caput lupinum on themselves. They city is burnt in a hundred places at once, and are not victims; they are volunteers for reinorsethen inviting eight thousand bloodthirsty, lustful less death. They have rushed upon fate, and ruffians to gut the blazing mansions, rape the struggled in voluntary audacity with the grim mistresses, and knock the masters in the head, monster. Let them die, not by court-martial, in the dreadful confusion.
not as prisoners, but as hostes humani generis by But if we hang these wretches, then the enemy general order from the President, Commander. will select an equal number for the gallows ? Not in-Chief. while we hold sixteen thousand hostages. But Will the Cabinet and President have the nerve if we shrink from that, there is another alterna- to do what lies palpably before them? This is tive, and the only one left us-hanging and mas- the question in all mouths. What concerns the
people most now is not whether its public officers in the amount of property destroyed, some of will come out of this war with brilliant European which cannot be replaced-none of which can be reputations-not whether, after leading the peo- well spared-and next the chagrin and mortificaple out of Egypt, they shall have the reputa- tion experienced by the bombastic South at the tion that Moses preserved, of being very meek- fact that an expedition on so important a mission but they wish protection to themselves, their should accomplish so much under the very noses wives and children, and their honor.
and in defiance of the Richmond Junta; and, -Richmond Whig.
what is worse than all, by troops led on by Kil
patrick and Dahlgren-two men who, next to A REVIEW OF THE EXPEDITION.
Butler, are most cordially hated and feared by BY E, A. PAUL
all opposed to the Union cause, and for the reaThe rebels, through the newspapers, have had son that they have so often humiliated the their say about tho recent raid. As was antici- knights of the black flag. Kilpatrick, particularpated, those located about the confederate capi- / ly, has been the special object of their vengeance tal very naturally were, and still are, fearfully for ruining the prospects of one of Virginia's excited at the audacity of Kilpatrick and his best known chieftains-Stuart of cavalry fame. troopers—they had reason to be so. This is Whipped time and again by Kilpatrick, Stuart not only what was expected, but what was finds now among his people none so poor as to hoped would be the case by all who took any do him reverence. Plot upon plot, similar to particular interest in the matter; and, by the that concocted and nearly executed at Buckland's degree of their exasperation over what the Rich-Mills last fall, have been laid by Stuart, in the mond editors are pleased to call “the raid of hope of destroying the hated and feared Kilpatbarbarians," may we judge the amount of damage rick, hoping thereby to gain that confidence of done them and their failing cause. The simple his associates in crime lost by battling with the fact is, that in the so-called programme of opera- man whom he seeks to ruin. In this, however, tions found upon the body of the lamented Colonel he will not be permitted to be successful. Dahlgren, they have interpolated words of their From the rebel statements made, it would apown coining, to the effect that Jeff Davis and his pear that Dahlgren lost his life by neglecting to cabinet were to be killed, thereby giving an im- exercise the usual precautions to guard against portance to the proclamation (which, by the surprise, and was ambushed late at night. There way, was never read to the troops) and the was no moon on Wednesday or Thursday nights, memoranda of operations which were found, not (March second and third,) until toward morning; at all in accordance with the spirit actuating the there was a cloudless sky both nights, and bright instigators and leaders in the movement. The star-light, affording sufficient light to see objects: writer was privileged to see the documents which at a distance, except in woods. Dahlgren being: Colonel Dahlgren had the day he started on the so near Gloucester, probably considered himself expedition, and which have been spread before beyond all serious danger, and therefore, it is the public in a garbled shape through the Rich-| possible was entrapped when least prepared for mond press, to intensify, if possible, the infernal it, and almost entirely thrown off his guard. But spirits of all rebeldom in their hatred to the I am inclined to think that Major Cook, his Union cause and all its supporters; and although second in command, when at liberty to do so, having no copy of these papers before him now, will give an entirely different version of this lahe is satisfied that there was no expression there- mentable affair. Dahlgren, though brave almost in written which could reasonably be construed to rashness, always moved cautiously when there even so as to express a determination to murder was the possibility of a lurking enemy being near. any person or persons—even so great an outlaw He had passed beyond what he considered the as Jeff Davis. Stripped of this interpolation, most critical point. He could not have expected the memoranda and proclamation do not exceed to find Kilpatrick beyond the Mattapony, for he the bounds of legitimate warfare. The planners must have heard his guns on Wednesday mornand participators in this raid are as high-minded ing. The larger portion of his command rejoined and honorable men as cven the conceited editor the main column on that day at about two P.m.; of the Eraminer could wish, and the leaders of | he doubtless, in attempting to follow, ran upon the expedition would go as far in preventing the enemy, and was forced to cross the Pamun. their men committing overt acts. And even if key and Mattapony at a point further north. the worst was true, how illy it becomes the When, on Wednesday evening, he attempted to indorsers of Early in Pennsylvania, Morgan in recross the Pamunkey at Pine Tree Farm, he was Ohio, Quantrel in Kansas, and Beauregard in his within a very few miles of Kilpatrick, and must plot to murder President Lincoln and Lieutenant-have seen the fires of his camp, for they were General Scott, to take special exceptions to this numerous and much extended by the burning of raid! Either one of the confederate leaders miles of basket-fence along the plantations within named has been guilty of more doubtful acts a few miles of the Pamunkey. He probably than were ever contemplated by any body of supposed, however, they were fires in an enemy's Union raiders. Forgetting these things, they camp, and therefore resolved to make his way threaten to mete out condign punishment to the to Gloucester. Would to God he had known prisoners captured froin Kilpatrick's command. whose hands kindled those extended lines of fire The real animus, however, may be found-first, on that crisp March night!
