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-The second day of the battle of Chatta- ing peace. The other method suggested, in so nooga, Tennessee. General Hooker, in com- far as we can comprehend it, consists in the mand of Geary's division of the Twelfth corps, several States of the Confederacy taking the Osterhaus's division of the Fifteenth corps, and matter out of the hands of the confederate gov. two brigades of the Fourteenth corps, carried ernment, ignoring the government and the army, the north slope of Lookout Mountain with small and all that army has done and suffered for the loss, and a loss to the rebels of five or six hun-independence of the Confederacy, and then makdred prisoners.
ing peace, each State for itself, as best it can. There was continuous fighting from twelve There would be an honorable peace! o'clock until after nightfall, but the National “We are sorry to have to mention that such an troops gallantly repulsed every attempt of the idea has shown itself. It was believed that it enemy to retake the position.
was confined to about two newspapers, both of General Sherman crossed the Tennessee River Raleigh, North-Carolina. But something very before daylight this morning, at the mouth of similar is to be found in two other newspapers South-Chickamauga, with three divisions of the of Atlanta. As it is extremely essential that the Fifteenth corps, one division of the Fourteenth time of this Congress should not be diverted for corps, and carried the northern extremity of one instant from the business of carrying on the Missionary Ridge.-(Docs. 14 and 18.)
war by any vain palaver about peace, peace,
when there is no peace, we reluctantly advert to —THE Richmond Examiner published the the disagreeable circumstance in order that the following : “While a furious invading enemy is small distracting element may be disposed of and laying waste our fair fields, demanding uncondi- made innocuous tional submission to its government, offering no terms of peace, not even hinting at negotiation
-GOVERNOR VANCE, in a message to the Legisfor peace upon any other basis, but avowing the
lature of North-Carolina, said: “We know, at unanimous purpose to deprive us of all right, of last, precisely what we would get by submission, all law and of all property; and while our de
and therein has our enemy done us good service voted armies are in the field, with their arms in -abolition of slavery, confiscation of property, their hands and their banners flying, to defy and I and territorial vassalage. resist and beat back that foul invasion, we do
“These are the terms to win us back. Now, not comprehend how any man in the Confederacy when our brothers bleed and mothers and little can-we do not say get 'honorable peace'-but ones cry for bread, we can point them back to even talk of honorable peace, save by vanquish
the brick-kilns of Egypt—thanks to Mr. Sewarding those invading enemies. If the political sys-plainly in view, and show them the beautiful tem of those invading enemies break up, by rea-clusters of Eschol which grow in the land of inson of reverses in war, or financial troubles ; if dependence, whither we go to possess them. And certain States of their “Union' remember that we can remind them, too, how the pillar of fire they have state rights, and act upon them by
and the cloud, the vouchsafed guidon of Jehovah, seceding from the Union, and offering us a peace,
went ever before the hungering multitude, leadso far as they are concerned, it will be well; that ing away, with apparent cruelty, from the fulwill aid us materially in the one single task we ness of servitude. With such a prospect before have to achieve-the task of defeating and des- them, people will, as heretofore, come firmly up troying the military power of our enemies. But to the full measure of their duty if their trusted reasonable confederates would be at a loss to servants do not fail them. They will not crucify know how we can contribute to that happy state afresh their own sons, slain in their behalf, or of things, except by continued and successful put their gallant shades to open shame, by stop
r sole policy and cunning. ping short of full and complete national indepenest diplomacy is fighting; our most insinuating negotiator is the confederate army in line of November 25.-An expedition composed of debattle.
tails from the First North-Carolina volunteers, “Now we perceive, that just as Congress is Twelfth New-York cavalry, and the Twenty about to meet, certain newspapers of the Con- fourth New-York battery, under command of federacy are preparing the way for discussions Captain George W. Graham, First North-Caroin that body about some other method of obtain- I lina volunteers, (Captain R. R. West, Twelfth
New-York cavalry, having generously waived his Rapidan at several points. General Lee, comrank, in deference to Captain Graham's familiar- manding the rebel forces, noticing the movement, ity with the country to be traversed,) attacked a issued the following general order: “The enemy camp of rebels near Greenville, North-Carolina, is again advancing upon our capital, and the and after a brief and gallant contest, more than country once more looks to this army for its profifty prisoners, a hundred stand of arms, and a tection. Under the blessings of God, your valor considerable amount of subsistence and quarter- has repelled every previous attempt, and, invokmaster's stores fell into the hands of the Na- ing the continuance of his favor, we cheerfully tionals, while but one of their men was fatally commit to him the issue of the coming contest. wounded.
