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-FORT Pillow, Ky., garrisoned by loyal - The British schooner Maria Alfred, with an colored troops, under the command of Major assorted cargo, intended for the rebels, was capBooth, was attacked by the rebel forces under tured in latitude 28° 50' N., longitude 95° 5' W., General Forrest, and after a severe contest was by the National vessel Rachel Seaman. surrendered to the rebels, who commenced an
in April 14.-Major-General Alfred Pleasonton indiscriminate butchery of their prisoners, un.
was assigned to duty as second in command of paralleled in the annals of civilized warfare.
the Missouri department, by order of Major-Gen(Docs. 1 and 139.)
eral Rosecrans. -A DETACITMENT of the First Colorado cavalry | An expedition, under command of General had a fight with a party of Cheyennes on the Graham, consisting of the army gunboats, the north side of the Platte River, ncar Fremont's
Ninth New-Jersey, the Twenty-third and TwentyOrchard, eighty-five miles east of Denver, on the
fifth Massachusetts, the One Hundredth and the State road. Two soldiers were killed, and four Eighteen
, and tour Eighteenth New-York regiments, and two secFounded. Several of the Indians were also tions of artillery, under Captain Easterly, left killed. --Tas stearner Golden Gate, from Mem.
Fortress Monroe last night, and landed at differ. phis for Fort Pillow, laden with boat-stores and ent points. They concentrated at Smithfiold, Va.. private freight, was taken possession of by guer
this evening, and succeeded in routing the enerillas to-night, at Bradley's Landing, fisteen miles
my, capturing one commissioned officer and five above Memphis, Tenn. The boat, passengers, I man_all wounden. also several horses and
poat, passengers, men-all wounded; also several horses and carand crew were rifled of every thing.
riages, and some commissary stores. A rebel April 13.- The rebel General Buford appeared mail, and one piece of artillery, formerly taken before Columbus, Ky., and demanded its uncon- from the gunboat Smith Briggs, wero also capditional surrender. Colonel Lawrence, in com- tured. Fifty contrabands were brought off at the mand of the post, refused the demand, and the same time. The Union loss was one missing, rebels retired. —The ocean iron-clad steamer Ca- and five slightly wounded. tawba was successfully launched at Cincinnati, 1 -This inorning, a force of confederate cavalOhio.--The schooner Mandoline was captured in ry, estimated at some twenty in number, and Atchafalaya Bay, Florida, by the National vessel supposed to be a portion of Captain Jumei's Nyanza.—The rebel sloop Rosina was captured
command, stationed on the Grosse Tête, apby the Virginia, at San Luis Pass, Texas.
peared in front of the village and park on the -Last night the notorious bush whacking gany opposite side of the Bayou Plaquemine, La., and of Shumate and Clark went to the house of an a party being detailed, crossed over and set fire industrious, hard-working German farmer, named
to all the cotton at that place, while parties were Kuntz, who lives some twenty-five to thirty miles
at the same time engaged in burning that on flatfrom the mouth of Osage River, in Missouri, and
boats at the village.—Plaquemine Gazette and demanded his money. He stoutly denied having
Sentinel. any cash; but the fiends, not believing him, or -COLONEL Gallup, at Paintsville, Ky., while perhaps knowing that he did have some money falling back to get an advantageous position, atdeliberately took down a wood-saw which was tacked one thousand rebels, killing and woundhanging up in the cabin, and cut his left leg three ing twenty-five, including a rebel colonel, and times below and four times above the knee, with
capturing fifty rebels, one hundred horses, and the saw. Loss of blood, pain, and agony made
two hundred saddles. the poor fellow insensible, and he was unable to
| Near Shelbyville, the rebel advance ran into tell where the money was concealed. His man- Colonel True's advance, which was going froin gled body was found to-day, life extinct. A boy West-Liberty to Shelbyville; Colonel True cap
him succeeded in making his es. tured six rebels, and then pressed forward to join cape, terror-stricken, to give the alarm. After
