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patriotic acts and sacrifices of their nation had the total mortality among all the Union soldiers not been sufficiently appreciated.
to fifty per day, or fifteen hundred monthly. General McNeil replied that it gave him very "The extremely reduced condition of those great pleasure to receive this token of respect of brought from the island argues that hundreds the Cherokee nation. Among the responsibilities quite sick are left behind who, with us, would of the command to which he had been assigned, I be considered fit subjects for hospital treatment. there was none greater than his duty toward their sucht
Such, too, is the fact, as invariably stated by suffering people. One of his first acts on assum
scores we have conversed with from that camp. ing command was to represent the condition of
The same, to a degree, holds true of their prisonthe Indian tribes, and he had recommended some er
ers in the city. It would be a reasonable estimeasures for the improvement of their condition.
1; mate to put the number who are fit subjects for The Government is very desirous that you should
hospitals, but who are refused admittance, at five make a crop this spring, and such a disposition
hundred. One thousand are already under treatof troops will be made that you can do it in
ment in the three hospitals; and the confederate safety.
surgeons themselves say the number of patients Mr. Ross.-If white troops will keep away our
is only limited by the small accommodations prowhite enemies, the loyal Indian troops can pro-li
vided. Thus we have over ten per cent of the tect themselves.
whole number of the prisoners held classed as General McNeil.-I ask if I may assure the Government that the Cherokees will not make
sick men, who need the most assiduous and skilcivil war on their tribes except in self-defence.
|ful attention ; yet, in the matter of rations, they Chief Christy.--You may.
are receiving nothing but corn-bread and sweet
potatoes. Meat is no longer furnished to any -THE rebel schooner Maria Alberta, while class of our prisoners, except to the few officers attempting to run the blockade, was captured off in Libby Hospital; and all the sick and well offiBayport. Florida, by the National schooner Two cers and privates are now furnished with a very Sisters. The battle of Mine Run, Va., was fought poor article of corn-bread, in place of wheatthis day, between the Union forces, under Major- | bread-an unsuitable diet for hospital patients, General Meade, and the rebels, under the com- prostrated with diarrhea, dysentery, and fever. mand of General Lee.-(Doc. 15.)
“To say nothing of many startling instances
of individual suffering, and horrid pictures of - A Party of surgeons belonging to the United death from prostrated sickness and semi-starvaStates army, lately prisoners in Richmond, made tion, we have had thrust upon our attention, the the following statement: “We the undersigned first demand of the poor creatures from the island consider it our duty to publish a few facts that was always for something to eat. Self-respect came to our knowledge while we were inmates of gone, half-clad and covered with vermin and filth, the hospital attached to the Libby prison. We many of them are often beyond all reach of medienjoyed for several months daily access to the cal skill. In one instance, the ambulances brought hospitals where the sick and wounded among our sixteen to the hospital, and during the night seven Union soldiers were under treatment. As a re- of them died. Again, eighteen were brought, and sult of our observation, we hereby declare our eleven of them died in twenty-four hours. At belief that, since the battle of Chickamauga, the another time, fourteen were admitted in a single number of deaths per diem has averaged fully day, and ten of them died. Judging from what fifty. The prevailing diseases are diarrhoea, dys- we have ourselves seen and do know, we do not entery, or typhoid pneumonia. Of late the per- hesitate to say that under a treatment of systemacentage of deaths has greatly increased from tized abuse, neglect, and semi-starvation, the numcauses that have been long at work, as insuffi- ber who are becoming prematurely broken down cient food, clothing, and shelter, combined with in their constitutions must be reckoned by thouthat depression of spirits brought so often by sands. The confederate daily papers in general long confinement. It may seem almost incredi- terms acknowledge the truth of all we have affirmble that, in the three hospitals for wounded sol-, ed, but usually close their abusive editorials by diers, the average mortality is nearly forty per day, declaring that even such treatment is better than and, we are forced to believe, the deaths in the the invading Yankees deserve. tobacco factories and upon the Island, will raise “The E.caminer, in a recent article, begrudged
