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Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. Did you see those on the hill shot Question. Where did you enlist?
by the officers ? Answer. In Tennessee.
Answer. I saw two of them shot. Question. Were you in the fight at Fort Pil Question. What officers were they? low?
Answer. I don't know whether he was a lieuAnswer. Yes, sir.
tenant or captain. Question. What did you see done there after Question. Did the men who were shot after the fight was over?
they had surrendered have arms in their hands? Answer. I saw nothing, only the boys run Answer. No, sir; they threw down their arms. down the hill, and they came down and shot Question. Did you see any shot the next mornthem.
ing? Question. Were you wounded before or after Answer. I saw two shot; one was shot by an you surrendered ?
officer – he was standing, holding the officer's Answer. After the surrender, about five horse, and when the officer came and got his o'clock.
horse he shot him dead. The officer was setting Question. Did you bave your gun in your fire to the houses. hands when you were wounded ?
Question. Do you say the man was holding Answer. No, sir; I threw my gun into the the officer's horse, and when the officer came and river.
took his horse he shot the man down? Question. How did they come to shoot you? Answer. Yes, sir; I saw that with my own
Answer. I was in the water, and a man came eyes; and then I made away into the river, right down and shot me with a revolver.
off. Question. Did you see any body else shot ? Question. Did you see any buried ?
Answer. Yes, sir; right smart of them, in an Answer. Yes, sir; a great many, black and old coal-boat. I saw one man start up the bank white. after he was shot in the arm, and then a fellow Question. Did you see any buried alive? knocked him back into the river with his car Answer. I did not see any buried alive. bine, and then shot him. I did not go up the hill after I was shot. I laid in the water like I Aaron Fentis, (colored,) company D, Sixth was dead until night, and then I made up a fire United States heavy artillery, sworn and examand dried myself, and staid there till the gun- ined. boat came along.
By the Chairman:
Question. Have you been a slave ?
Answer. At Corinth.
Question. Who was your captain ? Question. Where were you raised ?
Answer. Captain Carron. Answer. In East-Tennessee.
Question. Were you in the fight at Fort PilQuestion. Have you been a slave?
low? Answer. Yes, sir.
Answer. Yes, sir. Question. Where did you enlist ?
Question. What did you see done there? Answer. At Corinth, Mississippi.
Answer. I saw them shoot two white men, Question. Were you in the fight at Fort Pil- and two black men, after they had surrendered. low?
Question. Are you sure they were shot after Answer. Yes, sir.
they had surrendered ? Question. When were you wounded ?
Answer. Yes, sir. Some were in the river Answer. A little before we surrendered. swimming out a piece, when they were shot; Question. What happened to you afterward? and they took another man by the arm, and held
Answer. Nothing; I got but one shot, and him up, and shot him in the breast. dug right out over the hill to the river, and never Question. Did you see any others shot? was bothered any more.
Answer. Yes, sir; I saw two wounded men Question. Did you see any men shot after the shot the next morning; they were lying down place was taken ?
when the secesh shot them. Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. Did the rebels say any thing when Question. Where?
they were shooting our men ? Answer. Down to the river.
Answer. They said they were going to kill Question. How many ?
them all; and they would have shot us all if the Answer. A good many ; I don't know how gunboat had not come along. many.
Question. Were you shot ? Question. By whom were they shot ?
Answer. Yes, sir. Answer. By secesh soldiers; secesh officers Question. When ? shot some up on the hill.
Answer. After the battle, the same evening.
Question. Where were you shot?
Answer. As close as that stone, (about eight Answer. Right through both legs.
or ten feet.) Question. How many times were you shot? Question. How old were the boys ?
Answer. Only once, with a carbine. The man Answer. Not more than fifteen or sixteen stood right close by me.
years old. They were not soldiers, but contraQuestion. Where were you?
band boys, helping us on the breastworks. Answer. On the river-bank.
Question. Did you see any white men shot? Question. Had you arms in your hands ?
Answer. No, sir. I saw them shoot three Answer. No, sir.
men the next day. Question. What did the man say who shot Question. How far from the Fort? you?
Answer. About a mile and a half; after they Answer. He said they were going to kill us all. had taken them back as prisoners. Question. Did you see any men buried ?
Question. Who shot them? Answer. No, sir.
Answer. Private soldiers. One officer said: Question. Did you see any body burned ? “Boys, I will have you arrested, if you don't
Answer. No, sir; I did not see that. Where quit killing them boys." Another officer said: I was, was a good piece off from where they had “Damn it, let them go on; it isn't our law to the battle.
take any niggers prisoners; kill every one of Question. Do you know how many of your them.” Then a white man took me to wait on company got away?
him a little, and sent me back to a house about Answer. I do not think any of my company two hundred yards, and told me to stay all night. got away.