the alarm. After Colonel Gallup. leaving Kuntz's, the gang went to an adjoining April 15.-- The National gunboat Chenango, American farmer, and not succeeding in their de- while proceeding to sea froin New York City tomands for money, they destroyed every thing in day, burst one of her boilers, killing one man, and about the place, took the man out, and liter- and severely wounding thirty-two others.-A ally cut his licad off.- Missouri Democrat. | MEETING was held at Knoxville, Tenn., at which
resolutions offered by W. G. Brownlow were miles above Smithfield. The others were to land unanimously adopted, favoring emancipation, below at that place. We took up our line of recommending a convention to effect it, and re- march, and within about one mile came upon the questing Governor Johnson to call the same at rebel signal corps, who gave us a volley and filed. the earliest period practicable, and indorsing We followed, meeting with no opposition for the administration and war policy of President three miles, when we found them posted behind Lincoln. Governor Johnson made a powerful breastworks and reënforced. They were too speech in support of the resolutions.—The Ninth strong for our skirmishers, and Captain Story, Connecticut and Eighth Vermont reēnlisted vet- of company F, was ordered to charge the breasteran regiments arrived at New-Haven, Ct., this works with his command, companies I and D, evening.--GENERAL JOIN W. Geary, command about fifty men; and lest this should seem small ing Second division, Twelfth (afterward Twen- for two companies, I will say, our whole regitieth) army corps, started from Bridgeport, Ala., ment only mustered three hundred men, and on an expedition down the Tennessee, last Tues- were put into six companies of fifty men each. · day, taking with him one thousand men, and one We were ordered to fix bayonets, and then forgunboat. They shelled along the banks of the ward, every man's eye being on the breastworks river, occasionally routing a party of guerrillas and as he advanced toward it, expecting to receive a rebel cavalry, until within eleven miles of Deca- volley ; but the rebels fled without firing. We tur. Here they came to a large force of infantry, pressed after them; and a mile further came to artillery, and cavalry. It was nearly dark, and a mill-dam, with a bridge to cross, and discoverthe General ordered the boat up the river again. ed a turn in the road on the opposite side, where But the rebels were not to be thus trifled with, the rebels had posted themselves to advantage. and sent a battery of flying artillery up both A company was ordered into the woods to keep sides of the river to head off the gunboat. The up a fire on them. The videttes were on the artillery went up the banks, and got in posi- road watching the movements of the enemy, but tion to play when the Nationals passed; but kept themselves well covered, as we had already the night was very dark, and the General with found they were good shots, having had two men his men passed in safety. The expedition halted wounded before reaching their breastworks. At ten miles below Bridgeport, at a small village, this point, Sergeant Thomas Porter, of company and sent out a company as skirmishers. They I, a daring and brave young man, ventured bewent in the town, drove some rebel pickets, and yond the videttes to get a shot, when he fell captured a mail and seventeen thousand dollars mortally wounded, the bail entering his shoulder, in confederate money. They returned to camp passing entirely down the back, and was exthis evening.
tracted near the side.
“At this time we heard firing in our rear, and -A BODY of rebel cavalry made an attack on the National pickets at Bristoe Station, Va.,
feared that the guerrillas would give us trouble killing one man, and wounding two others of the
by attacking our rear-guard; but we were deter
mined to clear our way in front first, and CapThirteenth Pennsylvania regiment. They were driven off after a few shots had been exchanged,
tain Raymond was ordered to charge across the but carried their wounded with them.—The noto
bridge at all hazards, and disperse the foe, which rious guerrilla Reynolds, and his command, was
was handsomely done, capturing the officer of surprised by a party of National cavalry, near
the signal corps and two of his men, while the Knoxville, Tenn., and ten of them killed. Rey.
rest scattered in all directions, we not losing a nolds and fifteen others were captured, together
man. In the morning we were informed that with their horses, equipments, and arms.