the little food the prisoners did receive, and the tions to the commanders of the brigades who were boxes sent to us from home, and closed by eulo- to attempt it: gizing the system of semi-starvation and exposure
"HEADQUARTERS, November 29, 1868. as well calculated to dispose of us. Recently
"GENERAL: Please impress your officers and several hundred prisoners per day were being re
men with the importance of making a rush when moved to Danville, and in two instances we were
they once start to take such a position as that standing in view of them as their ranks filed past. occupied by the enemy yesterday. If the troops, Numbers were without shoes, nearly all without once started, rush forward till the point is carblankets or overcoats, and not a man did we see ried, the loss will be trifling; whereas, if they who was well fed and fully clad; but to the cre- hesitate, the enemy gets courage, or, being bedit of the prisoners in Richmond, of all ranks, behind a comparatively sheltered position, will fight it recorded, that, although they have shofn he. the harder. roic fortitude under suffering, and spurning the “Beside, if the assaulting party once loses couridea that their Government had forgotten them, age and falters, he will not find courage, probahave held fast their confidence in the final and bly, to make a renewed effort. The men should speedy success of our cause. In addition to the be cautioned before they start at such work, and above statement, we wish to be distinctly under- told what they are to do, and the importance and stood that the confederate medical officers con- great safety of doing it with a rush. nected with the hospitals referred to Surgeons . “ Very respectfully, J. LONGSTREET,
Lieutenant-General. Wilkins, Simmons, and Sobal, and the hospital
“Major-General McLaws.” steward, Hollet, are not in any way, as far as our observation has extended, responsible for the —The schooner Winona was captured by the state of things existing there, but on the other gunboat Kanawha, off Mobile Bay, Ala. hand, we are bound in justice to bear testimony to their kindness and the faithful performance of November 30.-Fort Esperanza, in Matagorda duties with the limited means at their disposal."* Bay, having been blown up and abandoned by --Among the prisoners captured at Chatta
the rebels, was occupied by the National forces nooga, were found a large number of those paroled
under the command of Major-General C. C. Washat Vicksburgh. General Grant inquired whether
burne.—(Doc. 17.)—The rebel blockade-runner he should proceed against them according to the
Chatham, was captured in Doboy Sound, Ga., by established usage in such cases, which is to shoot
the gunboat Huron. the persons so found. The War Department for- /
tment.com | December 1.-The army of the Potomac with
D bid, it being manifestly unjust to execute soldiers
e soldiers drew from before the works of the rebels on who were required by the rebel government to Mine Run. General Meade being convinced that break their parole.—General John H. Morgan,
HAN, they could not be taken without a great sacrifice with six of his officers, escaped from the peniten- of life. A soldier, writing from Kelleysville, on tiary at Columbus, Ohio.—(Doc. 37.)
December fourth, gives the following account of November 28.-A cavalry fight took place at the retrograde movement :.“ Since joining the Louisville, Tenn., between a party of rebels and regiment I have had very tough work, marching two hundred and twenty-five men belonging to great distances in a short space of time, besides the Sixth Illinois regiment, resulting in the rout living on short rations. We crossed the Rapidan of the rebels.
at Ely's Ford, marching through the battle-field November 29.-Fort Sanders, near Knoxville,
of Chancellorsville and the Wilderness, to withTenn., was assaulted by the rebel forces under
in six miles of Orange Court-House, where we General Longstreet, who was repulsed with a loss
halted. Our impressions were, that we would of over eight hundred in killed, wounded, and
reach Gordonsville before any serious opposition missing. A few hours previous to the assault,
would be shown, but were mightily mistaken.
The army skirmished with the rebels from the the rebel General issued the following instruc
time we crossed the Rapidan until we halted, and * The surgeons who signed this statement were, Daniel Meek through such a perfect wilderness as to be almost er, United States Navy; C. T. Liners, Assistant Surgeon Sixth indescribable-- the road, the only place where Maine regiment; J. L. Brown, Assistant Surgeon One Hundred and Sixteenth Ohio volunteer infantry; and A. M. Parker, As
man or beast could walk, with both sides covsistant Surgeon First Maine cavalry.
