« AnteriorContinuar »
goons, under those far-famed Yankee chiefs, line of march, and in the shameful excess of Smith and Grierson, with such fierce displays his wretched mercenaries. We could hardly of valor and determination as argued badly for wish our bitterest enemy a larger portion of Forrest's infantry scouts, scattered through the misery than must have fallen upon this ambitious bushes and over the prairie in rather an ir- aspirant on his return to the fortifications to regular and unmilitary style. But these valor. Vicksburgh. An educated soldier, who had long ous horsemen did not advance far before the associated with gentlemen, who had received the balls of two thousand riflemen began to rattle highest favors and unbounded kindness and through their ranks with fearful effect. Scores hospitality from the Southern people, during his of men and horses fell at the first fire, and their residence in Louisiana, Sherman has, by the onward movement was checked, and before they license extended to his brutal hirelingy, in their could recover and re-form, the volley was repeat- march through Mississippi, and by his own acts ed-again and again--until dismay and terror of outrage and cruelty, shown a degree of infamy began to prevail in their ranks, and they soon that entitles him to take rank with Butler, Mcbroke into confusion and fled.
Neil, llunter, and other Federal chiefs whose Forrest then mounted his men and began his only achievements in this war have been those pursuit, which he kept up with great vigor for of the ruffian, the pirate, the plunderer and highnearly twenty miles, the enemy leaving behind wayman. wany of his wounded and exhausted men, all his dead, his horses, prisoners, five pieces of artillery, burning his packs and turning loose his
Doc. 123. mules. Having discovered the small force of Forrest, several attempts were made by Smith
CAPTURE OF GENERAL SCAMMON. and Grierson to rally their men and resume the
RICHMOND “EXAMINER" ACCOUNT. offensive. Their efforts were successful on the
Richmond, February 18, 1864. hills just beyond Okolona, when the last grand We have the particulars of the gallant exploit charge was made by them. It was met in the recently performed by Lieutenant Verdigan and same way as their previous attempts, but even ten men belonging to the Sixteenth Virginia caywith more vigor and determination by Forrest's alry, commanded by Colonel J. Ferguson, of men, who had in a few hours become veterans. Wayne County, in the capture of a Yankee Several crushing volleys from their rifles quickly steamer. arrested the impetuous valor of the Yankees, and! For two months past, the Colonel and most of sent them to the rear in the wildest confusion his men have been wintering within the enemy's and dismay. By this time Forrest had exhausted lines in the county above named. They have had his ammunition and the strength of his horses. several successful skirmishes with the enemy, Ile could not follow up the enemy.
and bad, on a former occasion, sent out sixteen Fortunately, however, General Gholson arrived prisoners, who all arrived safely in Richmond. with some fresh State troops, new levies hastily They also killed Denny Coleman, late surveyor gathered, and took the place of Forrest's men, of Buchanan County, in a fight at Round Bottom, following up the Yankees for a great distance, near Ohio River, one of the vilest Union men and harassing them, capturing and killing and wound-base-hearted traitors that have ever been arrayed ing many, and picking up arms, wagons, horses, against us. and a great variety of other valuable property | The exploit above alluded to happened near thrown away by the enemy in his wild flight. Winfield, about twelve days since. Major NonThe enemy never halted for a moment in his re- ning was on a scout with a portion of the comtreat, and when last heard from, the remnant of mand, and entered Winfield about midnight, his splendid force was hastening fast to Memphis when he ascertained that the steamer Levi, bound in far different plight from that in which they for Charleston, lay on the opposite side of the had so recently emerged from their fortifications. river. Lieutenant Verdigan, with a solitary comAs soon as the news of this disaster reached panion, was despatched across the river to reSherman, he began his retrograde movement to connoitre, which was successfully accomplished, ward the Mississippi, Lee following him up and and the telegraphic communication with Charleshanging on his flanks, and harassing him con- ton severed in front of a house, and in full view tinually. When last heard from, he was dragging of a woman residing therein. In about two hours his wearied, broken-down column back to Vicks- Lieutenant Verdigan was reën forced by nine men, burgh, in a demoralized state, the most mortified, who had crossed the river under many difficul. disappointed, and disgusted chief who ever led ties, on account of the scarcity of water-craft. It ten thousand men up the hill and then marched was soon discovered that the enemy were on the them down again.