I went back and staid until about a half an hour Question. How many were killed before they by sun. Another man came along and said: “If surrendered ?
you will go home with me I will take good care Answer. I don't know how many; a good of you, if you will stay and never leave.” I did many, I think.
not know what to do, I was so outdone; so I Question. Would you have surrendered, if said: “If you will take care of me, I will go." you had known what they were going to do to He carried me out about three miles, to a place you?
called Bob Greene's. The one who took me Answer. No, sir."
there left me, and two others came up, and said:
“Damn you, we will kill you, and not be fooling George Shaw, (colored,) private, company B about any longer." I said: “Don't shoot me." Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and One of them said: “Go out and hold my horse." examined.
I made a step or two, and he said: “Turn around; By Mr. Gooch:
I will hold my horse, and shoot you, too." I no Question. Where were you raised ?
sooner turned around than he shot me in the A. In Tennessee.
face. I fell down as if I was dead. He shot Question. Where did you enlist?
me again, and hit my arm, not my head. I laid Answer. At Fort Pillow.
there until I could hear him no more, and then I Question. Were you there at the fight? started back. I got back into Fort Pillow about Answer. Yes, sir.
sun up, and wandered about there until a gunQuestion. When were you shot ?
boat came along, and I came up on that with Answer. About four o'clock in the evening. about ten others. Question. After you had surrendered ? Answer. Yes, sir.
Major Williams, (colored,) private, company B, Question. Where were you at the time ? Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and Answer. About ten feet from the river-bank. examined. Question. Who shot you?
By the Chairman: Answer. A rebel soldier.
Question. Where were were you raised ? Question. How near did he come to you? Answer. In Tennessee and North-Mississippi. Answer. About ten feet.
Question. Where did you enlist ? Question. What did he say to you?
Answer. In Memphis. Answer. He said : “Damn you, what are you Question. Who was your captain ? doing here?” I said: “Please don't shoot me." Answer. Captain Lamburg. He said: “Damn you, you are fighting against Question. Were you in the fight at Fort Pilyour master.” He raised his gun and fired, and low ? the bullet went into my mouth and out the Answer. Yes, sir. back part of my head. They threw me into the Question. Was your captain with you? river, and I swam around and hung on there in Answer. No, sir; I think he was in Memphis. the water until night.
Question. Who coinwanded your company? Question. Did you see any body else shot? Answer. Lieutenant Hunter and Sergeant Fox
Answer. Yes, sir; three young boys, lying in were all the officers we had. the water, with their heads out; they could not Question. What did you see done there? swim. They begged them as long as they could, Answer. We fought them right hard during but they shot them right in the forehead. the battle, and killed some of them. After a
Question. How near to them were they? I time they sent in a flag of truce. They said af.
terward that they did it to make us stop firing Question. How was he nailed ? until their reēnforcements could come up. They Answer. Through his hands and feet right said that they never could have got in if they against the house. had not done that; that we had whipped them; / Question. Was his body burned ? that they had never seen such a fight.
Answer. Yes, sir; burned all over-I looked Question. Did you see the flag of truce ? at him good. Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. When did you see that ? Question. What did they do when the flag of Answer. On the Thursday after the battle. truce was in ?
Question. Where was the man ? Answer. They kept coming up nearer and | Answer. Right in front of the Fort. nearer, so that they could charge quick. A heap Question. Did any one else that you know see of them came up after we stopped firing. * the body nailed up there? Question. When did you surrender ?
1 Answer. There was a black man there who Answer. I did not surrender until they all came upon the same boat I was on. run.
Question. Was he with you then ?. Question. Were you wounded then ?
Answer. Yes, sir; and there were some five answer. Yes, sir; after the surrender. or six white people there, too, from out in the Question. At what time of day was that? country, who were walking over the place.
Answer. They told me it was about half after one o'clock. I was wounded. Immediately we Alexander Nayron, (colored,) private, company. retreated.
C, Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and Question. Did you have any arms in your examined. hands when they shot you?
By Mr. Gooch:
Answer. In Mississippi.
Answer. Yes, sir.
Answer. No, sir; I heard nothing. He shot Answer. At Lagrange, last August. me, and it was bleeding pretty free, and I thought Question. Were you at Fort Pillow at the time to myself: "I will make out it was a dead shot, of the attack? and may be I will not get another.”
Answer. Yes, sir.
Answer. After the fight.
