« AnteriorContinuar »
ment; about two hundred horses, and five hun- titude, and your discipline, to hold this portion dred small-arms.
of the State of Kentucky, aided as you will be I also took possession of Hickman, the enemy by your friends now flocking to your ranks. having passed it.
C. A. BUFORD, I moved north with Buford's division, march
Brigadier-General, P. A., o. & ing direct from Jackson to Paducah in fifty Official : hours; attacked it on the evening of the twenty
1 THOMAS M. CROWDER, .
Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General. sixth, drove the enemy to their gunboats and forts, held the town for ten hours, and could have held it longer, but found the small-pox raging, and evacuated the place.
Doc. 128. We captured many stores and horses, burned
BATTLE OF FITZHUGH'S WOODS, ARK. up sixty bales of cotton, one steamer in the drydock, and brought out fifty prisoners.
REPORT OF MAJOR FOSTER. My loss at Union City and Paducah, as far
HEADQUARTERS THIRD MINNESOTA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, L as known, is twenty-five killed and wounded
Little Rock, ARK., April 3, 1864. ' among them Colonel Thompson, commanding Captain John Peetz, Post-Adjutant, Little Rock: the Kentucky brigade, killed; Lieutenant-Cola CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report the part onel Lanhum, of the Faulkner regiment, mor- which the detachment of the Third Minnesota tally wounded ; and Colonel Crosslin, of the volunteers, under my command, took in the reNinth Kentucky, and Lieutenant-Colonel Mor- cent expedition and action up White River, unton, of the Second Tennessee, slightly wounded. der command of Colonel C. C. Andrews, of the
The enemy's loss at Paducah was fifty killed Third Minnesota. and wounded. The prisoners, in all, five hun- I received orders from Colonel Andrews at dred.
N. B. FORREST. half-past four o'clock p.M., March thirtieth, to HEADQUARTERS SECOND Division FORREST'S CAVA
be in readiness to march with four days' rations MAYFIELD, KY., March 33.
at six o'clock that evening, and at seven o'clock GENERAL ORDERS, No. —.
I marched my command, six companies-comThe General Commanding returns to the offi- pany B, commanded by Lieutenant Pierce, comcers and troops of this division his congratula- pany C by Lieutenant Grummons, company E tions upon the success which has thus far at- by Lieutenant Knight, company G by Captain tended the campaign into Kentucky. The Devereux, company H by Lieutenant Misener, hardships you bore upon a march almost un-company I by Captain Swan-one hundred and precedented, from Tibbie Station, Mississippi, eighty-six strong--to the ferry, and immediately to Paducah, in a week; the devotion you have proceeded to the railroad dépôt, where, by direcexhibited to the cause of freedom, and the valor tion of the Colonel, we embarked on the cars, our skirinishers displayed in their attack upon and at nine p.m. left for Duvall's Bluff. We the fort at Paducah, call for the highest admira- reached the Bluff at four o'clock next morning, tion and praise of your commander. At the and forthwith embarked on the steamer Dove, very doors of their homes some of your com- and at seven o'clock, together with a small force rades laid down their lives to rescue Kentucky of the Eighth Missouri cavalry, proceeded up froin the iron heel of abolition despotism, and White River, reaching Gregory's Landing the rule of the negro. Among those whose which is ten miles above the mouth of the faces are gone from us for ever, we are forced to Little Red, and one hundred and ten miles pay a lasting regret to the memory of one brave, above Duvall's Bluff-about eight o'clock P.m., courteous, and beloved, and whose merits as a where we disembarked, and marched to the supcitizen, as a friend, and as a soldier, we all felt port of the cavalry, toward Cache River Crossand appreciated. He fell as a soldier desires to ing, where it was supposed McCrea was encampfall, at the head of his command, a hero regret- ed. After marching three miles in the darkness ted by all. Colonel A. P. Thompson, Third and rain, it was ascertained that McCrea had Kentucky regiment, and commanding the Third left that country and gone toward Jacksonport. brigade, will long be remembered by all who Upon getting this information, we immediately knew his noble deeds and heroic death. With returned to the boat, and proceeded up the river a force less than that of the enemy within the to Augusta, where we arrived at half-past five stockade, you, in an exposed condition, with A.m., on the first of April ; disembarked, and your skirmishers, silenced his guns; caused pushed without delay, with one hundred and one of his gunboats to withdraw from action, sixty men, all told, into the country, on the fearful of the accuracy of your fire; captured Jacksonport road, the cavalry in advance. My and destroyed immense stores-quartermaster, orders were to keep within supporting distance, commissary, and ordnance; and inflicted upon which I did. At the crossing of the Cache him a loss of twenty-seven killed, and from River road, four miles from Augusta, I encainpseventy to eighty wounded, besides capturing ed with the cavalry, which had been skirmishing sixty-four prisoners; your own loss being ten with the enemy for the last two miles, and here killed and forty wounded