* | the Colonel's orders were from General Graham,
commanding the expedition, to reach Smithfield -The expedition to Smithfield, Va., which left at such an hour, expecting we should meet with Portsmouth day before yesterday, returned this little or no opposition ; but, as the prospect was, day. A participant gives the following account that every mile was not only to be disputed, but of it:
that we were going to have considerable trouble “The expedition consisted of three regiments, in our rear with the guerrillas, the Colonel conthe Twenty-third and Twenty-fifth Massachu- cluded to fall back to the river, under the protecsetts, and the Ninth New-Jersey. Our regiment, tion of the gunboats, as we had already three the Twenty-third, alone landed at a point nine wounded men to get there, and no ambulance to convey them in. On turning back to the breast- learn. I think this expedition is the second works from which we drove the rebels, we took made under the command of Brigadier-General a different road from the one we came up in the Graham." morning, but had not gone far, before the guer
-A FORAGE-TRAIN belonging to the National rillas were following us, and a rear-guard was
forces under the command of Colonel Williams, taken from company F, and they had something
of the Kansas infantry, was attacked and capto do to keep them back, continually exchanging shots. The rebels were bold and daring; they
tured at a point about eight miles from Camden,
Ark., by a portion of the rebel forces under Genknew every turn in the road, and would watch
eral Price.--Leavenworth Conservative. their chance to ride up and give us a shot, whenever opportunity offered. When within a half-} - The Richmond Examiner contained the folmile of the river where we halted, Corporal Hi-lowing review of the situation : "Whilst the ram B. Lord, of Newburyport, was wounded in black cloud is slowly gathering on the horizon the thigh, the ball passing in one side and out of which will soon overspread the heavens, and, the other.
amid roaring thunder, discharge its flashes of “We came to the river-bank and stacked our lightning, a silence full of awe reigns through all arms in front of the residence of General F. M. nature, unbroken except by the painful soughing Boykin, who was a noted politician of the demo of the wind and a faint muttering in the distance. cratic school, as letters found on his premises Such is the apparent quiet that oppresses our proved. This place has of late been made the mind, and makes us bend low before the fearful headquarters of the rebel signal corps. Here storm that we feel in our heart is not afar off. was found a brass field-cannon in good order. A Even the busy hum of preparation is hushed ; few rods from here is a fort which was erected what man can do to prepare for the fearful day at the outbreak of the rebellion, and was to com- has been done, and the South, at least, stands mand not only the river, but all approaches to it ready, like the strong man armed; the good by land. In it were a number of large guns dis- knight, with the sword loose in its sheath, his mounted, and ten so damaged that they will harness bright and his heart full strong. Our never be of any use again. It looks as if it had men, after all their struggles and buffetings, ridbeen deserted for some time. Just before dark, dled with wounds, broken by sickness, tried by our regiment took up its quarters in this fort, as cares, overcast by checks, are yet undaunted and it was thought it would be a good position, in unwavering; and once more, after imploring the case the enemy should come upon us in force. Most High for his blessing, cast off the dust and We had not been in the fort more than two ashes from their head, and rise at the call of danhours, before we were ordered to go aboard the ger, hopeful and confident as when they buckled transport, and that night moved down to Smith on their maiden swords. People and army, one field; and the next forenoon the other part of the soul and one body, feel alike in their innermost expedition came out, and we all returned to hearts that when the clash comes, it will be a Portsmouth. A Lieutenant, belonging to fri- struggle for life or death. gate Minnesota who accompanied the expedition “So far, we feel sure of the issue. All else is to Smithfield, was killed, and also an officer of mystery and uncertainty. Where the first blow the Ninth New-Jersey killed, and one private will fall, when the two armies of Northern Virwounded. I believe those were all the casualties ginia will meet each other face to face ; how Grant they met with. The Twenty-third had one mor- will try to hold his own against the master spirit tally wounded, Porter, of company I; two seri- of Lee, we cannot even surmise. But it is clear ously, Lord, of company I, Symonds, of compa- to the experienced eye that the approaching camny C; one slightly, Osborn, company G; and paign will bring into action two new elements one wounded and taken prisoner, Thomas, of not known heretofore in military history, which company F, who was sent with the quartermas- may not unlikely decide the fate of the gigantic ter and another man to signalize the gunboats crusade. The enemy will array against us his of our whereabouts. What damage we did the new iron-clads by sea, and his colored troops on rebels we do not know. The other part of the land. expedition took some prisoners, two of them “Europe will watch with nervous interest the wounded; whether they killed any I did not first great trials made of these improved moni
VOL VIII.-DIARY 5
tors, if it should be our good fortune to finish on pivots, have ascended our rivers with impuand equip our own vessels of that class in time nity, frightened the people on shore, and conto meet them on equal terms. For since Abou-trolled the country for miles around. The preskir and Trafalgar-a longer pause than was ever tige that attended them at first, and cost us so before known in the history of Europe—there dear, has, however, completely vanished. Like have been no great naval fights, where fleets have every dreaded danger, they succumbed as they met and the empire of the ocean has been at stake. were fairly looked in the face. Now we know Great wars have been carried on by land, but the fully their vulnerability, and the perils of a water sea has not been the scene of like great conflicts. transport for troops, with their helplessness when During this long truce, two new elements-steam attacked in boats. and improved projectiles-have entirely changed “Since the first trials, however, the Yankees the conditions of such contests.