Tered with dense woods, overrun with underbrush. So you can readily imagine what a place age and resolution. Let the past take care of for troops to advance in line of battle, and ma- itseli. We care more to secure the future."
for instant action. Yet it was done, and | December 3.-A large body of rebels, under with a hearty good will, for the impression ani- | the command of Chalmers and Forrest, made mated the whole army we would give the rebels
three desperate charges on a division of National a sound whipping, as we were on their flank;
cavalry, stationed at the Wolf River Bridge, but alas! they got wind of it, and formed a line
Tenn., but were finally repulsed with heavy loss. of battle on the high ridge of hills on the oppo
The National troops were commanded by Colonel site side of Mine Run. We would have cleared
Hatch's cavalry division, which suffered severely. them out from there, but the whole of our army did not arrive in time. Night came on, and they! December 4.-General Longstreet raised the improved the time by fortifying. When morn- siege of Knoxville, and fell back to Morristown, ing came, they had one of the most forinidable Tenn., in consequence of the approach of heavy works in view I ever saw. The creek, or run, reinforcements to General Burnside, under Genwas crammed with felled trees, to break our eral Granger, as well as the great victory around ranks when advancing in line, and then came Chattanooga.—(Doc. 19.) immense breastworks with abattis in front, mak- | December 5.-Major-General R. O. Schenck ing it an impossibility to make a charge over. relinquished the command of the Middle DeYet that morning the whole line had orders to partment, and was succeeded by Brigadier-Gentake off knapsacks and overcoats, and make the eral Lockwood. - STEPHEN D. LEE, Major-General attack, or rather attempt it. When all was in the rebel service, sent the following report ready, and going on the advance, the order was from his headquarters, at Holly Springs, Miss., countermanded, and with it came many light to General Joseph E. Johnston: “ Chased hearts, as we knew it was impossible to make enemy's cavalry, eight hundred strong, from any impression on what we saw before us, al- Ripley into Pocahontas, on the first. The enemy though we were willing to attempt it. We lay concentrated at Pocahontas, and evacuated Salall that day, and the next until evening, when isbury on the second. Two miles of railroad we picked up our traps, and made a splendid destroyed at Salisbury. Forrest passed safely retrograde movement. To be sure, the army over. Routed and drove across into Wolf River, suffered a little in killed and wounded, but noth- at Moscow, two regiments of the enemy's cavalry, ing in comparison to what it would have been killing, wounding, and drowning about one hunif we had fought them. One of the men in my dred and seventy-five, capturing forty prisoners, company was shot in the breast while skirmish-Land forty horses and
and forty horses, and killing about one hundred ing. We are now near Kelly's Ford, and have horses 13 arrived at the conclusion that General Meade
– A BODY of rebel cavalry, with a few pieces acted wisely in not giving battle, for he would
of artillery, crossed the Rapidan, and made a have been repulsed, and that would not do, when
demonstration in front of the National lines. Afthings looked so bright in the West.”.
ter a brief skirmish, it was discovered that the December 2.-General Braxton Bragg issued
rebels wished to reëstablish signal-stations on
three peaks overlooking the section of country a general order from his headquarters at Dalton,
occupied by the Union army. Ga., transferring the command of the rebel forces
This was sucto Lieutenant-General Hardee who, on assuming
cessfully accomplished, and quiet restored. the position announced, in orders, that “there
A TRAIN, on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, was no cause for discouragement. The over
was attacked by a party of guerrillas, at a point
two miles east of Bealton Station. -GEORGETOWY, whelming numbers of the enemy forced us back
S. C., was destroyed by fire this night. from Missionary Ridge ; but the army is still intact and in good heart; our losses were small, | December 6.-Major-General W. T. Sherman and were rapidly replaced. The country is look- and staff, accompanied by Brigadier-General Wiling to you with painful interest. I feel I can son, arrived at General Burnside's headquarrely upon you. The weak need to be cheered ters, at Knoxville, Tenn., at noon to-day.-A by the constant successes of the victors of Shi- most successful reconnoissance was made to Madloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro, and Chickamauga, ison Court-House, Va., by four squadrons of the and require such stimulant to sustain their cour-| First New-York Dragoons, under Major Scott,