"A cruel enemy seeks to reduce our fathers and It was an affair in which the sterner virtues of our mothers, our wives and our children to abject the soldier, patience and fortitude, were equally slavery; to strip them of their property and exhibited with gallantry and daring, but twenty-drive them from their homes. Upon you these four hours having been occupied in all, and a helpless ones rely to avert these terrible calamimarch of nearly seventy miles having been per- ties, and to secure to them the blessings of liberty formed.—General Peck's Order.
and safety. Your past history gives them the
assurance that their trust will not be in vain. -The battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee,
Let every man remember that all he holds dear closed this day. Missionary Ridge was carried depends upon the faithful discharge of his duty. completely by the National troops, and the rebels and resolve to fight, and, if need be, to die, in routed, so that they fled in the night.-(Docs. 14 defence of a cause so sacred and worthy the and 18.)
name won by this army on so many bloody November 26.–At Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, fields.”—(Doc. 15.) a meeting of the United States Christian Com
| mission was held, in behalf of the National
November 27.-A delegation of Cherokees, prisoners at Richmond. Bishop Potter of Penn
headed by Captain Smith Christy, acting Chief, sylvania presided, and addresses were made
and including Thomas Pegg, a leading Indian, by Governor Brough, of Ohio, Major Boles, late
and William P. Ross, with Rev. J. B. Jones as from Libby Prison, G. H. Stuart, President of
interpreter, went in state to pay their respects to the Christian Commission, and others.—An en
General McNeil, the district commander at Fort gagement took place at Warm Springs, North
Smith, Ark., by order of an act of their National Carolina. “It shows," says a rebel correspond
Council. The act recited the sufferings, and askent, “that it was a very gallant affair on the
ed additional protection to the nation and authorpart of our men. Lieutenant-Colonel Bryson,
ity to raise an Indian cavalry regiment. After of the Twenty-fifth North-Carolina troops, with
the presentation of their credentials, Chief Christy a detachment of eighty men, crossed the French
arose and said that their national council had inBroad, and was joined that night by twenty
structed thein to call and pay their respects to militia, under Major Haywood. Proceeding on
the Commanding General, express their confidence the march, and arriving at the enemy's outpost
in his ability and bravery, and to state the conat daylight, he was found in line of battle, hav
dition and wants of their suffering people. Ho ing already discovered the plan. Although num
then recapitulated the contents of the documents bering about four hundred, the Yankees were
they were preparing to present. The greatest charged and driven from the field. They came
annoyance was from roving banditti, who deso
lated their homes and murdered their people. up the second time with the same result. A third time they were reënforced, perceiving which, Col
Their lives and those of their families were not onel Bryson gave the order to fall back, which
safe away from the military fort. They desired
stringent measures to change this state of things. was done in good order. In a hand-to-hand en-| counter, Sergeant Collins rushed forward and
They wished carried into successful practice a sacrificed his life to save Colonel Bryson's. The
plan of Colonel Phillips, to form districts allotted enemy's loss was thirty killed and wounded.”—
for settlement, which should be adequately proTHANKSGIVING Day in all the loyal States.
tected in order that the families camped in the
vicinity of Fort Gibson might remove to more -THE Union army under the command of comfortable homes. From their present condiMajor-General Meade, advanced, crossing the tion of suffering and disease, they thought the
patriotic acts and sacrifices of their nation had the total mortality among all the Union soldiers not been sufficiently appreciated.
