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On the twenty-seventh, a week later, a second doubt still exists among the troops as to the perexpedition was planned, and carried through with manence as cavalry of those regiments which equal success, the object being to destroy some have been dismounted, again takes occasion to government works at Goose Creek, some ten assure the troops that he shall keep all of the remiles distant. The party was, in this case also, giments in service as cavalry, which have been in charge of Acting Master Weeks, and the works recently dismounted ; that he prefers to have to be destroyed were under the protection of a these regiments to march on horseback and fight rebel cavalry company, whose pickets the expe-on foot, provided their officers will perfect them dition succeeded in eluding. Twelve prisoners in the infantry drill, and that nothing but an abwere brought off, one the captain of an infantry solute necessity, arising from scarcity of forage, company raised for coast service.
or where railroads offer a more rapid transportThe works destroyed by these two expeditions ation, will induce him to dismount his cavalry produced for the confederates two thousand four regiments; and further, that when so dismount. hundred bushels of salt per diem. I inclose here-ed it will be but temporarily, unless in the case with Lieutenant Commander Harmony's list, for- of regiments which, having the opportunities, warded to me, of the articles captured and des will not avail themselves of them, to perfect troyed.
themselves in infantry drill, so essential to the Very respectfully, TheodoRUS Bailey, success of our arms and the safety of the men
Acting Rear-Admiral Commanding E. G. B. Squadron. themselves. He also again urges upon the offiList of government property destroyed and cap
cers and men the imperative necessity of taking tured, belonging to the rebel government, by care of their bayonets, however inconvenient it boats' crews and refugees, on the seventeenth, may be to do so, and upon the officers the duty eighteenth, and nineteenth February, 1864: 1 of preparing bayonet-scabbards out of rawhides,
Three hundred and ninety salt-kettles, average as previously ordered. capacity, 100 gallons; 52 sheet-iron boilers, ave-1 The Commanding General avails hiinse rage capacity, 900 gallons; 170 furnaces, made of this opportunity to notice the fact that Terrell's brick and stone; 150 pumps, wells, and aque- regiment lost not a man by desertion when orderducts: 55 storehouses, used for storage, salt, ed to be dismounted, notwithstanding the exam. etc. : 165 houses and shanties ; 60 sheds and ple set them by some others. He holds the offistables : 6000 bushels of salt, in barrels; a large cers responsible for the conduct of his men, and number of axes, shovels, and hoes; one carpen- hereby calls upon them to use their weapons, at ter-shop, with tools, etc.; one fishing-house; all hazards, against those who attempt to desert 600 bushels of corn ; 350 cords of wood.
under any circumstances, or who may be guilty Captured-Five large wagons; eighteen mules of mutiny, or of aiding, abetting, joining in, or and sets of harness; 2500 pounds of bacon; two exciting the same; and in all cases where effifine horses, saddles, and bridles ; about 1000 cient steps are not taken by the commanding offihead of cattle, and one prisoner, G. R. Paul, cers to prevent and punish such crime, they will government agent.
be arrested and brought before a general courtAll the articles captured I gave to the refugees, martial for trial, conviction, and punishment. as they were of no use to us. The estimate value. In cases where troops temporarily dismounted of the above property to the rebels cannot be less are moved from one locality to another, their than $3,000,000. That is the value put upon it horses will also be removed to places which are by the most intelligent refugees.
convenient to the men, and where forage at the List of articles and property destroyed on Goose
same time can be procured. It is to be underCreek by the boats' creio from the United
stood, that the short marches, occasionally requirStates steamer Tahoma, February twenty
ed to be done by the troops of the regiments temsixth and twenty-seventh, 1864:
porarily dismounted, when their horses cannot be Two thousand bushels of salt in barrels and
procured in time, are not to be considered as viobins; three corn-cribs, containing about 1000
lations of the assurances held out by this order, bushels; large quantity of hay and fodder;
and are only here alluded to by the Commanding
: General to prevent a misinterpretation by his blacksmith's shop and tools ; carpenter's shop and tools; about 100 store and other houses,
P troops, with whom he shall always deal, as he
has ever done, with frankness and truth. stables, etc. ; 165 kettles and pans, average capacity, 100 gallons; 53 large boilers, of about
By command of Major-Gen. J. B. MAGRUDER. 800 gallons capacity each ; 98 well-constructed
| E. P. TURNER brick furnaces; nine wagons and carts, 20 sets
Assistant Adjutant-General. mule harness.
HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF TEXAS, NEW MEXICO,
AND ARIZONA, HOUSTON, Feb. 2, 1864.
SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 33.
| VII. It being absolutely necessary to take posGENERAL MAGRUDER'S ORDERS. session of the cisterns upon Galveston Island for HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF TEXAS, New Mexico,
the use of the troops, Mr. Thomas M. League is AND ARIZONA, HOUSTON, Feb. 15, 1864. I authorized to take control and possession of all SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 46.
of the said cisterns. He will permit each family The Commanding General, learning that some I to use what may be necessary for their purposes at all times, reserving a sufficient quantity for to inform him of her intention to ship men to the troops.
complete her crew. He assured me that it should The labor necessary to carry water to the com- not be allowed, though it might be done clandesmands will be furnished by the Post-Quarter- tinely, which he could not help. I have reason master.
to believe that she made no addition to her crew, By command of Major-Gen. J. B. MAGRUDER. and know from the statement of my gig's crew, EDMUND P. TURNER,
that three of the men she brought with her, deAssistant Adjutant-General.
serted. Her crew is described to me as made up of Spaniards, Frenchmen,' and Portuguese, with a few Englishmen, and but one American. Her
First Lieutenant is Thomas A. Dernin, formerly Doc. 92.
a midshipman in our service. ESCAPE OF THE FLORIDA.
I notice no change in the appearance of the
Florida since I last saw her, except that now she REPORT OF COMMANDER PREBLE.
has yards on her mainmast: then she had none, UNITED STATES SLOOP-OF-War St. Louis, and she has changed her billet-head for a shield FUNCHAL ROADS, Madeira, March 1, 14 A.M., 1864. ?'
surrounded by scroll-work, in which is borne the Sir: The Florida has succeeded in getting to arms of the rebel States. My men have been sea. I shall follow at once, though hopeless of wild to fight, and I drew the shot from my guns catching her out of port. Nelson said, the want the day she came in, fearing that in their exciteof frigates in his squadron would be found im- ment they would fire into her without orders, and pressed on his heart. I am sure the want of break the neutrality of this port. One thing is steam will be found engraven on mine. Had the certain, the Florida does not intend to fight unSt. Louis been a steamer, I would bave anchored less the chances are largely in her favor, for she alongside of her, and, unrestricted by the twenty- skulked away from the old St. Louis. four hour rule, my old foe could not have escaped I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, me. The Governor, true to his declared inten
Geo. HENRY PREBLE tion, would only allow her to take on board twen
Commander U.S. N. ty tons of coal, sufficient to take her to the near
Hon. GIDEON WELLES, est port. Her commander plead for sixty tons,
Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. next forty, asserting that he needed that much to ballast his vessel. The Governor told him, at the suggestion of Mr. Bayman, that he came in
Doc. 93. without it, and he thought he could go without it; but if ballast was needed, there was plenty
BLOCKADE PROCLAMATION. of stone on the beach that he might take. By the President of the United States.
