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women and children were hurrying to and fro, and there was all the evidence of such a panic as had never before been witnessed in Richmond.

This morning there was no abatement in the excitement The guards were all marched out of the city to the defences, and the armed citizens placed on guard over the prisoners. Horsemen were dashing to and fro, and the excitement among the prisoners to know the cause of all this commotion became intense. It was soon learned that a large cavalry and infantry force, with artillery, had made their appearance on the peninsula at Bottom's Bridge, within ten miles of the city, a point so famous in McClellan's peninsula campaign, and that Richmond was actually threatened by the Yankees. The same hurrying of troops, arming of citizens, and excitement among the women and children continued during the morning. At two o'clock in the afternoon, the alarm-bells were again rung with great fury. The rumors that prevailed were conflicting and wild, and it was the impression that eight or ten thousand cavalry would have found but little difficulty in entering the city, liberating the prisoners, destroying the forts and public property, and retiring by the peninsula before any sufficient force to resist them could be brought to the lid of the small garrison left to defend it—A nr.Hi took place at Vidalia, La.—{Doe. 76.)

February 8.—The expedition sent by General Butler, with the object of making a sudden dash into Richmond, Va., and releasing the Union prisoners confined there, returned, having been unsuccessful. The following are the facts of the affair: On Saturday morning, February sixth, General Butler's forces, under command of Brigadier-General Wistar, marched from Yorktown by the way of New-Kent Court-House. The cavalry arrived at half-past two o'clock yesterday morning at Bottom's Bridge, across the Chickahominy, ten miles from Richmond, for the purpose of making a raid into Richmond, and endeavoring, by a surprise, to liberate the prisoners there.

The cavalry reached the bridge at the time appointed, marching, in sixteen hours and a half, forty-seven miles. A force of infantry followed in their rear, for the purpose of supporting them. It was expected to surprise the enemy at Bottom's Bridge, who had had for some time only a small picket there. The surprise failed, because, as the Richmond Examiner of to-day says, " a

Yankee deserter gave information in Richmond of the intended movement." The enemy had felled a largo amount of timber, so as to block up and obstruct the roads and make it impossible for our cavalry to pass. After remaining at the bridge from two o'clock until twelve, General Wistar joined them with his infantry, and the whole object of the surprise having been defeated, they all returned to Williamsburgh. On his march back to New-Kent Court-House, his rear was attacked by the enemy, but they were repulsed without loss. A march by the Union infantry, three regiments of whom were colored, of more than eighty miles, was made in fifty-six hours. The cavalry marched over one hundred miles in fifty hours.

The office of the newspaper Constitution and Union, at Fairfield, Iowa, edited by David Sheward, was visited by company E, Second Iowa, to-day. The type and paper were thrown out of the windows, and subscription-books destroyed.

General Foster telegraphed from Knoxville, under date of yesterday, that an expedition sent against Thomas and his band of Indians and whites, at Quallatown, N. C, had returned completely successful. They surprised the town, killed and wounded two hundred and fifteen, took fifty prisoners, and dispersed the remainder of the gang in the mountains. The Union loss was two killed and six wounded.—General Grant's Despatch.

February 9.—Jefferson Davis approved the bill, passed in secret session of the rebel congress, to prohibit the exportation of cotton, tobacco, naval and military stores, molasses, sugar or rice; also one to prohibit the importation of luxuries into the confederate States.—Colonel A. D. Streight, and one hundred and eight other National officers, escaped from Libby Prison, at Richmond, Va. Forty-eight of these were recaptured by the rebels, and returned to prison.

February 10.—The English steamers Fannie and Jennie, and the Emily, were destroyed near Masonboro Inlet, N. C, by the National gunboat Florida, commanded by Pierce Crosby. The Fannie and Jennie was the old prize Scotia, captured in 1862, and condemned, not being considered suitable for naval purposes. She was commanded by the celebrated blockade-runner Captain Coxetter, who was drowned while attempting to escape.—Commander Crosby's Report.