alert, and were about to cut loose from the shore. To increase this feeling of mortification and Not a moment was to be lost. The Lieutenant disgust, Sherman's conscience was burdened with gave the order, “Forward !" and iinmediately the a load of infamy which, even upon a Yankee gallant eleven double-quicked it to the boat, dashGeneral, could not have pressed lightly, in the ed aboard, up into the ladies' cabin, and found a recollection of the dastardly outrages upon pri. sentinel at the door. Our men were soon in posvate property, in the destruction of mills, of the session of the arms of General Scammon, two houses of poor, inoffensive people living near his lieutenants, (his aids,) two other commissioned
2. t*r* fite potrue to the ban enemy had one learing only as some se na ":f:
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, mar an 1r.1 the trans in The wheel-yos allt m e d en bro IES ;"> 11. aa 34 th:
aner Ity are acte der 2647, 218, Biofree, *152-1711 I.
e Liverpool an! in se TTN Berat r e iter, men t
h ey are part of river. To thers of ber. b. Terer. ,,,, *ere V
a riasiepimy of water. Te riteris in 1ar por var: a b marl, "ma:
I Lrt to mentina the lani 11 par bat, 1.3 i 1169', u'e n
k arl twenty-two w60.* is the 10T ORBY I everyone in tinte, *16. The tak of seri Ve orderstin! tha: s e ure mai, poput f. serraikin Aa:1 his axit eizht thousand men, under Stark Ross two a: 14 *xe sent on to Biolabili.
and Larris at Yazoo City. Our spies ar socis have falc to return. To-morrow will probals
dereing the strength of the enemy. I am bags Doc. 124.
to say that Color.el Coates, commanding the land
forces, and myself, get along together very well EXPEDITION ('P YAZOO RIVER. nor have any of the crews of the vessels touched REPORT 02 REAR ADMIRAL D. D. PORTER
any property of any description withont sanction
of the owners, and paying the full value in moP11* Par* *** ***** * LDROS,
Dey. I lxsterl -tringent orders in relation to pilC*X, Petr uary 17, 1-4 Sree Inele I mend you a report of Lieuten
lazing, etc. The Exchange was struck twice out ant (ommander (wer, in relation to an expedi
of four shots to-day in the first reconnoissance, tion I went up Yazoo River to cooperate with
but no one hurt. One shot struck within tro General shroman, (who is marching on Meridian,).
feet of the boilers, without doing any damage. and to confave the enemy with regard to move
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedieot mentu on foot. It appears the troops did not
E. K. OWEN, servant,
Lieutenant Commander, commanding Fifth District consider themselves strong enough to land, and force the position. The vessels will work their
Rear-Admiral D. D. PORTER,
Commanding Mississippi Squadron. way along cautiously until the water is high enongh to send an iron-clad or two.
LETTER FROM REAR-ADMIRAL PORTER, TRANSITIT. This move har had the effect of driving the
TING ADDITIONAL REPORT OF LIEUTENAST COM
MANDER E K OWEN. guerrillas away from the Mississippi, as they are
FLAG-SHIP BLACK Hawk, MISSISSIPPI SQT ADROS, fearful it is intended to cut them off. I don't
RED RIVER, March 6, 1864. expert much from the expedition beyond divert Smr: I have the honor to inclose herewith ing their attention,
copy of report from Lieutenant Commander E I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient serv- | K. Owen, in relation to movements up the Yazoo ant, DAVID D. PORTER,
Rear-Admiral. llon, GIDEON WELLES,
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient sertHecretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C.