to fifty per day, or fifteen hundred monthly. General McNeil replied that it gave him very “The extremely reduced condition of those great pleasure to receive this token of respect of broug
1 of respect of brought from the island argues that hundreds the Cherokee nation. Among the responsibilities quite sick are left behind who, with us, would of the command to which he had been assigned,
be considered fit subjects for hospital treatment. there was none greater than his duty toward their
Such, too, is the fact, as invariably stated by suffering people. One of his first acts on assum
scores we have conversed with from that camp. ing command was to represent the condition of
The same, to a degree, holds true of their prisonthe Indian tribes, and he had recommended some
ers in the city. It would be a reasonable estimeasures for the improvement of their condition.
mate to put the number who are fit subjects for The Government is very desirous that you should
hospitals, but who are refused admittance, at five make a crop this spring, and such a disposition
hundred. One thousand are already under treatof troops will be made that you can do it in
ment in the three hospitals; and the confederate safety.
surgeons themselves say the number of patients Mr. Ross.-If white troops will keep away our white enemies, the loyal Indian troops can pro
is only limited by the small accommodations pro
vided. Thus we have over ten per cent of the tect themselves. General McNeil.-I ask if I may assure the
whole number of the prisoners held classed as Government that the Cherokees will not make
sick men, who need the most assiduous and skilcivil war on their tribes except in self-defence.
ful attention ; yet, in the matter of rations, they Chief Christy.-You may.
are receiving nothing but corn-bread and sweet
potatoes. Meat is no longer furnished to any -Tue rebel schooner Maria Alberta while class of our prisoners, except to the few officers attempting to run the blockade, was captured off in Libby Hospital; and all the sick and well offiBayport. Florida, by the National schooner Two cers and privates are now furnished with a very Sisters. The battle of Mine Run. Va.. was fought poor article of corn-bread, in place of wheatthis day, between the Union forces, under Major- / bread-an unsuitable diet for hospital patients, General Meade, and the rebels, under the com- prostrated with diarrhea, dysentery, and fever. mand of General Lee.-(Doc. 15.)
"To say nothing of many startling instances
of individual suffering, and horrid pictures of - A PARTY of surgeons belonging to the United death from prostrated sickness and semi-starvaStates army, lately prisoners in Richmond, made tion, we have had thrust upon our attention, the the following statement: “We the undersigned first demand of the poor creatures from the island consider it our duty to publish a few facts that was always for something to eat. Self-respect came to our knowledge while we were inmates of gone, half-clad and covered with vermin and filth, the hospital attached to the Libby prison. We many of them are often beyond all reach of medienjoyed for several months daily access to the cal skill. In one instance, the ambulances brought hospitals where the sick and wounded among our sixteen to the hospital, and during the night seven Union soldiers were under treatment. As a re- of them died. Again, eighteen were brought, and sult of our observation, we hereby declare our eleven of them died in twenty-four hours. At belief that, since the battle of Chickamauga, the another time, fourteen were admitted in a single number of deaths per diem has averaged fully day, and ten of them died. Judging from what fifty. The prevailing diseases are diarrhæa, dys- we have ourselves seen and do know, we do not entery, or typhoid pneumonia. Of late the per- hesitate to say that under a treatment of systemacentage of deaths has greatly increased from tized abuse, neglect, and semi-starvation, the numcauses that have been long at work, as insuffi-ber who are becoming prematurely broken down cient food, clothing, and shelter, combined with in their constitutions must be reckoned by thouthat depression of spirits brought so often by sands. The confederate daily papers in general long confinement. It may seem almost incredi- terms acknowledge the truth of all we have affirmble that, in the three hospitals for wounded sol-ed, but usually close their abusive editorials by diers, the average mortality is nearly forty per day, declaring that even such treatment is better than and, we are forced to believe, the deaths in the the invading Yankees deserve. tobacco factories and upon the Island, will raise! “The Examiner, in a recent article, begrudged