The Richmond Enquirer, of this date, contained an editorial, denouncing the Virginia Legislature, for attempting to interfere with the state and war matters of the rebel government, by the passage of an act, requesting Jeff Davis to remove the act of outlawry against General Butler, in order to facilitate the exchange of prisoners.

Major-general Meade, in a speech at Philadelphia, in response to an address of welcome by Mayor Henry, stated, that it might "not be uninteresting to know that since March, 1861, when the army of the Potomac left its lines in front of Washington, not less than one hundred thousand men had been killed and wounded."

February 11.—The cavalry expedition under the command of Generals W. S. Smith and Grierson, intended to cooperate with the forces under General Sherman, left Memphis, Tenn.— (Doe. 122.)

The English steamer Cumberland, with a cargo of arms and ammunition, arrived at Key West, Fla. She was captured by the United States gunboat De Soto, while trying to run the blockade on the fifth instant—(Doe. 103.)

—A WESTWARD-BorsD train on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was captured ten miles west of Harper's Ferry, Va., bya band of guerrillas. The usual signal to stop the train was given, when the thieves surrounded it, and commenced a general robbery of the passengers, male and female. Greenbacks, jewelry, and other valuables were taken, and few of the passengers escaped without losing something. The object seemed to be entirely to obtain booty, as, notwithstanding several Union officers and soldiers were on board, no prisoners were taken. The engine and tender were run off the track, but the train was not injured.

February 12.—Decatur, Miss., was entered by the National troops, belonging to the command of General W. T. Sherman, on an expedition into that State.—(Doe. 122.)

February 14.—Major Larmer, of the Fifth Pennsylvania reserve regiment, Acting Inspector-General on General Crawford's staff, was shot dead in a skirmish with guerrillas about two miles east of Brentsville, Va. He was out with a scouting-party of some fifty men of the Thirteenth Pennsylvania cavalry, who, as they were crossing a bridge over Cedar Run, at the point above mentioned, were suddenly fired upon by a

band of guerrillas concealed in a pine thicket a short distance off the road.

His men were driven back across the bridge, but there held their ground until assistance could be sent for from General Crawford's division. Colonel Jackson, of the Eleventh Pennsylvania reserves, was then sent out with a portion of his regiment, and on his approach the rebels fled. The men then recrossed the bridge to the point where they had been driven back, and brought away the body of Major Larmer, which had been left in the hands of the rebels. The Nationals lost in the skirmish, besides Major Larmer, three cavalrymen killed and one wounded, and two prisoners.

Gainesville, Florida, was captured by the United States troops under Captain George E. Marshall, of the Fortieth Massachusetts infantry, and held for fifty-six hours against several attacks of the rebels double his own number. A largo quantity of rebel stores were distributed among the people of the town, alter which Captain Marshall successfully evacuated the place.— (Doc. 87.)

It appearing that large numbers of men qualified for military duty were preparing to leave Idaho for the far West, for the purpose of evading the draft ordered by the President of the United States, Governor W. M. Stone, of that territory, issued a proclamation, announcing that no person would bo permitted to depart in that direction without a proper pass, and that passes would bo granted to those only who would make satisfactory proof that they were leaving the State for a temporary purpose, and of their intention to return on or before the day of drafting, March tenth.

Thomas H. Watts, Governor of Alabama, issued the following communication to the people of Mobile:

"Your city is about to be attacked by the enemy. Mobile must be defended at every hazard and to the last extremity. To do this effectively, all who cannot fight must leave the city. The brave defenders of the city can fight with more energy and enthusiasm when they feel assured that the noble women and children are out of danger.

"I appeal to the patriotic non-combatants to leave for the interior. The people of the interior towns, and the planters in the country, will receive and provide support for all who go. The patriots of this city will sec the importance and necessity of heeding this call.