DAVID D. POBTER
Rear-Admiral. REPORT OP LIEUTENANT E. K. OWEN,
Hox. Gideon WELLES,
Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D.C. UNITED STATES STEAMER MARMORA, FOUR MILES BELOW
Yazoo City, February 5, 1861. 1 ADDITIONAL REPORT OF LIEUTENANT E. E OWEN Sm: I have the honor to report the arrival of
UNITED STATES STEAMER MARMOR, UT the expedition at this place last evening. TO
GREENWOOD, Miss., February 15, 1564 day has been spent in reconnoitring the enemy's Sir : I have the honor to report the arrival of position, and so far have discovered a battery of the expedition at this place on last evening. We two small guns, situated in a valley seemingly met with no opposition, excepting a smart skirperpendicularly to the river, and also a heavy mish at the edge of the woods a mile back of this force of infantry and cavalry behind a hill to the place, between the rebel cavalry under Forrest, right of the battery, and running parallel to the land our own under Colonel Osband. We had rivor. On the second, we arrived at Sartalia, and two wounded. The enemy has fallen back to at ten a.m, of the third wo attacked the enemy Grenada, and are fortifying that place. If the at Liverpool, number about two thousand seven way is tolerably clear and the force not too heavy, hundred men, under Ross, with two pieces of ar- our cavalry force (two hundred and fifty) and a tillery. We silenced their guns, the army hold- portion of the infantry (five hundred) will go out ing its position on the hills. At nightfall, the in the morning. If we find the enemy too strong, troops reörubarked, and we dropped down for the we will go down the river, as the Tallahatchie night. The casualties were: the Petrel struck and Yallabusha are entirely too low to ascend. four times, without any serious damage ; the This river is also falling rapidly, with only eight other vessels, Marinora, Exchange, and Romeo, feet in the channel above Honey Island. I shall receiving no damage of any consequence. The take good care that no boats shall get caught. Exchange and Romeo wero hit several times by The Star of the West is still in the channel in sharpshooters. On the morning of the fourth, the Tallahatchie, with her wheels and upperwo advanced for another attack, but found the works out. Fort Pemberton is entirely destroy.
ed, as also all the cotton out of which it was built.ed, as we had scarcely eaten the day before, We have succeeded, so far, in gathering about The next morning, at day-break, the rebs com. four hundred and fifty bales of cotton, of which menced a vigorous attack on our pickets. We eighty are on the gunboats, and the rest on the mounted, formed, and rode out to meet the enetransports. Fisty-three bales are all of the C.S.A. my. Company E, commanded by Captain Wil. that have been captured, though but very little liam J. Bodenhamer, (a gallant and brave offiof any is marked at all. When we leave here, it cer,) was sent to the right to flank the enemy, will be to go up the Little Schula, as far as the and the rest of the command attacked them in town of that name. Then we go down the river, the front. In the early part of the fight, we fill up with coal, and ascend the Sunflower. drove them back about two hundred yards,
There has been no Union sentiment of any when the rebs, consisting heretofore of cavalry, moment or value expressed since our advent into were reënforced by a large force of infantry, these waters. On the Sunflower, however, we compelling us to fall back to our former posihave reason to believe it is prominent. This is tion. Here a fire was kept up for two hours, an insignificant place, containing about forty when orders were received to fall back, as the houses of all kinds, and entirely of frame build- enemy greatly outnumbered us, (estimated at ings. The inhabitants have mostly fled, leaving one thousand six hundred.) We heard that we a few poor Irish. It is a rendezvous for dry-goods were to be aided by forces sent up the river, merchants, who obtain large supplies froin Mem- to attack them in the rear, and by troops from phis við Friar's Point. We have met with no Helena, to attack them in that quarter. This young men as yet, all having been forced into fired the boys on, and made them fight with the army. The last military order of the rebels more vigor. Our wounded, among whom was is to remove or shoot all the negroes between the D. Edward M. Clark, of company A, (wounded ages of forty-five and sixteen. Some few negroes mortally,) were carried off the field to a neighhave already been shot by the rebel scouts. boring house, which was fitted up as a hospital,
I have been up the Tallahatchie as far as where and the wounded placed in charge of Dr. Cook, the Star of the West is sunk, which is directly contract surgeon at this post, who remained opposite the Fort, (Pemberton.) At the mouth with them, and is now in the enemy's hands. of the Yallabusha the Ed. J. Gay is sunk, the Company I, commanded by Lieutenant F. J. decks being just above water. About one mile McAdoo, and company L, covered the retreat, below, the Arcadia is sunk, with her upper-works till the wounded were all moved from the field, out, and nearly filling the river at this stage of and then joined the balance of the command. water. We found great difficulty in turning and We were closely followed, and fought constantcoming down, the light upper-works suffering to ly, for about five miles. We then halted, and some extent. The rebel steamer Sharpe was the ground being favorable, formed to receive burnt a few days ago in the Yallabusha, to pre- the enemy, and while doing so, we discovered vent her falling into our hands. As the river is that they were about to make a flank movement falling quite rapidly, and with thirteen boats in to cut us off, compelling us again to take up our the fleet, I think I shall drop down below the bars. line of march. Here Lieutenant-Colonel J. W. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient serv- | Lisenby left us, taking with him companies L
E. K. OWEN, and H, pursuing a different road, to protect a
Lieutenant commanding Fifth District. ford at a bayou, which we would have to cross, Rear-Admiral D. D. PORTER,
and which it was feared the enemy would take Coromanding Mississippi Squadron. possession of. The rest of the command pro
ceeded further, under command of Major Wil.