the little food the prisoners did receive, and the tions to the commanders of the brigades who were boxes sent to us from home, and closed by eulo- to attempt it: gizing the system of semi-starvation and exposure
“HEADQUARTERS, November 29, 1863. as well calculated to dispose of us. Recently
“GENERAL: Please impress your officers and several hundred prisoners per day were being re- men with the importance of making a rush when moved to Danville, and in two instances we were they once start to take such a position as that standing in view of them as their ranks filed past. occupied by the enemy yesterday. If the troops, Numbers were without shoes, nearly all without once started, rush forward till the point is carblankets or overcoats, and not a man did we see ried, the loss will be trifling; whereas, if they who was well fed and fully clad; but to the cre- hesitate, the enemy gets courage, or, being bedit of the prisoners in Richmond, of all ranks, be hind a comparatively sheltered position, will fight it recorded, that, although they have shofn he. the harder. roic fortitude under suffering, and spurning the “Beside, if the assaulting party once loses couridea that their Government had forgotten them, age and falters, he will not find courage, probahave held fast their confidence in the final and bly, to make a renewed effort. The men should speedy success of our cause. In addition to the be cautioned before they start at such work, and above statement, we wish to be distinctly under-told what they are to do, and the importance and stood that the confederate medical officers con- great safety of doing it with a rush. nected with the hospitals referred to, Surgeons .“ Very respectfully, J. LONGSTREET,
Lieutenant-General. Wilkins, Simmons, and Sobal, and the hospital steward, Hollet, are not in any way, as far as our
“Major-General McLaws.” observation has extended, responsible for the —The schooner Winona was captured by the state of things existing there, but on the other gunboat Kanawha, off Mobile Bay, Ala. hand, we are bound in justice to bear testimony to their kindness and the faithful performance of November 30.-Fort Esperanza, in Matagorda duties with the limited means at their disposal."* Bay, having been blown up and abandoned by -Among the prisoners captured at Chatta
it to the rebels, was occupied by the National forces nooga, were found a large number of those paroled
under the command of Major-General C. C. Washat Vicksburgh. General Grant inquired whether
burne.-(Doc. 17.)—The rebel blockade-runner he should proceed against them according to the
Chatham, was captured in Doboy Sound, Ga., by established usage in such cases, which is to shoot
the gunboat Huron. the persons so found. The War Department for
tment for 1 December 1.-—The army of the Potomac withbid, it being manifestly unjust to execute soldiers drew from before the works of the rebels on who were required by the rebel government to Mine Run. General Meade being convinced that break their parole.—General Joun H. Morgan, there
• MORGAN, they could not be taken without a great sacrifice with six of his officers, escaped from the peniten- of life. A soldier. writing from Kelleysville, on tiary at Columbus, Ohio.—(Doc. 37.)
December fourth, gives the following account of November 28.-A cavalry fight took place at the retrograde movement: “Since joining the Louisville, Tenn., between a party of rebels and regiment I have had very tough work, marching two hundred and twenty-five men belonging to great distances in a short space of time, besides the Sixth Illinois regiment, resulting in the rout living on short rations. We crossed the Rapidan of the rebels.
at Ely's Ford, marching through the battle-field November 29.-Fort Sanders, near Knoxville,
of Chancellorsville and the Wilderness, to withTenn., was assaulted by the rebel forces under
in six miles of Orange Court-House, where we General Longstreet, who was repulsed with a loss
halted. Our impressions were, that we would • of over eight hundred in killed, wounded, and
reach Gordonsville before any serious opposition
would be shown, but were mightily mistaken. missing. A few hours previous to the assault,
The army skirmished with the rebels from the the rebel General issued the following instruc
time we crossed the Rapidan until we halted, and * The surgeons who signed this statement were, Daniel Meek- | through such a perfect wilderness as to be almost er, United States Navy; C. T. Liners, Assistant Surgeon Sixth indescribable-- the road, the only place where Maine regiment; J. L. Brown, Assistant Surgeon One Hundred and Sixteenth Ohio volunteer infantry; and A. M, Parker, As
man or beast could walk, with both sides covsistant Surgeon First Maine cavalry.