"Those who love this city and the glorious cause in which we fight, will not hesitate to obey the calls which patriotism makes."*

February 15.—Yesterday and to-day attacks were made upon the fort at Waterproof, La. The following account of the affair was given by Lieutenant Commander Greer, of the steamer Battler: "A force of about eight hundred cavalry, of Harrison's command, on the fourteenth made an attack upon the post, driving in the pickets and pressing the troops very hard. Fortunately for them the Forest Rose, was present. Captain Johnson immediately opened a rapid fire on them, which drove them back. Ho got his vessel under way and shelled the enemy wherever his guns would bear. They hastily retreated to the woods. This lasted from three to five P.m. At eight o'clock, the enemy attempted to make a dash into the town, but Captain Johnson, who was well advised as to their approaches, drove them back. Eight dead rebels and five prisoners were left in our hands. Our loss was five killed and two wounded. Captain Johnson says some of the negroes fought well, but for want of proper discipline a majority did not. Lieutenant Commander Greer arrived with the Rattler, after the fighting was over. He then proceeded to Natchez, reported the facts to Commander Post, and asked him to send up reenforcements. The next morning he despatched two hundred men and some howitzer ammunition to AYatcrproof. Upon arriving at that place on the fifteenth, he found that in the morning the enemy, who had been reenforced in tho night, and whose forces now consisted of two regiments of infantry and one of cavalry, and four pieces of artillery, had again

* General Dabney H. Maury, In command at Mobile, on the thirteenth despatched the following letter to R. U. Slough, the Mayor of that city:

"Mr Dim Sis: I tee but little disposition on the part of noncombatants to leave Mobile. Please use every means in your power to Induce them to do so without delay.

"The Governor of Alabama assures me that he will take measures to secure to the people an asylum in the upper region of country bordering the rirer above here. I cannot believe that the kind and hospitable people of Mobile, who have for years bsea opening their homes to the homeless refugees from other parts of the Confederacy, will fail to receive a really welcome and kind protection during the attack on their homes.

"Patriotism demands that they leave the city for a while to those who can defend It. Prudence urges that they make no unnecessary delay In going.

"I win assist you here with transportation. The Governor ■n he will make proper arrangements for their reception and entertainment above."

attacked the post. The Forest Rose, whoso commander was over on the alert, was ready for them. A few well-directed shells stopped them from planting their battery on tho plank-road, and drove them off in confusion. The attempts of the remainder to advance were frustrated by the Forest Rose. Captain Johnson says that Captain Anderson asked repeatedly for mo to take his troops on board and throw them across the river, while in every request he (Johnson) declined, and could only tell him to fight. After I got the enemy to retreat he felt more easy, and discontinued his requests to cross. I do not think Captain Anderson was intimidated, but, by the bad discipline of his officers and the incapacity of his men, ho became panic-stricken. Tho ram Switzerland arrived about the close of the fight and joined them. The rebel loss, as far as known, was seven killed, a number wounded, who were taken off, and several prisoners, among them a lieutenant, who were taken to Harrison. Our loss was three killed and twelve wounded. In the two days' fight the Forest Rose expended two hundred and seventy shell."

Colonel Piiillips, commanding the expedition to tho Indian Territory, reported to General Thayer that he had driven the enemy entirely out of that region, and in several skirmishes killed nearly a hundred rebels, and had captured one captain and twenty-ffre men.

Judge Stewart, of the Provincial Court of Admiralty, Nova Scotia, gave judgment that the capture of the Chesapeake was an act of piracy, and ordered restitution of the vessel and cargo to the original owners.

February 16.—An engagement took place between tho rebel fort at Grant's Pass, near Mobile, and the National gunboats.—The British steamer Pet was captured by the United States gunboat Montgomery. The capture was made near Wilmington, N. C. Tho Pet was from Nassau, for Wilmington, with an assorted cargo of arms, shot, shell, and medicines, for the use of the rebel army. She was a superior side-wheel steamer, of seven hundred tons burthen, built in England expressly for Southern blockading purposes. She had made numerous successful trips between Nassau and Wilmington. — The blockading steamer Spunky was chased ashore and destroyed while attempting to run the blockade of Wilmington, N. C.