liam J. Teed, making direct for the bayou, Doc. 125.
Colonel Lisenby arrived at the bayou, and wait. FIGHT NEAR COTTON PLANT, ARK.
ed some time for us, when he received informa
tion that Major Teed had been cut off by one MISSOURI DEMOCRAT ACCOUNT.
hundred of the enemy, and to prevent being cut DUVALL'S BLUFF, ARK.,
off also, the Colonel took a different road, swam CAMP EIGHTH MISSOURI CAVALRY VOLUNTEERS,
Cache River, and proceeded directly to Duvall's
April 25, 1864. 'I Bluff, and arrived at the banks opposite this - On the morning of April twentieth, detach- place next day. Major Teed arrived at the ments of companies A, B, C, E, F, H, I, L, and bayou, and sent out scouts to find the Colonel, M of this regiment, about two hundred and fifty but these returned without having found him, men, left this place under command of Lieuten- and so we proceeded unmolested, except by the ant-Colonel J. W. Lisenby, and arrived at Cot- rain, which poured down in torrents, and reach. ton Plant at ten o'clock next morning. Here weed Clarendon at eight o'clock P.M.; camped, and learned that two hundred guerrillas had left the waited for a boat to ferry us across White River. town the day before. We resumed the march This arrived next day ; ferried us across, and so at eleven o'clock, and at dark halted and sent we arrived here last night, much wearied, hun. a small party to reconnoitre. Sergeant Major gry, and exhausted, but content that it all hapwas informed that the rebs knew our designs, pened in our three years. Upon arriving, wo and had formed in line on both sides of the road. learned that parts of companies D, F, and G, Opon this we marched back a mile, and cook- I altogether fifty, and parts of the Third Minne.
VOL. VIII.-Doc. 32
sota and Sixty-first Illinois infantry, under com- are forts, with gans of heavy calibre, some of mand of Colonel Andrews, the latter having them of immense range. Sometimes the block. come secretly from Little Rock, had left this ade-runners come down to the forts, out of place on Steamers Commercial and Raymond at range of our guns, of course, and lie there waitthe same time we did, and were to operate with ing an opportunity to slip out in a dark stormy us. They arrived at Augusta at daylight, on night, etc. Had we found one of them there, we the twentieth, here disembarked, and proceeded would have boarded, surprised, and worked her toward Cache River by different roads; the cay-out if possible. But to our expedition. alry taking one road and the infantry the other. Our main object was to capture General Her. It was not long before the cavalry, commanded bert, the rebel General commanding this departby Captain J. H. Garrison, of company G, came ment, and whose headquarters were at Smithupon the rebel Colonel Ponder, of the Ninth ville, a small village up the river, and inside all regiment Missouri Cavalry, C. S. A., who had the forts. We supposed there were about three been reconnoitring our forces. Upon seeing regiments of rebels at this place. It was a good our cavalry, he endeavored to escape, but the dark night. With muffled oars, we passed the boys gave chase, came upon him, and after forts unseen, although we passed close to them. firing a few shots at him, captured him, to Orders were given in whispers, and the strict. gether with a few more rebs, and took him to est silence was observed. Saw plenty of fires the main command. After this, they proceeded from salt-works, as we were pulling up the toward the Cache River, arriving there at three river. At last we passed Smithville, and reo'clock P.m. Advance-guard here fired into a turned to the village; could hear voices of workrebel picket on the other side of the river, men at the salt-works on the bank distinctly; causing them to skedaddle. They then turned pulled in ; landed near a small landing-place, back, and