Iered with dense woods, overrun with underbrush. So you can readily imagine what a place age and resolution. Let the past take care of for troops to advance in line of battle, and ma- itseli. We care more to secure the future."
for instant action. Yet it was done, and | December 3.-A large body of rebels, under with a hearty good will, for the impression ani- | the command of Chalmers and Forrest, made mated the whole army we would give the rebels
three desperate charges on a division of National a sound whipping, as we were on their flank;
cavalry, stationed at the Wolf River Bridge, but alas! they got wind of it, and formed a line
Tenn., but were finally repulsed with heavy loss. of battle on the high ridge of hills on the oppo
The National troops were commanded by Colonel site side of Mine Run. We would have cleared
Hatch's cavalry division, which suffered severely. them out from there, but the whole of our army did not arrive in time. Night came on, and they! December 4.-General Longstreet raised the improved the time by fortifying. When morn- siege of Knoxville, and fell back to Morristown, ing came, they had one of the most forinidable Tenn., in consequence of the approach of heavy works in view I ever saw. The creek, or run, reinforcements to General Burnside, under Genwas crammed with felled trees, to break our eral Granger, as well as the great victory around ranks when advancing in line, and then came Chattanooga.—(Doc. 19.) immense breastworks with abattis in front, mak- | December 5.-Major-General R. O. Schenck ing it an impossibility to make a charge over. relinquished the command of the Middle DeYet that morning the whole line had orders to partment, and was succeeded by Brigadier-Gentake off knapsacks and overcoats, and make the eral Lockwood. - STEPHEN D. LEE, Major-General attack, or rather attempt it. When all was in the rebel service, sent the following report ready, and going on the advance, the order was from his headquarters, at Holly Springs, Miss., countermanded, and with it came many light to General Joseph E. Johnston: “ Chased hearts, as we knew it was impossible to make enemy's cavalry, eight hundred strong, from any impression on what we saw before us, al- Ripley into Pocahontas, on the first. The enemy though we were willing to attempt it. We lay concentrated at Pocahontas, and evacuated Salall that day, and the next until evening, when isbury on the second. Two miles of railroad we picked up our traps, and made a splendid destroyed at Salisbury. Forrest passed safely retrograde movement. To be sure, the army over. Routed and drove across into Wolf River, suffered a little in killed and wounded, but noth- at Moscow, two regiments of the enemy's cavalry, ing in comparison to what it would have been killing, wounding, and drowning about one hunif we had fought them. One of the men in my dred and seventy-five, capturing forty prisoners, company was shot in the breast while skirmish-Land forty horses and
and forty horses, and killing about one hundred ing. We are now near Kelly's Ford, and have horses 13 arrived at the conclusion that General Meade
– A BODY of rebel cavalry, with a few pieces acted wisely in not giving battle, for he would
of artillery, crossed the Rapidan, and made a have been repulsed, and that would not do, when
demonstration in front of the National lines. Afthings looked so bright in the West.”.
ter a brief skirmish, it was discovered that the December 2.-General Braxton Bragg issued
rebels wished to reëstablish signal-stations on
three peaks overlooking the section of country a general order from his headquarters at Dalton,
occupied by the Union army. Ga., transferring the command of the rebel forces
This was sucto Lieutenant-General Hardee who, on assuming
cessfully accomplished, and quiet restored. the position announced, in orders, that “there
A TRAIN, on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, was no cause for discouragement. The over
was attacked by a party of guerrillas, at a point
two miles east of Bealton Station. -GEORGETOWY, whelming numbers of the enemy forced us back
S. C., was destroyed by fire this night. from Missionary Ridge ; but the army is still intact and in good heart; our losses were small, | December 6.-Major-General W. T. Sherman and were rapidly replaced. The country is look- and staff, accompanied by Brigadier-General Wiling to you with painful interest. I feel I can son, arrived at General Burnside's headquarrely upon you. The weak need to be cheered ters, at Knoxville, Tenn., at noon to-day.-A by the constant successes of the victors of Shi- most successful reconnoissance was made to Madloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro, and Chickamauga, ison Court-House, Va., by four squadrons of the and require such stimulant to sustain their cour-| First New-York Dragoons, under Major Scott,
VOL. VIII.-DIARY 2