VOL. VIII.-DIARY 2
demonstrating that no rebel force existed in that point about eight miles above Bayou Sara, and quarter. At James City a few rebels, who fled seriously damaged. - MAJOR-GENERAL John A. on the approach of the Nationals, were seen. Logan assumed command of the Fifteenth army On Thoroughfare Mountain, the rebel signal-sta-corps, at Bridgeport, Ala.—The British steamer tion was found in the possession of some thirty Ceres was captured off the port of Wilinington, or more cavalry, who at once beat a hasty re- North-Carolina. treat. They were pursued some distance by
-Full and enthusiastic meetings were held Major Scott's men, but without capture. It was
in various portions of Indiana. At the capital of found to be a good position for its past uses, as
the State, General Carrington made a strategical well as in turn to be used against them, as from
speech, illustrated by maps and diagrams, showit the position of nearly the whole rebel army
ing how the rebels could be circumvented. --Jercan be seen. The destruction was made as com- |“5
FERSON Davis sent a message to the rebel Conplete as possible.—THE National iron-clad Wec
gress, which was received and read in both hawken, during a terrific storm, sunk at her an- |
houses.—(Doc. 21.) chorage at the entrance of Charleston harbor, S. C., carrying down with her four engineers and December 8. — A brisk cannonade between twenty-six of her crew.-The merchant steamer Fort Moultrie and Battery Gregg, in Charleston Chesapeake, commanded by Captain Willets, was harbor, was carried on this day. The firing on seized by a party of rebels, who had taken pas. Fort Sumter was moderated. — In a speech before sage in her, while on her way from New-York to the rebel Congress, this day, Mr. Foote expressPortand, Maine. The pirates assaulted the crew, ed great indignation at the course pursued by killed the engineer, and wounded two other offi- President Davis. “When Pemberton dishonoracers, and, after landing the passengers at Part- bly surrendered Vicksburgh to the enemy, the ridge Island, ran away with the vessel.
President made him his companion, and carried
him to General Bragg's army, when, as he rode December 7.-- Major-General Foster, from his
along, soldiers were heard to say: “There goes headquarters at Tazewell, Tenn., sent the follow the traitor who delivered us over at Vicks. ing to the National War Department: “Longstreet | burgh.: The President
| burgh.' The President never visited the army is on a full retreat up the valley. Your orders
without doing it injury; never yet that it was following with cavalry, shall be carried out. not followed by disaster. He was instrumental My division of cavalry attacked the enemy's cav- in the Gettysburgh affair. He instructed Bragg alry in one of the passes of Clinch Mountains, at Murfreesboro. He has opened Georgia to one yesterday P.N., and are pushing them vigorously. hundred thousand of the enemy's troops, and laid Couriers from Knoxville arrived last night. South Carolina liable to destruction. I charge The road is clear. Sherman arrived here yes-him with having almost ruined the country, and terday.”
will meet his champion anywhere to discuss it. -PRESIDENT LINCOLN issued the following re- Would to God he would never visit the army commendation for prayer and thanksgiving, for again!" ... the defeat of the rebels under General Long Mr. Foote also referred to abuses in the comstreet: “Reliable information having been re- missory department. A certain commissaryceived that the insurgent force is retreating general, who was a curse to our country, is infrom East-Tennessee, under circumstances ren- vested with authority to control the matter of dering it probable that the Union forces cannot subsistence. This monster, Northrop, has stealthhereafter be dislodged from that important posi- ily placed our government in the attitude charged tion, and esteeming this to be of high national by the enemy, and has attempted to starve the consequence, I recommend that all loyal people prisoners in our hands!. do, on receipt of this information, assemble at Meats were furnished the prisoners very irretheir places of Worship, and render special hom- gularly, and in a meagre manner. For twelve age and gratitude to Almighty God for this great days the supply was inadequate, and for eight advancement of the national cause.”—A DEBATE days they had none at all! on the question of the employment of substitutes “The commissary-general,” says Mr. Foote, in the Southern army was held in the rebel Con-"was a pepper-doctor down in Charleston, and gress.—The steamer Von Phul, on a trip from looked like a vegetarian, and actually made an New-Orleans to St. Louis, was fired into at a elaborate report to the Secretary of War, show