met the infantry resting three miles where was a sentry, whom we found to be fast from the river, who returned with them to the asleep-we didn't disturb his dreams. To our boat. On the way there, the advance-guard surprise, on advancing from our boats, we found (cavalry) came upon a reb, who tried to escape a sand-battery in our very front, not twenty them; they gave chase, and “ Jonny Reb” was yards from our boats. The Captain ordered thrown from his "critter," and then surrendered. | four men to stay in the boats, while the balUpon being asked by Captain Garrison as to ance, with the exception of our Captain, myself, his occupation, he stated that he was a despatch- another officer, and a coxswain, were left near bearer for the C. S. A., and drew forth a batch the boats, with orders to hold on to them, in of despatches, among which were some announc-case we were discovered, to the last moment. ing a victory of the rebs over Banks on Red Seeing a man at work at the beach near by, an River. The troops arrived at Augusta without officer and man were sent to secure him; they further molestation. The next two days scouts crept up on to him, put a revolver to his head, were sent out, bringing in a great number of and brought him to us. On their return, they mules, horses, and contrabands, and at daylight got another-both of them contrabands, and of the twenty-fourth they left Augusta, and ar- just what we wanted. The Captain clapped rived here at two o'clock p.M.
| pistol to the head of one, and told him to lead Accompanying the infantry was Lieutenant us to General Herbert's headquarters, and point Albert Potthoff, Post Quartermaster at Little to us where the sentries were posted. He took Rock, who is greatly pleased with his lot of the lead; we followed, four in all; passed close to horses and mules. Officers and men behaved a sentry, he was asleep, (every body sleeps here gallantly. The enemy's loss is not known, but apparently ;) finally we arrived at the General's is believed to be severe.
headquarters, and sat down under the edge of the verandah to “take our bearings," as Jack
would say. It was a large house, with the verDoc. 126.
andah extending all around it. On the opposite
side of the street was a long building, the barEXPEDITION UP THE NEUSE RIVER, N. C.
racks, where a battalion of soldiers were quarACCOUNT BY A PARTICIPANT.
tered. Learning from the "black" that the UNITED STATES STEAMER
General's staff lived in the house with him, OFF WILMINGTON, N, O., March 2, 1864. } the Captain sent to the boat for four more On the evening of the twenty-ninth of Feb-men. Now we were eight, all told. The moon ruary, we started from our ship on an expedi- was now up and shining brightly; we tried the tion; the Captain in his "gig," with a master's front-door, found it unlocked, and walked in; mate and twelve oars. I had command of the opened the door on the left side of the hall, and first cutter, also pulling twelve oars, with the commenced hunting the General, “or any other coxswain. We took with us an engineer and man" that we could find. Our guide didn't two firemen, and were, all told, twenty-five men know which was the General's chamber, so we and officers. The engineer and firemen accom- had to explore, with strict orders not to fire, panied us to take charge of and bring out a unless to prevent capture, and then only to fire blockade-runner, in case we should meet any in- when obliged to retreat. We were armed to side the forts. We are blockading at the mouth the teeth-drawn cutlasses, and revolver in left of the Neuse River. On each side of its mouth. hand. Captain struck a match in first room,
saw at once it was their mess-room ; then tried a four-gun battery which lay very handy to that right-hand door, found it locked; sent two men vicinity. to watch in the rear of the house.