found them in force. The Colonel ordered me The General Commanding feels proud of the to take three companies into the woods and division, and relies upon your courage, your for- engage them. I took companies B, H, and I,
and drove the enemy before me about one mile, and a large number of contrabands, which had and across a large cypress-swamp. I afterward been picked up during the day. learned from prisoners that the force I drove The following embraces a full list of the casuwas the notorious Rutherford and about one alties in the regiment at the combat of Fitzhugh's hundred and fifty men. At this tine the rest of Woods : the force came up, the cavalry advanced, and Il Company B. --- Privates Benjamin Sanderson followed, crossing the swamp, and proceeding and Ole Hanson, killed ; Sergeant Albert G. Hunt, toward Jacksonport, the cavalry doing the skir- severely wounded; Corporal Edward Fraygang, mishing. We marched on to the Methodist severely wounded; private William F. Ingham, church, near Dr. Westmoreland's house, twelve severely wounded ; First Sergeant, Henry A. Dumiles from Augusta, where, by the Colonel's rand, slightly wounded ; privates George Brewer orders, I halted my command, while the cavalry and William Shearier, wounded and missing. scouted in advance. Finding no force of the Company C.-Private Henry W. Farnsworth, enemy, they returned, and, after a short rest, killed; privates James P. Chapin and Henry started back for the boats. We had moved back H. Wallace, severely wounded ; Corporal Lewis about two and a half miles, and halted to rest Kimball, slightly wounded ; private Orin Case, at Fitzhugh's farm-house, where we discovered a slightly wounded. large force of mounted men charging down upon Company E.--First Sergeant Corydon D. Beus on our right and rear. I immediately formed, vans and private Clark D. Harding, killed; Corand, by Colonel Andrews's orders, sent two com- poral Isaac Lauver and private Albert G. Leach, panies to engage the enemy ; Captain Swan, severely wounded. company I, those in the road, and Lieutenant Company G.- Private Albert R. Pierce, severeMisener, company H, those on the right. They ly wounded; private Andrew Bingham, missing. charged down through the open field with loud Company H. — Corporal George H. Peaslee, yells. I let them approach within one hundred killed; privates Rollin 0. Crawford and John and fifty yards, then sent a volley of Minié Eaton, severely wounded. balls into them, which caused them to cease Company F.-Privates: Washington I. Smith, their yelling, and break to the rear for the killed ; Joseph Markling, dangerously wounded; woods with headlong speed. I followed a short Andrew Clark, severely wounded ; John Pope, distance, and discovered we had inflicted a se-wounded and missing. vere loss on them. Our cavalry having pushed Quartermaster's Sergeant, H. D. Pettibone, on in advance, we did not follow up. Finding slightly wounded. the enemy was not disposed to come out of the Killed, seven ; wounded, sixteen; missing, four. woods, we again proceeded toward Augusta. Total casualties, twenty-seven. We marched on about two and a half miles, to The loss of the enemy, as near as could be asFitzhugh's Woods, when the enemy was again tertained, was upward of one hundred killed and heard shouting and yelling, and seen coming wounded-four times our own. Of these, seydown through an old corn-field, on the same eral were known to be officers. flank as before. I immediately fixed bay- I am very proud to say that every man was onets, and charged on at a double-quick to meet perfectly cool during the entire engagement, and him, coming up in line at about two hundred many instances of great daring and bravery ocyards from this force, which was, I should judge, curred which are worthy of being mentioned. at least three hundred strong, and gave him a Hardly a man escaped without some bullet-mark volley before he opened. He immediately broke through his clothing. to the rear for the thick timber. At this