As it was supposed that she would go to sea Whereas, By my Proclamation of the nineduring the night, and certainly in the morning, teenth April, 1861, the ports of the States of and I had an intimation, that, in passing us, she South-Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mismight pour in a broadside, I shotted and cast sissippi, Louisiana, and Texas, were, for reasons loose my guns, and had men to man them ; got therein set forth, placed under blockade; and a slip-rope on the chain, and stationed lookouts whereas the port of Brownsville, in the District all over the ship and in the tops; cautioned the of Brazos Santiago, in the State of Texas, has officers to extra vigilance, and was repeatedly on since been blockaded, but as the blockade of said deck myself to watch and see that my orders port may now be safely released, with advantage were executed. The night was dark and squally. to the interests of commerce ; now, therefore, be The Florida lay close into the beach and under it known, that I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the highland, with all her lights covered, and, the United States, pursuant to the authority in notwithstanding all this vigilance, she crept out, me vested by the fifth section of the act of Conunseen, to the eastward, and her departure was gress, approved on the thirteenth of July, 1861, not discovered until the morn rose, a few min- entitled, "An Act further to provide for the colutes since. A blockade-runner, the Julia, which lection of duties on imports, and for other pur. arrived in the afternoon, reports the Kearsage as poses," do hereby declare that the blockade of having left Cadiz three days ago, destination un- the said port of Brownsville shall so far cease known. The Florida gave out that they were and determine, from and after this date, that comgoing to Cadiz for coals ; but I think not, and mercial intercourse with said port, except as to shall go direct to Teneriffe, hoping, if I do not find persons, things, and information hereinafter speher there, to put the Sacramento on her track. cified, may from and after this date be carried on,
The prevailing winds would not permit me to subject to the laws of the United States, to the get to Cadiz from Madeira in season to do her any regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury, and, injury, even if I thought that port her destination. until the rebellion shall have been suppressed, to
The authorities here have done all they could such orders as may be promulgated by the Gento hasten her departure and prevent her full sup- eral commanding the Department, or by an offi. ply, and I do not imagine that the island will be cer duly authorized by him, and commanding at troubled by the presence of the rebel vessels-of- said port. This proclamation does not authorizo war very soon again. I waited on the Governor, I or allow the shipment or conveyance of persons in, or intending to enter, the service of the in- of partisan rangers; but the Coinmittee bad deemsurgents, or of things or information intended ed it too sweeping in its character, and had strickfor their use, or for their aid or comfort; nor ex- en it out. The House objected to the bill alto. cept upon the permission of the Secretary of gether, and refused to pass it. The Committee War, or some officer duly authorized by him, of had instructed him to report the present bill, the following prohibited articles, namely, can- which they thought was demanded by the nenon, mortars, fire-arms, pistols, bombs, grenades, cessities of the service. It was a measure warmpowder, salpetre, sulphur, balls, bullets, pikes, ly urged by General Lee and other distinguished swords, boarding-caps, (always excepting the officers. quantity of the said articles which may be neces. The bill was debated, amended, and passed in sary for the defence of the ship and those who the following shape : compose the crew,) saddles, bridles, cartridge-bag! Section 1. The Congress of the confederate materials, percussion and other caps, clothing States of America do enact, That the act of Conadapted for uniforins, sail-cloth of all kinds, hemp gress aforesaid be, and the same is hereby, reand cordage, intoxicating drinks, other than beer pealed : Provided, that organizations of partisan and light native wines.
rangers, acting as regular cavalry at the passage To vessels clearing from foreign ports, and des of this act, shall be continued in their present tined to the port of Brownsville, opened by this organization; Provided they shall hereafter be proclamation, licenses will be granted by the considered as regular cavalry, and not as parConsuls of the United States, upon satisfactory | tisan rangers. evidence that the vessels so licensed will convey Sec. 2. That all the bands of partisan rangers no persons, property, or information, excepted or organized under the said act may, as the inter. prohibited above, either to or from the said port, ests of the service allow, be united with other which licenses shall be exhibited to the Collector organizations, or be organized into battalions of said port immediately on arrival, and, if re- and regiments, with the view of bringing them quired, to any officer in charge of the blockade under the general condition of the provisional And on leaving said port, every vessel will be re-army as to discipline, control, and movements, quired to have a clearance from the Collector of under such regulations as the Secretary of War the Customs, according to law, showing no vio- may prescribe. lation of the conditions of the license. Any vio. Sec. 3. The Secretary of War shall be authorlation of said conditions will involve the forfeit- ized, if he deems proper, for a time or permaure and condemnation of the vessel and cargo, nently, to exempt from the operations of this act and the exclusion of all parties concerned from such companies as are serving within the lines any further privilege of entering the United of the enemy, under such conditions as he may States during the war for any purpose whatever. prescribe. In all respects, except as herein specified, the existing blockade remains in full force and effect as hitherto established and maintained, nor is it re
Doc. 95. laxed by this proclamation, except in regard to the port to which relaxation is or has been ex.