have made great efforts to remedy the evils that “ Vessels have become independent in their attended their early iron-clads—their want of movements. Wind or tide may aid or impede, buoyancy, their sinking too deep forward to apbut they are no longer essential, and steam en proach well at certain landings, the necessity to ables them to approach each other at will, un- tow them out at sea, and their slowness, which trammelled by external agencies. The power of would embarrass the fleet to which they may be the engines of war which they carry has steadily attached. They claim now to possess vessels as increased; and in precise proportion as the pro- buoyant and free in motion as ordinary steamers, jectile gained in weight and distance, the means impenetrable to any known projectile, including of defence were improved in the armament of the new Whitworth arms, and provided with a vessels. Thus, we have now guns of a calibre heavier armament than the last built iron-clads unknown since the first days of artillery, and of the English. These they propose to carry into ships armed like the mailed knights of the middle our harbors, and if we there can meet them, a ages. They promise a truly fearful character for conflict such as the world has not seen' yet will the result of the first hostile meeting on a large take place. The famous deeds of our noble Merscale.
rimac will be repeated, and England especially “The experiments heretofore made with iron- will watch the result with intense interest, as she clad vessels have been but very imperfect trials. well knows that these Yankee iron-clads were, in During the Crimean war certain "floating bat-reality, not built for us, but for British ports teries' of the French attacked the very strong and British vessels. After Mr. Seward's insolent batteries of Kinsburn, and silenced them with despatch to Mr. Adams, which Earl Russell so apparent ease. They were, however, mere iron conveniently ignored, they are amply forewarned. boxes, having neither masts nor yards, and, in “Another fleet of smaller but equally dangerfact, in no point like the irop-clads of our day, ous vessels has been built in the interior of the with their plate armor at the sides and their tur-country, and there is no doubt that the Yankees rets on deck. A trial on a larger scale was con will again send out the fleet of light gunboats, templated against the forts of Venice, when peace well armed and iron-clad, to force their way into came and resigned them to the dockyard. regions otherwise inaccessible, to carry war to
“In our navy, also, the vessels of the enemy waters where they are least expected, and to overhave, with the exception of the fight with the come shore defences by a tempest of converging Merrimac, attempted only the reduction of stone fire. They will again try to illustrate the powerwalls at Charleston. Successful in beating down ful aid which a land army may receive from the brick and mortar, and reducing granite to atoms, kindred branch afloat, mancuvring on its flank, their projectiles have been found powerless against and supporting it by bold demonstrations. It is sand-bags and heaps of rubbish. The only seri- fortunate for us that we are both forewarned and ous encounter that can be called a fair trial of forearmed. We have been steadily informed of iron-clads resulted in the destruction of the mon- the powerful engines of war prepared for our de. itor Keokuk, by the superiority of our project-struction. We have had our successes on the iles-steel bolts and spherical shot-devised by Lower James and in Charleston harbor. Brooke, the ingenious inventor of the deep-sea “We have, just in time, received the instructsounding-line. The Yankee gunboats occasion-live account of the first trial of an English-built ally, with their light draughts and powerful guns iron-clad, the Danish monitor Rolf Krake, before