instant. I am especially obliged to Lieutenant E. when we gave a shout to see the enemy so bro- Champlin, Acting Adjutant; Sergeant Major ken, we were attacked by another and still larger Akers, Quartermaster Sergeant H. D. Pettibone, force from the road we had just come up. The and First Sergeant C. D. Bevans, who, I lament troops were immediately faced about, and charg- to say, was killed ; also First Sergeant James M. ed down into the woods in the face of a deadly Moran, company H, and, in short, to all the offifire from the enemy. While leading this charge, cers and men of the regiment, for their promptthe Colonel's horse was killed under him. After itude in obeying all orders. gaining the heavy timber, we engaged the enemy Very respectfully, your obedient servant, as skirmishers, in a contest which lasted two
EVERETT W. FOSTER, hours and a half, when I discovered that we
Major Third Minnesota, commanding Regiment. were getting short of ammunition. I immediately reported the fact to Colonel Andrews,
ST. PAUL “PIONEER" ACCOUNT. who ordered me to withdraw gradually from
St. Paul, April 16. the timber and occupy some farm-buildings up. In conversation with Captain Devereux, of the the road toward Augusta, and protect the cross- Third regiment, who has just returned from Liting of Cypress Swamp, about half a mile further tle Rock, Arkansas, we were favored with the on, which was successfully accomplished; the following particulars of the recent fight at Fitzcavalry passed through the swamp, the infantry hugh's Woods, near Augusta, in North-Eastern following. We then formed on the opposite side, | Arkansas. and marched to Augusta, six miles, without fur- On Wednesday, the thirtieth ultimo, the Third ther molestation, bringing some thirty prisoners, regiment was on duty at Little Rock, in Arkan. sas. At five P.m. it received orders from Colonel whence we checked the rebel advance. After an (now General) Andrews, commanding the post, hour and a half of continual firing on both sides, to be prepared to march in one hour. At half- our lines were moved forward, and the rebels past six o'clock, the regiment was marched to the driven to the original position of their attack, railroad dépôt, and conveyed by the cars to Du- After about fifteen minutes, the rebels were disval's Bluff. At four A.M., the expedition, consist- mounted, and charged upon us, yelling and ing of six companies of the Third, numbering whooping. We were unable to check their adone hundred and sixty men, under Major E. W. vance until we had fallen back to the line at the Foster, and forty of the Eighth Missouri cavalry, fence. We held this line until about half-past under Captain Estes-the whole under command four o'clock, the enemy ceasing their fire at about of General Andrews-was embarked at Duval's four o'clock and retiring, protected by rough Bluff on the steamer Dove, and proceeded up ground and the trees, annoyed by prompt fire White River, convoyed by gunboat No. Twenty- from our line at every exposure. five, of the Mosquito Fleet. At Gregory's Land. The fight lasted about four hours, on ground ing, sixty-five miles from the Bluff, the expedi- of McRae's own choosing, and three desperate tion was landed at eight P.m., and marched into attacks from superior numbers had been repuls. the interior, a distance of four or five miles, in ed, our men behaving nobly. Twice the rebels the direction where the noted rebel General Mc-charged upon our lines, in line, mounted. The Rae was supposed to be encamped. His camp- third time they dismounted, and advanced under ing-ground was found, and it was learned from cover of trees and with the advantage of ground. inhabitants of the neighborhood that McRae, with The enemy, at the close, showed no stomach for a considerable force, had left that camp on the further fight, and was, in the opinion of our men, Monday previous, and gone in the direction of badly hurt. His first intention seems to have Augusta, near which place they supposed him been, under the impression that his force was then to be. The command was immediately re- large enough to capture us, to cut off our line of turned to the boat, and proceeded up the river retreat to the river. to Augusta, reaching that place at about daylight Finding that the rebels intended no further of Friday morning. A picket-guard was at once attack, General Andrews returned with his composted around the town, and a patrol sent through mand to the river, without hindrance or gaining it, which latter arrested and brought to the boat sight again of their forces. Near the battle-field, a number of citizens, that information might be about five miles from Augusta, the column