RECONNOISSANCE TO DALTON, GA. pressly applied.
A NATIONAL ACCOUNT. În witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand,
THREE MILES BEYOND RINGGOLD, Ga., February 23. and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington, this
It will be long before the Fourteenth army eighteenth day of February, in the year of our
corps will forget the period of anxious expecta. Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty
tion which commenced on Saturday, the thir. four, and of the independence of the United
ndance of the United | teenth day of February, and only ended on Sun. States the eighty-eighth.
day, the twenty-first of the same month. During ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
all the intervening time, the troops composing By the President:
the Fourteenth corps, and those of Stanley's WM. H. SEWARD,
division, at least, of the Fourth corps, were held Secretary of State.
in constant readiness to move, and once or twice actually loaded up their wagons for the purpose of marching. But as often as they got ready,
that often the order was countermanded, and Doc. 94.
the movement postponed, until the morning of REBEL PARTISAN RANGERS.
The general object of this movement may be In the rebel House of Representatives, on the stated in a few words. It had a two-fold, and, fifteenth of February, Mr. Miles, from the Com- in a certain eventuality, a three-fold design. mitte on Military Affairs, reported a bill to repeal The aspect of things in East-Tennessee had an act to organize partisan rangers, approved been somewhat threatening, from the time we April twenty-first, 1862, and for other purposes. made our unfortunate advance upon, and pre
The bill being taken up, Mr. Miles advocated cipitate retreat from, the town of Dandridge. its passage. He said the Senate bill, in relation The bad management and almost disgraceful to cavalry, contained a provision to abolish corps result of that operation was as encouraging to
the rebels as it was damaging to us; and it act as might suit our further convenience or necesually became a question with many of our mili- sities. tary men as to whether we could, without very To briefly recapitulate : the objects of the serious danger, continue to hold East-Tennessee movement commenced on the twenty-second inat all. My own opinion, based upon that of men stant were, first, to prevent the enemy at Dalton in whose judgment I am accustomed to repose from sending reënforcements to Longstreet; secmuch confidence, was, that with any reasonable ond, to prevent him from sending the same to degree of good management, our hold upon East- Bishop Polk; third, to ascertain his strength at Tennessee was perfectly secure. Nevertheless, Dalton, and if he had already been seriously Longstreet held, in refererence to our forces weakened, to take possession of that town. there, a menacing position. We did not know The morning of February twenty-second was exactly how great his strength was. We did not a bright one at Chattanooga. There were know that he might at any time be reënforced no clouds, but a dense pall of smoke had settled either from Johnston's army or Lee's; and it down upon the earth, obscuring Lookout, snatchbecame us to watch him with the utmost vigil-ing Mission Ridge from our eyes, and at first ance, and, if possible, prevent these reënforce- hiding even the sun. When that luminary at ments from reaching him. Any force from Lee's last became visible, it looked more like a huge army could join him in spite of us; but in refer- / bloody disk than a globe of fire. ence to detachments from Johnston, we could do Under this canopy of smoke could be heard , one of two things : either we could, by threaten- the rattle of a hundred drums, announcing the ing Dalton, prevent them from being sent out at fact that the long-expected, oft-delayed moveall, or we could intercept them on their way. To ment had at last commenced, and that large poreffect, if necessary, the latter object, certain dis- tions of the Fourteenth army corps were upon positions of troops were made, of which I shall the march. They were not now moving toward not now speak.