February 17.—The United States steam-sloop Housatonic was destroyed by a torpedo in the harbor of Charleston, S. G.—{Doc. 84.)

February 18.—An expedition, consisting of four hundred men belonging to the National cavalry, under General Gregg, left Warren ton, Va., last night, to examine the country in the direction of Middleburgh and Aldie. This evening the party returned, bringing in twenty-eight of Mosby's rebel guerrillas and fifty-one horses. On their return they were charged on by the rest of the guerrilla band, for the purpose of retaking their fellows, but the charge was repulsed, and one more prisoner added to those already in the hands of the Union cavalry.

February 19.—A fight took place at Waugh's Farm, twelve miles north-east of Batcsville, Ark. About a hundred men, composed of company I, Eleventh Missouri cavalry, and Fourth Arkansas infantry, under command of Captain William Castle, of the Eleventh Missouri, out on a foraging expedition, with a large train of wagons in charge, were attacked by three hundred men under Rutherford. They were taken by surprise, but fought desperately against greatly superior numbers.

The rebels retreated across White River, having lost six killed and ten wounded. Of the Nationals, Captain Castle and private Alfred Wilgus, of company I, Eleventh Missouri cavalry, and a man of tho Fourth Arkansas infantry, were killed. Wounded—Sergeant F. M. Donaldson, severely in the thigh and abdomen ; William Ball, severely in tho foot; John II. Brandon, in both hands and breast, slightly; all of company I, Eleventh Missouri. .

The Nationals lost forty prisoners, mostly teamsters, about thirty horses, and sixty wagons were burnt, and the teams, six mules to each, carried off.—Sergeant Spencer's Account.

The Twenty-first, Forty-seventh, and One Hundred and Eighteenth regiments of Indiana volunteers, returned to Indianapolis, and met with an enthusiastic welcome.

February 20.—The battle of Olustee, Florida, was fought this day by tho National forces under the command of General Seymour and the rebels under General Caesar Finnegan.—(Doc. 87.)

—TnE rebel schooner Henry Colthurst, from Kingston, Jamaica, with a cargo of the munitions of war for the confederate government, and other articles of merchandise, was captured, near

San Luis Pass, by the National schooner Virginia.

February 21.—A plot to escape, set on foot by the rebel prisoners confined at Columbus, Ohio, was discovered and frustrated.

February 22.—Two companies of the Thirtyfourth Kentucky infantry (A and I) were engaged in a hand-to-hand encounter of about four hours' duration, against superior numbers of tho enemy. The rebels, about five hundred strong, attacked them at Powell's River Bridge, Tcnn., at six o'clock A.m., and after making four separate charges on the bridge, which were gallantly met and repulsed, the rebels were driven from their position and compelled to retreat in disorder, leaving horses, saddles, arms, etc., on the field. They took most of their dead and wounded with them.

There were a great many daring acts of bravery committed; but as the whole affair is one of the most brilliant of the war, it would be almost impossible to make any distinction. There is one, however, that is well worth recording. Tho attack was made by infantry, while the cavalry prepared for a charge. The cavalry was soon in line and moving on tho bridge; on they came in a steady, solid column, covered by the fire of their infantry. In a moment the Nationals saw their perilous position, and Lieutenant Slater called for a volunteer to tear up the boards to prevent their crossing. There was some hesitation, and in a moment all would have been lost, had not one William Goss (company clerk of company I) leaped from the intrenchments, and, running to tho bridge under the fire of about four hundred guns, threw ten boards off into the river, and returned unhurt This prevented the capture of the whole forco.—Louisville Journal.

—A nc.nT occurred near Mulberry Gap, Tcnn., between the Eleventh Tennessee cavalry and a body of rebels, in which the National troops were obliged to retreat

Lieutenant-general J. B. Hood, of tho rebel army, in an address to his old division, concludes as follows:

"A stern conflict is before us; other hardships must be borne, other battles fought, and other blood shed; but we have nothing to fear if we only prove ourselves worthy of independence—it is ours, but our armies must deliver us. With them we must blaze a highway through our enemies to victory and to peace. In the trials

and dangers that arc to come, I know you will claim an honorable share, and win new titles to the admiration and love of your country; and in the midst of them, whether I am near you or far from you, my heart will be always there; and when this struggle is over, I shall look upon no spectacle with so much pleasure as upon my old comrades, who have deserved so well of their country, crowned with its blessings and encompassed by its love."