Answer. About three o'clock, I reckon. Answer. Major Bradford brought in a black Question. Where were you when you were flag, which meant no quarter. I heard some of wounded? the rebel officers say: "You damned rascals, if Answer. Down at the river, lying down by you had not fought us so hard, but had stopped the side of a log. They came there and told me when we sent in a flag of truce, we would not to get up, and as I got up, they shot me. have done any thing to you." I heard one of Question. Who shot you, an officer or private ? the officers say, “Kill all the niggers ;" an- Answer. A private. other one said: “No; Forrest says take them Question. How many times were you shot? and carry them with him to wait upon him and Answer. But once; they shot me in my head, cook for him, and put them in jail and send them and thought they had killed me. to their masters." Still they kept on shooting. Question. Did you see any others shot there? They shot at me after that, but did not hit me; Answer. Yes, sir; several other black men a rebel officer shot at me. He took aim at my with me. side ; at the crack of his pistol I fell. He went Question. Did you see any small boys shot ? on and said: “ There's another dead nigger." Answer. No, sir.
Question. Was there any one shot in the hos- Question. Did you go back from the river pital that day ?
after you were shot ? Answer. Not that I know of. I think they all Answer. No, sir. came away and made a raft and floated across Question. You remained there until you were the mouth of the creek, and got into a flat bot- brought away by the gunboat ? tom.
Answer. Yes, sir. I saw several of our boys Question. Did you see any buildings burned ? shot while they were fighting. They said, when
A. I staid in the woods all day Wednesday. I they shot me, that they were allowed to kill every was there Thursday and looked at the buildings. damned nigger in the Fort-not spare one. I saw a great deal left that they did not have a Question. You saw nobody buried or burned ? chance to burn up. I saw a white man burned Answer. No, sir; I saw them throw several in up who was nailed up against the house.
the water. Question. A private or an officer ?
Question. Were they all dead that were thrown Answer. An officer ; I think it was a lieuten-in? ant in the Tennessee cavalry.
Answer. Yes, sir; about dead. VOL. VIII.-Doc. 2
Eli Carlton, (colored,) private, company B, Answer. No, sir. Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and Question. Did you see any buildings burned examined.
up ? By the Chairman :
*Answer. Yes, sir; most all were burned up. Question. Where were you raised ?
Question. Were any persons in them when Answer. In East-Tennessee.
they were burned ? Question. Have you been a slave ?
Answer. I heard so. I went to the quarters Answer. Yes, sir.
and staid about a house there. One of the rebels Question. Who was your master ?
told me that he should take me out the next Answer. Major Fleming. I was sold once; I morning and kill me. He went out and I slipped have had two masters.
out into the bushes, and laid there until the gunQuestion. Where did you join the army? boat came. I saw them take the quartermaster;
Answer. At Corinth, Mississippi, about a year they said : “Here is one of our men; let us take ago.
him up and fix him.” A white man told me the Question. Were you at Fort Pillow the time it next day that they burned him. was taken ?
Question. Was he wounded ? Answer. Yes, sir.
No, sir; he walked right straight. He had Question. State what happened there? | three stripes on his arm. I knew him well; I
Answer. I saw twenty-three men shot after worked with him. He was a small fellow, weak they surrendered; I made twenty-four; seven- and puny. teen 'of them laid right around me dead, and six below me.
Sandy Cole, (colored,) private, company D, Question. Who shot them ?
Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and Answer. The rebels; some white men were examined. killed.
By Mr. Gooch:
Answer. In Tennessee.
Question. Have you been a slave ? Answer. Yes, sir; I did not see any officers Answer. Yes, sir. kill any.
Question. Were you at Fort Pillow at the late Question. Were the white men officers or pri- fight there? vates ?
Answer. Yes, sir. Answer. Privates.
Question. When were you wounded ? Question. Were the men who shot you near to Answer. After I started down the hill, after you ?
the surrender. They shot me through the thigh Answer. Yes, sir ; ten or fifteen steps off. and through the arm.
Question. Were you shot with a musket or a Question. Who shot you? pistol ?
Answer. A secesh private. Answer. With a musket. I was shot once on Question. How near was he to you? the battle-field before we surrendered. They 'Answer. About ten feet. took me down to a little hospital under the hili. Question. Did he say any thing to you? I was in the hospital when they shot me a second Answer. No, sir. I went to the river and kept time. Some of our privates commenced talking. my body in the water, and my head under some They said: “Do you fight with these God damned brush. niggers ?" they said : “Yes." Then they said, Question. Did you see any body else shot? “God damn you, then, we will shoot you," and Answer. Yes, sir; I saw some of them shot they shot one of them right down. I'hey said, right through the head. “I would not kill you, but, God damn you, you Question. How many did you see shot? fight with these damned niggers, and we will kill! Answer. Some seven or eight. you ;" and they blew his brains out of his head. They then went around and counted them up; Jacob Thompson, (colored,) sworn and examI laid there and made eighteen who were there, ined. and there were six more below me. I saw them By Mr. Gooch: stick a bayonet in the small part of the belly of Question. Were you a soldier at Fort Pillow? one of our boys, and brake it right off — he had Answer. No, sir; I was not a soldier ; but I one shot then.
went up in the Fort and fought with the rest. I Question. Did you see any of our men shot was shot in the hand and the head. the next day?