East-Tennessee, as intended ten days before, but, Of course these dispositions had reference to in accordance with the later plan I have sketchother and almost as important objects as the one ed, were directing their steps toward Tunnel Hill I have mentioned; but these, also, I have not and Dalton. now occasion to mention.
Near the old battle-field of Chickamauga, the Suffice it to say, that with our troops thus column passed the commands of Generals Mordisposed, neither Johnston could send reënforce-gan and Daniel McCook, which were preparing to ments to Longstreet, nor could Longstreet re- follow.
join Johnston, without meeting tremendous op- The infantry was preceded by a detachment of position, and running terrible risks of destruc- the Thirty-ninth Indiana, (Eighth cavalry,) two tion. Only by traversing almost impassable hundred strong, commanded by Colonel T. J. routes through the vast mountain regions of Harrison. Colonel Palmer, with one hundred West North-Carolina and North-Georgia, or by and fifty of the Fifteenth Pennsylvania cavalry, making an immense circuit by railroads running (Anderson Troop,) and Colonel Boone, with three far to the east, could they avoid coming in con- hundred of the Twenty-eighth Kentucky, moved tact with our vigilant and well-prepared forces. upon the right flank."
But Sherman was penetrating to the centre of Colonel Harrison pushed forward through the Gulf-State region. The fifteen thousand troops Parker's Gap in Taylor's Ridge, a pass to the under Bishop Polk were confessedly unable to left of Ringgold Gap, and outflanking a party of check his progress; if the rebel army of the rebel cavalry, drove thero back toward Ringgold Mississippi were not reënforced, and that right Gap, hoping they would there be intercepted by speedily, Sherman would unquestionably soon our infantry. Unfortunately, however, the latter reach his destination, whether that were Mobile, were not up, and the rebels managed to escape. Montgomery, Selma, or Rome. If, on the other It was three P.M. when myself and companion hand, Johnston were allowed to send any con- left Chattanooga and started to overtake our siderable portion of his army to the Bishop's forces. Riding leisurely along, we soon found assistance, Sherman might be overwhelmed or that night was approaching; but were in nowise his march seriously retarded. This would in- alarmed at the prospect, for the idea of passing terfere with the general plan for the conduct of quietly through a Georgia forest, amid the silence the spring campaign, and must at all hazards be and darkness of the night, had its charms for us, prevented.
especially as we had never been over this ground No other means of effecting this prevention before. The scene is one of utter desolation. offered itself, except a direct movement from No farmer appears preparing his fields to receive Chattanooga toward Dalton, menacing the ene- the grain. Dreary pine forests alternate with my at the latter place.
small patches of cleared land, the latter utterly But this movement might possiby develop the destitute of fences. Three fourths of the houses fact that the enemy had already so seriously are deserted; and from the few that are left, you weakened his force at Dalton, that he could offer can see peeping out only some dirty-looking wono effectual resistance to a strong column mov- men and children. The whole region is being ing upon him there. In that case, of course, we rapidly depopulated. Before sundown we must should have no objection to taking possession of have met at least a dozen wagons drawn by blind Dalton itself, and continuing to hold it or not, I and bony horses, broken-down mules, shadowy
oxen, and fleshless cows, and filled with sorrow-out-house which stood near was riddled and torn stricken specimens of Georgian humanity, all fly- with grape. ing from the doomed land, and intending to make The rebels made no resistance to our passage their way to the free and peaceful North. through the gap, although they had held the fur
It was fully ten o'clock P.M., when we descried ther mouth the night before, and had captured our camp-fires shining red in the distance, Lieutenant Ayres, of the Nineteenth infantry, through the thick smoke and fog. It was not who was examining the ground for the purpose difficult to find friends, and we partook, for the of posting pickets. night, of hospitality springing from generous Winding along its banks for a time, we finally hearts and dealt out with liberal hands. My crossed the East-Chickamagua, a clearer and more only misfortune was, that during the night my lively stream than its namesake in the west, horse became loose, and straying off to the vicin- which will always excite a shudder in the heart ity of some teamster's quarters, had his halter and limbs of him who remembers the awful trastolen, and was brought back in the morning gedy once enacted near it. Both these streams minus that most useful, and, in the wilderness, unite to form the South-Chickamagua, which irreplaceable article. I consoled myself, however, flows into the Tennessee a few miles above Chatwith the reflection that, aster all, it was much | tanooga. better to lose a halter than a horse.