—A Small force of National troops left Hilton Head, S. C, in transports, and proceeded up the Savannah River to Williams's Island, arriving at that place about dark yesterday. A company of the Fourth New-Hampshire regiment landed in small boats and made a reconnoissance, in the course of which they met a small body of the enemy. The Nationals lost four men of the Eighty-fifth Pennsylvania. This morning the Union forces withdrew, bringing twenty prisoners. The reconnoissance was highly successful.

This morning, about eleven o'clock, as a detachment of the Second Massachusetts cavalry, under command of Captain J. S. Read, who had been out on a scouting expedition, were returning toward Dranesvillc, Va., on the way to Vienna, they were attacked on the Dranesville Pike, about two miles from the latter place, by a gan°of rebel guerrillas, supposed to be under Mosby, concealed in the pines. In the detachment of the Second Massachusetts there were one hundred and fifty men, while Mosby had at least between two and three hundred men. The Second Massachusetts were fired upon from the dense pine woods near Dranesville, and retreated. Afterward eight of their men were found dead and seven wounded, and at least fifty or seventy-five were taken prisoners, or missing. Among the prisoners was Captain Manning, of Maine. Captain J. S. Bead, the commander of the detachment, was shot through the left lung, and died a few moments after being wounded.

February 23.—On the publication of the currency bill, passed by the rebel Congress, a panic seized the people of Richmond, and many tradesmen closed their shops. Brown sugar sold for tw^Jve dollars and fifty cents by the hogshead and whiskey, which a few days before sold for twenty dollars a gallon, could not be purchased for one hundred and twenty dollars.—The Second ikssachusetts regiment of infantry left Boston to rejoin the Twelfth army corps, under General

Grant The Twenty-third regiment also left Boston for Newport News, Va.

February 24. — A police magistrate at St. John's, New-Brunswick, ordered the Chesapeake pirates to be committed to be surrendered to tho United States, upon charges of robbery, piracy, and murder.

February 25.—Tho following was published in Richmond, Va.:

"General Bragg has been assigned to duty in Richmond as consulting and advisory General. We regard the appointment as one very proper, and believe that it will conduce to the advance-' ment and promotion of the cause. General Bragg has unquestionable abilities, which eminently fit him for such a responsible position. Tho country will be pleased to seo his experience and information made use of by the President. His patriotism and zeal for the public service aro fully recognized and appreciated by his countrymen. The duties of tho commander-in-chief, who, under the constitution, can bo no other than tho President, are most arduous, and require much aid and assistance as well as ability and experience. General Bragg has acquired, by long service, that practical experience necessary to tho position to which he'is assigned by the general order published in to-day's Enquirer. "An erroneous impression obtains as to tho nature of this appointment of General Bragg. Ho is not and cannot be commander-in-chief. Tho Constitution of the confederate States makes the President the commander-in-chief. General Bragg is detailed for duty in Richmond 'under' the President. He does not rank General Leo nor General Johnston. He cannot command or direct them, except ' by command of the Presi dent.' His appointment has been made with tho knowledge and approval of Generals Cooper, Lee, Johnston, and Beauregard, all his superiors in rank, who, knowing and appreciating the usefulness and ability of General Bragg, concur in his appointment by tho President Richmond Enquirer.

—fort Powell, situated below Mobile, Ala., was bombarded by the ships belonging to the National fleet.—The British sloop T.wo Brothers, from Nassau, N. P., was captured in Indian River, abreast of Fort Capron, Florida, by tho National bark Roebuck.

February 27. — Brigadier-General James H. Carleton sent the following to the National head

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