VOL. VIII.-Doc. 38
The story of arrangements having been made flag of the free was the only emblem of their nato blow up the buildings containing Union pris- tionality. They remembered, too, when, in an evil oners, is simply ridiculous. No doubt the rebel hour, a combination of insane politicians forced heart is bad enough for any such atrocity; but their State into rebellion against their own Govthe prisoners were protected from this calamity ernment. Not one of the traitors had been by the fact that the humane design could not be wronged---not one of them had ever been decarried into effect without sacrificing a large prived of a right. On the contrary, they had number of rebel lives and property. Possessed always been protected in their special exclusive of more than Yankee cunning, the rebel authori- rights--especially in their right to hold slaves. ties, under the panic created by the shells thrown Yet, in their insane madness, they rejected that 'from Ransom's battery, doubtless did attempt to protection, and sought to overturn the Governintimidate the prisoners by telling them that ment that protected them in the possession of arrangements had been made to blow up the their slaves. buildings they occupied, for the purpose of pre- The results of the rebellion they now seeventing any general attempt to overpower the you all see and feel; the slaves free; the masters guard--a result which would doubtless have been fugitives or prisoners, or the recipients of the attained had the prisoners known how near their pardon of the Government against which they friends were. The rumors about blowing up rebelled, and tried, but in vain, to destroy; all prisoners has this foundation and no more the families in the land in mourning; property
In view of all the known facts, how puerile pillaged and destroyed; poverty and desolation appear the indignities heaped upon Dahlgren's everywhere; happiness changed to misery ; joy, body! It was the old fable of kicking the dead to mourning and woe. They saw no way to lion. No man in all rebeldom would have pre- escape the evils under which we were all suffersumed to offer him an indignity when alive; but ing, but to return to the government of our an. when his mangled, mutilated, and bleeding body cestors, and remove the cause of our trouble. was lying dead before them, the self-styled aristo- The Constitution was referred to the people on crats, the chivalrous gentlemen of the city of the fourteenth of March, and ratified by a very Richmond, could heap indignities upon that in- large vote, and is now the supreme law of the animate form with impunity. Was ever sneak- State. State and county officers have been electing cowardice more palpable ?
ed. You have been deprived of the right by the Kick the dead body of the gallant Dahlgren to presence of rebel forces in your counties. your heart's content--obliterate every mark by The Convention provided, by an ordinance, which his resting-place may be known; heap all that in such cases, an election may be holden on the indignities upon his name and fame that the any other day thereafter, that the people may incarnate fiend of secession may suggest-but it agree upon, for county officers. I therefore will be of no avail; bis ghost won't down at your recommend to you, that as soon as you can hold bidding; his spirit still lives in the hearts of an election with safety to yourselves, that you thousands of his compatriots in arms, who have appoint a day in your respective counties, and sworn to avenge the cowardly indignities attempt that you elect representatives to the Legislature, ed to be heaped upon his name and remains and all your county officers, and take on your.
selves all the rights and duties of freemen, and give your aid and influence to the restoration of
the State to her position in the Union, and to • Doc. 185.
peace and former security. We have all erred
we have all gone astray. Father, forgive us, as GOVERNOR MURPHY'S ADDRESS. we forgive those that have sinned against us.
Let this spirit prevail, and happiness will soon To the People of the Counties of Arkansas for be ours; peace and security will soon spread which no Elections have been held:
over the land, and we will again be honored citi. CITIZENS OF ARKANSAS: I address you because zens of the United States of America. you have been so far deprived of the privilege of This is nobility enough; this is honor enough aiding in the restoration of civil government in -to be called a citizen of the United States, the State, by the occupation of your section of whose flag commands the adıniration and respect the State by the rebel army. In January last, a of the world; and whose Government has never Convention of Delegates, elected by a portion of failed to avenge or right the wrongs done to its the people, met at Little Rock, remodelled the humblest citizen. Constitution of the State, and appointed me for Spurn, then, the tyranny and oppression of the Governor. The new Constitution differs from leaders of this wicked rebellion, and return to the old in this: That it abolishes slavery in Ar- the home of your ancestors, and your own by kansas forever. The members of the Convention inheritance, and atone for the past by securing were sober, earnest men, on whom events had to your posterity freedom, security, and happimade a deep impression. They were tired of lness hereafter. war, and the desolation that war produces; they
Isaac MURPHY, remeinbered the security and happiness that they
Provisional Governor of Arkansas enjoyed when law and order prevailed, and the EXECUTIVE OFFICE, LITTLE Rock,
ARKANSAS, March 23, 1864,