As we advanced into the open ground on the The sun rose bright and beautiful on the morn- other side of the creek, small squads of cavalry ing of the twenty-third, and we were soon on our were sent galloping in all directions, to protect way galloping toward Ringgold, around which our flanks, and feel for the still silent enemy. In town the troops had encamped.
full sight of the junction, between the Tunnel Here another scene of desolation met our eyes; Hill and Red Hill roads, Colonel Harrison drew for on the day following Hooker's terrible fight up his men in line of battle, and waited the apat Taylor's Ridge, the greater portion of this proach of the infantry. No sooner were the lattown had been burned by our troops. Nearly ter seen, than the horsemen again advanced; all the good buildings were used as store-houses and passing by an ancient, dilapidated stone and offices by the rebel army, and every one of church, whose dark and gloomy walls seemed these was set on fire. A mass of ruins in the to be in mourning for its lost worshippers, we centre, a hundred uninhabited houses scattered wheeled to the right, and took the direct road around-such is now the town of Ringgold. In for Tunnel Hill. our rides through it, we did not see three houses A few dropping shots now revealed the pres. which were not deserted.
ence of the enemy. At once our skirmishers Ascending half-way to the summit of Taylor's were deployed, and the line steadily advanced, Ridge, we could see numerous marks of the driving the enemy, whose purpose it seemed to fierce conflict which had taken place; amongst be merely to annoy rather than fight. It was at others the graves of a score of soldiers buried once amusing and interesting to see, every few side by side along the slope. My companion minutes, a small squad of them break from their announced his intention of presenting the pub-cover as our boys advanced, and go galloping lic with a howl over the rebel store-houses which away, followed in almost every instance by a had been burned in the town below; I could not half-dozen bullets. Colonel Harrison's men were but feel that if I had tears to shed, it should be armed with the deadly Spencer rifle, a weapon for our poor dead heroes buried here.
which the rebels could not be induced to examIt was perhaps nine o'clock when the beating ine at short-range. of drums announced that the troops were in mo. At length, at a distance of five miles from tion, and a column of cavalry came filing down Ringgold, a low, wooded eminence, over which the road. It was Colonel Harrison at the head of ran the road, afforded the rebels an opportunity to his Thirty-ninth Indiana boys. He was going to make a stand. But they did not remain long. A push forward through Ringgold Gap, in Taylor's portion of the Thirty-ninth, dismounting, moved Ridge, supported by the infantry at proper dis- forward under so severe a fire, that I could only tance. General Carlin's brigade, and the Nine-wonder how so few were hurt by it. But they teenth Illinois, of General King's brigade, were steadily advanced, again driving the enemy, and prepared to support the cavalry. General R. W. occupying the wooded eminence, which they Johnson, to whose division these troops be- continued to hold until two P.M., the rebels oclonged, himself accompanied them. Your cor- cupying a position about a mile further toward respondent accompanied Colonel Harrison with Tunnel Hill, and exhibiting a serious intention the cavalry.
of making a fight. Colonel Harrison would have Passing by a house which stood near the moved upon him immediately, had he not conmouth of the gap, and was now occupied by sidered it best to wait for Colonel Boone, of the General King as his headquarters, we again saw Twenty-eighth Kentucky, who had been sent off proofs of the desperate nature of that conflict in to the right, and was moving along another road which our own valiant Seventh Ohio suffered so which runs through Wood's Gap in Taylor's severely. The house itself, the fences surround-Ridge. ing it, and the trees in the yard were fairly! The delay appeared to encourage the enemy; honeycombed with bullets; and in addition, an and it soon became evident that he had collect