had obtained from them as to the whereabouts of to make its way on the road through a swamp, McRae and his command. The citizens, however, where the muddy water overflowed it from one knew, or pretended to know, little or nothing to three feet deep, and where the enemy, with about McRae. General Andrews, acting on the his knowledge of the country, might, if his fightprevious information, resolved to leave the boats ing disposition had remained good, have attacked at Augusta, and march into the country; and General Andrews in a bad position for concerted did so march the command a distance of twelve defence. or thirteen miles. It was remarked as a singular The loss of General Andrews's force in this acfact that the citizens along the line of our march, tion was seven killed, sixteen wounded, and four as at Augusta, all professed to know nothing of missing. Total casualties, twenty-seven. The McRae or his whereabouts, though the command loss of the enemy, as near as could be ascertainsoon after learned positively that he was in the ed, was upward of one hundred in killed and immediate neighborhood. Having gained no re-wounded, of whom a number were known to be liable information whatever, the General ordered officers. Our force, having no ambulances or a return to the boats, intending to proceed from wagons, left its dead on the field. Augusta further up the river, and make another. Among the incidents of this fight at Fitzhugh's landing and reconnoissance.
Woods are the following: General Andrews's At half-past twelve o'clock, on the return, at horse was shot dead from under him. Two bulabout six miles from Augusta, the command was lets passed through Major Foster's coat into his attacked by General McRae's force, from five hun- saddle. Three bullets passed through Captain dred to eight hundred mounted men; at the same Swan's coat. Orderly-Sergeant H. A. Durand, time on both flanks and in the rear. Retaining a of company B, was taking aim at a rebel, when small reserve, General Andrews caused his men to a bullet struck the cock of his gun on the side, be deployed as skirmishers toward each point of knocked it off, and glancing wounded the Serattack, while the rebels were coming on with a geant slightly on the side of his forehead. The yell, as if to make a desperate charge. So soon men wore their blankets rolled and twisted, the as the lines of Federal skirmishers were formed, ends tied together, and the coil thus made thrown firing was commenced, at orders given, and the over the head, and hanging on the left shoulder rebels were repulsed, retreated, and were follow and right side. After the fight one of the men ed by the skirmishers, till the lines becoming too found a very large bullet imbedded in his blank. extended, it was deemed best they should be et, having passed two thirds through the twisted withdrawn, and kept available for inutual sup- folds, just above his stomach. port. At the retiring of our lines, the rebels ad- It was understood, at leaving Little Rock, that vanced again. We had to retire a short distance, the object of the expedition was to relieve Batesand then formed our line behind a fence, from / ville, an outpost on White River, threatened by McRne's force, or to divert McRae's attention I would be doing injustice to my own feelings from that post for the time.
if I were to close this article without speaking of
Colonel Andrews's noble behavior in this engageMISSOURI “DEMOCRAT" ACCOUNT.
ment. His horse was shot from under him, and Little Rock, Ark., April 6, 1864. the strap of his sabre was shot in two, and balls A force of one hundred and fifty of the Third whistled thick as hail all around him. Through Minnesota infantry, and fifty of the Eighth Mis- all this he was cool and deliberate as a judge upon souri cavalry, under Colonel C. C. Andrews, left the bench. He inspired his men with bravery, Little Rock at eight P.m. of the thirtieth ultimo, and the enemy with terror. He is certainly one reached Duvall's Bluff at four o'clock next morn- of the ablest commanders west of the Mississippi. ing, and embarked on the steamer Dove. With
A. B. FRAZIER, the iron-clad No. 25 we reached Gregory's Land
Surgeon Fourth Arkansas Cavalry. ing at dark. Secrecy being indispensable, we took every man we inet prisoner. Disembark
Doc. 129. ing, we moved in the dark toward the understood locality of the rebel McRay's camp, five miles
ENGLAND AND THE REBELS. distant. After fording the muddy branch of White River, we learned that Ray and his band The following correspondence appeared in the had gone up the river to attack our transports Mobile Tribune of April seventeenth : then on their way to Batesville.