Next morning I went over in charge of a flagThe rest of the party kept watch, while the of-truce boat, to arrange affairs with the comCaptain and I went up the stairs. (How the mandant of Fort Caswell, (Colonel Jones) so as dogs did bark over the way about this time!) to get the effects of Captain Kelley ; landed on We went into an apartment on the landing, and the beach under guns of the Fort. Colonel Jones were lighting a match, when we heard the door and several of his officers were there to receive below slam violently, amid the crashing of glass. me. I introduced myself, and at once made I said: “ Captain, there's a row below; we known the object of the flag of truce, etc. I was must fight or go to Richmond!” We rushed obliged to wait there until they could send to down stairs, (a pretty good load of exciteinent Smithville for Captain Kelley's clothes, etc., etc. on, as you may imagine ;) .coxswain told me a At first Colonel Jones was very reserved in his man had jumped out of the window, and was manner, and of course I was on my dignity as making off! I started to run back of the house well. I could see that they felt a good deal morto head him off, when I heard sounds of strug- tified at our success. At last Colonel Jones (by gling in another room back-went in, and found the by, he is from Virginia—was a captain in the Captain had a fellow by the arm-revolver the regular army when the war broke out) reclose to his head. “One word and you die!" marked: “Sir, you did a brave and gallant said our Captain. This prisoner was in his thing last night, and deserve great credit not drawers; two beds in the room, and one man only for the plan, but for the cool and daring had escaped. We asked prisoner if he was the manner in which it was executed. We know General. He replied, “No; the General went your object was to get our General, but, thank -to Wilmington this morning;' that he was “ Cap- God! he was gone," etc., etc. After this they betain Kelley, of the Engineer Corps, and on the came quite sociable. The Colonel said he much staff of the General ;" that “the officer who had regretted he could not invite me into the Fort; escaped was Adjutant-General Hardeman," etc. but said he: “You have already seen more than Captain ordered him to dress himself without I wish you "had.” Refreshments were brought delay, and prepare to go with us. He (Captain on, and we had a very pleasant chat. AdjutantKelley) was terribly excited, and exclaimed: General Hardeman, who was there, (I told him I “What, you take me, surrounded by my own had his blanket, and the circumstances connecttroops! For God's sake, who are you !" Up wented with iny taking it,) laughingly said that any the pistol to his head, and on went his clothes- body who could think of being cold at such a quick was our play. He could not believe we time, etc., deserved an admiral's commission. were from the fleet outside. My feet were wet The Colonel said that the sleepy sentries would and cold; the sight of a fine red blanket on the be shot, and that some of the officers would be Adjutant-General's bed was too much for me; hauled over for negligence. He was surprised I took it as a memento and comforter. We ran when I told him how many there were of our Captain Kelley down to the boats, expecting every party. I told him “we were few but very semoment to hear the alarm, and to be surrounded lect," etc. or attacked : but luck was with us. We shoved off with our prisoners-(the Captain and two contrabands) -all right so far.
Doc. 127. Now to get by the forts. Kelley said “we
BATTLE AT PADUCAH, KY. never could do it-would be blown out of the water," etc. We pulled about twenty minutes
PADUCAH, March 29, 1864. down the river, when the enemy commenced / The smoke of the battle of Paducah has at making their night signals. Gracious! how the length cleared away, and we may add another lights were flashing from all points, above and chapter to the history of the war of the rebelbelow us. Kelley understood these signals, of lion—to us, of this city, the most eventful chapcourse; said they had telegraphed to the forts- ter written. “ The enemy inside in boats." We pulled along On Thursday, the twenty-fourth instant, Union slowly ; just about this time the moon was ob- City, sixty-five miles distant, was attacked and scured by a thick bank of clouds—now was our surrendered to Colonel Faulkner, of the rebel time. If ever I saw boats jump, 'twas then ; army. The news speedily came to Paducah, every man knew his danger, but was cool. How with a note of warning to our commander to pregrim old Fort Caswell loomed up as we passed pare for an attack. her! We knew that a thousand eyes were watch- Colonel Hicks having been apprised of the coning the river for us; but, thank God! we got by centration of rebel forces south of here for some undiscovered, and got on board our good ship by days previous, needed nothing to stimulate him four o'clock A. m., all safe.
to increased activity in the means of defence. We were much disappointed at finding the Rumor had a busy day playing on her “harp General “not at home;" we would surely have of a thousand strings" on Friday, the twentyhad him. Had not the Adjutant-General escaped, fifth, till about two o'clock in the evening, when we would have paid a quiet visit to several other all of a sudden the presence of a large rebel force houses in Smithville, and also intended to spikel in the suburbs of our city was no longer a doubt.