Question. When were you shot? Answer. No, sir; but I heard them shooting. Answer. After I surrendered. I hid myself in the bushes before the next morn- Question. How many times were you shot? ing. I left a fellow lying there, and they came Answer. I was shot but once ; but I threw my down and killed him during the night. I went hand up, and the shot went through my hand down there the next morning and he was dead. and my head.
Question. Did you see any of our folks buried Question. Who shot you ? by the rebels ?
Answer. A private.
Question. What did he say?
the Fort, all except those on Fort Hill; them they Answer. He said: “God damn you, I will buried up on top of the hill where the gunboats shoot you, old friend."
shelled them. Question. Did you see any body else shot ? Question. Did they bury any alive?
Answer. Yes, sir; they just called them out Answer. I heard the gunboat men say they like dogs, and shot them down. I reckon they dug out two who were alive. shot about fifty, white and black, right there. Question. You did not see them ? They nailed some black sergeants to the logs, Answer. No, sir. and set the logs on fire.
Question. What company did you fight with ? Question. When did you see that?
Answer. I went right into the Fort and fought Answer. When I went there in the morning I | there. saw them; they were burning all together.
Question. Were you a slave or a free man ? Question. Did they kill them before they burn Answer. I was a slave. ed them ?
Question. Where were you raised ? Answer. No, sir; they nailed them to the logs; Answer. In old Virginia. drove the nails right through their hands.
Question. Who was your master ? Question. How many did you see in that con
Answer. Colonel Hardgrove. dition ?
Question. Where did you live? Answer. Some four or five; I saw two white Answer. I lived three miles the other side of men burned.
Brown's Mills. Question. Was there any one else there who Question. How long since you lived with him ? saw that?
Answer. I went home once and staid with him Answer. I reckon there was; I could not tell awhile, but he got to cutting up and I came who.
away again. Question. When was it that you saw them? Question. What did you do before you went
Answer. I saw them in the morning after the into the fight? fight; some of them were burned almost in two. Answer. I was cooking for company K, of IlI could tell they were white men, because they linois cavalry; I cooked for that company nearly were whiter than the colored men.
two years. Question. Did you notice how they were nail
| Question. What white officers did you know ed ?
in our army? Answer. I saw one nailed to the side of a house; / Answer. I knew Captain Meltop and Colonel he looked like he was nailed right through his Ransom; and I cooked at the hotel at Fort Pillow, wrist. I was trying then to get to the boat when and Mr. Nelson kept it. I and Johnny were I saw it.
cooking together. After they shot me through Question. Did you see them kill any white the hand and head, they beat up all this part of men?
my head (the side of his head) with the breech Answer. They killed some eight or nine there. of their guns. I reckon they killed more than twenty after it was all over; called them out from under the Ransom Anderson, (colored,) company B, Sixth hill, and shot them down. They would call out United States heavy artillery, sworn and exa white man and shoot him down, and call out a amined. colored man and shoot him down; do it just as By Mr. Gooch : fast as they could make their guns go off.
Question. Where were you raised ? Question. Did you see any rebel officers about Answer. In Mississippi. there when this was going on ?
Question. Were you a slave ? Answer. Yes, sir; old Forrest was one.
Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. Where did you enlist ?
Question. Were you in the fight at Fort PilQuestion. Are you sure he was there when low? this was going on?
Answer. Yes, sir. Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. Describe what you saw done there? Question. Did you see any other officers that Answer. Most all the men that were killed on you knew?
our side were killed after the fight was over. Answer. I did not know any other but him. They called them out and shot them down. Then There were some two or three more officers came they put some in the houses and shut them up, up there.
and then burned the houses. Question. Did you see any buried there ? Question. Did you see them burn?
Answer. Yes, sir; they buried right smart of Answer. Yes, sir. them. They buried a great many secesh, and a | Question. Were any of them alive? great many of our folks. I think they buried Answer. Yes, sir; they were wounded, and more secesh than our folks.
could not walk. They put them in the houses, Question. How did they bury them ?
and then burned the houses down. Årswer. They buried the secesh over back of Question. Do you know they were in there ?