H. B. M.'s LEGATION, Returning to our boat, we reached Augusta
WASHINGTON, D. C., April 1, 1864. and landed at sunrise; then took up our line of Mr. Jefferson Davis, etc., etc., Richmond, Va. : march on the Jacksonport road, having learned SIR : I have been instructed by Earl Russell, that the enemy was posted in strong force near her Britannic Majesty's Secretary of State for it. Less than a inile ahead, we discovered Mc- Foreign Affairs, to convey to you the following Ray's advance. They ran like Indians, and we extract of a despatch which has been forwarded chased about one mile, making several prisoners, to me by his lordship. I have chosen the method and at length approaching a body of rebels who which appeared to me to be the only available snowed some disposition to stand, but soon dis. one, under the present unhappy circumstances in. persed in the woods. We followed McRay twelve which the country is involved, and I trust that miles over the Jacksonport road, and then, learn- | the absence of all recognized diplomatic or coning nothing more of him, started back near night sular residents or other agents of her Majesty for our boats. We had gone about five miles when near Richmond, will be recognized as sufficient we were suddenly attacked on the left rear. Our reason for its not being sent through usual chanbrave lads sprang to position and went to work. nels. I need scarcely say that the bearer of this The battle lasted two hours and a half. The despatch, whom you have consented to allow to rebels were at least three to our one. They strug- visit Richmond, has been authorized by the Govgled powerfully to surround us, at one time form-ernment of the United States to pass into your ing in a complete semi-circle and inflicting a se- lines on the flag-of-truce boat, for the purpose of vere cross-fire. They showed little disposition to delivering it, and will desire your permission to advance far from the swamp, for whenever they return for Washington by the same mode of conattempted to leave it, our fire was most effectual. /veyance. To draw them from the timber, we fell back a! I have the honor to be, with high respect, few hundred yards to a strong position near a your obedient, humble servant, Lyons. farm-house. Every attempt they made to ap
(COPY.] proach us was repulsed with loss. Being five You will also convey to Mr. Davis at Richmiles from our boat, the sun getting low, and the mond, through such channel as shall be available, rebels retiring in their swamp, we leisurely re- and as you may in your discretion deem proper, sumed our march, and at sunset reached the the formal protest and remonstrance of her Maboat, singing the “Battle-Cry of Freedom,” giv- jesty's government against the efforts of the auing three cheers for the flag and three for Colonel thorities of the so-called confederate States to Andrews.
build war-vessels within her Majesty's dominions, We were away from Little Rock three days, to be employed against the Government of the travelled three hundred and twenty miles, chased United States. Perhaps your Lordship might McRay's boasted band of eight hundred twelve best accomplish this object by obtaining permis. miles without being able to get a fight out of sion from the authorities of both belligerents to them, and repulsed an attack of five hundred send a special messenger to Richmond with the rebels. We lost twenty-five killed, wounded, necessary despatch, in which you will transmit and missing, and are sure the rebels lost not less this paragraph, or the substance of it, together than one hundred. We saw several of their offi- with all that follows, to the close of this commucers unsaddled, one of them doing his best to get nication. his men to charge. He was killed--a brave fel- Her Majesty's Government, in taking this low, and may have deserved a better fate. course, desire Mr. Davis to rest assured that it
The moral effect of this successful expedition is adopted entirely in that spirit of neutrality in this section will be excellent. A majority are which has been declared the policy of this coun. praying for the overthrow of the rebellion. try with regard to the two belligerents now so
Vol. VIII. -Doc. 33
lamentably desolating America, and which will conviction of her Majesty's government, and the continue to be pursued, with a careful, and earn-law officers of the crown, and admitted, as they est desire to make it conducive to the most rigid are convinced it must be, by Mr. Davis, and by impartiality and justice.
every other person of sound and impartial judgAfter consulting with the law officers of the ment, there is not the slightest room to doubt Crown, her Majesty's Government have come to that it is purposed to use the vessels in question the decision that agents of the authorities of the against the United States, a country with which so-called confederate States have been engaged this nation is at peace and on terms of amity, in building vessels which would be at least par- and that the permitting of them to leave the tially equipped for war purposes on leaving the ports of her Majesty's dominions would be a vioports of this country; that these war-vessels lation of the neutrality laws of the kingdom, and would undoubtedly be used against the United such an injurious act toward the United States States, a country with which this Government is as would justify the government of that country at peace; that this would be a violation of the in seriously complaining of it as unfriendly and neutrality laws of the realm ; and that the Gov- offensive in the highest degree, even to the immiernment of the United States would have just nent peril of rupturing the peaceful relations ground for serious complaints against her Majes- now existing between the two countries. ty's Government, should they permit such an Under these circumstances, her Majesty's govinfraction of the amicable relations now subsist- ernment protest and reinostrate against any furing between the two countries.
ther efforts being made on the part of the soMer Majesty's Government confidently rely on called confederate States, or the authorities or the frankness, courtesy, and discernment which agents thereof, to build, or cause to be built, or Mr. Davis has displayed in the difficult circum- to purchase, or cause to be purchased, any such stances in which he has been placed during the vessels as those styled rams, or any other vessels past three years for a recognition of the correct to be used for war purposes against the United ness of the position which her Majesty's Govern- States, or against any country with which the ment have taken upon this subject. No matter United Kingdom is at peace and on terms of what might be the difficulty in proving in a court amity; and her Majesty's government further of law that the parties procuring the building of protest and remonstrate against all acts in violathe vessels are agents of the so-called confederate tion of the neutrality laws of the realm. States, it is universally understood throughout I have the honor to be your Lordship's obedithe world that they are so, and her Majesty's ent servant,
RUSSELL. Government are satisfied that Mr. Davis would
REPLY OF JEFFERSON DAVIS. not deny that they are so. Constructed as “rams," as these vessels are, they would cer
RICHMOND, VA., C. 8. A., April 6, 1864. tainly be in a condition, on leaving port, to in- To the Right Hon. Lord Lyons, C. B., etc., H. flict the most serious damage on vessels belong B. M.'s Minister to the Government of the ing to the United States, as was shown by the United States : destruction of the Cumberland, United States My LORD: I have been instructed by the Presi. sloop of war, by the “ram" Merrimac, merely by dent to acknowledge the receipt of a despatch the latter being run into collision with the Cum- from your lordship, inclosing a copy of a portion berland. Such vessels are to all intents and of a despatch from Earl Russell, H. B. M.'s Secpurposes equipped as war-vessels of a certain retary of State for Foreign Affairs, purporting to power, although they be without a gun or any be a “ formal protest and remonstrance of her ammunition on board ; nor can the frequent Majesty's government against the efforts of the use of the word “equip," in the sense of “to authorities of the so-called confederate States, to furnish with every thing necessary for a voy- build war-vessels within her Majesty's dominage," be held for a moment to limit its signi- ions, to be employed against the government of ficance to the furnishing of a war-vessel with the United States." every thing which it inight be possible to put The President desires me to say to your lordupon her, or the ultimately putting of which on ship, that while he is not unwilling to waive, in her might be contemplated. Such a construc- existing circumstances, the transmission of such tion cannot be entertained for an instant. It is a document through other than the usual and clear that a hundred-and-tienty-gun ship might proper channel, it would be inconsistent with be equipped for war purposes with any fraction the dignity of the position he fills as Chief Magisof her armament on board, although she might trate of a nation comprising a population of more not be so powerful or so efficient as she would than twelve millions, occupying a territory many be if she had the whole of it. A ram would be times larger than the United Kingdom, and also equipped for war purposes, although the ab- possessing resources unsurpassed by those of sence of her ordnance and ammunition might any other country on the face of the globe, to render her less effective than she would be with allow the attempt of Earl Russell to ignore the them. This, it is presumed by her Majesty's actual existence of the confederate States, and to Government, will be conceded by Mr. Davis, with contumeliously style them “so-called," to pass out further argument or illustration in support without a protest and a remonstrance. The Presiof it.
dent, therefore, does protest and remonstrate This much being established to the perfect I against this studied insult; and he instructs me